As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 15, 2017


Registration No. 333-215652

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

————————

FORM S-1

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

AMENDMENT NO. 3

————————

DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)


Florida

7373

65-0493217

(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)

(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)


6622 Southpoint Drive South, Suite 310

Jacksonville, Florida 32216

(904) 652-1616

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number including
area code, of Registrant’s principal executive offices)

————————

(775) 887-8853

(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number
including area code, of agent for service)

————————

With copies to:

Joseph M. Lucosky, Esq.
Lawrence Metelitsa, Esq.
Brian R. Goldberg, Esq.
Lucosky Brookman LLP
101 Wood Avenue South, 5
th Floor
Woodbridge, NJ 08830
Tel. No.: (732) 395-4400
Fax No.: (732) 395-4401

Jeffrey Fessler, Esq.

Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP

30 Rockefeller Plaza

New York, NY 10112

Tel.: (212) 634-3067

Fax. No.: (917) 438-6133

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after this Registration Statement is declared effective.

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box. þ

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ¨

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ¨

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.


Large accelerated filer   ¨

Accelerated filer   ¨

Non-accelerated filer     ¨

Smaller reporting company  þ

 

Emerging growth company  ¨


If an emerging growth company, indicate by checkmark if the registrant has not elected to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. ¨

 

  




 


CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE


Title of Each Class of Securities to be Registered

 

Proposed

Maximum

Aggregate

Offering

Price(1)

 

 

Amount of

Registration

Fee(1)

 

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share(2)(3)

 

$

11,500,000

 

 

$

1,332.85

 

Warrants to Purchase Common Stock(5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants(2)(4)

 

$

14,375,000

 

 

$

1,666.06

 

Representatives’ Warrant to Purchase Common Stock(5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of Representatives’ Warrant(2)(6)

 

$

1,617,188

 

 

$

187.43

 

Total

 

$

27,492,188

 

 

$

3,186.34

(7)

———————

(1)

Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the amount of the registration fee in accordance with Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).

(2)

Pursuant to Rule 416, the securities being registered hereunder include such indeterminate number of additional securities as may be issued after the date hereof as a result of stock splits, stock dividends or similar transactions.

(3)

Includes shares of common stock which may be issued upon exercise of a 45-day option granted to the underwriters to cover over-allotments, if any.

(4)

There will be issued a warrant to purchase one share of common stock for every one share offered. The warrants are exercisable at a per share price of 125% of the common stock public offering price.

(5)

In accordance with Rule 457(g) under the Securities Act, because the shares of the Registrant’s common stock underlying the warrants and Representative’s warrants are registered hereby, no separate registration fee is required with respect to the warrants registered hereby.

(6)

Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the registration fee pursuant to Rule 457(g) under the Securities Act, the proposed maximum aggregate offering price of the Representative’s warrants is $1,617,188, which is equal to 125% of $1,293,750 (5% of $25,875,000).

(7)

The registration fee was previously paid in full.


The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission, acting pursuant to said section 8(a), may determine.






 


The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting offers to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.


PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION

DATED JUNE 15, 2017



2,195,600 Shares of Common Stock

Warrants to Purchase up to 2,195,600 Shares of Common Stock

[duot_s1002.gif]

Duos Technologies Group, Inc.



We are offering an aggregate of 2,195,600 shares of our common stock, $0.001 par value per share, and warrants to purchase 2,195,600 shares of our common stock. We anticipate a public offering price of between $4.00 and $6.00 per share of our common stock. The warrants have a public offering price of $0.01 and can be exercised immediately at an exercise price of $_____ per share (125% of the public offering price) expiring five years from the date of issuance. Each share of common stock purchased will be accompanied by one warrant. The shares and warrants will trade separately.


Our common stock is presently quoted on the OTCQB under the symbol “DUOT”. We have applied to have our common stock and warrants listed on The NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbols “DUOT” and “DUOTW,” respectively. No assurance can be given that our application will be approved. On June 13, 2017, the last reported sale price for our common stock on the OTCQB was $6.25 per share. There is no established public trading market for the warrants. No assurance can be given that a trading market will develop for the warrants.


Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 13 of this prospectus for a discussion of information that should be considered in connection with an investment in our securities.


Our auditors have issued a going concern opinion. For more information please see the going concern opinion on page F2 and the risk factors herein.


Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.


 

 

Per Share

 

 

Per Warrant

 

 

Total

 

Public offering price

 

$

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

$

 

 

Underwriting discounts and commissions(1)

 

$

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

$

 

 

Proceeds to us, before expenses

 

$

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

$

 

 

———————

(1)

Does not include a non-accountable expense allowance equal to 1% of the gross proceeds of this offering payable to Joseph Gunnar & Co., LLC, the representative of the underwriters. See “Underwriting” for a description of compensation payable to the underwriters.


We have granted a 45-day option to the representative of the underwriters to purchase up to 329,340 additional shares of our common stock at an assumed public offering price of $5 per share and/or additional warrants to purchase 329,340 shares of our common stock at a public offering price of $0.01 per warrant, solely to cover over-allotments, if any.


The underwriters expect to deliver our shares and warrants to purchasers in the offering on or about June __, 2017.


Joseph Gunnar & Co.


The date of this prospectus is June__, 2017.




 


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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Prospectus Summary

1

Risk Factors

13

Use of Proceeds

23

Market for Our Common Stock and Related Stockholder Matters

24

Capitalization

26

Dilution

27

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

28

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

29

Business

38

Directors and Executive Officers

52

Executive Compensation

57

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management

60

Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions

61

Description of Capital Stock

62

Shares Eligible for Future Sale

66

Underwriting

67

Legal Matters

75

Experts

75

Where You Can Find More Information

75

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements

F-1


You should rely only on information contained in this prospectus. We have not, and the underwriters have not, authorized anyone to provide you with additional information or information different from that contained in this prospectus. We are not making an offer of these securities in any state or other jurisdiction where the offer is not permitted. The information in this prospectus may only be accurate as of the date on the front of this prospectus regardless of time of delivery of this prospectus or any sale of our securities.


No person is authorized in connection with this prospectus to give any information or to make any representations about us, the common stock hereby or any matter discussed in this prospectus, other than the information and representations contained in this prospectus. If any other information or representation is given or made, such information or representation may not be relied upon as having been authorized by us. This prospectus does not constitute an offer to sell, or a solicitation of an offer to buy our common stock in any circumstance under which the offer or solicitation is unlawful. Neither the delivery of this prospectus nor any distribution of our common stock in accordance with this prospectus shall, under any circumstances, imply that there has been no change in our affairs since the date of this prospectus.


Neither we nor any of the underwriters have done anything that would permit this offering or possession or distribution of this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required, other than the United States. You are required to inform yourself about, and to observe any restrictions relating to, this offering and the distribution of this prospectus.









 


PROSPECTUS SUMMARY


This summary highlights selected information appearing elsewhere in this prospectus. While this summary highlights what we consider to be important information about us, you should carefully read this entire prospectus before investing in our common stock and warrants, especially the risks and other information we discuss under the headings “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation” and our consolidated financial statements and related notes beginning on page F-1. Our fiscal year end is December 31 and our fiscal years ended December 31, 2014, 2015 and 2016 are sometimes referred to herein as fiscal years 2014, 2015 and 2016, respectively. Some of the statements made in this prospectus discuss future events and developments, including our future strategy and our ability to generate revenue, income and cash flow. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated in these forward-looking statements. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements”. Unless otherwise indicated or the context requires otherwise, the words “we,” “us,” “our”, the “Company” or “our Company” or “Duos” refer to Duos Technologies Group, Inc., a Florida corporation, and our wholly owned subsidiaries, Duos Technologies, Inc. and TrueVue 360, Inc. Effective April 26, 2017, the Company filed an Articles of Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation of the Company to effectuate a reverse split of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock at an exchange ratio of 1-for-35. All share and per share information in this prospectus gives retroactive effect to the Reverse Split (as defined herein).


Overview


The Company, through its wholly owned subsidiary DTI, focuses on the design, development and turnkey delivery of proprietary “intelligent technologies” that enable our customers to derive measurable increases in return on investment for their business. Our technologies integrate with our customer’s existing business process and create actionable information to streamline mission critical operations. Our target market is the largest transportation, industrial and retail corporations representing over $100 billion in total available market.  Our technologies have been verified by multiple government and private organizations including Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the Transportation Technology Center, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Association of American Railroads, and a transportation research and testing organization (TTCI). The Company has worked with these organizations over the past several years where we have supplied funded prototypes of our technologies to verify technology and operating parameters.


The Company provides a broad range of sophisticated intelligent technology solutions with an emphasis on security, inspection and operations for critical infrastructure within a variety of industries including transportation, healthcare, retail, law enforcement, oil and gas and utilities sectors. Our business operations are in two business units: intelligent technologies and IT asset management. Our proprietary applications, specific to critical infrastructure, include but are not limited to:


Intelligent Rail Inspection Portal


§

A suite of several sub-systems for the automated inspection of freight or transit railcars while in motion. The objective is to automatically detect a variety of anomalies such as open or missing hatches, open cargo doors, illegal riders hiding in cargo wells, and foreign objects hidden under a car undercarriage, all while the train is traveling through various strategic areas (i.e. border crossings or inspection areas).  


Tunnel and Bridge Security


§

A suite of artificial intelligence-based homeland security applications for the security of critical tunnels and bridges.


Virtual Security Shield


§

A suite of artificial intelligence-based homeland security applications for the security of critical areas and buffer zones. This application includes intrusion detection zone, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tracking and discriminating “Friend or Foe” modules (Friend or Foe refers to a Radio Frequency - based tagging system that validates individuals authorized to be in a specific area).




1



 


Facility Safety and Security


§

A suite of artificial intelligence-based homeland security applications for the hardening or safety and resilience of facilities against natural or man originated threats for the protection of critical facilities (energy, water, chemical facilities).  The Company and all of its staff are CFATS (Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards) certified.


Remote Bridge Operation


§

Proprietary system for remote control of draw bridges.


Collision Alert, Monitoring and Impact Analysis System


§

A system designed to automatically detect, document and record maritime vessels colliding with bridge structures, thereby causing significant damages, in real-time.


Pantograph Inspection System


§

A system designed to inspect pantographs (structure connecting transit locomotives to high voltage power lines) for the detection of excessive depletion of carbon liners, which may cause power line ruptures.


Vehicle Undercarriage Examiner (Security)


§

A system that builds upon our current undercarriage inspection technology.  This second generation unit is able to inspect the undercarriage of railcars (both freight and transit rail) traveling at speeds of up to 70 miles per hour.


Vehicle Undercarriage Examiner (Mechanical Inspection)


§

Under a similar development grant from the TTCI (the technology evaluation arm of the American Association of Railroads (“AAR”)), we developed a prototype targeting mechanical and structural anomalies of undercarriage components.  The addition of algorithms for an increasing number of automated detection of anomalies is a continuing development, which once completed and successfully tested, may have a significant impact on our revenues.  The next version upgrade is scheduled to be completed by the end of the second quarter of 2017.


Multi-Layered Enterprise Command and Control Interface


§

Aggregator and central point for information consolidation, systems management and communications of our proprietary systems and third-party applications.


Several significant new programs and technologies are currently under development and in various stages of maturity.  Some of the more significant developments are:


Neural Network Modeling for detection algorithms


§

A neural network is a powerful computational data model, able to capture and represent complex input/output relationships. The neural network includes the development of an artificial system that could perform "intelligent" tasks like those performed by the human brain, including the acquisition of knowledge through deep learning, which is stored within inter-neuron connection strengths known as synaptic weights.


Automated Retail Facility Logistics


§

We are currently in the process of developing a comprehensive system to automate facility security gate operations.


Transit Rail Platform Analytics


§

We have been selected by the New York City Transit Authority (NYCT) to provide a pilot (proof of concept) of our Platform Analytics Technology concept.  The technology is designed to automatically detect objects falling on tracks adjacent to transit passenger platforms and to alert incoming rail traffic to that effect.



2



 


Intelligent Pedestrian Identification Portal


§

A system that will integrate several biometric data points from inbound and outbound pedestrians to and from the US.  The system will enable US Customs to automatically capture critical biometric data from visitors entering and leaving the country without slowing down pedestrian traffic.  The data will be processed by our combined praesidium® and centraco® platforms and result in the capability of tracking inbound visitors that overstay their permitted visa duration.  We have submitted a comprehensive proposal to receive an award for a pilot system for proof of concept during the current fiscal year.


Market


At this time, our primary target market is rail transportation. We implement our products in railcar security inspection with a focus on providing our customers with the capability of performing mission critical security inspections of inbound trains crossing US borders from a centralized, remote location. The U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) agency uses our systems at U.S./Mexican border rail crossings. Additionally, opportunities exist within the entire operating environment with initial emphasis on freight carriers by providing mechanical inspection portals for the remote inspection of railcars while traveling at high speeds.  Unlike trucks, barges, and airlines, freight railroads operate almost exclusively on infrastructure that they own, build, and maintain. According to the AAR article on Freight Railroad Capacity and Investment dated April 2016, from 1980 to 2015 freight railroads alone reinvested approximately $600 billion of their own funds in capital expenditures and maintenance projects related to locomotives, freight cars, tracks, bridges, tunnels and other infrastructure related equipment.  The AAR further reports, that more than 40 cents out of every revenue dollar is reinvested into a rail network.


According to AAR’s statistical railroad report, there are approximately 1.56 million freight cars and 26,574 locomotives in service operated on approximately 250,000 miles of active rail tracks throughout North America.  Rail tracks are predominantly owned by the Class-I railroad industry which include:

 

Class-I Railroads

Tracks Owned in:

Canada

USA

Mexico

BNSF Railway

ü

ü

x

Canadian National Railway (CN)

ü

ü

x

Canadian Pacific

ü

ü

x

CSX Transportation

ü

ü

x

Ferrocarril Mexicano (Ferromex)

x

x

ü

Kansas City Southern Railway

x

ü

ü

Norfolk Southern

ü

ü

x

Union Pacific Railroad

x

ü

x


The report further elaborates that profitability of rail operators is measured by their operating ratio, which is the rail operator’s operating expenses as a percentage of revenue.  According to AAR’s Annual Spending Data report, the labor cost to run and maintain trains represent a significant portion of their total operating expenses.  Revenue is mostly affected by the average “velocity” of its rolling stock, which determines how much freight or how many passengers a rail operator can transport between destinations and the average speeds.  Railroads implement their own speed limits within Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) guidelines. Average speed is impacted by many factors including, but not limited to:


·

track curvatures and condition, signaling, and stoppages for inspections (security and mechanical);

·

grade crossings; and

·

physical condition of locomotives and railcars


Freight trains are considered massive in size and weight. Thus, worn or broken parts can have a significantly negative impact on operations. Quicker detection can prevent costly car and track repairs, and derailments.  Early detection has the potential to dramatically increase velocity and direct profitability.




3



 


Examples include inspections at rail border crossings by CBP agents, which can often lead to significant delays and mandated mechanical inspections.  Under FRA regulations, each time a railcar departs a yard, terminal, or industrial facility, it is required to be inspected by either a qualified mechanical inspector or a train crew member for specific defects that would adversely affect the safe operation of the train. There are currently over 70 mechanical and safety inspection criteria, therefore the inspection process typically takes between two and three hours (dwell time) during which each train is “grounded” in a maintenance yard.  In addition, the current railcar inspection process is tedious, labor intensive, dangerous, and in general, lacks the level of objectivity that may be achievable using technology.


In order to effectively detect structural or mechanical defects, railcar inspectors today need to walk around the car and crawl underneath the undercarriage with a flashlight to inspect each physical component. Because this process is so lengthy, and hazardous, it is only utilized for pre-departure mechanical inspections. Otherwise, cars are only inspected with this level of scrutiny in shops before undergoing major repairs. In addition to the inherent safety and efficiency challenges of manual inspections, records of these inspections are generally not retained unless a billed repair is performed. Thus, the maintenance of railcar structural components is almost entirely reactive rather than predictive, making repairs and maintenance less efficient.


For many years, the rail industry, through the AAR and its subsidiary TTCI, has been evaluating the feasibility of using technology, and has most recently focused on the objective of performing remote mechanical inspections prior to a train arriving at a rail yard.  In the first phase, car inspectors would remotely perform visual inspections of multiple train “consists”, which are a group of rail vehicles which are permanently or semi-permanently coupled together to form a unified set of equipment, from a regional inspection station, and generate work orders for detected anomalies. These will be distributed to the respective yards prior to a train arriving at the yard facility.  The time-consuming process of physical inspection would be significantly reduced, leading to a significant increase in average velocity and decreased labor cost.  We believe this lends itself to the natural progression of automating the inspection process, taking inspectors from the physical inspection to the required actions for diagnosing and resolving issues.


The second phase is to convert the inspection process to a complete automated system that will inspect the entire car via an “intelligent system”. This would implement a wayside inspection portal employing a combination of sensors capturing live images and sensor data, of each side, top and undercarriage. Software algorithms interpret the data to identify defects or anomalies. This inspection technology increases average speed and consequently overall return on investment of our customers due to the following:


1.

the safety risks associated with manual car inspection will be minimized through reduced exposure to potential yard hazards; and

2.

reducing inspection time will increase yard efficiency and improve overall network capacity by also reducing the time needed to process inbound and outbound trains.


We believe that the evolution of automating the inspection processes is broadly advocated throughout the industry. In our experience, the freight rail companies are constantly seeking out innovative ways to increase capacity and improve efficiencies while increasing safety and security standards. A recently launched aggressive plan to automate the mechanical inspection process is at the core of our market opportunity.


Our Products and Systems - Technology Platforms


The Company’s solution is comprised of two core technology platforms: praesidium® and centraco®


These in-house developed software suites are distributed as licensed software suites, and form the centerpiece of our engineered turnkey systems.  Each integrated system encompasses three major components:


1.

The data collectors, including specialized cameras integrated by the Company and other sensors that are specific to the customers’ requirements (third party supplied or pre-existing);

2.

praesidium®, the analytics software suite which performs real-time analysis of the data generated by the Company; and

3.

centraco®, the multi-layered presentation interface which graphically depicts the data analyzed and identifies anomalies and provides actionable intelligence.




4



 


Since 2002, we have developed and patented key software components that provide a significant competitive advantage in specialized solutions for our target markets.  We believe an important factor in this development is that the Company’s intellectual property is “industry agnostic” and can be deployed to many different industries.  The following technical descriptions of praesidium® and centraco® provide further insight.


praesidium® Intelligent Analytics Suite


praesidium® is an integrated suite of analytics applications which both process and analyze data streams from a virtually unlimited number of conventional or specialized sensors and/or data points. Our algorithms compare analyzed data against user-defined criteria and rules in real time and automatically report any exceptions, deviations and/or anomalies. This application suite also includes a broad range of conventional operational system components and sub-systems, including an embedded feature-rich video management engine and a proprietary Alarm Management Service (“AMS”). The AMS provides continuous monitoring of all connected devices, processes, equipment and sub-systems, and automatically communicates to centraco®, the Company’s enterprise information management suite if and when an issue, event or performance anomaly is detected.  The processed information is instantly distributed simultaneously to an unlimited number of users in a visualized and correlated user interface using the centraco® command and control platform.


Our core modules are tailored to specific industry applications and the analytics engine(s) process any type of conventional sensor outputs, also adding “intelligence” to any third-party sensor technology. A key benefit is that the customer may often retain existing systems and we would integrate these into an overall solution.


As listed on the safetyact.gov website, the praesidium® video analytics technology has received “Safety Act” designation from the US Department of Homeland Security. We are one of only ten companies to have received this designation for video related solutions and praesidium® is the only video analytics application with this designation.


Over the years, our proprietary analytics suite has been expanded to meet a significant number of security objectives and environments, adaptable to a broad range of critical infrastructure target verticals including but not limited to commercial transportation (rail, air and seaports), retail, healthcare, utilities, oil, gas and chemical, and government.


centraco® Enterprise Command and Control Suite


centraco® is an Enterprise Information Management (EIM) system. It was designed as a multi-layered command and control interface and to function as the central point and aggregator for information consolidation, connectivity and communications. The platform is browser based and completely agnostic to the interconnected sub-systems. It provides full LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, also known as Active Directory) integration for seamless user credentialing and performs the following major functions:


·

Collection: Device management independently collects data from any number of disparate devices or sub-systems.

·

Analysis: Correlates and analyzes data, events and alarms to identify real-time situations and their priorities for response measures and end-user’s Concept of Operations (“CONOPS”).

·

Verification: The contextual layer represents relevant information in a quick and easily interpreted format which provides operators optimal situational awareness.

·

Resolution: Event-specific presentation of user-defined Standard Operating Procedures (“SOPs”), that includes a step-by-step instruction on how to resolve situations.

·

Reporting: Tracking of data and events for statistical, pattern and/or forensic analysis.

·

Auditing: Device-level drill down that records each operator’s login interaction with the system and tracks manual changes including calculations of operator alertness and reaction time for each event.




5



 


IT Asset Management


Our IT Asset Management (ITAM) division is dedicated to the mission of developing, marketing and delivering software and professional services to the world’s largest data centers. The focus of its technology and knowledgebase evolved out of our core strength in collecting and analyzing data on assets resident within these large data centers. Over the next three years, the Company plans to further develop its software and service offerings, and market these solutions for the growing ITAM market place either as a standalone asset management solution or in conjunction with a comprehensive Datacenter Infrastructure Management (DCIM) solution from other vendors. We believe DCIM is the ability to bridge the gap between critical IT assets and facilities infrastructure.


Using proprietary patented methodology, the Company surveys and audits large data centers by physically identifying each piece of equipment and its location. By scanning it into our proprietary system and providing the client with a report detailing type, quantity and location of its IT assets, (racks, servers, network cards, power supplies, etc.), we our clients the ability to verify their own internal records.


In line with the Company’s philosophy of integration with existing systems, the design of our process methodology and related software mean that we are able to work with almost any other DCIM provider. Specifically, the Company will focus on the asset management requirements of our clients and partners within specific geographic locations that will allow the Company to balance its investment requirements with income potential to develop a sustainable business in this division. The Company has selected this specific application of its technology to seek revenue opportunities that are readily available in an identified market. We generate profits from this division by maintaining a low level of “bench” staff and hire independent consultants as we are awarded business opportunities. The Company is currently developing a new ITAM system which is expected to be released in the second quarter of 2017. We expect that this will generate revenues from software sales and maintenance starting in 2018.


Our Growth Strategy


Our strategy is to grow our business through a combination of organic growth of our applications and technology solutions, both within our existing geographic reach and through geographic expansion, as well as expansion through strategic acquisitions.


Organic Growth


Our organic growth strategy is to increase our market share through the expansion of our business development team and our research and development talent pool, which will enable us to significantly expand our current solution offerings with feature rich applications, and the development of new and enhanced technology solutions. We plan to augment such growth with strategic relationships both in the business development and research and development arenas, reducing time to market with additional industry applications, expansion of existing offerings to meet customer requirements as well as potential geographical expansion into international territories.


Strategic Acquisitions


Planned acquisition targets include sector specific technology companies with the objective of augmenting our current capabilities with feature-rich (third-party) solutions. The decision-making process includes, but is not limited to, weighing time, effort and approximate cost to develop certain technologies in-house, versus acquiring or merging with one or more entities that we believe have a proven record of successfully developing a technology sub-component. Additional criteria include evaluating the potential acquisition target’s customer base, stage of technology, merger or acquisition cost as compared to market conditions.


Our Risks and Challenges


An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks summarized below. The risks are discussed more fully in the “Risk Factors” section of this prospectus immediately following this prospectus summary. These risks include, but are not limited to, the following:


·

We will need to raise capital in order to realize our business plan and the failure to obtain the needed funding could adversely impact our operations.




6



 





·

The nature of the technology management platforms utilized by us is complex and highly integrated, and if we fail to successfully manage releases or integrate new solutions, it could harm our revenues, operating income, and reputation.


·

Our products and services may fail to keep pace with rapidly changing technology and evolving industry standards.


·

The market opportunity for our products and services may not develop in the ways that we anticipate.


·

Our revenues are dependent on general economic conditions and the willingness of enterprises to invest in technology.


·

We could be vulnerable to security breaches if certain third-parties attempt to gain access through our systems because of unknown weaknesses in our clients’ infrastructures.


·

We face significant competition and many of our competitors are larger and have greater financial and other resources than we do.


·

We have a history of losses and our growth plans expect to incur losses and negative operating cash flows in the future.


·

Our inability to protect our intellectual property could impair our competitive advantage, reduce our revenue, and increase our costs.


·

We may be required to incur substantial expenses and divert management attention and resources in defending intellectual property litigation against us.


·

We may incur substantial expenses and divert management resources in prosecuting others for their unauthorized use of our intellectual property rights.


Recent Developments


On December 20, 2016, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with JMJ Financial, a Nevada sole proprietorship.  Pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company issued a Promissory Note (the “Note”) in favor of JMJ Financial and funding was provided to the Company in the amount of $1,650,000, interest free and with an original issue discount of 5%. The total planned repayment amount by the Company to JMJ Financial is approximately $1,736,842 (the “JMJ Financing”). If the Company fails to repay the balance due under the Note up to and including the date of the closing of the Public Offering (as defined in the Note), JMJ Financial has the right to convert all or any portion of the outstanding Note into shares of common stock, subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Note. All amounts due under the Note become immediately due and payable upon the occurrence of an event of default as set forth in the Note.


Mr. Gijs van Thiel informed the Board of Directors (“Board”) of the Company that he was resigning from the Board, effective December 30, 2016, Mr. van Thiel indicated that his resignation was not the result of any disagreement with the Company on any matter relating to the Company’s operations, policies or practices.


On January 19, 2017, Mr. Joseph S. Glodek informed the Board that he was resigning from the Board, effective immediately. Mr. Glodek indicated that his resignation was not the result of any disagreement with the Company on any matter relating to the Company’s operations, policies or practices.


On or about February 15, 2017, the Company received a Notice of Filing of Complaint of Discrimination filed by a former employee of the Company that had been terminated for insubordination.  After completion of the initial investigation by the Florida Commission on Human Relations, the case was dismissed and the time for appeal has expired.


On March 17, 2017, Mr. John F. Andrews was appointed Chief Operating Officer and Executive Vice President of the Company, with an amended effective date of March 27, 2017. Additionally, on the same date, Mr. Andrews was appointed President and Chief Operating Officer of Duos Technologies, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, with an amended effective date of March 27, 2017.




7



 


Effective April 26, 2017, the Company filed an Articles of Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation of the Company (the “Amendment”) to effectuate a reverse split of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock at an exchange ratio of 1-for-35 (the “Reverse Split”).


On May 3, 2017, Alfred Mulder resigned as Chairman of the Compensation Committee and remains a member of the Board, the Audit Committee, Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, and the Compensation Committee, effective immediately.


On the same date, the Board of the Company appointed Mr. John E. Giles as a member of the Board, Chairman of the Compensation Committee, Chairman of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, and member of the Audit Committee, effective immediately.


On the same date, the Board appointed Mr. Blair Fonda as a member of the Board, Chairman of the Audit Committee, a member of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, and a member of the Compensation Committee, effective immediately.


On June 1, 2017, the Company announced that it had received a contract to develop a new thermal inspection technology to automatically detect hot spots on freight locomotives.


As of June 6, 2017, the Company has been issued a Letter of Intent to award a Purchase Order from New York City Transit to provide a turn-key system as part of a comprehensive pilot program to test and evaluate new technologies that provide a warning when persons or objects enter onto NYC Transit system’s tracks.


Conversion of Promissory Notes


On June 9, 2017, the Company entered into letter agreements (together the “Note Holder Letter Agreements”) with six (6) investors (each a “Note Holder” and together the “Note Holders”) holding promissory notes (collectively the “Notes”) whereby the Note Holders agreed to convert all monies due to them under the Notes into restricted shares of common stock (the “Note Conversion Shares”), all contingent upon the completion of this offering. The Note Holders will be due the aggregate sum of $573,224, including principal and interest calculated through June 30, 2017 (the “Note Obligation”). Pursuant to the Note Holder Letter Agreements, the Note Obligation will automatically convert upon consummation of this offering into the Note Conversion Shares at the price per share of common stock paid by the investors in this offering (the “Conversion Price”). As a result of the foregoing, the Company will be issuing an aggregate of 114,645 Note Conversion Shares to the Note Holders upon the consummation of this Offering in consideration of the conversion of the Note Obligation assuming a conversion price of $5.00, the mid-point of the estimated offering price range described on the cover of this prospectus. The Company anticipates amending the Note Holder Letter Agreements to issue the Note Holders an aggregate of 114,645 warrants upon consummation of the Offering. Each person entering into the Note Holder Letter Agreements have agreed to enter into lock-up agreements prohibiting the sale or other transfer of any securities of the Company owned by such persons for a period of between 3 and 6 months.


Related Party Conversion


On June 9, 2017, the Company entered into a letter agreement with Mr. Gianni Arcaini, the Chief Executive Officer and a Director of the Company (the “Arcaini Letter Agreement”), whereby Mr. Arcaini agreed to convert all deferred compensation owed to him under his Employment Agreement (“Arcaini Debt Obligation”) into common stock of the Company, contingent upon the completion of this offering. The aggregate amount of $700,543 (“Arcaini Obligation”) will be owed to Mr. Arcaini under the Arcaini Debt Obligation including interest through June 30, 2017. Pursuant to the Arcaini Letter Agreement, the Arcaini Debt Obligation will automatically convert upon consummation of this offering into such number of restricted shares of the Company’s common stock calculated by dividing the Arcaini Debt Obligation by $5.00 or 140,109 shares. The Company anticipates amending the Arcaini Letter Agreement to issue Mr. Arcaini 140,109 warrants upon consummation of the Offering. Mr. Arcaini has agreed to enter into a lock-up agreement prohibiting the sale or other transfer of all securities of the Company owned by him for a period of 6 months.



8



 


On June 9, 2017, the Company entered into a letter agreement with Mr. Adrian Goldfarb, the Chief Financial Officer of the Company (the “Goldfarb Letter Agreement”), whereby Mr. Goldfarb agreed to convert all amounts due and owing to him under that certain promissory note issued by the Company (“Goldfarb Debt Obligation”) into common stock of the Company, contingent upon the completion of this offering. The aggregate amount of $33,620 (“Goldfarb Obligation”) will be owed to Mr. Goldfarb under the Goldfarb Debt Obligation including interest through June 30, 2017. Pursuant to the Goldfarb Letter Agreement, the Goldfarb Debt Obligation will automatically convert upon consummation of this offering into such number of restricted shares of the Company’s common stock calculated by dividing the Goldfarb Debt Obligation by $5.00 or 6,724 shares. The Company anticipates amending the Goldfarb Letter Agreement to issue Mr. Goldfarb 6,724 warrants upon consummation of the Offering. Mr. Goldfarb has agreed to enter into a lock-up agreement prohibiting the sale or other transfer of all securities of the Company owned by him for a period of 6 months.


Our Corporate History


We were incorporated on May 31, 1994 in the State of Florida as Information Systems Associates, Inc. (the “Company”, “we”, “us”, “our”). Initially, our business operations consisted of consulting services for asset management of large corporate data centers and development and licensing of Information Technology (IT) asset management software. On April 1, 2015, we completed a reverse triangular merger, pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) among Duos Technologies, Inc., a Florida corporation (“DTI”), the Company, and Duos Acquisition Corporation, a Florida corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“Merger Sub”). Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, the Merger Sub merged with and into DTI, whereby DTI remained as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Merger”). On the same date, TrueVue 360, Inc. a Delaware corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. In connection with the Merger, on July 10, 2015, the Company effected a name change to Duos Technologies Group, Inc.






9



 


THE OFFERING


Securities offered by us:

An aggregate of 2,195,600 shares of our common stock at a price of $5.00 per share (the mid-point of the estimated offering price range described on the cover page of this prospectus) and warrants at a price of $0.01 per warrant to purchase 2,195,600 shares of our common stock. Each warrant will have a per share exercise price of $_____ per share (125% of the public offering price of one share of common stock), is exercisable immediately and will expire five years from the date of issuance. Each share of common stock purchased will be accompanied by one warrant. The shares and warrants will trade separately.

 

 

Common stock outstanding before the offering

1,894,923 shares of common stock.

 

 

Common stock to be outstanding after the offering (1)

4,090,523 shares of common stock and 6,286,123 shares of common stock if all the warrants that are a part of this offering are exercised in full. If the underwriter’s over-allotment option is exercised in full, the total number of shares of common stock outstanding immediately after this offering would be 4,419,863 including the Conversion Shares, and 6,944,803 if the warrants are exercised in full.

 

 

Option to purchase additional shares

We have granted the underwriters a 45-day option to purchase up to 329,340 additional shares of our common stock and/or warrants to purchase 329,340 additional shares to cover allotments, if any.

 

 

Use of proceeds

We intend to use the net proceeds of this offering for the repayment of certain indebtedness, research and development activities; sales and marketing, and for general working capital purposes and possibly acquisitions of other companies, products or technologies, though no such acquisitions are currently contemplated. See “Use of Proceeds” on page 23.

 

 

Risk factors

Investing in our securities is highly speculative and involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the information set forth in the “Risk Factors” section beginning on page 13 before deciding to invest in our securities.

 

 

Trading symbols

Our common stock is currently quoted on the OTCQB under the trading symbol “DUOT”. We have applied to the NASDAQ Capital Market to list our common stock under the symbol “DUOT” and our warrants under the symbol “DUOTW”.

 

 

Lock-ups

We and our directors, officers and principal stockholders have agreed with the underwriters not to offer for sale, issue, sell, contract to sell, pledge or otherwise dispose of any of our common stock or securities convertible into common stock for a period of 180 days after the date of this prospectus, in the case of our officers and directors, and 90 days after the date of this prospectus, in the case of our principal stockholders. See “Underwriting” section on page 67.

———————

(1)

Common stock to be outstanding after the offering:


·

Excludes 228,572 shares remaining for issuance pursuant to the 2016 Incentive Stock Option Plan;

·

Excludes 451,181 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding warrants with a weighted average exercise price of $6.65 (and 76,912 shares issuable based on full ratchet price protection on 357,299 of these warrants);

·

Excludes 48,864 shares issuable upon the conversion of Series A Convertible Preferred Shares; and

·

Excludes 130,263 origination shares due upon closing of the offering to the holder of debt in the amount of $1,736,842.


Unless we indicate otherwise, all information in this prospectus:


·

Assumes no exercise by the underwriters of their option to purchase up to an additional 329,340 shares of common stock and/or 329,340 warrants to cover over-allotments, if any;

·

Excludes _______ shares of common stock underlying the warrants to be issued to the underwriters in connection  with this offering.



10



 


SUMMARY CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL INFORMATION


The following summary consolidated statements of operations data for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus. Additionally, the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2017 have been derived from our unaudited consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus. The summary consolidated balance sheet data as of March 31, 2017 are derived from our consolidated financial statements that are included elsewhere in this prospectus. The historical financial data presented below is not necessarily indicative of our financial results in future periods, and the results for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 is not necessarily indicative of our operating results to be expected for the full fiscal year ending December 31, 2017 or any other period. You should read the summary consolidated financial data in conjunction with those financial statements and the accompanying notes and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Our consolidated financial statements are prepared and presented in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles, or U.S. GAAP. Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a basis consistent with our audited financial statements and include all adjustments, consisting of normal and recurring adjustments that we consider necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and results of operations as of and for such periods.


 

 

 

 

 

Fiscal Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Consolidated Statement of Operations Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

$

6,104,893

 

 

$

6,767,763

 

 

$

4,202,457

 

Total Cost of Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,732,451

 

 

 

3,196,176

 

 

 

2,132,103

 

Gross Profit (Loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,372,442

 

 

 

3,571,587

 

 

 

2,070,354

 

Total Operating Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,116,548

 

 

 

5,798,895

 

 

 

3,658,046

 

Income (Loss) From Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,744,106

)

 

 

(2,227,308

)

 

 

(1,587,692

)

Total Other Income (Expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(817,507

)

 

 

(98,641

)

 

 

(515,463

)

Net Loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,561,613

)

 

 

(2,325,950

)

 

 

(2,107,015

)

Preferred stock dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,920

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

(2,567,533

)

 

$

(2,325,950

)

 

$

(2,107,015

)

Net Loss Applicable to Common Stock Per Common Share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and Diluted

 

 

 

 

 

$

(1.36

)

 

$

(1.33

)

 

$

(1.30

)

Weighted Average Shares Outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and Diluted

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,883,598

 

 

 

1,750,028

 

 

 

1,617,472

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Consolidated Statement of Operations Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

1,035,730

 

 

$

1,004,243

 

Total Cost of Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

631,388

 

 

 

486,417

 

Gross Profit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

404,342

 

 

 

517,826

 

Total Operating Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,260,107

 

 

 

1,285,208

 

Loss From Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(855,765

)

 

 

(767,382

)

Total Other Income (Expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,439,054

)

 

 

(70,999

)

Net Loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,294,819

)

 

 

(838,381

)

Preferred stock dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,920

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

(2,300,739

)

 

$

(838,381

)

Net Loss Applicable to Common Stock Per Common Share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and Diluted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

(1.21

)

 

$

(0.45

)

Weighted Average Shares Outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and Diluted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,894,171

 

 

 

1,875,881

 




11



 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of

March 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Actual

 

 

As
Adjusted(1)(2)

 

Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

53,185

 

 

$

8,133,157

 

Total other assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

996,119

 

 

 

996,119

 

Total liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,550,390

 

 

 

3,091,959

 

Series A redeemable convertible cumulative preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

307,840

 

 

 

307,840

 

Total stockholders’ equity (deficit)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7,808,926

)

 

 

5,729,477

 

———————

(1)

As adjusted amounts give effect to (i) repayment of amounts owed under the JMJ Financing and (ii) the sale of the shares and warrants in this offering at the assumed public offering price of $5 per share and $0.01 per warrant, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and other estimated offering expenses payable by us and (iii) conversion of $1,307,387 of debt and accrued expenses into 261,477 shares of common stock and 261,477 warrants at the assumed public offering price of $5 per share.

(2)

A $1.00 increase or decrease in the assumed public offering price per share would increase or decrease our cash, total current assets, total assets and total stockholders’ equity by approximately $2.0 million, assuming the number of shares and warrants offered by us, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, remains the same and after deducting the underwriting discount and estimated offering expenses payable by us.







12



 


RISK FACTORS


Investing in our securities involves a great deal of risk. Careful consideration should be made of the following factors as well as other information included in this prospectus before deciding to purchase our securities. There are many risks that affect our business and results of operations, some of which are beyond our control. Our business, financial condition or operating results could be materially harmed by any of these risks. This could cause the trading price of our securities to decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment. Additional risks that we do not yet know of or that we currently think are immaterial may also affect our business and results of operations.


Risks Related to Our Company and Business


We will need to raise capital in order to realize our business plan and the failure to obtain the needed funding could adversely impact our operations.


Without adequate funding or a significant increase in revenues, we may not be able to accelerate the development and deployment of our products, respond to competitive pressures and develop new or enhanced products. As of December 31, 2016, we had available cash resources of $174,376. Additionally, as of March 31, 2017, we had available cash resources of $53,185. We are not always able to meet our current operating expenses in a timely manner.


Overall, we have funded our cash needs from inception through the date hereof with a series of debt and equity transactions, primarily with related parties.


We expect to continue to finance our operations, acquisitions and develop strategic relationships, by issuing equity or convertible debt securities, which could significantly reduce the percentage ownership of our existing stockholders. Furthermore, any newly issued securities could have rights, preferences and privileges senior to those of our existing common stock. Moreover, any issuances by us of equity securities may be at or below the prevailing market price of our common stock and in any event may have a dilutive impact on your ownership interest, which could cause the market price of our common stock to decline.


We may have difficulty obtaining additional funds as and when needed, and we may have to accept terms that would adversely affect our stockholders. In addition, current conditions in the credit and equity markets may adversely affect our ability to raise funds when needed. Any failure to achieve adequate funding will delay our development programs and product launches and could lead to abandonment of one or more of our development initiatives, as well as prevent us from responding to competitive pressures or take advantage of unanticipated acquisition opportunities.

 

Any additional equity financing may be dilutive to stockholders, and certain types of equity financing, if available, may involve restrictive covenants or other provisions that would limit how we conduct our business or finance our operations.


Our auditor has expressed substantial doubt regarding our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

We had a net loss of $2,561,613 for the year ended December 31, 2016.  During the same period, cash used in operations was $1,840,290. The working capital deficit, stockholders’ deficit and accumulated deficit as of December 31, 2016 was $4,132,660, $5,523,188 and $23,518,709, respectively. Additionally, for the quarter ended March 31, 2017, we had a net loss of $2,294,819. During the same period, cash used in operations was $675,526. The working capital deficit, stockholders’ deficit and accumulated deficit as of March 31, 2017 was $6,304,643, $7,808,926 and $25,819,448, respectively.


Accordingly, our auditor has expressed substantial doubt regarding our ability to continue as a going concern. Management is unable to predict if and when we will be able to generate positive cash flow. Our plan regarding these matters is to raise additional debt and/or equity financing to allow us the ability to cover our current cash flow requirements and meet our obligations as they become due. There can be no assurances that financing will be available or if available, that such financing will be available under favorable terms. In the event that we are unable to generate adequate revenues to cover expenses and cannot obtain additional financing in the near future, we may seek protection under bankruptcy laws.



13



 


The nature of the technology management platforms utilized by us are complex and highly integrated, and if we fail to successfully manage releases or integrate new solutions, it could harm our revenues, operating income, and reputation.


The technology platforms developed and designed by us accommodate integrated applications that include our own developed technology and third-party technology, thereby substantially increasing their functionality. By enabling such system interoperability, our communications platform both reduces implementation and ongoing costs, and improves overall management efficiencies.


Due to this complexity and the condensed development cycles under which we operate, we may experience errors in our software, corruption or loss of our data, or unexpected performance issues from time to time. For example, our solutions may face interoperability difficulties with software operating systems or programs being used by our customers, or new releases, upgrades, fixes or the integration of acquired technologies may have unanticipated consequences on the operation and performance of our other solutions. If we encounter integration challenges or discover errors in our solutions late in our development cycle, it may cause us to delay our launch dates. Any major integration or interoperability issues or launch delays could have a material adverse effect on our revenues, operating income and reputation.


Our products and services may fail to keep pace with rapidly changing technology and evolving industry standards.


The market in which we operate is characterized by rapid, and sometimes disruptive, technological developments, evolving industry standards, frequent new product introductions and enhancements and changes in customer requirements. In addition, both traditional and new competitors are investing heavily in our market areas and competing for customers. As next-generation video analytics technology continues to evolve, we must keep pace in order to maintain or expand our market position. We recently introduced a significant number of new product offerings and are increasingly focused on new, high value safety and security based surveillance products, as a revenue driver. If we are not able to successfully add staff resources with sufficient technical skills to develop and bring these new products to market in a timely manner, achieve market acceptance of our products and services or identify new market opportunities for our products and services, our business and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.


The market opportunity for our products and services may not develop in the ways that we anticipate.


The demand for our products and services can change quickly and in ways that we may not anticipate because the market in which we operate is characterized by rapid, and sometimes disruptive, technological developments, evolving industry standards, frequent new product introductions and enhancements, changes in customer requirements and a limited ability to accurately forecast future customer orders. Our operating results may be adversely affected if the market opportunity for our products and services does not develop in the ways that we anticipate or if other technologies become more accepted or standard in our industry or disrupt our technology platforms.


Our revenues are dependent on general economic conditions and the willingness of enterprises to invest in technology.


We believe that enterprises continue to be cautious about sustained economic growth and have tried to maintain or improve profitability through cost control and constrained spending. While our core technologies are designed to address cost reduction, other factors may cause delaying or rejecting capital projects, including the implementation of our products and services. In addition, certain industries in which we operate are under financial pressure to reduce capital investment which may make it more difficult for us to close large contracts in the immediate future. We believe there is a growing market trend toward more customers exploring operating expense models as opposed to capital expense models for procuring technology. We believe the market trend toward operating expense models will continue as customers seek ways of reducing their overhead and other costs. All of the foregoing may result in continued pressure on our ability to increase our revenue and may potentially create competitive pricing pressures and price erosion. If these or other conditions limit our ability to grow revenue or cause our revenue to decline our operating results may be materially and adversely affected.





14



 


We could be vulnerable to security breaches if certain third-parties attempt to gain access through our systems because of unknown weaknesses in our clients’ infrastructures.


Our systems operate inside client network infrastructure, which typically reside behind an ASA or other form of firewall. Communication between us and our clients are highly encrypted and generally take place through virtual private network (VPN) connections. We also use ASA equipment to protect our own network infrastructure. In addition, although our systems are LDAP/Active Directory compatible and include additional security layers we cannot be assured that any of our or our client’s systems are 100% secure. Any breach of these systems could be damaging to our reputation and lead to a loss of confidence in our offerings. Such loss of confidence could impact future sales or revenues from existing systems.


We face significant competition and many of our competitors are larger and have greater financial and other resources than we do.


Some of our product offerings compete and will compete with other similar products from our competitors. These competitive products could be marketed by well-established, successful companies that possess greater financial, marketing, distributional, personnel and other resources than we possess. In certain instances, competitors with greater financial resources also may be able to enter a market in direct competition with us offering attractive marketing tools to encourage the sale of products that compete with our products or present cost features that our target end users may find attractive.


We have a history of losses and our growth plans expect to incur losses and negative operating cash flows in the future.


Our accumulated deficit was approximately $24 million as of December 31, 2016 and approximately $26 million as of March 31, 2017. Our operating losses may continue as we continue to expend resources to further develop and enhance our technology offering, to complete prototyping for proof-of-concept, obtain regulatory clearances or approvals as required, expand our business development activities and finance capabilities and conduct further research and development. We also expect to experience negative cash flow in the short-term until our revenues and margins increase at a rate greater than our expenses which will continue to grow as we invest in additional resources for development and sales.

 

Our inability to protect our intellectual property could impair our competitive advantage, reduce our revenue, and increase our costs.


Our success and ability to compete depend in part on our ability to maintain the proprietary aspects of our technologies and products. We rely on a combination of trade secrets, patents, copyrights, trademarks, confidentiality agreements, and other contractual provisions to protect our intellectual property, but these measures may provide only limited protection. We customarily enter into written confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements with our employees, consultants, customers, manufacturers, and other recipients of information about our technologies and products and assignment of invention agreements with our employees and consultants. We may not always be able to enforce these agreements and may fail to enter into any such agreement in every instance when appropriate. We license from third party’s certain technology used in and for our products. These third-party licenses are granted with restrictions; therefore, such third-party technology may not remain available to us on terms beneficial to us. Our failure to enforce and protect our intellectual property rights or obtain from third parties the right to use necessary technology could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition. In addition, the laws of some foreign countries do not protect proprietary rights as fully as do the laws of the United States.


Patents may not issue from the patent applications that we have filed or may file in the future. Our issued patents may be challenged, invalidated, or circumvented, and claims of our patents may not be of sufficient scope or strength, or issued in the proper geographic regions, to provide meaningful protection or any commercial advantage. We have registered certain of our trademarks in the United States and other countries. We cannot assure you that we will obtain registrations of principal or other trademarks in key markets in the future. Failure to obtain registrations could compromise our ability to protect fully our trademarks and brands, and could increase the risk of challenge from third parties to our use of our trademarks and brands.




15



 


We may be required to incur substantial expenses and divert management attention and resources in defending intellectual property litigation against us.


We cannot be certain that our technologies and products do not and will not infringe on issued patents or other proprietary rights of others. While we are not currently subject to any infringement claim, any future claim, with or without merit, could result in significant litigation costs and diversion of resources, including the attention of management, and could require us to enter into royalty and licensing agreements, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business. We may not be able to obtain such licenses on commercially reasonable terms, if at all, or the terms of any offered licenses may be unacceptable to us. If forced to cease using such technology, we may be unable to develop or obtain alternate technology. Accordingly, an adverse determination in a judicial or administrative proceeding, or failure to obtain necessary licenses, could prevent us from manufacturing, using, or selling certain of our products, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition.


Furthermore, parties making such claims could secure a judgment awarding substantial damages, as well as injunctive or other equitable relief, which could effectively block our ability to make, use, or sell our products in the United States or abroad. Such a judgment could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition. In addition, we are obligated under certain agreements to indemnify the other party in connection with infringement by us of the proprietary rights of third parties. In the event that we are required to indemnify parties under these agreements, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

We may incur substantial expenses and divert management resources in prosecuting others for their unauthorized use of our intellectual property rights.


Other companies, including our competitors, may develop technologies that are similar or superior to our technologies, duplicate our technologies, or design around our patents, and may have or obtain patents or other proprietary rights that would prevent, limit, or interfere with our ability to make, use, or sell our products. Although we do not have foreign operations at this time, we may compete for contracts in non-US countries from time to time. Effective intellectual property protection may be unavailable, or limited, in some foreign countries in which we may do business, such as China. Unauthorized parties may attempt to copy or otherwise use aspects of our technologies and products that we regard as proprietary. Our means of protecting our proprietary rights in the United States or abroad may not be adequate or competitors may independently develop similar technologies. If our intellectual property protection is insufficient to protect our intellectual property rights, we could face increased competition in the market for our technologies and products.


Should any of our competitors file patent applications or obtain patents that claim inventions also claimed by us, we may choose to participate in an interference proceeding to determine the right to a patent for these inventions, because our business would be harmed if we fail to enforce and protect our intellectual property rights. Even if the outcome is favorable, this proceeding could result in substantial cost to us and disrupt our business.


In the future, we also may need to file lawsuits to enforce our intellectual property rights, to protect our trade secrets, or to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others. This litigation, whether successful or unsuccessful, could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.


We depend on key personnel who would be difficult to replace, and our business plans will likely be harmed if we lose their services or cannot hire additional qualified personnel.


Our success depends substantially on the efforts and abilities of our senior management and certain key personnel. The competition for qualified management and key personnel, especially engineers, is intense. Although we maintain non-competition and non-disclosure covenants with all our key personnel, we do not have employment agreements with most of them. The loss of services of one or more of our key employees, or the inability to hire, train, and retain key personnel, especially engineers and technical support personnel, could delay the development and sale of our products, disrupt our business, and interfere with our ability to execute our business plan.




16



 


Due to our dependence on a limited number of customers, we are subject to a concentration of credit risk.


As of December 31, 2016, one customer, Baptist Health South Florida, accounted for 50% of our accounts receivables. In the case of insolvency by one of our significant customers, accounts receivable with respect to that customer might not be collectible, or might be collectible over longer than normal terms, each of which could adversely affect our financial position. Additionally, our five largest customers, Union Pacific Railroad, Ferromex, Amtrak, Baptist Health South Florida and Commscope iTracs accounted for approximately 75% of our total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2016. This concentration of credit risk makes us more vulnerable economically. The loss of any of these customers could materially reduce our revenues and net income, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.


Potential strategic alliances may not achieve their objectives, and the failure to do so could impede our growth.


We may enter into strategic alliances. Among other matters, we continually explore strategic alliances designed to enhance or complement our technology or to work in conjunction with our technology; to provide necessary know-how, components, or supplies; to attract additional customers; and to develop, introduce, and distribute products utilizing our technology. Any strategic alliances may not achieve their intended objectives, and parties to our strategic alliances may not perform as contemplated. The failure of these alliances may impede our ability to introduce new products.


The Company is delinquent in the payment of its payroll taxes with the Internal Revenue Service.


As reported previously, the Company has a delinquent payroll tax payable at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 in the amount of $655,755 and $400,076, respectively. The delinquent portion is included in the payroll taxes payable balance of $703,532 and $444,476, respectively, as shown on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. The IRS has accepted the Company’s offer of a monthly installment agreement in the amount of $25,000 commencing March 28, 2016.  The monthly installment payments made as of March 31, 2017 totals $250,000. In the event the Company misses a monthly payroll tax installment payment or is unable to timely pay such payroll tax installment payment there may be an adverse material effect on the Company’s business operations.


Risks Related to Our Common Stock


There is currently not an active liquid trading market for the Company’s common stock.


Our common stock is quoted on the OTC Markets OTCQB tier under the symbol “DUOT”. However, there is currently no regular active trading market in our common stock. Although there are periodic volume spikes from time to time, we cannot give an assurance that a consistent, active trading market will develop in the short term. If an active market for our common stock develops, there is a significant risk that our stock price may fluctuate in the future in response to any of the following factors, some of which are beyond our control:


 

·

Variations in our quarterly operating results

 

·

Announcements that our revenue or income are below analysts expectations

 

·

General economic downturns

 

·

Sales of large blocks of our common stock

 

·

Announcements by us or our competitors of significant contracts, acquisitions, strategic partnerships, joint ventures or capital commitments.

 

Our common stock is subject to the “penny stock” rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission, which may make it more difficult for stockholders to sell our common stock.


The Securities and Exchange Commission has adopted Rule 15g-9 which establishes the definition of a “penny stock,” for the purposes relevant to us, as any equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions. For any transaction involving a penny stock, unless exempt, the rules require that a broker or dealer approve a person’s account for transactions in penny stocks, and the broker or dealer receive from the investor a written agreement to the transaction, setting forth the identity and quantity of the penny stock to be purchased.




17



 


In order to approve a person’s account for transactions in penny stocks, the broker or dealer must obtain financial information and investment experience objectives of the person, and make a reasonable determination that the transactions in penny stocks are suitable for that person and the person has sufficient knowledge and experience in financial matters to be capable of evaluating the risks of transactions in penny stocks.


The broker or dealer must also deliver, prior to any transaction in a penny stock, a disclosure schedule prescribed by the SEC relating to the penny stock market, which, in highlight form sets forth the basis on which the broker or dealer made the suitability determination, and that the broker or dealer received a signed, written agreement from the investor prior to the transaction.


Generally, brokers may be less willing to execute transactions in securities subject to the “penny stock” rules. This may make it more difficult for investors to dispose of the Company’s common stock if and when such shares are eligible for sale and may cause a decline in the market value of its stock.


Disclosure also has to be made about the risks of investing in penny stocks in both public offerings and in secondary trading and about the commissions payable to both the broker-dealer and the registered representative, current quotations for the securities and the rights and remedies available to an investor in cases of fraud in penny stock transactions. Finally, monthly statements have to be sent disclosing recent price information for the penny stock held in the account and information on the limited market in penny stock.


You may experience dilution of your ownership interest due to future issuance of our securities.


We are in a capital-intensive business and we do not have sufficient funds to finance the growth of our business or to support our projected capital expenditures. As a result, we will require additional funds from future equity or debt financings, including potential sales of preferred shares or convertible debt, to complete the development of new projects and pay the general and administrative costs of our business. We may in the future issue our previously authorized and unissued securities, resulting in the dilution of the ownership interests of holders of our common stock. We are currently authorized to issue 500,000,000 shares of common stock and 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock. We may also issue additional shares of common stock or other securities that are convertible into or exercisable for common stock in future public offerings or private placements for capital raising purposes or for other business purposes. The future issuance of a substantial number of common stock into the public market, or the perception that such issuance could occur, could adversely affect the prevailing market price of our common shares. A decline in the price of our common stock could make it more difficult to raise funds through future offerings of our common stock or securities convertible into common stock.


Our Board of Directors may issue and fix the terms of shares of our Preferred Stock without stockholder approval, which could adversely affect the voting power of holders of our Common Stock or any change in control of our Company.


Our Articles of Incorporation authorize the issuance of up to 10,000,000 shares of "blank check" preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share, with such designation rights and preferences as may be determined from time to time by the Board of Directors. Our Board of Directors is empowered, without shareholder approval, to issue shares of preferred stock with dividend, liquidation, conversion, voting or other rights which could adversely affect the voting power or other rights of the holders of our Common Stock. In the event of such issuances, the preferred stock could be used, under certain circumstances, as a method of discouraging, delaying or preventing a change in control of our company. 

 

We do not expect to pay dividends and investors should not buy our Common Stock expecting to receive dividends.


We do not anticipate that we will declare or pay any dividends in the foreseeable future. Consequently, you will only realize an economic gain on your investment in our common stock if the price appreciates. You should not purchase our common stock expecting to receive cash dividends. Since we do not pay dividends, and if we are not successful in establishing an orderly trading market for our shares, then you may not have any manner to liquidate or receive any payment on your investment. Therefore, our failure to pay dividends may cause you to not see any return on your investment even if we are successful in our business operations. In addition, because we do not pay dividends we may have trouble raising additional funds which could affect our ability to expand our business operations.

 



18



 


Our operating results are likely to fluctuate from period to period.


We anticipate that there may be fluctuations in our future operating results. Potential causes of future fluctuations in our operating results may include:


·

Period-to-period fluctuations in financial results

·

Issues in manufacturing products

·

Unanticipated potential product liability claims

·

The introduction of technological innovations or new commercial products by competitors

·

The entry into, or termination of, key agreements, including key strategic alliance agreements

·

The initiation of litigation to enforce or defend any of our intellectual property rights

·

Regulatory changes

·

Failure of any of our products to achieve commercial success


Our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected by various risks, including, but not limited to the principal risks noted below. 


The requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and other U.S. securities laws impose substantial costs, and may drain our resources and distract our management.


We are subject to certain of the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 in the U.S., as well as the reporting requirements under the Exchange Act. The Exchange Act requires, among other things, filing of annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and periodic reports on Form 8-K following the happening of certain material events, with respect to our business and financial condition. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires, among other things, that we maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures and internal controls over financial reporting. Our existing controls have some weaknesses, as described below. Meeting the requirements of the Exchange Act and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act may strain our resources and may divert management's attention from other business concerns, both of which may have a material adverse effect on our business.


If we fail to establish and maintain an effective system of internal control, we may not be able to report our financial results accurately or to prevent fraud. Any inability to report and file our financial results accurately and timely could harm our reputation and adversely impact the trading price of our common stock.

 

Effective internal control is necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and prevent fraud. If we cannot provide reliable financial reports or prevent fraud, we may not be able to manage our business as effectively as we would if an effective control environment existed, and our business and reputation with investors may be harmed. As a result, our small size and any current internal control deficiencies may adversely affect our financial condition, results of operation and access to capital. 

 

We currently have written policies and procedures for accounting and financial reporting with respect to the requirements and application of US GAAP and SEC disclosure requirements. Due to the small size of our accounting staff, we may need to add additional staff to provide additional segregation of duties to support our internal control over financial reporting and technical expertise with regard to financial reporting for publicly held companies.


We are subject to the Florida anti-takeover provisions, which may prevent you from exercising a vote on business combinations, mergers or otherwise.

 

As a Florida corporation, we are subject to certain anti-takeover provisions that apply to public corporations under Florida law. Pursuant to Section 607.0901 of the Florida Business Corporation Act, or the Florida Act, a publicly held Florida corporation may not engage in a broad range of business combinations or other extraordinary corporate transactions with an interested shareholder without the approval of the holders of two-thirds of the voting shares of the corporation (excluding shares held by the interested shareholder), unless the:

 

 

·

transaction is approved by a majority of disinterested directors before the shareholder becomes an interested shareholder;

 

·

interested shareholder has owned at least 80% of the corporation’s outstanding voting shares for at least five years preceding the announcement date of any such business combination;



19



 





 

·

interested shareholder is the beneficial owner of at least 90% of the outstanding voting shares of the corporation, exclusive of shares acquired directly from the corporation in a transaction not approved by a majority of the disinterested directors; or

 

·

consideration paid to the holders of the corporation’s voting stock is at least equal to certain fair price criteria.

 

An interested shareholder is defined as a person who together with affiliates and associates beneficially owns more than 10% of a corporation’s outstanding voting shares. We have not made an election in our amended Articles of Incorporation to opt out of Section 607.0901.

 

In addition, we are subject to Section 607.0902 of the Florida Act which prohibits the voting of shares in a publicly held Florida corporation that are acquired in a control share acquisition unless (i) our board of directors approved such acquisition prior to its consummation or (ii) after such acquisition, in lieu of prior approval by our board of directors, the holders of a majority of the corporation’s voting shares, exclusive of shares owned by officers of the corporation, employee directors or the acquiring party, approve the granting of voting rights as to the shares acquired in the control share acquisition. A control share acquisition is defined as an acquisition that immediately thereafter entitles the acquiring party to 20% or more of the total voting power in an election of directors.


Risks Related to the Offering


Investors in this offering will experience immediate and substantial dilution in net tangible book value.


The public offering price will be substantially higher than the net tangible book value per share of our outstanding shares of common stock. As a result, investors in this offering will incur immediate dilution of $4.49 per share, based on the assumed public offering price of $5.00 per share of common stock (the mid-point of the estimated offering price range described on the cover page of this prospectus). Investors in this offering will pay a price per share that substantially exceeds the book value of our assets after subtracting our liabilities. See “Dilution” for a more complete description of how the value of your investment will be diluted upon the completion of this offering.


We may need additional capital, and the sale of additional shares or equity or debt securities could result in additional dilution to our stockholders.


We believe that our current cash and cash used in operations, together with the net proceeds from this offering, will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash needs for the next 12 months. We may, however, require additional cash resources due to changed business conditions or other future developments. If these resources are insufficient to satisfy our cash requirements, we may seek to sell additional equity or debt securities or obtain one or more credit facilities. The sale of additional equity securities could result in additional dilution to our stockholders. The incurrence of indebtedness would result in increased debt service obligations and could result in operating and financing covenants that would restrict our operations. It is uncertain whether financing will be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to us, if at all.


We have broad discretion in the use of the net proceeds from this offering and may not use them effectively.


Our management will have broad discretion in the application of the net proceeds, including for any of the purposes described in the section of this prospectus entitled “Use of Proceeds.” The failure by our management to apply these funds effectively could harm our business.


Sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock following this offering may adversely affect the market price of our common stock and the issuance of additional shares will dilute all other stockholders.


Sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock in the public market or otherwise following this offering, or the perception that such sales could occur, could adversely affect the market price of our common stock. After completion of this offering at an assumed offering price of $5.00 per share of common stock (the mid-point of the estimated offering price range described on the cover page of this prospectus), our existing stockholders will own approximately 43% of our common stock assuming no exercise of the underwriters’ over-allotment option.




20



 


After completion of this offering at an assumed offering price of $5.00 per share, the mid-point of the estimated offering price range described on the cover of this prospectus, there will be 4,090,523 shares of our common stock outstanding. In addition, our certificate of incorporation, as amended, permits the issuance of up to approximately 495 million additional shares of common stock after the completion of this offering. Thus, we have the ability to issue substantial amounts of common stock in the future, which would dilute the percentage ownership held by the investors who purchase shares of our common stock in this offering.


We and our officers, directors and certain stockholders have agreed, subject to customary exceptions, not to, without the prior written consent of Joseph Gunnar & Co., LLC, the representative of the underwriters, during the period ending 180 days from the date of this offering in the case of our directors and officers and 90 days from the date of this offering in the case of us and our stockholders who beneficially own more than 5% of our common stock, directly or indirectly, offer to sell, sell, pledge or otherwise transfer or dispose of any of shares of our common stock, enter into any swap or other derivatives transaction that transfers to another any of the economic benefits or risks of ownership of shares of our common stock, make any demand for or exercise any right or cause to be filed a registration statement, including any amendments thereto, with respect to the registration of any shares of common stock or securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for common stock or any other securities of the Company or publicly disclose the intention to do any of the foregoing.


After the lock-up agreements with our principal stockholders pertaining to this offering expire 90 days from the date of this offering unless waived earlier by the representative, up to 415,347 of the shares that had been locked up will be eligible for future sale in the public market. After the lock-up agreements with our directors and officers and one principal stockholder pertaining to this offering expire 180 days from the date of this offering unless waived earlier by the managing underwriter, up to 792,658 of the shares (net of any shares also restricted by lock-up agreements with our principal stockholders) that had been locked up will be eligible for future sale in the public market. Sales of a significant number of these shares of common stock in the public market could reduce the market price of the common stock.


Following this offering, the market value of the warrants is uncertain and there can be no assurance that the market value of the warrants will equal or exceed their public offering price.


The warrants offered in this offering do not confer any rights of common stock ownership on their holders, such as voting rights or the right to receive dividends, but rather merely represent the right to acquire shares of our common stock at a fixed price for a limited period of time. Specifically, commencing on the date of issuance, holders of the warrants may exercise their right to acquire the common stock and pay an exercise price of 125% of the public offering price of our common stock in this offering, prior to five years from the date of issuance, after which date any unexercised warrants will expire and have no further value. Moreover, following this offering, the market value of the warrants is uncertain and there can be no assurance that the market value of the warrants will equal or exceed their public offering price. There can be no assurance that the market price of the common stock will ever equal or exceed the exercise price of the warrants, and consequently, whether it will ever be profitable for holders of the warrants to exercise the warrants.


Risks Related to Our Reverse Stock Split


Our reverse stock split may not increase our stock price sufficiently to enable us to list our common stock on The NASDAQ Capital Market, in which case this offering will not be completed.


We expect that the 1-for-35 reverse stock split of our outstanding common stock which was effected on May 1, 2017 will increase the market price of our common stock so that we will be able to meet the minimum bid price requirement of the Listing Rules of The NASDAQ Capital Market. However, the effect of a reverse stock split upon the market price of our common stock cannot be predicted with certainty, and the results of reverse stock splits by companies in similar circumstances have been varied. It is possible that the market price of our common stock following the reverse stock split will not increase sufficiently for us to be in compliance with the minimum bid price requirement. If we are unable meet the minimum bid price requirement, we may be unable to list our shares on The NASDAQ Capital Market, in which case this offering will not be completed.




21



 


Even if the reverse stock split achieves the requisite increase in the market price of our common stock, we cannot assure you that we will be able to continue to comply with the minimum bid price requirement of The NASDAQ Capital Market.


Even if the reverse stock split achieves the requisite increase in the market price of our common stock to be in compliance with the minimum bid price of The NASDAQ Capital Market, there can be no assurance that the market price of our common stock following the reverse stock split will remain at the level required for continuing compliance with that requirement. It is not uncommon for the market price of a company’s common stock to decline in the period following a reverse stock split. If the market price of our common stock declines following the effectuation of a reverse stock split, the percentage decline may be greater than would occur in the absence of a reverse stock split. In any event, other factors unrelated to the number of shares of our common stock outstanding, such as negative financial or operational results, could adversely affect the market price of our common stock and jeopardize our ability to meet or maintain The NASDAQ Capital Market’s minimum bid price requirement. In addition to specific listing and maintenance standards, The NASDAQ Capital Market has broad discretionary authority over the initial and continued listing of securities, which it could exercise with respect to the listing of our common stock.


Even if the reverse stock split increases the market price of our common stock, there can be no assurance that we will be able to comply with other continued listing standards of The NASDAQ Capital Market.


Even if the market price of our common stock increases sufficiently so that we comply with the minimum bid price requirement, there can be no assurance that we will be able to comply with the other standards that we are required to meet in order to maintain a listing of our common stock on The NASDAQ Capital Market. Our failure to meet these requirements may result in our common stock being delisted from The NASDAQ Capital Market, irrespective of our compliance with the minimum bid price requirement.


The reverse stock split may decrease the liquidity of the shares of our common stock.


The liquidity of the shares of our common stock may be affected adversely by the reverse stock split given the reduced number of shares that will be outstanding following the reverse stock split, especially if the market price of our common stock does not increase following the reverse stock split. In addition, the reverse stock split may increase the number of stockholders who own odd lots (less than 100 shares) of our common stock, creating the potential for such stockholders to experience an increase in the cost of selling their shares and greater difficulty effecting such sales.


Following the reverse stock split, the resulting market price of our common stock may not attract new investors, including institutional investors, and may not satisfy the investing requirements of those investors. Consequently, the trading liquidity of our common stock may not improve.


Although we believe that a higher market price of our common stock may help generate greater or broader investor interest, there can be no assurance that the reverse stock split will result in a share price that will attract new investors, including institutional investors. In addition, there can be no assurance that the market price of our common stock will satisfy the investing requirements of those investors. As a result, the trading liquidity of our common stock may not necessarily improve.




22



 


USE OF PROCEEDS


We estimate that the net proceeds from the sale of the common stock and warrants in the offering will be approximately $9,800,000, based on an assumed public offering price of $5.00 per share of common stock (the mid-point of the estimated offering price range described on the cover page of this prospectus) and warrants at a price of $0.01 per warrant exercisable at $_____ per share (125% of the public offering price of one share of common stock based on an assumed initial offering price of $5.00 per share, the mid-point of the estimated offering price range described on the cover page of this prospectus) after deducting the underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses, or $11,500,000 if the underwriters exercise their over-allotment option in full.


We currently expect to use the net proceeds of this offering primarily for the following purposes:


 

·

$1,736,842 to pay off in full the debt held by JMJ Financial under the terms of the Note. As disclosed under Recent Developments herein, the funding provided to the Company by JMJ Financial was in the amount of $1,650,000, is interest free and was loaned to the Company with an original issue discount of 5%;

 

·

approximately $2,900,000 for research and development for new products and improvements to existing products including, but not limited to, hiring of key personnel, and material costs for research activities;

 

·

approximately $1,400,000 to upgrade sales and marketing capabilities, including but not limited to professional relations, advertising, software implementation and adding additional staff; and

 

·

the remainder for capital expenditures, working capital and other general corporate purposes, and possibly acquisitions of other companies, products or technologies, though no such acquisitions are currently contemplated.


We believe that the expected net proceeds from this offering and our existing cash and cash equivalents, together with interest thereon, will be sufficient to fund our operations for at least the next 12 months, although we cannot assure you that this will occur.


The amount and timing of our actual expenditures will depend on numerous factors, including the status of our development efforts, sales and marketing activities and the amount of cash generated or used by our operations. We may find it necessary or advisable to use portions of the proceeds for other purposes, and we will have broad discretion and flexibility in the application of the net proceeds. Pending these uses, the proceeds will be invested in short-term bank deposits.




23



 


MARKET FOR OUR COMMON STOCK AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS


Our common stock is quoted on the OTC Markets Group Inc.’s OTCQB quotation platform (the “OTCQB”) under the trading symbol “DUOT”. We have applied to the NASDAQ Capital Market to list our common stock under the symbol “DUOT” and our warrants under the symbol “DUOTW.


NASDAQ listing requirements include, among other things, a stock price threshold. As a result, prior to effectiveness, on April 26, 2017, we filed the Amendment to effectuate the Reverse Split. On April 28, 2017, the Reverse Stock Split was approved by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority and was effected in the OTC Marketplace on May 1, 2017.


As of June 12, 2017, there were approximately 237 holders of record of our common stock, and the last reported sale price of our common stock on the OTCQB on June 13, 2017 was $6.25 per share.


Our common stock was initially quoted on the OTCQB in 2008 under the symbol “IOSA” and the following table sets forth the high and low sales price of our common stock on the OTCQB for the last two fiscal years and for the current fiscal year through the most recent fiscal quarter. These prices are based on inter-dealer bid and asked prices, without markup, markdown, commissions, or adjustments and may not represent actual transactions.


PERIOD

 

High

 

 

Low

 

Fiscal Year Ending December 31, 2017:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarter Ended June 30, 2017 (through June 13, 2017)

 

$

7.00

 

 

$

4.00

 

Quarter Ended March 31, 2017

 

$

8.75

 

 

$

1.05

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fiscal Year Ending December 31, 2016:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarter Ended December 31, 2016

 

$

3.50

 

 

$

0.70

 

Quarter Ended September 30, 2016

 

$

6.30

 

 

$

3.15

 

Quarter Ended June 30, 2016

 

$

10.50

 

 

$

3.50

 

Quarter Ended March 31, 2016

 

$

10.50

 

 

$

7.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fiscal Year Ending December 31, 2015:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarter Ended December 31, 2015

 

$

14.00

 

 

$

7.00

 

Quarter Ended September 30, 2015

 

$

15.75

 

 

$

7.00

 

Quarter Ended June 30, 2015

 

$

57.75

 

 

$

13.30

 

Quarter Ended March 31, 2015

 

$

56.00

 

 

$

14.00

 




24



 


DIVIDEND POLICY


To date, we have not paid any dividends on our common stock and do not anticipate paying any such dividends in the foreseeable future. The declaration and payment of dividends on the common stock is at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on, among other things, our operating results, financial condition, capital requirements, contractual restrictions or such other factors as our board of directors may deem relevant. We currently expect to use all available funds to finance the future development and expansion of our business and do not anticipate paying dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.  Additionally, pursuant to the senior secured note issued to GPB Debt Holdings II, LLC, the Company and its subsidiaries will not directly, or indirectly, redeem, repurchase or declare or pay any cash dividend so as long as such note remains outstanding.




25



 


CAPITALIZATION


The following table sets forth our consolidated cash and cash equivalents and capitalization as of March 31, 2017. Such information is set forth on the following basis:


 

·

an actual basis;

 

·

an as adjusted basis, giving effect to (i) repayment of amounts owed under the JMJ Financing and (ii) the sale of the shares and warrants in this offering at the assumed public offering price of $5 per share and $0.01 per warrant, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and other estimated offering expenses payable by us and (iii) conversion of $1,307,387 of debt and accrued expenses into 261,477 shares of common stock and 261,477 warrants at the assumed public offering price of $5 per share.


The as adjusted information below is illustrative only and our capitalization following the completion of this offering will be adjusted based on the actual public offering price and other terms of this offering determined at pricing. You should read this table together with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our audited and unaudited consolidated financial statements and the related notes appearing elsewhere in this prospectus.


 

 

 

 

 

As of

March 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

Actual

 

 

As Adjusted(1)

 

Cash

 

 

 

 

 

$

53,185

 

 

$

8,133,157

 

Total Other Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

996,119

 

 

 

996,119

 

Total liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,550,390

 

 

 

3,091,959

 

Redeemable Convertible Cumulative Preferred Stock Series A 500,000 shares authorized, 29,600 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2016, $10 per share redemption amount plus dividends in arrears

 

 

 

 

 

 

307,840

 

 

 

307,840

 

Stockholders’ deficit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized; 9,500,000 available to be designated; 0 shares issued and outstanding actual, 0 shares issued and outstanding pro forma

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Stock, $0.001 par value; 500,000,000 shares authorized; 1,894,923 shares issued and outstanding actual, 4,090,523 shares issued and outstanding as adjusted

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,895

 

 

 

4,091

 

Treasury stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

(148,000

)

 

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

 

 

 

 

18,156,627

 

 

 

30,463,970

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

 

 

 

 

(25,819,448

)

 

 

(24,738,584

)

Total stockholders’ equity (deficit)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7,808,926

)

 

 

5,729,477

 

Capitalization

 

 

 

 

 

$

1,049,304

 

 

 

9,129,276

 

———————

(1)

A $1.00 increase or decrease in the assumed public offering price per share would increase or decrease our as adjusted cash and cash equivalents, additional paid-in capital, total stockholders’ equity and total capitalization by approximately $2.0 million assuming the number of shares offered by us, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, remains the same and after deducting the underwriting discount and estimated offering expenses payable by us.




26



 


DILUTION


The historical net tangible book value (deficit) of our common stock as of March 31, 2017 was approximately $(7,551,135), or $(3.98) per share based upon shares of common stock outstanding on such date. Historical net tangible book value (deficit) per share represents the amount of our total tangible assets reduced by the amount of our total liabilities, divided by the total number of shares of common stock outstanding.


Our adjusted net tangible book value (deficit) of our common stock will be $5,981,268 or $1.46 per share. Adjusted net tangible book value (deficit) per share represents adjusted net tangible book value divided by the total number of shares outstanding after giving effect to (i) repayment of amounts owed under the JMJ Financing, (ii) the sale of the shares and warrants in this offering at the assumed public offering price of $5 per share and $0.01 per warrant, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and other estimated offering expenses payable by us, and (iii) the conversion of promissory notes and the related party conversion as described on page 8 herein. This represents an immediate increase in as adjusted net tangible book value of $5.44 per share to existing stockholders and an immediate dilution of $3.54 per share to investors purchasing shares of common stock in this offering at the assumed public offering price.


The following table illustrates this dilution on a per share basis to new investors:


Assumed public offering price per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

5.00

 

Net tangible book value per share as of March 31, 2017

 

 

$

(3.98

)

 

 

 

 

Increase in net tangible book value per share attributable to new investors

 

 

$

5.44

 

 

 

 

 

As adjusted net tangible book value per share after giving effect to this offering

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

1.46

 

Dilution in net tangible book value per share to new investors

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

3.54

 


If the underwriters overallotment option is exercised, our adjusted net tangible book value following the offering will be $1.70 per share, and the dilution to new investors in the offering will be $3.30 per share.

 

A $1.00 increase or decrease in the assumed public offering price per share would increase or decrease our pro forma as adjusted net tangible book value after this offering by approximately $2,000,000, and dilution per share to new investors by approximately $3.04 for an increase of $1.00, or $4.04 for a decrease of $1.00, after deducting the underwriting discount and estimated offering expenses payable by us.




27



 


CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS


This prospectus contains forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements give our current expectations or forecasts of future events. You can identify these statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties and include statements regarding, among other things, our projected revenue growth and profitability, our growth strategies and opportunity, anticipated trends in our market and our anticipated needs for working capital. They are generally identifiable by use of the words “may,” “will,” “should,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plans,” “potential,” “projects,” “continuing,” “ongoing,” “expects,” “management believes,” “we believe,” “we intend” or the negative of these words or other variations on these words or comparable terminology. These statements may be found under the sections entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Business,” as well as in this prospectus generally. In particular, these include statements relating to future actions, prospective products, market acceptance, future performance or results of current and anticipated products, sales efforts, expenses, and the outcome of contingencies such as legal proceedings and financial results.


Examples of forward-looking statements in this prospectus include, but are not limited to, our expectations regarding our business strategy, business prospects, operating results, operating expenses, working capital, liquidity and capital expenditure requirements. Important assumptions relating to the forward-looking statements include, among others, assumptions regarding demand for our products, the cost, terms and availability of components, pricing levels, the timing and cost of capital expenditures, competitive conditions and general economic conditions. These statements are based on our management’s expectations, beliefs and assumptions concerning future events affecting us, which in turn are based on currently available information. These assumptions could prove inaccurate. Although we believe that the estimates and projections reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, our expectations may prove to be incorrect.


Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results and events anticipated or implied by such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:


 

·

changes in the market acceptance of our products;

 

·

increased levels of competition;

 

·

changes in political, economic or regulatory conditions generally and in the markets in which we operate;

 

·

our relationships with our key customers;

 

·

our ability to retain and attract senior management and other key employees;

 

·

our ability to quickly and effectively respond to new technological developments;

 

·

our ability to protect our trade secrets or other proprietary rights, operate without infringing upon the proprietary rights of others and prevent others from infringing on the proprietary rights of the Company; and

 

·

other risks, including those described in the “Risk Factors” discussion of this prospectus.


We operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for us to predict all of those risks, nor can we assess the impact of all of those risks on our business or the extent to which any factor may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement. The forward-looking statements in this prospectus are based on assumptions management believes are reasonable. However, due to the uncertainties associated with forward-looking statements, you should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Further, forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and unless required by law, we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to publicly update any of them in light of new information, future events, or otherwise.




28



 


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


This Registration Statement on Form S-1 and other reports filed by the Company from time to time with the SEC (collectively, the “Filings”) contain or may contain forward-looking statements and information that are based upon beliefs of, and information currently available to, the Company’s management as well as estimates and assumptions made by Company’s management. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which are only predictions and speak only as of the date hereof. When used in the Filings, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “future,” “intend,” “plan,” or the negative of these terms and similar expressions as they relate to the Company or the Company’s management identify forward-looking statements. Such statements reflect the current view of the Company with respect to future events and are subject to risks, uncertainties, assumptions, and other factors, including the risks relating to the Company’s business, industry, and the Company’s operations and results of operations. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should the underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may differ significantly from those anticipated, believed, estimated, expected, intended, or planned.


Although the Company believes that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, the Company cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, the Company does not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results.


Our financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). These accounting principles require us to make certain estimates, judgments and assumptions. We believe that the estimates, judgments and assumptions upon which we rely are reasonable based upon information available to us at the time that these estimates, judgments and assumptions are made. These estimates, judgments and assumptions can affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the periods presented. Our financial statements would be affected to the extent there are material differences between these estimates and actual results. In many cases, the accounting treatment of a particular transaction is specifically dictated by GAAP and does not require management’s judgment in its application. There are also areas in which management’s judgment in selecting any available alternative would not produce a materially different result. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this Registration Statement on Form S-1.


Our Company


Duos Technologies Group was incorporated in Florida on May 31, 1994 (the “Company”) under the original name of Information Systems Associates (“ISA”).  Initially, our business operations consisted of consulting services for asset management of large corporate data centers and development and licensing of Information Technology (IT) asset management software. In late 2014, ISA entered negotiations with Duos Technologies, Inc. (“DTI”), for the purposes of executing a reverse triangular merger. This transaction was completed on April 1, 2015. DTI was incorporated under the laws of Florida on November 30, 1990 for design, development and deployment of proprietary technology applications and turn-key engineered systems. The Company, based in Jacksonville, Florida, employs approximately 41 people and is a technology company with a strong portfolio of intellectual property, with core competencies that include advanced intelligent technologies that are delivered through its proprietary integrated enterprise command and control platform.


The Company through its operating subsidiary DTI is primarily engaged in the design and deployment of state-of-the-art, artificial intelligence driven intelligent technologies systems. The Company converges traditional security measures with information technologies to create “actionable intelligence.”


The Company’s strategy includes continued expansion of its technology base through organic development efforts, strategic partnerships, and growth through strategic acquisitions. The Company’s primary target industry sectors include transportation, with emphasis on freight and transit railroad owners/operators, petro-chemical, utilities and healthcare.  Our strategy for the next 12 months is to continue to pursue key target markets described and expand the offerings within those markets as available capital allows.


Specifically, based upon a successful capital raise, the Company intends to undertake to invest in sales and marketing resources to broaden its reach into the target markets, evaluate key requirements within those markets and add development resources to allow us to compete for additional projects thereby driving revenue growth.  In addition, the original business of IT Asset Management (ITAM) services for large data centers is now operated as a division of the Company that continues its sales efforts through large strategic partners.



29



 


Results of Operations


The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements included in this Form S-1.


Comparison for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2016


The following table sets forth a modified version of our unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations that is used in the following discussions of our results of operations:


 

 

For the Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

1,035,730

 

 

$

1,004,243

 

Cost of Revenue

 

 

631,388

 

 

 

486,417

 

Gross profit

 

 

404,342

 

 

 

517,826

 

Operating expenses

 

 

1,260,107

 

 

 

1,285,207

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(855,765

)

 

 

(767,381

)

Other income (expense)

 

 

(1,439,054

)

 

 

(70,999

)

Net loss

 

 

(2,294,819

)

 

 

(838,381

)

Series A preferred stock dividends

 

 

(5,920

)

 

 

 

Net loss applicable to common stock

 

$

(2,300,739

)

 

$

(838,381

)


Revenues


Revenues were $1,035,730 and $1,004,243 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The comparative 3% increase in revenue during 2017 was largely the result of the increase in project revenue and IT asset management services offset with the anticipated decrease in Maintenance and technical support as the business shifts its focus from legacy security products to advanced intelligence offerings. The 48% decrease in maintenance and technical support was all from one legacy customer who did not renew their contract at the end of 2016.  The revenue from this line item will be replaced over the next reporting periods with an anticipated increase in consulting services for the rail business and recurring maintenance revenues from new projects after the initial maintenance free period.


Cost of Revenues


Costs of revenues were $631,388 and $486,417 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The increase in 2017 cost of the project implementation was related to increased costs for implementation of one international project with unanticipated additional travel and other expenses related to this specific project.  Other increases in costs of revenues are generally in line with the increase in revenue in these categories with IT asset management services showing a slight improvement most related to economies of scale.  It should be noted that the decrease in 2017 cost of the maintenance and technical support is due to the budgeted decrease in revenue.


Gross Profit


Gross Profit was $404,342 and $517,826 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The decrease in first quarter 2017 resulted from an isolated decline in margins in the project business for reasons described previously.  This decrease is expected to be one-time in nature and that the overall year will be in line with previous gross profit performance.  The decrease in gross profit was offset by lower costs overall in the maintenance and technical support and IT asset management areas but still resulted in a reduction of 22% in overall gross margin compared to the comparative quarter in 2016.  Despite more aggressive pricing in the award of a large contract that makes up much of the revenue in that business line, unanticipated expenses related to initial implementation of a new product reduced the overall gross margins compared to the previous equivalent quarter. These cost overruns are expected to be a one-time event and that gross margin percentage are anticipated to be in line with previous years going forward.




30



 


Operating Expenses


Operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 were $1,260,107 and $1,285,207 respectively, a decrease of $25,100.  This decrease in expenses was mainly due to a decrease in contract labor and selling and marketing expenses of $167,858.  However, this decrease was offset by an increase of $142,757 because of additional professional fees and general and administration expenses related to operating as a public company, expenses related to our corporate actions including a planned up-listing to a national exchange and additional spending on resources for the research and development department by the Company.


Loss Before Other Income (Expense)


The loss from operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 were $855,765 and $767,381, respectively. The increase in loss from operations was due to an isolated decline in project margins as previously described as well as increased spending on professional fees related to planned corporate actions.


Interest Expense


Interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 was $921,314 and $72,305 respectively. The increase in interest expense was almost entirely due to non-cash charges in connection with debt discount and warrant amortization expense for bridge financing entered into in late 2016.  The bridge financing costs are expected to terminate once the Company completes a planned registered equity offering and the subject financing is repaid in full.


Warrant Derivative Loss


Warrant derivative loss for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 was $582,388 and zero, respectively. The large amount in 2017 was primarily the result of the non-cash warrant derivative expense related to the additional funding drawn against the Company’s promissory note with JMJ Financial.


Other Income


Other income for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 was $64,648 and $1,306, respectively. The increased amount in 2017 was the result of a gain on settlement of debt of $64,647.


Net Loss

The net loss for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 was $2,294,819 and $838,381, respectively. The $1,456,438 increase in net loss is primarily attributable to the non-cash charges in 2017 of $1,503,702 in debt discount expense and warrant derivative expense on debt related to bridge financing.  Net loss applicable to Common Stock was $2,300,739 in 2017 versus $838,381 in 2016, an increase of $1,462,358. The loss in 2017 included a charge for Preferred Stock Dividends of $5,920. Net loss per common share was $(1.21) and $(0.45) for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.


Comparison for the Years ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015


Revenues


Revenues were $6,104,893 and $6,767,763 for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The comparative 10% decrease in revenue during 2016 was largely the result of the cancellation of a one-off project with one of the Company’s large customers of approximately $2.4M.  The cancellation was not a reflection on the Company’s products but the result of a withdrawal of funding in conjunction with the federal government.  This cancellation was partially offset by a new project within the Company’s main business focus.  Additionally, a forecasted decrease of $250,000 in maintenance and technical support services was offset with an increase in the Company’s IT asset management services of $146,000 representing an increase of more than 27% growth in that business. The decrease in maintenance and technical support of more than 10% was due to the expiration of a service contract.




31



 


Cost of Revenues


Costs of revenues were $2,732,451 and $3,196,176 for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The decrease in 2016 cost of sales is due to the decrease in project revenue as well as in maintenance and technical support. The increase in cost of the IT asset management services is in line with the increase in revenue in this category but costs on some smaller sites of a large contract were proportionally larger which resulted in an overall higher cost of revenues in this business line.


Gross Profit


Gross Profit was $3,372,442 and $3,571,587 for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The decrease in 2016 resulted from the decrease in revenue by approximately the same percentage. Improving margins in the project business and lower costs overall in the maintenance and technical support areas resulted in a reduction of 6% in overall gross margin versus a reduction of 10% in overall revenues. More aggressive pricing in the award of a large contract that makes up much of the revenue in that business line, reduced the overall gross margins compared to the previous year.


Operating Expenses


Operating expenses for the years ended December, 2016 and 2015 were $5,116,548 and $5,798,895 respectively, a decrease of $682,347. The decrease in operating expenses was primarily due to a one-time impairment loss of $1,578,816 in 2015 because of the merger with Information Systems Associates, Inc. resulting in intangible assets being written off. Excluding this one-time charge, expenses related to operations were higher by $896,469.  This increase in expenses was a conscious decision by management to pre-invest in certain resources and skill-sets that would be necessary to continue the Company’s growth strategy.   Our expenses also increased as a result of additional professional fees related to operating as a public company and additional spending on resource tools purchased for the research and development department by the Company.


Loss Before Other Income (Expense)


The loss from operations for the years ended, December 31, 2016 and 2015 were $1,744,106 and $2,227,308, respectively. The decrease in loss from operations was due to a one-time impairment loss of $1,578,816 in 2015 because of the merger with Information Systems Associates from intangible assets write-off. Excluding this one-time, non-cash, charge, the loss from ongoing operations was increased by more than 21% because of lower revenues and a net increase in operating expenses.


Interest Expense


Interest expense for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 were $561,174 and $744,343 respectively. The decrease in interest expense was primarily due to the Company converting most of its convertible notes into common stock during 2015 which gave rise to a net amount of $216,271 in onetime non-cash charges in connection with the conversions and associated warrant issuances.


Other Income


Other income for the years ending December 31, 2016 and 2015 was $7,766 and $861,973 respectively. The large amount in 2015 was primarily the result of the settlement of a previously charged contingent lawsuit liability of $1,411,650 which was settled in late 2015 for a fixed amount of $550,000, resulting in a gain of $861,650.


Net Loss


The net loss for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 was $2,561,613 and $2,325,950 respectively. The $235,663 increase in net loss is primarily attributable to one-time, non-cash charges for a one-time impairment loss in 2015 of $1,578,816 because of the merger with Information Systems Associates, Inc. resulting from the write-off of intangible assets thereby offsetting the decrease in revenue and cost of revenue in 2016.  Net loss applicable to Common Stock was $2,567,533 in 2016 versus $2,325,950 in 2015, an increase of $241,583. The loss in 2016 included a charge for Preferred Stock Dividends of $5,920. Net loss per common share was $1.40 and $1.40 for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.




32



 


Liquidity and Capital Resources


Cash flows used in operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 were $675,526 and $91,245, respectively. The increase in cash flows used in operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017 was due primarily to the non-cash warrant derivative expense and debt discount expense related to the promissory note with JMJ Financial with an offset of $229,373 positive variance in changes in assets and liabilities.


Cash flows used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 were $16,266 and $19,099, respectively representing minimum investments in certain assets during 2017 and 2016.


Cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 were $570,601 and used $29,535, respectively. Cash flows from financing activities during 2017 were primarily attributable to proceeds from the draws on notes payable, partially offset by repayments of existing notes and short term credit facilities. Cash flows used for financing activities during 2016 were primarily for repayments of notes payable and insurance and equipment financing partially offset by proceeds from related party notes.


Since inception, we have funded our operations primarily through the sale of our equity (or equity linked) and debt securities. As of June 9, 2017, we had cash on hand of approximately $116,000. We have approximately $131,000 in monthly lease and other mandatory payments, not including payroll and ordinary expenses which are due monthly.


Overview


Because of the growing nature of the business, we project that we will need additional capital to fund operations over the next 12 months. We anticipate we will need an additional $3 million for the remainder of 2017, which we anticipate will be funded through this offering.


On a long-term basis, our liquidity is dependent on continuation and expansion of operations, receipt of revenues, and additional infusions of capital. Our current capital and revenues are insufficient to fund such expansion. If we choose to launch such an expansion campaign, we will require substantially more capital. The funds raised from any future offering will also be used to market our products and services as well as contribute to existing working capital needs.


Demand for the products and services will be dependent on, among other things, market acceptance of our products and services, the technology market in general, and general economic conditions, which are cyclical in nature. In as much as a major portion of our activities is the receipt of revenues from the sales of our products and services, our business operations may be adversely affected by our competitors and prolonged recession periods.


Our auditor has expressed substantial doubt regarding our ability to continue as a going concern. Management is unable to predict if and when we will be able to generate positive cash flow. Our plan regarding these matters is to raise additional debt and/or equity financing to allow us to cover our current cash flow requirements and meet our obligations as they become due. There can be no assurances that financing will be available or if available, that such financing will be available under favorable terms. If we are unable to generate adequate revenues to cover expenses and cannot obtain additional financing soon, we may seek protection under bankruptcy laws.


Reverse Split


On April 26, 2017, the Company filed Articles of Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation of the Company (the “Amendment”) to effectuate a reverse split of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock at an exchange ratio of 1-for-35 (the “Reverse Split”). As a result of the Reverse Split, every thirty-five (35) shares of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock will be converted into one (1) share of issued and outstanding common stock. The number of authorized shares will remain unchanged. No fractional shares will be issued in connection with the Reverse Split. Any fractional shares of common stock resulting from the Reverse Split will be rounded up to the nearest whole share. It is not necessary for stockholders to exchange their existing stock certificates for new stock certificates in connection with the Reverse Split. Stockholders who hold their shares in brokerage accounts are not required to take any action to exchange their shares.




33



 


JMJ Financing Transaction


On December 20, 2016, we entered a bridge financing Securities Purchase Agreement with JMJ Financial, an accredited investor, for non-convertible debt financing in the amount up to $2,500,000. Our first draw was in the amount of $575,000 net of an OID of $30,263.  The loan agreement contemplates a series of corporate actions leading to the Company raising at least $10 million in a registered offering. The loan is payable on the earlier of May 15, 2017 or the third business day after the closing of the Public Pursuant to the Note, the lender is obligated to provide the Company an additional $925,000 advance under the Note in tranches, as certain milestones, contained within the Note, are achieved. The lender may make further advances of up to $1,000,000($875,000 after deduction for original issue discounts for the entire $2.5M note) under the Note, in such amounts and at such times as the Parties may agree.  The Company has drawn $750,000 during the first quarter after achieving scheduled milestones against the $925,000 and an additional $150,000 against the $1,000,000 available amount as of March 31, 2017 related to favorable settlement on an existing debt obligation that was in default. Although the note is not convertible per se, if the Company fails to repay the balance due under the Note when due, the lender has the right to convert all or any portion of the outstanding Note into shares of Common Stock, subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Note.  All amounts due under the Note become immediately due and payable upon the occurrence of an event of default as set forth in the Note. On May 15, 2017, JMJ Financial agreed to an extension of the maturity date until June 15, 2017. We intend to pursue an additional extension of the Maturity Date, but can provide no assurances that such extension will be granted to us by JMJ Financial.


On January 25, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $157,895 and received a net amount of $130,500 representing the second draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial.  Warrants in the amount of 30,075 were issued as per the agreement.


On February 8, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $105,263 and received a net amount of $87,000 representing the third draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial.  Warrants in the amount of 20,050 were issued as per the agreement.


On February 27, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $263,158 and received a net amount of $217,500 representing the fourth draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial.  Warrants in the amount of 50,138 were issued as per the agreement.


On March 6, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $157,895 and received a net amount of $130,500 representing the fifth draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial.  Warrants in the amount of 30,075 were issued as per the agreement.


On March 14, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $263,158 and received a net amount of $217,500 representing the sixth draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial.  Warrants in the amount of 50,138 were issued as per the agreement.


On April 25, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $78,947 and received a net amount of $65,250 representing the sixth draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial.  Warrants in the amount of 15,038 were issued as per the agreement.


On May 15, 2017, the Company was obligated to repay the principal due to JMJ Financial on the bridge loan totaling $1,627,632. On May 22, 2017, the Company obtained an amendment #1 to the Securities Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) and the $2,500,000 Promissory Note (“Note”). This amendment extended the original Maturity Date for the Promissory Note from May 15, 2017 to June 15, 2017 (“Extended Maturity Date”) and extended the Origination Shares issuance date in the Stock Purchase Agreement from May 30, 2017 to June 15, 2017. The Company expects to extend for an additional period to accommodate of the offering.


On June 1, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $105,263 and received a net amount of $87,000 representing the seventh draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial. Warrants in the amount of 20,050 were issued as per the agreement.




34



 


JMJ Financial conditionally waived the defaults for the Company's failure to meet the original Maturity Date of the Note and delivery date for the Origination Shares. JMJ Financial waived any damages, fees, penalties, liquidated damages, or other amounts or remedies otherwise resulting from such defaults through the Extended Maturity Date, and such conditional waiver is conditioned on the Company not being in default of and not breaching any term of the Note or the SPA or any other Transaction Document at any time subsequent to the date of the Amendment. If the Company triggers an event of default or breaches any term of the Note, the SPA, or the Transaction Documents at any time subsequent to the date of the Amendment, the Investor may issue a notice of default for the Company’s failure to meet the original Maturity Date of the Note and original delivery date of the Origination Shares.


Off Balance Sheet Arrangements


We have no-off balance sheet contractual arrangements, as that term is defined in Item 303(a)(4) of Regulation S-K.


Critical Accounting Policies


The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates. The most significant estimates in the accompanying consolidated financial statements include the allowance on accounts receivable, valuation of deferred tax assets, valuation of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations, valuation of intangible and other long-lived assets, estimates of percentage completion on projects and related revenues, valuation of stock-based compensation, valuation of derivatives, valuation of warrants issued with debt, valuation of beneficial conversion features in convertible debt, valuation of stock-based awards and valuation of loss contingencies. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates.


We have identified the accounting policies below as critical to our business operations and the understanding of our results of operations.


Revenue Recognition and Contract Accounting


The Company generates revenue from three sources: (1) Project Revenue; (2) Maintenance and Technical Support and (3) IT Asset Management (consulting and auditing).


Project Revenue


The Company constructs intelligent technology systems consisting of materials and labor under customer contracts. Revenues and related costs on project revenue are recognized using the “percentage of completion method” of accounting in accordance with ASC 605-35, “Construction-Type and Production-Type Contracts”. Under this method, contract revenues are recognized over the performance period of the contract in direct proportion to the costs incurred as a percentage of total estimated costs for the entirety of the contract. Costs include direct material, direct labor, subcontract labor and other allocable indirect costs. All un-allocable indirect costs and corporate general and administrative costs are also charged to the periods as incurred. Any recognized revenues that have not been billed to a customer are recorded as an asset in “costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts”. Any billings of customers in excess of recognized revenues are recorded as a liability in “billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts”. However, in the event a loss on a contract is foreseen, the Company will recognize the loss when such loss is determined.

 

A contract is considered complete when all costs except insignificant items have been incurred and the installation is operating according to specifications or has been accepted by the customer.


The Company has contracts in various stages of completion. Such contracts require estimates to determine the appropriate cost and revenue recognition. Costs estimates are reviewed periodically on a contract-by-contract basis throughout the life of the contract such that adjustments to the profit resulting from revisions are made cumulative to the date of the revision. Significant management judgments and estimates, including the estimated costs to complete projects, must be made and used in connection with the revenue recognized in the accounting period. Current estimates may be revised as additional information becomes available.




35



 


Maintenance and Technical Support


Maintenance and technical support services are provided on both an as-needed and extended-term basis and may include providing both parts and labor. Maintenance and technical support provided outside of a maintenance contract are on an as-requested basis, and revenue is recognized as the services are provided. Revenue for maintenance and technical support provided on an extended-term basis is recognized ratably over the term of the contract.


For sales arrangements that do not involve multiple elements such as professional services, which are of short-term duration, revenues are recognized when services are completed.


IT Asset Management Services


The Company recognizes revenue from its IT asset management business in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104, "Revenue Recognition" and Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 985-605-25 which addresses Revenue Recognition for the software industry. The general criteria for revenue recognition under ASC 985-605 for our Company, which sells software licenses, which do not require any significant modification or customization, is that revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable and collectability is probable.


The Company’s IT asset management business generates revenues from three sources: (1) Professional Services (consulting and auditing); (2) Software licensing with optional hardware sales and (3) Customer Service (training and maintenance support).


For sales arrangements that do not involve multiple elements: 


(1)

Revenues for professional services, which are of short-term duration, are recognized when services are completed;

(2)

For all periods reflected in this report, software license sales have been one time sales of a perpetual license to use our software product and the customer also has the option to purchase third party manufactured handheld devices from us if they purchase our software license. Accordingly, the revenue is recognized upon delivery of the software and delivery of the hardware, as applicable, to the customer;

(3)

Training sales are one-time upfront short term training sessions and are recognized after the service has been performed; and

(4)

Maintenance/support is an optional product sold to our software license customers under one year contracts. Accordingly, maintenance payments received upfront are deferred and recognized over the contract term.


Multiple Elements


Arrangements with customers may involve multiple elements including project revenue and maintenance services in our Intelligent Technology Systems business. Maintenance will occur after the project is completed and may be provided on an extended-term basis or on an as-needed basis. In our IT Asset Management business, multiple elements may include any of the above four sources. Training and maintenance on software products may occur after the software product sale while other services may occur before or after the software product sale and may not relate to the software product. Revenue recognition for multiple element arrangement is as follows:

 

Each element is accounted for separately when each element has value to the customer on a standalone basis and there is Company specific objective evidence of selling price of each deliverable. For revenue arrangements with multiple deliverables, the Company allocates the total customer arrangement to the separate units of accounting based on their relative selling prices as determined by the price of the items when sold separately. Once the selling price is allocated, the revenue for each element is recognized using the applicable criteria under GAAP as discussed above for elements sold in non-multiple element arrangements. A delivered item or items that do not qualify as a separate unit of accounting within the arrangement are combined with the other applicable undelivered items within the arrangement. The allocation of arrangement consideration and the recognition of revenue is then determined for those combined deliverables as a single unit of accounting. The Company sells its various services and software and hardware products at established prices on a standalone basis which provides Company specific objective evidence of selling price for purposes of multiple element relative selling price allocation. The Company only sells maintenance services or spare parts based on its established rates after it has completed a system integration project for a customer. The customer is not required to purchase maintenance services. All elements in multiple element arrangements with Company customers qualify as separate units of account for revenue recognition purposes. 

 



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Accounts Receivable


Accounts receivable are stated at estimated net realizable value. Accounts receivable are comprised of balances due from customers net of estimated allowances for uncollectible accounts. In determining the collections on the account, historical trends are evaluated and specific customer issues are reviewed to arrive at appropriate allowances. The Company reviews its accounts to estimate losses resulting from the inability of its customers to make required payments. Any required allowance is based on specific analysis of past due accounts and also considers historical trends of write-offs. Past due status is based on how recently payments have been received from customers.


Long-Lived Assets


The Company evaluates the recoverability of its property, equipment, and other long-lived assets in accordance with FASB ASC 360-10-35-15 “Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets”, which requires recognition of impairment of long-lived assets in the event the net book value of such assets exceed the estimated future undiscounted cash flows attributable to such assets or the business to which such intangible assets relate. This guidance requires that long-lived assets and certain identifiable intangibles be reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.


Derivative Instruments


ASC Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging (“ASC Topic 815”), establishes accounting and reporting standards for derivative instruments and for hedging activities by requiring that all derivatives be recognized in the balance sheet and measured at fair value. Gains or losses resulting from changes in the fair value of derivatives are recognized in earnings or recorded in other comprehensive income (loss) depending on the purpose of the derivatives and whether they qualify and have been designated for hedge accounting treatment.




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BUSINESS


Our Corporate History


We were incorporated on May 31, 1994 in the State of Florida as Information Systems Associates, Inc. (the “Company”, “we”, “us”, “our”). Initially, our business operations consisted of consulting services for asset management of large corporate data centers and development and licensing of Information Technology (IT) asset management software. On April 1, 2015, we completed a reverse triangular merger, pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) among Duos Technologies, Inc., a Florida corporation (“DTI”), the Company, and Duos Acquisition Corporation, a Florida corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“Merger Sub”). Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, the Merger Sub merged with and into DTI, whereby DTI remained as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Merger”). On the same date, TrueVue 360, Inc. a Delaware corporation became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. In connection with the Merger, on July 10, 2015, the Company effected a name change to Duos Technologies Group, Inc.  The Company was not and had never been a shell company.


Overview


The Company, through its wholly owned subsidiary DTI, focuses on the design, development and turnkey delivery of proprietary “intelligent technologies” that enable our customers to derive measurable increases in return on investment for their business. Our technologies integrate with our customer’s existing business process and create actionable information to streamline mission critical operations. Our target market is the largest transportation, industrial and retail corporations representing over $100 billion in total available market.  Our technologies have been verified by multiple government and private organizations including Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the Transportation Technology Center, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Association of American Railroads, and a transportation research and testing organization (TTCI). The Company has worked with these organizations over the past several years where we have supplied funded prototypes of our technologies to verify technology and operating parameters.


The Company provides a broad range of sophisticated intelligent technology solutions with an emphasis on security, inspection and operations for critical infrastructure within a variety of industries including transportation, healthcare, retail, law enforcement, oil and gas and utilities sectors. Our business operations are in two business units: intelligent technologies and IT asset management. Our proprietary applications, specific to critical infrastructure, include but are not limited to:


Intelligent Rail Inspection Portal


§

A suite of several sub-systems for the automated inspection of freight or transit railcars while in motion. The objective is to automatically detect a variety of anomalies such as open or missing hatches, open cargo doors, illegal riders hiding in cargo wells, and foreign objects hidden under a car undercarriage, all while the train is traveling through various strategic areas (i.e. border crossings or inspection areas).  


Tunnel and Bridge Security


§

A suite of artificial intelligence-based homeland security applications for the security of critical tunnels and bridges.


Virtual Security Shield


§

A suite of artificial intelligence-based homeland security applications for the security of critical areas and buffer zones. This application includes intrusion detection zone, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tracking and discriminating “Friend or Foe” modules (Friend or Foe refers to a Radio Frequency - based tagging system that validates individuals authorized to be in a specific area).


Facility Safety and Security


§

A suite of artificial intelligence-based homeland security applications for the hardening or safety and resilience of facilities against natural or man originated threats for the protection of critical facilities (energy, water, chemical facilities).  The Company and all of its staff are CFATS (Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards) certified.




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Remote Bridge Operation


§

Proprietary system for remote control of draw bridges.


Collision Alert, Monitoring and Impact Analysis System


§

A system designed to automatically detect, document and record maritime vessels colliding with bridge structures, thereby causing significant damages, in real-time.


Pantograph Inspection System


§

A system designed to inspect pantographs (structure connecting transit locomotives to high voltage power lines) for the detection of excessive depletion of carbon liners, which may cause power line ruptures.


Vehicle Undercarriage Examiner (Security)


§

A system that builds upon our current undercarriage inspection technology.  This second generation unit is able to inspect the undercarriage of railcars (both freight and transit rail) traveling at speeds of up to 70 miles per hour.


Vehicle Undercarriage Examiner (Mechanical Inspection)


§

Under a similar development grant from the TTCI (the technology evaluation arm of the American Association of Railroads (“AAR”)), we developed a prototype targeting mechanical and structural anomalies of undercarriage components.  The addition of algorithms for an increasing number of automated detection of anomalies is a continuing development, which once completed and successfully tested, may have a significant impact on our revenues.  The next version upgrade is scheduled to be completed by the end of the second quarter of 2017.


Multi-Layered Enterprise Command and Control Interface


§

Aggregator and central point for information consolidation, systems management and communications of our proprietary systems and third-party applications.


Several significant new programs and technologies are currently under development and in various stages of maturity.  Some of the more significant developments are:


Neural Network Modeling for detection algorithms


§

A neural network is a powerful computational data model, able to capture and represent complex input/output relationships. The neural network includes the development of an artificial system that could perform "intelligent" tasks like those performed by the human brain, including the acquisition of knowledge through deep learning, which is stored within inter-neuron connection strengths known as synaptic weights.


Automated Retail Facility Logistics


§

We are currently in the process of developing a comprehensive system to automate facility security gate operations.


Transit Rail Platform Analytics


§

We have been selected by the New York City Transit Authority (NYCT) to provide a pilot (proof of concept) of our Platform Analytics Technology concept.  The technology is designed to automatically detect objects falling on tracks adjacent to transit passenger platforms and to alert incoming rail traffic to that effect.




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Intelligent Pedestrian Identification Portal


§

A system that will integrate several biometric data points from inbound and outbound pedestrians to and from the US.  The system will enable US Customs to automatically capture critical biometric data from visitors entering and leaving the country without slowing down pedestrian traffic.  The data will be processed by our combined praesidium® and centraco® platforms and result in the capability of tracking inbound visitors that overstay their permitted visa duration.  We have submitted a comprehensive proposal to receive an award for a pilot system for proof of concept during the current fiscal year.


Our Customers


DTI, our wholly owned subsidiary, operates our Intelligent Technologies Division which develops and implements an array of sophisticated, proprietary technology applications and turnkey engineered systems.  Initially developed and deployed for homeland and border security, these applications are used by major freight rail operators (also known as Class-1, such as Union Pacific, CSX, and KCS). After achieving initial success in the transportation industry, the Company broadened its market reach, adapting its proprietary technologies to a suite of applications. This suite of applications now services the commercial, industrial, healthcare, utilities and government sectors.  Our current major customers include Amtrak, Burlington Northern (BNSF), Concho Oil, Conrail, CSX, Chicago Metra, Metrolink, Kansas City Southern de Mexico (KCSM), Ferromex, Kohl’s, Olin Chemical, TTCI and Union Pacific.


Additionally, DTI operates our IT Asset Management (“ITAM”) division which provides infrastructure and device audit services for large data centers.  In 2010 we were awarded a process patent for our methodology for the efficient data collection and audit of IT assets. The Company markets its ITAM services through strategic partners.


Our goal is to provide our end users with improved situational awareness and overall efficiencies in operations by leveraging “smart” technology as a force multiplier. Our established customer base includes Class 1 Railroads (freight and transit), transportation, healthcare, retail, law enforcement, oil and gas and utilities sectors as well as the largest and most complex data centers. Our current technology solutions are designed for specific industries, however, the underlying core technologies are industry agnostic and suitable for adaptation to a wide range of applications and industries.


Market


At this time, our primary target market is rail transportation. We implement our products in railcar security inspection with a focus on providing our customers with the capability of performing mission critical security inspections of inbound trains crossing US borders from a centralized, remote location. The U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) agency uses our systems at U.S./Mexican border rail crossings. Additionally, opportunities exist within the entire operating environment with initial emphasis on freight carriers by providing mechanical inspection portals for the remote inspection of railcars while traveling at high speeds.  Unlike trucks, barges, and airlines, freight railroads operate almost exclusively on infrastructure that they own, build, and maintain. According to the AAR article on Freight Railroad Capacity and Investment dated April 2016, from 1980 to 2015 freight railroads alone reinvested approximately $600 billion of their own funds in capital expenditures and maintenance projects related to locomotives, freight cars, tracks, bridges, tunnels and other infrastructure related equipment.  The AAR further reports, that more than 40 cents out of every revenue dollar is reinvested into a rail network.


According to AAR’s statistical railroad report, there are approximately 1.56 million freight cars and 26,574 locomotives in service operated on approximately 250,000 miles of active rail tracks throughout North America.  Rail tracks are predominantly owned by the Class-I railroad industry which include:


Class-I Railroads

Tracks Owned in:

Canada

USA

Mexico

BNSF Railway

ü

ü

x

Canadian National Railway (CN)

ü

ü

x

Canadian Pacific

ü

ü

x

CSX Transportation

ü

ü

x

Ferrocarril Mexicano (Ferromex)

x

x

ü

Kansas City Southern Railway

x

ü

ü

Norfolk Southern

ü

ü

x

Union Pacific Railroad

x

ü

x




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The report further elaborates that profitability of rail operators is measured by their operating ratio, which is the rail operator’s operating expenses as a percentage of revenue.  According to AAR’s Annual Spending Data report, the labor cost to run and maintain trains represent a significant portion of their total operating expenses.  Revenue is mostly affected by the average “velocity” of its rolling stock, which determines how much freight or how many passengers a rail operator can transport between destinations and the average speeds.  Railroads implement their own speed limits within Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) guidelines. Average speed is impacted by many factors including, but not limited to:


·

track curvatures and condition, signaling, and stoppages for inspections (security and mechanical);

·

grade crossings; and

·

physical condition of locomotives and railcars


Freight trains are considered massive in size and weight. Thus, worn or broken parts can have a significantly negative impact on operations. Quicker detection can prevent costly car and track repairs, and derailments.  Early detection has the potential to dramatically increase velocity and direct profitability.


Examples include inspections at rail border crossings by CBP agents, which can often lead to significant delays and mandated mechanical inspections. Under FRA regulations, each time a railcar departs a yard, terminal, or industrial facility, it is required to be inspected by either a qualified mechanical inspector or a train crew member for specific defects that would adversely affect the safe operation of the train. There is currently over 70 mechanical and safety inspection criteria, therefore the inspection process typically takes between two and three hours (dwell time) during which each train is “grounded” in a maintenance yard.  In addition, the current railcar inspection process is tedious, labor intensive, dangerous, and in general, lacks the level of objectivity that may be achievable using technology.


In order to effectively detect structural or mechanical defects, railcar inspectors today need to walk around the car and crawl underneath the undercarriage with a flashlight to inspect each physical component. Because this process is so lengthy, and hazardous, it is only utilized for pre-departure mechanical inspections. Otherwise, cars are only inspected with this level of scrutiny in shops before undergoing major repairs. In addition to the inherent safety and efficiency challenges of manual inspections, records of these inspections are generally not retained unless a billed repair is performed. Thus, the maintenance of railcar structural components is almost entirely reactive rather than predictive, making repairs and maintenance less efficient.


For many years, the rail industry, through the AAR and its subsidiary TTCI, has been evaluating the feasibility of using technology, and has most recently focused on the objective of performing remote mechanical inspections prior to a train arriving at a rail yard.  In the first phase, car inspectors would remotely perform visual inspections of multiple train “consists”, which are a group of rail vehicles which are permanently or semi-permanently coupled together to form a unified set of equipment, from a regional inspection station, and generate work orders for detected anomalies. These will be distributed to the respective yards prior to a train arriving at the yard facility.  The time-consuming process of physical inspection would be significantly reduced, leading to a significant increase in average velocity and decreased labor cost.  We believe this lends itself to the natural progression of automating the inspection process, taking inspectors from the physical inspection to the required actions for diagnosing and resolving issues.


The second phase is to convert the inspection process to a complete automated system that will inspect the entire car via an “intelligent system”. This would implement a wayside inspection portal employing a combination of sensors capturing live images and sensor data, of each side, top and undercarriage. Software algorithms interpret the data to identify defects or anomalies. This inspection technology increases average speed and consequently overall return on investment of our customers due to the following:


1.

The safety risks associated with manual car inspection will be minimized through reduced exposure to potential yard hazards; and 

2.

Reducing inspection time will increase yard efficiency and improve overall network capacity by also reducing the time needed to process inbound and outbound trains.


We believe that the evolution of automating the inspection processes is broadly advocated throughout the industry. In our experience, the freight rail companies are constantly seeking out innovative ways to increase capacity and improve efficiencies while increasing safety and security standards.  A recently launched aggressive plan to automate the mechanical inspection process is at the core of our market opportunity.




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Our Products and Systems - Technology Platforms


The Company’s solution is comprised of two core technology platforms: praesidium® and centraco®.


These in-house developed software suites are distributed as licensed software suites, and form the centerpiece of our engineered turnkey systems.  Each integrated system encompasses three major components:


1.

The data collectors, including specialized cameras integrated by the Company and other sensors that are specific to the customers’ requirements (third party supplied or pre-existing);

2.

praesidium®, the analytics software suite which performs real-time analysis of the data generated by the Company; and

3.

centraco®, the multi-layered presentation interface which graphically depicts the data analyzed and identifies anomalies and provides actionable intelligence.


Since 2002, we have developed and patented key software components that provide a significant competitive advantage in specialized solutions for our target markets.  We believe an important factor in this development is that the Company’s intellectual property is “industry agnostic” and can be deployed to many different industries.  The following technical descriptions of praesidium® and centraco® provide further insight.


praesidium® Intelligent Analytics Suite


praesidium® is an integrated suite of analytics applications which both process and analyze data streams from a virtually unlimited number of conventional or specialized sensors and/or data points. Our algorithms compare analyzed data against user-defined criteria and rules in real time and automatically report any exceptions, deviations and/or anomalies. This application suite also includes a broad range of conventional operational system components and sub-systems, including an embedded feature-rich video management engine and a proprietary Alarm Management Service (“AMS”). The AMS provides continuous monitoring of all connected devices, processes, equipment and sub-systems, and automatically communicates to centraco®, the Company’s enterprise information management suite if and when an issue, event or performance anomaly is detected.  The processed information is instantly distributed simultaneously to an unlimited number of users in a visualized and correlated user interface using the centraco® command and control platform.


Our core modules are tailored to specific industry applications and the analytics engine(s) process any type of conventional sensor outputs, also adding “intelligence” to any third-party sensor technology. A key benefit is that the customer may often retain existing systems and we would integrate these into an overall solution.


Key praesidium® Modules (1):


Module Name

Description

Adm

Tracks objects and filters images.

BoatTrackandDetect

Detects the movement of a boat using a fixed camera then uses a Pan-Tilt-Zoom (“PTZ”) camera to follow it.

C3 / C2 (CII.dll)

Human tracking module.

FodDraw -Legacy

Draws ellipses around points identified by the Foreign Object Detection (“FOD”) engine.  

GFAG

The Automated Pantograph Inspection System (apis®) incorporating praesidium® intelligent video analytics automatically captures, inspects and processes real time images from trains passing one of three inspection points. Cameras mounted above the track capture high-resolution digital images of all pantographs. At the same time, an RFID reader captures the unique car number from the passing railcar by reading an RFID tag mounted on the top of each car. Each pantograph image and corresponding car number are bundled, transmitted to the RVSPRO™ digital server, and stored in the provided SQL database as a single record. The captured images are sorted automatically to show the most recent pantographs for each car and potential defects for each pantograph.

Gudm – Legacy

Encompasses the various detection modules.

IpPtz

Current PTZ control module – controls both serial and IP PTZ cameras.

LaserCapture

Sub component of the Rail Inspection Portal (“rip®”) module – captures video frame for open door and hatch as directed by lasertech.



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LaserTech

rip® module – orchestrates open door, open hatch detections, car separations.  Interface for the lasers, AEI reader and the VIEW/Gatekeeper system.

LiveStitch

rip® module – creates panorama tiles for side and top view.

Ptz

Legacy ptz control.

Stitcher

rip® module – legacy – similar to LiveStitch.

Stitcher2

rip® module – legacy – similar to LiveStitch.

TrainDetection

The role of the train detection module is to detect the presence/absence of a train within a predefined zone.

TRIDS

rip® module – train rider detection.

VideoCheck

Checks the integrity of a video feed. It checks for fps.

WrongWay

Detects the direction of a train/human and alarms if the direction is opposite of the allowed direction.

WWII

Legacy – WrongWay detection.

ZoneOccup

Detects the presence/absence of an object within a predefined zone.

AMS.exe

This module receives input from multiple sensors and detection modules.  The sensors range from emergency communication (“EMCOM”) buttons, fire alarm panels, Ethertrak devices, power distribution units (“PDU”s), web relays and video analytics modules attached to praesidium®. AMS is also used as a distributed alarm manager, aggregating detection signals from multiple servers and reporting them to centraco®. Alarms and detections can be suppressed or enabled by a scheduling system that is controlled via AMS.  A portion of centraco’s® auto check functionality is provided by AMS in that it has a built-in data server that gathers statistics on the operation / status of itself and praesidium®.

TrainInspect.exe

This module is integral to the rip® back end processing.  This module orchestrates the conversion of images from the vue®/Gatekeeper systems; imports train information into the MySQL database; locates the appropriate reference image for the current railcar for the FODengine (Foreign Object Detection).

FODEngine.exe

This module works in concert with the TrainInspect.exe to calculate the difference between the current and reference images for railcars.

GIGEApp.exe

High speed machine vision camera control module.  This module is a device driver level module that captures high shutter speed / high frame rate camera images.  The frame rates range from 112fps to 380fps for some camera models.

VueLiveStitch.exe

High speed stitching module.  Works with the output of the GIGEApp.exe to produce panorama images for the praesidium® Vehicle Undercarriage Examiner (vue®) system.

P2 Engine

New generation of praesidium® core engine designed to increase stability and efficiency by sandboxing each module in its own process. P2 comes in 32 and 64 bit versions and it is completely backwards compatible with legacy praesidium® modules.

P2 SDK

Development toolkit for P2 engine enabling effortless creation of new modules within the framework.

(1)

Not a complete representation of the praesidium® modules.


As listed on the safetyact.gov website, the praesidium® video analytics technology has received “Safety Act” designation from the US Department of Homeland Security.  We are one of only ten companies to have received this designation for video related solutions and praesidium® is the only video analytics application with this designation.


Over the years, our proprietary analytics suite has been expanded to meet a significant number of security objectives and environments, adaptable to a broad range of critical infrastructure target verticals including but not limited to commercial transportation (rail, air and seaports), retail, healthcare, utilities, oil, gas and chemical, and government.




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centraco® Enterprise Command and Control Suite


centraco® is an Enterprise Information Management (EIM) system.  It was designed as a multi-layered command and control interface and to function as the central point and aggregator for information consolidation, connectivity and communications. The platform is browser based and completely agnostic to the interconnected sub-systems. It provides full LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, also known as Active Directory) integration for seamless user credentialing and performs the following major functions:


·

Collection: Device management independently collects data from any number of disparate devices or sub-systems.

·

Analysis: Correlates and analyzes data, events and alarms to identify real-time situations and their priorities for response measures and end-user’s Concept of Operations (“CONOPS”).

·

Verification: The contextual layer represents relevant information in a quick and easily interpreted format which provides operators optimal situational awareness.

·

Resolution: Event-specific presentation of user-defined Standard Operating Procedures (“SOPs”), that includes a step-by-step instruction on how to resolve situations.

·

Reporting: Tracking of data and events for statistical, pattern and/or forensic analysis.

·

Auditing: Device-level drill down that records each operator’s login interaction with the system and tracks manual changes including calculations of operator alertness and reaction time for each event.


Engineered Solutions


The Company has always delivered engineered solutions which translate into the ability to implement a practical solution to specific customer requirements. Often, software is developed where implementation is the responsibility of the customer. We believe that delivering and supporting turnkey working systems that provide measurable end solutions are the preferred business model for our customers. We also believe that any implementation must co-exist in an already functioning operation and that any solution must work within existing business practices. Due to this philosophy, over time, our code base has been expanded to integrate a myriad of third-party sensor technologies thereby creating complete engineered solutions that dovetail into existing environments and thus not forcing our customers to replace working legacy systems. These engineered solutions usually address more complex end-user requirements and are typically designed, developed, deployed and maintained by the Company in a direct relationship with the end-user on a turnkey basis.


The combination of our two platforms (praesidium® and centraco®) with its many variants has and continues to deliver comprehensive “end-to-end” solutions, some of which already play a significant role in pro-active homeland security including cross border commercial rail transport.


More recently, we created several proprietary, turnkey systems and applications for commercial railways, the most significant being the following:


Intelligent Rail Inspection Portal (rip®).  This turnkey system was originally designed for rail security and inspection at rail border crossings. Under a Union Pacific (UP) funded pilot program the Company designed, developed and deployed an intelligent inspection portal to provide the CBP a tool that aids customs officers in the inspection of inbound and outbound railcars. The rip® system uses multiple proprietary technologies and sub-systems to remotely scan all railcars passing through the inspection portal, then displays stitched 360-degree views of the entire rail “consist”.


[duot_s1006.gif]

Panoramic View of Stitched Train Consists – Security Application



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Users conduct a quick review of the pre-screened imagery and decide whether to refer specific areas of interest to field personnel for further (physical) inspection.


Using sensors and analytical algorithms, we pre-screen railcars and automatically detect and report anomalies and deviations from established norms. After successfully passing rigorous testing this system has now been adopted into the CBP standard concept of operation for southwestern rail border crossings and has been deployed at southwestern border locations, with a few remaining locations currently under negotiation.  Similar systems have been deployed to two (undisclosed) locations in Mexico, and are currently monitored by the Mexican subsidiary of Kansas City Southern (KCS).


Subsequent to the completion of this security-centric application, we recently completed our next generation system expansion which addresses automation of the mechanical inspection for rolling stock, capable of adjusting to variable speeds of up to 70 MPH. Our comprehensive Intelligent Rail Inspection Portal incorporates our proprietary Vehicle Undercarriage Examiner (vue®), in addition to other technologies, and is considered to be a “game changer” for the rail industry. Utilizing centraco® as the system interface, the user accesses a variety of features enabling remote inspection, analysis and detection from the safety of remote command centers. Images containing detailed views of areas of concern, determined to be “potentially suspicious”, are automatically presented to a human operator for further inspection.

[duot_s1008.gif]

Rail Inspection Portal


[duot_s1010.gif]

Modified Application for Remote Mechanical Inspection at High Speed



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[duot_s1011.jpg]

Ultra-High Definition Undercarriage

Image at 46 MPH

[duot_s1013.gif]

Illegal Riders Hiding in a Rail Hopper

Car. Detected Automatically at

Speed of 46 MPH

 

[duot_s1014.jpg]

Rail Car Truck-Live Image Taken at High Speed


[duot_s1016.gif]

Truck Springs Geometry – Simultaneously Measured on Opposing Sides of Car at High Speed


[duot_s1018.gif]

Automatic Detection of Missing Bolt at High Speed


The development and field-testing of the core application was completed successfully during the third quarter of the 2016 fiscal year.  After an extensive Request for Proposal (“REP”) process, we received a contract award in early 2016 to deploy our technology at a live site from CSX Transportation, one of North America’s Class I railroads.  The award is considered to be a “real-time test run” in anticipation of adapting our technology as a process standard.  We received a similar award from Ferromex, Mexico’s largest rail operator mid-year 2016. Both systems have recently been completed, delivered, and are currently undergoing live testing.


At the present time, our rip® application provides the following modules for automated analysis, detection and inspection:


·

Linear Panorama Generator;

·

Automated Detection of Open Doors;

·

Automated Detection of Open/Missing Hatches;

·

Train Rider Detection System (trids®);



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·

Under Vehicle Inspection with Foreign Object Detection (vue®);

·

Gondola Car Inspection System;

·

Pantograph Inspection System (apis®); and

·

3D modeling using LIDAR technology for Transit platform intrusion detection (under development).


Utilizing the centraco® command and control platform as the system interface, the user accesses a variety of features enabling remote inspection, analysis and detection from the safety of remote command centers. Images containing detailed views of areas of concern, determined to be “potentially suspicious”, are automatically presented to a human operator for further inspection. Users conduct a quick review of the pre-screened imagery and decide whether to refer specific areas of interest to field personnel for further (physical) inspection and/or repair.

 

The system also resolves the particularly difficult process of inspecting railcar undercarriages by providing high resolution images of the entire undercarriage. The system is designed to help streamline the physical inspection process by narrowing the number of inspection targets down to cars with “potential” anomalies. Consequently, the detection sensitivity is intentionally set to err on the safe side to avoid false negatives. Our customers are in the process of awarding the development of a significant number of detection algorithms, which combined with our Inspection Portal technology, will eventually facilitate full automation of the mechanical inspection process. We believe to be well positioned to capture a significant portion of this phase of the automation process.


We are currently in the process of adapting our inspection portal technology to the retail industry and have recently received an award from Kohl’s to automate in- and outbound traffic controls at their distribution centers.  A respective pilot project is scheduled to be completed during the second quarter of 2017.


We recently received an award from the NYCT to develop a pilot system using our intelligent technology to automatically detect intrusions to their passenger platform tracks.  NYCT plans to deploy technology to their 470+ transit stations to minimize derailments caused by objects falling onto their tracks.  We are in the process of developing a multi-layered detection system and expect to complete this new system during the third quarter of 2017.


IT Asset Management


Our IT Asset Management (ITAM) division is dedicated to the mission of developing, marketing and delivering software and professional services to the world’s largest data centers. The focus of its technology and knowledgebase evolved out of our core strength in collecting and analyzing data on assets resident within these large data centers. Over the next three years, the Company plans to further develop its software and service offerings, and market these solutions for the growing ITAM market place either as a standalone asset management solution or in conjunction with a comprehensive Datacenter Infrastructure Management (DCIM) solution from other vendors. We believe DCIM is the ability to bridge the gap between critical IT assets and facilities infrastructure.


Using our proprietary patented methodology, the Company surveys and audits large data centers by physically identifying each piece of equipment and its location. By scanning it into our proprietary system and providing the client with a report detailing type, quantity and location of its IT assets, (racks, servers, network cards, power supplies, etc.), we afford our clients the ability to verify their own internal records.


In line with the Company’s philosophy of integration with existing systems, the design of our process methodology and related software mean that we are able to work with almost any other DCIM provider. Specifically, the Company will focus on the asset management requirements of our clients and partners within specific geographic locations that will allow the Company to balance its investment requirements with income potential to develop a sustainable business in this division. The Company has selected this specific application of its technology to seek revenue opportunities that are readily available in an identified market. We generate profits from this division by maintaining a low level of “bench” staff and hire independent consultants as we are awarded business opportunities. The Company is currently developing a new ITAM system which is expected to be released in the second quarter of 2017. We expect that this will generate revenues from software sales and maintenance starting in 2018.


Specific Areas Of Competition


Since inception, we have implemented a strategy of diversification to mitigate the potential vulnerabilities experienced by companies with a narrow business scope. We believe many public companies in the micro- and nano-cap ecosystem suffer major challenges due to their lack of diversification, and their single product strategy has made many of these companies irrelevant in the market place.



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During the past several years, we have made considerable investments in, and have successfully developed, our two core technology platforms, praesidium® and centraco®.


praesidium® is an open architecture, modular engine that manages an unlimited number of “back end” process and analytics frameworks. In addition to driving our own proprietary sensor and data analytics, this core technology also allows for the integration of an unlimited number of third-party technologies, systems and sub-systems. Third-party industry or task-specific processes are modularized and embedded into the praesidium® engine, thereby substantially expanding the functionality of such third-party system. While we believe most companies tailor their products and services to a specific industry, this core platform is “industry agnostic” which we believe will allow us to penetrate multiple industries. Our past and current concentration on specific target markets such as rail, retail, healthcare, utilities, chemical, gas and oil, and government has enabled us to test the markets with our innovative technology solutions. Our praesidium® platform competes currently with the following sector specific companies:


Intelligent Video Analytics

 

Rail Inspection Portal

 

 

 

Security

 

Mechanical

Security

Agent Video Intelligence Ltd. Agent VI (Israel)

 

Trimble Inc. (Acquired Beena Vision Systems Inc.)

No direct competition at this time (1)

Robert Bosch GmbH, Germany

 

Lynx Engineering Consultants Pty Ltd (LYNXRAIL) - Australia

(Tracks, wheels and wayside only)

Beena Vision (development stage, just entering the market place)

SightLogix, Inc.

IntelliVision Technologies Corp (USA)

Avigilon Corporation (Video IQ)

 

KLD Labs Inc.

(Tracks, wheels and wayside only)

 

 

 

MERMEC S.p.A - Italy

Tracks, wheels and wayside only)

 


(1)

We believe we are the first to develop the concept of an intelligent rail inspection portal used for comprehensive inspection of security threats and at this time we are unaware of any competitor in this sector. Recently, the AAR, through its technology research subsidiary TTCI, has engaged us to adapt our security portal technology to an automated mechanical inspection system. We are currently in stage 2 of 3 of this development. We believe our potential competitors in this area are currently focusing chiefly on the inspection of wheels, bearings, breaks and track alignment. We expect that any competitor interested in expanding their inspection technologies to the ones we have developed over the past four years would require at least 2-3 years of research and development before being able to produce similar systems for real time testing. We believe the testing cycle will take at least an additional 1-2 years for potential competition. The AAR/TTCI is currently conducting beta testing only with our systems. Similarly, the CBP (US Customs and Border Protection) and Union Pacific Railroad are using our systems as their only security inspection infrastructure at the US border.


centraco® is an open architecture aggregator and “fusion” engine which functions as a comprehensive “front end” user interface. This framework combines our proprietary modules with an unlimited number of 3d-party technologies. In addition to a wide range of proprietary embedded features, such as video management (VMS), alarm management (AMS), LDAP network access credentialing and many more, centraco® intelligently manages unlimited types of data sources and allows control and monitoring of this wide array of sensors and data from a single unified interface. This platform includes both the traditional Physical Security Information Management (PSIM) systems as well as a full-scale Enterprise Information Management System (EIMS). We believe we are at an advantage because none of our competitors’ product offerings include both PSIM and EIMS, nor do any of the competing products allow for the integration of embedded engineered solutions. Our competitors in this area include:


PSIM

·

Qognify (Formerly NICE)

·

CNL

·

VidSys

·

Proximex

·

IDV/Everbridge

·

Axxon


We believe the PSIM market is rapidly expanding and we expect that capability requirements will substantially increase. Companies increasingly require expanded capabilities to justify the investment in their digital infrastructure for use by multiple corporate disciplines (security, building management, IT, network access control management).




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Our Growth Strategy


Our strategy is to grow our business through a combination of organic growth of our applications and technology solutions, both within our existing geographic reach and through geographic expansion, as well as expansion through strategic acquisitions.


Organic Growth


Our organic growth strategy is to increase our market share through the expansion of our business development team and our research and development talent pool, which will enable us to significantly expand our current solution offerings with feature rich applications, and the development of new and enhanced technology solutions. We plan to augment such growth with strategic relationships both in the business development and research and development arenas, reducing time to market with additional industry applications, expansion of existing offerings to meet customer requirements as well as potential geographical expansion into international territories.


Strategic Acquisitions


Planned acquisition targets include sector specific technology companies with the objective of augmenting our current capabilities with feature-rich (third-party) solutions. The decision-making process includes, but is not limited to, weighing time, effort and approximate cost to develop certain technologies in-house, versus acquiring or merging with one or more entities that we believe have a proven record of successfully developing a technology sub-component. Additional criteria include evaluating the potential acquisition target’s customer base, stage of technology, merger or acquisition cost as compared to market conditions.


Manufacturing and Assembly


The Company streamlines its manufacturing by outsourcing component manufacturing to qualified fabricators. On-site installations are performed using a combination of in-house project managers/engineers and specialist sub-contractors as necessary. We maintain responsibility for the system implementation, servicing and tech support for our solutions. Our internal manufacturing operations consist primarily of materials procurement, assembly, testing and quality control of our engineers. If not manufactured internally, we generally rely on third party manufacturing partners to produce our hardware related components and hardware products and we may involve our internal manufacturing operations in the final assembly, testing and quality control processes for these components and products. We distribute most of our hardware products either from our facilities or partner facilities. Our manufacturing processes are based on standardization of components across product types, centralization of assembly and distribution centers, and a “build-to-order” methodology in which products generally are built only after customers have placed firm orders. For most of our hardware products, we have existing alternate sources of supply or such sources are readily available.


Research and Development


The Company’s research and development team designs and develops all of its systems and software applications. We develop the substantial majority of our products internally. Internal development allows us to maintain technical control over the design and development of our products. We have a number of United States and foreign patents and patent-pending applications that relate to various aspects of our products and technology. Rapid technological advances in hardware and software development, evolving standards in computer hardware and software technology, and changing customer requirements characterize the markets in which we compete. We plan to continue to dedicate significant resources to research and development efforts, including software development, to maintain and improve our current product and services offerings.


Government Regulations


The Company has been working with various agencies of the federal government for more than 10-years including the Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”). Our video analytics are DHS Safety Act certified, and our staff is Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) certified. The Company’s Homeland Security solutions include sophisticated remote systems that combine and synchronize a myriad of sensing technologies, wireless communications, and innovative intelligent sensor applications.




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Intellectual Property


Our business is significantly based on the creation, acquisition, use and protection of intellectual property. Some of this intellectual property is in the form of software code, patented technology and trade secrets that we use to develop our technologies, solutions and products. We have developed a broad portfolio of intellectual property that covers our application software as well as the sensor and data acquisition process of our security and inspection analytics platforms. As of June 9, 2017, we have 9 patents and 21 trademarks issued or granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and we have 2 pending patent applications with the USPTO. Areas of our development activities that have culminated in filings and/or awarded patents include:


We protect our intellectual property rights by relying on federal, state and common law rights, as well as contractual restrictions. We control access to our proprietary technology by entering into confidentiality and invention assignment agreements with our employees and contractors, and confidentiality agreements with third parties. We also actively engage in monitoring activities with respect to infringing uses of our intellectual property by third parties.


In addition to these contractual arrangements, we also rely on a combination of trade secret, copyright, trademark, trade dress, domain name and patents to protect our products and other intellectual property. We typically own the copyright to our software code, as well as the brand or title name trademark under which our products are marketed. We pursue the registration of our domain names, trademarks, and service marks in the United States and in locations outside the United States.


As discussed in the risk factors section herein, we may face allegations by third parties, including our competitors and non-practicing entities, that we have infringed their trademarks, copyrights, patents and other intellectual property rights.


Properties


At this time, we do not own any real property. The Company has an operating lease agreement for office space of approximately 8,308 square feet located in Jacksonville, Florida that expired April 30, 2016. Minimum rent payments under this lease are recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. The monthly lease payment under this lease was $14,178.


On March 8, 2016, the current lease was amended commencing on May 1, 2016 and ending on October 31, 2021. Rental expense for the months of March 2016 through May 2016 were $0, followed by monthly rent of $14,816 (including operating cost and taxes) effective the month of June 2016. The rent is subject to an annual escalation of 3%, beginning May 1, 2017.


Rental expense for the office lease during 2016 and 2015 was $171,513 and $142,593, respectively.


Legal Proceedings


Greentree Financial Group, Inc. Lawsuit


On May 12, 2016, a complaint was filed against the Company in the Circuit Court for the Seventeenth Judicial Circuit in and for Broward Country, Florida (the “Circuit Court”) by Greentree Financial Group, Inc. as plaintiff (“Greentree”). Greentree, the holder of two convertible promissory notes in the principal amount of $50,000 and $46,975 (the “Notes”), alleged that the Company was in default for failure to make scheduled principal and interest payments and failing to convert a portion of the Notes into the Company’s common stock. On May 23, 2016, we filed a counterclaim in the Circuit Court against Greentree alleging, amongst other claims, that the officers and directors of Greentree failed to disclose certain facts with respect to their past conduct, which, had the Company known, would have made it unlikely that the Company would have entered into the debt financing transaction issuing the Notes. On January 23, 2017, the Company executed a settlement agreement with Greentree resolving the pending lawsuit with respect to the Notes (the “Settlement Agreement”). The terms of the Settlement Agreement include payment by the Company to Greentree in the amount of $150,000 due within 45 days of execution thereof and resolves all outstanding obligations related to the Notes (the “Payment”). The Payment was made by the Company to Greentree on March 7, 2017. On March 24, 2017, the Company received an Agreed Final Order of Dismissal from the Court dismissing the Greentree Matter with prejudice.




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FacilityTeam Lawsuit


On December 12, 2016, the Company was notified that it was in breach of settlement with a previous vendor, FacilityTeam based in in Ontario, Canada alleging failure to make certain payments in accordance with such settlement. On December 28, 2016, the Company agreed to a modified payment schedule as part of a post judgement settlement for the amounts due and owing. On March 7, 2017, the final settlement payment was made by the Company to FacilityTeam.


Dispute with Former Employee


On or about February 15, 2017, the Company received a Notice of Filing of Complaint of Discrimination filed by a former employee of the Company that had been terminated for insubordination.  The Company previously reported that upon completion of the initial investigation by the Florida Commission on Human Relations, it believed that no action would be taken against the Company. On the 26th of April, the Commission notified both the Company and the Complainant that a determination of no reasonable cause existed to find any unlawful practice had occurred. The matter is now closed because the time period permitted for appeal has expired.


Except as disclosed above, we are currently not involved in any litigation that we believe could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations. There is no action, suit, proceeding, inquiry or investigation before or by any court, public board, government agency, self-regulatory organization or body pending or, to the knowledge of the executive officers of our company or any of our subsidiaries, threatened against or affecting our company, our common stock, any of our subsidiaries or of our companies or our subsidiaries’ officers or directors in their capacities as such, in which an adverse decision could have a material adverse effect.


Employees


As of June 9, 2017, we have 38 employees, none of which are subject to a collective bargaining agreement.





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DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS


As of the date of this prospectus, our directors and executive officers are as follows:


Name

 

Age

 

Position

Gianni B. Arcaini

 

68

 

Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, President

Adrian G. Goldfarb

 

60

 

Chief Financial Officer and Director

John E.Giles(1)

 

67

 

Director

John F. Andrews(2)

 

63

 

Chief Operating Officer

Bair M. Fonda(3)

 

51

 

Director

Alfred J. Mulder(4)

 

74

 

Director

———————

(1)

On May 2, 2017, Mr. John E. Giles was appointed as a member of the Board, Chairman of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, Chairman of the Compensation Committee, and a member of the Audit Committee.

(2)

On March 17, 2017, Mr. John F. Andrews was appointed Chief Operating Officer and Executive Vice President of the Company, with an amended effective date of March 27, 2017. Additionally, on the same date, Mr. Andrews was appointed President and Chief Operating Officer of Duos Technologies, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, with an amended effective date of March 27, 2017.

(3)

On May 3, 2017, Mr. Blair Fonda was appointed as a member of the Board, Chairman of the Audit Committee, member of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, and member of the Compensation Committee.

(4)

On May 3, 2017, Alfred Mulder resigned as Chairman of the Compensation Committee and remains a member of the Board, the Audit Committee, Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, and the Compensation Committee.


Each director serves for a one year term, or until his successor is duly elected and qualified or his earlier resignation, removal or disqualification. The business experience of each of our directors and executive officers for the following:


Gianni B. Arcaini, Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President


Mr. Arcaini, has been the Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and President since April 1, 2015, and held the same positions with our subsidiary, Duos Technologies, Inc. since 2002. Prior to his involvement with Environmental Capital Holdings, Inc., a predecessor of the Company, Mr. Arcaini spent over 10 years in various executive capacities with Robex International, a joint venture of Royal Volker Stevin, Royal Bijenkorf and the Westland Utrecht Bank, ultimately acquiring the Robex International in a management buyout after having expanded its operations into the United States.


Mr. Arcaini completed his early education at a Jesuit Boarding school in Austria and Germany, and graduated from a state business school in Frankfurt, Germany. He is fluent in German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish and English.


The Board believes Mr. Arcaini’s significant experience in the Company’s industry and a deep knowledge of our business and customers and contributes a perspective based on his many years of involvement with our company will be of great value to the Company as it grows. Mr. Arcaini is also the visionary leader of the Company and is personally involved in creating the initial design of our technologies prior to implementation by our research and development teams.


Adrian G. Goldfarb, Chief Financial Officer and Director


Mr. Goldfarb, has served as a Director since April 2010. Effective July 1, 2012, he was appointed as President and Chief Financial Officer. Mr. Goldfarb also currently serves as a non-Executive Chairman of Gelstat Corporation, a public company engaged in the development, manufacturing and marketing of homeopathic and natural supplements. Mr. Goldfarb is a 35-year technology industry veteran including more than 25 years in information technology. Mr. Goldfarb graduated “cum laude” with a business degree specializing in Finance from Rutgers University, Newark, NJ.


The Board believes Mr. Goldfarb’s significant experience in financial stewardship of small public companies will be of great value to the Company as it grows.




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John F. Andrews, Chief Operating Officer, Executive Vice President

COO, President of Operating Subsidiary Duos Technologies, Inc.


Mr. Andrews, combines over 30 years of experience in senior management positions in multiple industries to include telecommunications, healthcare, transportation and information technology.  His career includes holding the positions of CIO of CSX, president of CSX Technology and CEO and COO of multiple software and SAAS companies. Most recently, from March 2011 to September, 2016 he was the Chief Sales Officer of ShipXpress, Inc., a premier provider of cloud based software solutions which enable transportation, industrial and commodities businesses to efficiently operate and collaborate with their supply chain partner. Additionally, from October, 2013 to March 2016, he was the Chief Operating Officer for the Girls Scouts of Gateway Council. Mr. Andrews is currently a director for the Girl Scouts of Gateway Council and was previously a director for ShipXpress, Inc. from 2004 and up until the firm was acquired by GE in September, 2016. He has a BS in Business and Finance from Whitworth University and an MBA from University of Puget Sound.


Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder, Director


Mr. Mulder was appointed as a Director on April 1, 2015 and serves as both the Chairman of the Compensation Committee and member of the Audit Committee. From June 2006 to April 2015, he served as a Director with our subsidiary Duos Inc. He is an independent consultant (M&A / Corporate Finance) and investor in various companies in the USA and Europe, including duostech.  Between 2001 and 2013, Mr. Mulder served as Executive Chairman of the Board of LBI International N.V. and from 2009 until 2014 as non-executive member of the board of W.P. Stewart in New York. He also serves as Chairman of the Investment Committee of Nethave N.V. (ICT Technology), Berghave N.V. (Turnaround/reshaping funding) and the Pension Fund of Radio Holland N.V. In 1993, Mr. Mulder was co-founder and became Chairman and Managing Director of Greenfield Capital Partners N.V., an independent private equity and corporate finance group headquartered in The Netherlands. From 1981 to 1993, he held positions of Managing Director, Chief Executive Officer of Transmark Holding B.V. and Managing Director of Pon Holdings B.V. and subsequently was a non-executive board member of companies such as HAL Investments N.V. (the holding company of Holland America Line), Pon Holdings B.V., and Transmark Holding B.V., Meulenhoff en Co N.V., SAIT Radio Holland SA, Lacis Communication N.V., Meijn Processing Industrie B.V., and CapCorp Investments N.V.


Mr. Mulder obtained his PMD in 1973 from the Harvard Business School, with special emphasis on Marketing and Corporate Strategy.


The Board believes Mr. Mulder’s extensive background in international business will allow him to assist the Company as it grows.  Mr. Mulder serves as a liaison with the Company’s European based shareholders.


John E. Giles, Director, Chairman of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, Chairman of the Compensation Committee, and Member of the Audit Committee


Mr. John E. Giles currently serves as the President and Chief Executive Officer of Central Maine & Quebec Railway (CMQ) and has an extensive record of experience over his 46 years of service in the railroad industry. Working his way up through the ranks, Mr. Giles began his career as a fireman and locomotive engineer at the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, before obtaining a BA in business administration from Marian College in 1972 and an MSBA from Indiana University in 1980. In 1999, after a successful career at CSX as Chief Marketing Officer and its predecessor companies, Mr. Giles began working with private equity firms to acquire and transform underperforming railroad companies. From 2007 to 2012, Mr. Giles served as Chief Executive Officer of RailAmerica, which owned and operated 45 short line railroads in the United States and Canada. At RailAmerica, Mr. Giles transformed the company's record on safety, profitability and customer service. In 2014, Mr. Giles partnered with Fortress Investment Group to purchase the assets of Montreal, Maine & Atlantic Railway. Mr. Giles and his team have dedicated themselves to retain existing and developing new business, while partnering with connecting carriers to optimize routes and improve pricing and service for CMQ customers. Since CMQ began operations in June of 2014, CMQ has been awarded the 2016 Regional Railroad of the Year by Railway Age Magazine and the 2015 Railway Association of Canada Safety Award.


The Board believes that Mr. Giles’ extensive and directly applicable leadership experience within the railroad industry makes him ideally qualified to help lead the Company towards continued growth.




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Blair M. Fonda, Director, Chairman of the Audit Committee, Member of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, and Member of the Compensation Committee


Since 2013, Mr. Blair M. Fonda has served as the Chief Financial Officer of Emergent Financial Partners (“EFP”). EFP is an accounting and consulting services firm which offers financial consulting services to businesses and organizations throughout the United States and the Caribbean Islands. From 2013 to 2016, Mr. Fonda was contracted through EFP to serve as the outside Chief Financial Officer of Mountainstar Capital Engagement, a private equity and commercial real estate company. From 2007 to 2013, Mr. Fonda served as the Vice President and Controller of the Hospitality Division of Gate Petroleum, an owner and operator of convenience stores, resorts, construction and real estate operations throughout the United States. Mr. Fonda has previously served as Controller for Enterprise Rent-a-Car.  


The Board believes that Mr. Fonda’s education and background qualify him as a financial expert.  He has extensive and directly applicable accounting experience qualifying him to serve as Chairman of the Audit Committee.


Key Employees


Connie Weeks, Executive Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer

Executive Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer of Operating Subsidiary Duos Technologies, Inc.


Ms. Weeks has over 35 years of accounting experience and is responsible for all aspects of financial reporting, internal controls, and cash management. She has been a key member of the Company for over 30 years and now serves as Senior Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer.


David Ponevac, Senior Vice President, Chief Technology Officer

of Operating Subsidiary Duos Technologies, Inc.


Mr. Ponevac brings 14 years of software engineering experience, concentrating on web and mobile environments, where he has leveraged his considerable expertise in Objective-C, Java, C#, PHP and many other scripting languages. Mr. Ponevac began his tenure at DTI as the Director of Front-end Application Development, where his successes led to being appointed Chief Architect of centraco®, the Company’s flagship customer facing software suite.


Felix Krupczynski, Senior Vice President, Chief Marketing Officer of Operating Subsidiary Duos Technologies, Inc.


Mr. Krupczynski brings over thirty years of experience as a senior executive with a comprehensive global management background in leading edge technology products and services. With a strong technical and management foundation encompassing operations, engineering, business development, acquisitions and strategy, he has consistently demonstrated innovation and creativity to foster growth.  Mr. Krupczynski’s extensive Fortune-50 experience as a senior executive with Motorola covered the start-up and/or growth of four divisions including a research and development center, manufacturing facility, customer service centers throughout China, and a broadband access division throughout the Asia Pacific region.


Mr. Krupczynski filed for Chapter 7 Personal Bankruptcy in 2008.


Family Relationships


There are no family relationships among any of our directors or executive officers.


Board Composition and Director Independence


As of the date of this prospectus, our board of directors consists of five members: (1) Mr. Gianni B. Arcaini, (2) Mr. Blair M. Fonda, (3) Mr. John E. Giles, (4) Mr. Adrian G. Goldfarb, and (5) Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder. The directors will serve until our next annual meeting and until their successors are duly elected and qualified. The Company defines “independent” as that term is defined in Rule 5605(a)(2) of the NASDAQ listing standards.




54



 


In making the determination of whether a member of the board is independent, our board considers, among other things, transactions and relationships between each director and his immediate family and the Company, including those reported under the caption “Related Party Transactions”. The purpose of this review is to determine whether any such relationships or transactions are material and, therefore, inconsistent with a determination that the directors are independent. On the basis of such review and its understanding of such relationships and transactions, our board affirmatively determined that Blair M. Fonda, John E. Giles, and Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder are all qualified as independent and do not have any material relationships with us that might interfere with their exercise of independent judgment.


Board Committees


We have established an Audit Committee, Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, and Compensation Committee.Each committee has its own charter. Each of the board committees has the composition and responsibilities described below.


Audit Committee


Our Audit Committee was established in accordance with Section 3(a)(58)(A) of the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).


On April 1, 2015, Alfred Mulder was appointed a member of the Audit Committee, effective immediately.


On May 3, 2017, the Board appointed Mr. John E. Giles as a member of the Audit Committee, effective immediately.


On the same date, the Board appointed Mr. Blair Fonda as Chairman of the Audit Committee, effective immediately.


Mr, Fonda, Mr. Giles and Mr. Mulder are all “independent” within the meaning of Rule 10A-3 under the Exchange Act and the NASDAQ Stock Market Rules. Our board has determined that both Mr. Fonda and Mr. Giles are both “audit committee financial experts”, as such term is defined in Item 407(d)(5) of Regulation S-K.


The Audit Committee oversees our accounting and financial reporting processes and oversee the audit of our financial statements and the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. The specific functions of this Committee include, but are not limited to:


·

appointing, approving the compensation of, and assessing the independence of our independent registered public accounting firm;

·

overseeing the work of our independent registered public accounting firm, including through the receipt and consideration of reports from such firm;

·

reviewing and discussing with management and the independent registered public accounting firm our annual and quarterly financial statements and related disclosures;

·

monitoring our internal control over financial reporting, disclosure controls and procedures and code of business conduct and ethics;

·

discussing our risk management policies;

·

establishing policies regarding hiring employees from the independent registered public accounting firm and procedures for the receipt and retention of accounting related complaints and concerns;

·

meeting independently with our independent registered public accounting firm and management;

·

reviewing and approving or ratifying any related person transactions; and

·

preparing the audit committee report required by SEC rules.


Compensation Committee


On May 3, 2017, Alfred Mulder resigned as Chairman of the Compensation Committee and remains a member of the Compensation Committee, effective immediately.


On the same date, the Board of the Company appointed Mr. John E. Giles as Chairman of the Compensation Committee, effective immediately.


On the same date, the Board appointed Mr. Blair Fonda as a member of the Compensation Committee, effective immediately.




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Mr, Fonda, Mr. Giles and Mr. Mulder are all “independent” within the meaning of Rule 10A-3 under the Exchange Act and the NASDAQ Stock Market Rules. Messrs. Fonda, Giles and Mulder all qualify as a “non-employee directors” under Rule 16b-3 of the Exchange Act. Our Compensation Committee assists the board of directors in the discharge of its responsibilities relating to the compensation of the board of directors and our executive officers.


The Committee’s compensation-related responsibilities include, but are not limited to:


 

·

reviewing and approving on an annual basis the corporate goals and objectives with respect to compensation for our Chief Executive Officer;

 

·

reviewing, approving and recommending to our board of directors on an annual basis the evaluation process and compensation structure for our other executive officers;

 

·

determining the need for and the appropriateness of employment agreements and change in control agreements for each of our executive officers and any other officers recommended by the Chief Executive Officer or board of directors;

 

·

providing oversight of management’s decisions concerning the performance and compensation of other company officers, employees, consultants and advisors;

 

·

reviewing our incentive compensation and other equity-based plans and recommending changes in such plans to our board of directors as needed, and exercising all the authority of our board of directors with respect to the administration of such plans;

 

·

reviewing and recommending to our board of directors the compensation of independent directors, including incentive and equity-based compensation; and

 

·

selecting, retaining and terminating such compensation consultants, outside counsel or other advisors as it deems necessary or appropriate.


Nominating and Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee


On May 3, 2017, Alfred Mulder was appointed as a member of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, effective immediately.


On the same date, the Board appointed Mr. John E. Giles as Chairman of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, effective immediately.


On the same date, the Board appointed Mr. Blair Fonda as a member of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, effective immediately.


Mr. Fonda, Mr. Giles and Mr. Mulder are all “independent” within the meaning of Rule 10A-3 under the Exchange Act and the NASDAQ Stock Market Rules. Messrs. Fonda, Giles and Mulder all qualify as a “non-employee directors” under Rule 16b-3 of the Exchange Act. Our Compensation Committee assists the board of directors in the discharge of its responsibilities relating to the compensation of the board of directors and our executive officers. The purpose of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee will be to recommend to the board nominees for election as directors and persons to be elected to fill any vacancies on the board, develop and recommend a set of corporate governance principles and oversee the performance of the Board.


The responsibilities of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee include:


 

·

recommending to the board of director’s nominees for election as directors at any meeting of stockholders and nominees to fill vacancies on the board;

 

·

considering candidates proposed by stockholders in accordance with the requirements in the Committee charter;

 

·

overseeing the administration of the Company’s Code of Ethics;

 

·

reviewing with the entire board of directors, on an annual basis, the requisite skills and criteria for board candidates and the composition of the board as a whole;

 

·

the authority to retain search firms to assist in identifying board candidates, approve the terms of the search firm’s engagement, and cause the Company to pay the engaged search firm’s engagement fee;

 

·

recommending to the board of directors on an annual basis the directors to be appointed to each committee of the board of directors;

 

·

overseeing an annual self-evaluation of the board of directors and its committees to determine whether it and its committees are functioning effectively; and

 

·

developing and recommending to the board a set of corporate governance guidelines applicable to the Company.




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EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION


The following table sets forth the total compensation received for services rendered in all capacities to our Company for the last two fiscal years, which was awarded to, earned by, or paid to our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and our former Chief Executive Officer, which we refer to collectively as our "Named Executive Officers."


Name and Principal Position

 

Year

 

Salary ($)

 

 

Bonus ($)

 

 

Stock ($)

 

 

Other

Comp. ($)

 

 

Total ($)

 

 

    

                 

    

                 

    

  

                 

    

  

                 

    

  

                 

    

  

                 

 

Gianni B. Arcaini,

Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer, President, Director

 

2016

 

 

226,600

 

 

 

61,000

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

24,154

(2)

 

 

311,754

 

2015

 

 

226,600

 

 

 

67,960

(1) 

 

 

 

 

 

24,154

(2) 

 

 

318,714

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adrian G. Goldfarb,

Chief Financial Officer, Director

 

2016

 

 

142,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

142,500

 

2015

 

 

110,992

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33,879

(3) 

 

 

18,343

(4) 

 

 

163,214

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Joseph P. Coschera,

Former Chief Executive Officer, Former Director

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2015

 

 

20,192

(5) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33,879

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

54,071

 

———————

(1)

Represents an amount equal to 1% of annual revenues to which Mr. Arcaini is entitled under the terms of his employment, which is being deferred until the company has sufficient working capital to pay this amount.  Since 2008, in an effort to conserve cash flow, all amounts payable to Mr. Arcaini in respect of this entry have been deferred and as of December 31, 2016, the aggregate deferred amount owing is $681,381 including accrued interest.

(2)

Comprised of $18,000 per annum car allowance and $6,154 in Company paid membership dues and subscriptions.

(3)

Represents the fair value on the grant date of 2,429 shares of the Company common stock issued to Mr. Goldfarb on March 31, 2015 owed to him upon the effectiveness of the reverse triangular merger.

(4)

Represents taxes paid by Company as compensation for converting $58,000 of deferred salary into Company stock at $14.00 per share

(5)

Mr. Coschera resigned as Chief Executive Officer and Director as of April 1, 2015, upon the effectiveness of the Merger.


Outstanding Equity Awards at December 31, 2016


There were no outstanding equity awards to any of our Named Executive Officers during the year ended December 31, 2016.


The 2016 Equity Plan


On March 11, 2016, the Board adopted the plan and the shareholders approved the plan during the annual shareholders meeting on April 21, 2016.


The 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”) provides for the issuance of up to 228,572 shares of our common stock. The purpose of the Plan is to assist the Company in attracting and retaining key employees, directors and consultants and to provide incentives to such individuals to align their interests with those of our stockholders.


Administration


The 2016 Plan is administered by the Compensation Committee of the Board, which currently consists of one member of the Board and is a “non-employee director” within the meaning of Rule 16b-3 promulgated under the Exchange Act and an “outside director” within the meaning of Code Section 162(m). Among other things, the compensation committee has complete discretion, subject to the express limits of the 2016 Plan, to determine the directors, employees and nonemployee consultants to be granted an award, the type of award to be granted the terms and conditions of the award, the form of payment to be made and/or the number of shares of common stock subject to each award, the exercise price of each option and base price of each stock appreciation right (“SAR”), the term of each award, the vesting schedule for an award, whether to accelerate vesting, the value of the common stock underlying the award, and the required withholding, if any. The Compensation Committee may amend, modify or terminate any outstanding award, provided that the participant’s consent to such action is required if the action would impair the participant’s rights or entitlements with respect to that award. The Compensation Committee is also authorized to construe the award agreements, and may prescribe rules relating to the 2016 Plan. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the compensation committee does not have any authority to grant or modify an award under the 2016 Plan with terms or conditions that would cause the grant, vesting or exercise thereof to be considered nonqualified “deferred compensation” subject to Code Section 409A.



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Grant of Awards; Shares Available for Awards


The 2016 Plan provides for the grant of stock options, SARs, performance share awards, performance unit awards, distribution equivalent right awards, restricted stock awards, restricted stock unit awards and unrestricted stock awards to non-employee directors, officers, employees and nonemployee consultants of the Company or its affiliates. We have reserved a total of 228,571 shares of common stock for issuance as or under awards to be made under the 2016 Plan. If any award expires, is cancelled, or terminates unexercised or is forfeited, the number of shares subject thereto is again available for grant under the 2016 Plan.


Currently, there are twelve identified employees (including four executive officers and directors), three non-employee directors, and up to thirty other current or future staff members who would be entitled to receive stock options and/or shares of restricted stock under the 2016 Plan. Future new hires and additional non-employee directors and/or consultants would be eligible to participate in the 2016 Plan as well.


Stock Options


The 2016 Plan provides for either “incentive stock options” (“ISOs”), which are intended to meet the requirements for special federal income tax treatment under the Code, or “nonqualified stock options” (“NQSOs”); the stockholders approved the 2016 Plan at the annual meeting as previously described. Stock options may be granted on such terms and conditions as the compensation committee may determine; provided, however, that the per share exercise price under a stock option may not be less than the fair market value of a share of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant and the term of the stock option may not exceed 10 years (110% of such value and five years in the case of an ISO granted to an employee who owns (or is deemed to own) more than 10% of the total combined voting power of all classes of capital stock of our company or a parent or subsidiary of our company). ISOs may only be granted to employees. In addition, the aggregate fair market value of our common stock covered by one or more ISOs (determined at the time of grant) which are exercisable for the first time by an employee during any calendar year may not exceed $100,000. Any excess is treated as a NQSO.


Stock Appreciation Rights


A SAR entitles the participant, upon exercise, to receive an amount, in cash or stock or a combination thereof, equal to the increase in the fair market value of the underlying common stock between the date of grant and the date of exercise. SARs may be granted in tandem with, or independently of, stock options granted under the 2016 Plan. A SAR granted in tandem with a stock option (i) is exercisable only at such times, and to the extent, that the related stock option is exercisable in accordance with the procedure for exercise of the related stock option; (ii) terminates upon termination or exercise of the related stock option (likewise, the common stock option granted in tandem with a SAR terminates upon exercise of the SAR); (iii) is transferable only with the related stock option; and (iv) if the related stock option is an ISO, may be exercised only when the value of the stock subject to the stock option exceeds the exercise price of the stock option. A SAR that is not granted in tandem with a stock option is exercisable at such times as the compensation committee may specify.


Performance Shares and Performance Unit Awards


Performance share and performance unit awards entitle the participant to receive cash or shares of our common stock upon the attainment of specified performance goals. In the case of performance units, the right to acquire the units is denominated in cash values.


Restricted Stock Awards and Restricted Stock Unit Awards


A restricted stock award is a grant or sale of common stock to the participant, subject to our right to repurchase all or part of the shares at their purchase price (or to require forfeiture of such shares if issued to the participant at no cost) in the event that conditions specified by the compensation committee in the award are not satisfied prior to the end of the time period during which the shares subject to the award may be repurchased by or forfeited to us. Our restricted stock unit entitles the participant to receive a cash payment equal to the fair market value of a share of common stock for each restricted stock unit subject to such restricted stock unit award, if the participant satisfies the applicable vesting requirement.




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Unrestricted Stock Awards


An unrestricted stock award is a grant or sale of shares of our common stock to the participant that is not subject to transfer, forfeiture or other restrictions, in consideration for past services rendered to the Company or an affiliate or for other valid consideration.


Amendment and Termination


The compensation committee may adopt, amend and rescind rules relating to the administration of the 2016 Plan, and amend, suspend or terminate the 2016 Plan, but no such amendment or termination will be made that materially and adversely impairs the rights of any participant with respect to any award received thereby under the 2016 Plan without the participant’s consent, other than amendments that are necessary to permit the granting of awards in compliance with applicable laws. We have attempted to structure the 2016 Plan so that remuneration attributable to stock options and other awards will not be subject to the deduction limitation contained in Code Section 162(m).


Director Compensation


Each independent director is entitled to receive $15,000 per annum for service on our Board in 2016. In addition, Chairmen of committees are awarded an additional $5,000 per annum in compensation in connection with their service in such capacity.


The following table summarizes data concerning the compensation of our non-employee directors for the year ended December 31, 2016.


Director Name

 

Fees Earned or

Paid in Cash (1)

 

 

Total

 

Gijs van Thiel (2)

 

 

20,000

 

 

 

20,000

 

Joseph S. Glodek (3)

 

 

15,000

 

 

 

15,000

 

Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder

 

 

20,000

 

 

 

20,000

 

———————

(1)

The Company and the Board agreed that the fee owed to the members would be payable in stock valued at fair market value.

(2)

Mr. Gijs van Thiel resigned from the Board on December 30, 2016.

(3)

Mr. Glodek resigned from the Board on January 19, 2017.


Employment Agreement with Gianni B. Arcaini


Prior to the effectiveness of the Merger, DTI and Gianni B. Arcaini entered into an employment agreement (the “Arcaini Employment Agreement”) dated May 1, 2003, as subsequently amended on February 10, 2004 and February 12, 2007, pursuant to which Mr. Arcaini served as Chief Executive Officer, President and Chairman of DTI. The Arcaini Employment Agreement has continued in effect following the Merger. Under the Arcaini Employment Agreement, Mr. Arcaini is paid an annual salary of $226,600 and a car allowance of $18,000 per annum.  In addition, as incentive based compensation, Mr. Arcaini is entitled to 1% of annual gross revenues of DTI.  However, in order to conserve cash flow, since January 2008, Mr. Arcaini has been deferring a part of his compensation and, as of December 31, 2016, such deferred amount including accrued interest totaled an aggregate of $681,381. The Arcaini Employment Agreement had an initial term that extended through April 30, 2006, subject to renewal for successive one-year terms unless either party gives notice of that party’s election to not renew to the other at least 60 days prior to the expiration of the then-current term.  The Arcaini Employment Agreement remains in effect through December 31, 2017 and contains certain provisions for early termination, which may result in a severance payment equal to one year of base salary then in effect. It is anticipated that Mr. Arcaini’s compensation terms will be revisited in the future by the Compensation Committee of the Company’s Board.

 

Potential Payments upon Change of Control or Termination following a Change of Control


Our employment agreement with Mr. Arcaini, our Chief Executive Officer, provides incremental compensation in the event of termination, as described herein. Generally, we currently do not provide any severance specifically upon a change in control nor do we provide for accelerated vesting upon change in control.





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SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN
BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT

 

The following table sets forth, as of June 9, 2017, the number of shares of our common stock owned by (i) each person who is known by us to own of record or beneficially five percent (5%) or more of our outstanding shares, (ii) all five percent (5%) or greater shareholders as a group, (iii) each of our directors, (iv) each of our executive officers and (v) all of our directors and executive officers as a group. Unless otherwise indicated, each of the persons listed below has sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares of our common stock beneficially owned. The address of our directors and officers is c/o Duos Technology Group, Inc., at 6622 Southpoint Drive S., Suite 310, Jacksonville, Florida 32216.


Name and Address of Beneficial Owner(1)

 

Outstanding
Common
Stock
(4)

 

 

Percentage of

Ownership of

Common
Stock
(5)

 

5% Beneficial Shareholders

     

 

 

 

 

 

De Hoge Noot BV(1)

 

 

487,846

 

 

 

25.8

%

Alain Hirschler

 

 

149,295

 

 

 

7.9

%

Michiel Hirschler

 

 

182,155

 

 

 

9.7

%

Justin W. Keener

 

 

145,363

 

 

 

7.7

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Officers and Directors

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gianni B. Arcaini

 

 

134,251

(2)

 

 

7.2

%

Adrian G. Goldfarb

 

 

4,732

 

 

 

*

%

Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder

 

 

10,892

 

 

 

*

%

Joseph P. Coschera(3)

 

 

886

 

 

 

*

%

John F. Andrews(6)

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

%

Blair M. Fonda(7)

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

%

John E. Giles(7)

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

%

Officers and Directors as a Group (7 persons)

 

 

150,761

 

 

 

8

%

———————

*

denoted less than 1%

(1)

To the best of our knowledge, the natural person or persons who hold voting and dispositive control over the shares beneficially owned by De Hoge Noot BV is Mr. Willem van Kooten, a resident of Hilversum, The Netherlands.

(2)

These shares are held by Robex International, Inc., a Florida corporation (“Robex”).  Mr. Arcaini owns 95% of Robex and has sole dispositive voting power over such shares.

(3)

Mr. Coschera resigned as Chief Executive Officer and Director as of April 1, 2015, upon the effectiveness of the Merger. Mr. Coschera continues as an employee of the Company but no longer holds an executive position.

(4)

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with Rule 13D-3(a) of the Exchange Act and generally includes voting or investment power with respect to securities.

(5)

The percentages in the table have been calculated on the basis of treating as outstanding for a particular person, all shares of our common stock outstanding on that date and all shares of our common stock issuable to that holder in the event of exercise of outstanding options, warrants, rights or conversion privileges owned by that person at that date which are exercisable within 60 days of that date. Except as otherwise indicated, the persons listed below have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of our common stock owned by them, except to the extent that power may be shared with a spouse. As of June 9, 2017, there are 1,894,923 shares of the Company’s common stock issued and outstanding.

(6)

On March 17, 2017, Mr. John F. Andrews was appointed as Chief Operating Officer of the Company, with an amended effective date of March 27, 2017.

(7)

On May 3, 2017, Mr. Blair Fonda and Mr. John Giles were appointed as members of the Board, effective immediately.




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CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS


On August 1, 2012, the Company entered into independent contractor master services agreement (the “Services Agreement”) with Luceon, LLC, a Florida company, owned by our Chief Technology Officer, David Ponevac.  The Services Agreement provides that Luceon will provide support services including management, coordination or software development services and related services to the Company from time to time.  Luceon, LLC provided three software developers during the year 2016 and the Company incurred $77,760 in fees for that same period.


On April 8, 2015, the Company received a $310,000 loan from a related party principal shareholder. The note accrues interest at the rate of 6% per annum and was repayable on or before October 31, 2015. There was accrued interest balance of $8,616 as of September 30, 2015. The Company and shareholder have agreed to replace the note with a new note in the amount of $320,166, which includes principal and accrued interest through October 31, 2015. Repayment shall occur with eleven monthly payments of $27,750 plus one final payment of $27,006.63 (including interest of 6%) beginning on or before December 31, 2015. As of March 31, 2017, the Company is twelve payments in arrears and the outstanding balance was $226,936.


On January 24, 2016, the wife of the CEO loaned the Company an additional $20,000 at an annual percentage rate of 8% and repayable by the Company when sufficient funds are available.  The total principal due at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 was $56,500 and $36,500, respectively.  


On January 28, 2016, the CFO loaned the Company $30,000, accruing interest at 8% per annum which is repayable by the Company when sufficient funds are available.  As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the outstanding loan balance was $31,973 and $31,973, respectively.


On July 19, 2016, the Company received a $60,000 loan less fees of $75 for a related party loan with proceeds of $59,925 from the Company’s CEO.  The promissory note carries an annual interest rate of 7.99% with a monthly installment payment of $1,052 through July 19, 2022. As of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the outstanding balance was $54,576 and $56,614, respectively.


On August 11, 2016, the Company received an $111,645 loan from a related party principal shareholder. The note accrues interest at the rate of 8% per annum and is repayable on or before February 11, 2017. As of March 31, 2017, the outstanding balance was $105,219. The note is currently in technical default. However, as of the time of this report, the lender has agreed not to pursue any default remedies and has informally agreed to work with us until such time as the note can be repaid.


On June 9, 2017, the Company entered into a letter agreement with Mr. Gianni Arcaini, the Chief Executive Officer and a Director of the Company (the “Arcaini Letter Agreement”), whereby Mr. Arcaini agreed to convert all deferred compensation owed to him under his Employment Agreement (“Arcaini Debt Obligation”) into common stock of the Company, contingent upon the completion of this offering. The aggregate amount of $700,543 (“Arcaini Obligation”) will be owed to Mr. Arcaini under the Arcaini Debt Obligation including interest through June 30, 2017. Pursuant to the Arcaini Letter Agreement, the Arcaini Debt Obligation will automatically convert upon consummation of this offering into such number of restricted shares of the Company’s common stock calculated by dividing the Arcaini Debt Obligation by $5.00 or 140,109 shares. The Company anticipates amending the Arcaini Letter Agreement to issue Mr. Arcaini 140,109 warrants upon consummation of the Offering. Mr. Arcaini has agreed to enter into a lock-up agreement prohibiting the sale or other transfer of all securities of the Company owned by him for a period of 6 months.


On June 9, 2017, the Company entered into a letter agreement with Mr. Adrian Goldfarb, the Chief Financial Officer of the Company (the “Goldfarb Letter Agreement”), whereby Mr. Goldfarb agreed to convert all amounts due and owing to him under that certain promissory note issued by the Company (“Goldfarb Debt Obligation”) into common stock of the Company, contingent upon the completion of this offering. The aggregate amount of $33,620 (“Goldfarb Obligation”) will be owed to Mr. Goldfarb under the Goldfarb Debt Obligation including interest through June 30, 2017. Pursuant to the Goldfarb Letter Agreement, the Goldfarb Debt Obligation will automatically convert upon consummation of this offering into such number of restricted shares of the Company’s common stock calculated by dividing the Goldfarb Debt Obligation by $5.00 or 6,724 shares. The Company anticipates amending the Goldfarb Letter Agreement to issue Mr. Goldfarb 6,724 warrants upon consummation of the Offering. Mr. Goldfarb has agreed to enter into a lock-up agreement prohibiting the sale or other transfer of all securities of the Company owned by him for a period of 6 months.


Policy on Future Related Party Transactions


The Company requires that any related party transactions must be approved by a majority of the Company’s independent directors.



61



 


DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK


In the discussion that follows, we have summarized selected provisions of our certificate of incorporation, bylaws and the Florida Business Corporation Act relating to our capital stock. This summary is not complete. This discussion is subject to the relevant provisions of Florida law and is qualified by reference to our certificate of incorporation and our bylaws. You should read the provisions of our certificate of incorporation and our bylaws as currently in effect for provisions that may be important to you.


General


The Company is authorized to issue an aggregate number of 510,000,000 shares of capital stock, of which 10,000,000 shares are blank check preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share and 500,000,000 shares are common stock, $0.001 par value per share.


Preferred Stock


The Company is authorized to issue 10,000,000 shares of blank check preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share. The Company has one class of preferred stock currently authorized for issuance.


Series A Convertible Preferred Stock

 

The following summary of certain terms and provisions of our Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series A Preferred”) is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by reference to, the terms and provisions set forth in our certificate of designation of preferences, rights and limitations of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series A Preferred Certificate of Designation”).

 

General. Our certificate of incorporation authorizes our board of directors to issue up to 10,000,000 shares of our preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share.

 

Subject to the limitations prescribed by our articles of incorporation, our board of directors is authorized to establish the number of shares constituting each series of preferred stock and to fix the designations, powers, preferences and rights of the shares of each of those series and the qualifications, limitations and restrictions of each of those series, all without any further vote or action by our stockholders. Our board of directors has designated 500,000 of the 10,000,000 authorized shares of preferred stock as Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. When issued, the shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock will be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable.


Rank. The Series A Convertible Preferred Stock will rank senior to our common stock to the extent of its liquidation preference of $10 per share (the “Stated Value”).

 

Conversion. Each share of the Series A Preferred is convertible into shares of our common stock (subject to adjustment as provided in the related certificate of designation of preferences) at any time at the option of the holder, into that number of shares of common stock determined by dividing the sum of (i) the Stated Value of such shares of Series A Preferred and (ii) the accrued and unpaid dividends per share by the conversion price of $6.30 (the “Conversion Price”).

 

Liquidation Preference. In the event of our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, whether voluntary or involuntary (the “Liquidation Event”), holders of the Series A Preferred then outstanding shall be entitled to receive, out of assets of the Company available for distribution to its stockholders, an amount equal to the Stated Value plus any accrued and unpaid dividends as of the date of such Liquidation Event.

 

Voting Rights. Holders of Series A Preferred will vote on an as converted basis on all matters on which the holders of common stock are entitled to vote.  In addition, as long as the Series A Preferred remains outstanding, the Company shall not, without the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the then outstanding shares of the Series A Preferred (i) alter or change adversely the powers, preferences or rights given to the Series A Preferred (ii) authorize or create any class of stock ranking as to dividends, redemption or distribution of assets upon a Liquidation Event senior to, or otherwise pari passu with, the Series A Preferred (iii) amend its Articles of Incorporation or other charter documents in any way that may adversely affect any rights of Series A Preferred, (iv) increase the authorized shares of Series A Preferred or (v) enter into any agreement with respect to the foregoing.

 



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Dividends. Each share of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock shall be entitled to receive, an annual 8% dividend. Such dividend will be accrued and be paid either as part of conversion to common stock where such dividend will be converted at the same rate or on redemption at the end of 3 years. The holders of shares of the Series A shall be entitled to receive, when, as and if declared by the Board of Directors out of funds legally available therefore, cumulative cash dividends at an annual rate of eight percent (8%) of the Stated Value (the “Dividend Rate”). Such dividends on shares of Series A shall be cumulative from the date such shares are issued, whether or not in any period there shall be funds of the Company legally available for the payment of such dividends and whether or not such dividends are declared, and shall be payable quarterly, when as, and if declared by the Board of Directors, on April 10, July 10, October 10, and January 10 in each year (each a “Dividend Payment Date”_ to holders of record as of March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31 in each year (the “Record Date”). Cumulative dividends shall at all times accrue a compounded rate equal to the Dividend Rate and shall accrue from and including the date of issuance of such shares to and including a Dividend Payment Date. Such dividends shall accrue whether or not there shall be (at the time such dividend becomes payable or at any other time) profits, surplus or other funds of the Company legally available for the payment of dividends.

 

Certain Adjustments. The conversion price of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock is subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of specific events, including stock dividends, stock splits, combinations and reclassifications of our common stock. Additionally, if the Company sells or issues any shares of Common Stock or Common Stock Equivalents at a price per share less than the Conversion price (a “Lower-Price Issuance”) in connection with a financing where one of the purposes is to permit the Company’s Common Stock being accepted for listing on a National Securities Exchange, then for a period of 30 days after the Common Stock begins to trade on a National Securities Exchange the Conversion Price shall be reduced to the Lower Price Issuance. After the 30-day period has expired, the Conversion Price shall increase to the level immediately prior to commencement of the 30-day period. 


Redemption. The holder has the right to request redemption of the Series A Preferred Stock after a period of 3 years in an amount equal to the Stated Value plus accrued and unpaid dividends.

 

As of June 9, 2017, we have 29,600 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock issued and outstanding.


Common Stock


The Company is authorized to issue 500,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value per share. As of June 9, 2017, we have 1,894,923 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.


Each share of common stock shall have one (1) vote per share for all purpose. Our common stock does not provide a preemptive, subscription or conversion rights and there is no redemption or sinking fund provisions or rights. Our common stock holders are not entitled to cumulative voting for purposes of electing members to our board of directors.


Dividends


We have not paid any cash dividends to our shareholders. The declaration of any future cash dividends is at the discretion of our board of directors and depends upon our earnings, if any, our capital requirements and financial position, our general economic conditions, and other pertinent conditions. It is our present intention not to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future, but rather to reinvest earnings, if any, in our business operations.


Warrants


As of June 9, 2017, there are warrants outstanding to purchase 451,181 shares of our common stock of which 357,299 warrants are subject to full ratchet price protection on the exercise price potentially increasing the total number of common shares issuable upon exercise. The warrants are exercisable for a term of five years with an exercise price range of $5.25 – $14.00.




63



 


Warrants to Be Issued in the Offering


The following summary of certain terms and provisions of the warrants offered hereby is not complete and is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by the provisions of the form of warrant, which is filed as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. Prospective investors should carefully review the terms and provisions set forth in the form of warrant.


Exercisability.  The warrants are exercisable at any time after their original issuance and at any time up to the date that is five years after their original issuance. The warrants will be exercisable, at the option of each holder, in whole or in part by delivering to us a duly executed exercise notice and, at any time a registration statement registering the issuance of the shares of common stock underlying the warrants under the Securities Act is effective and available for the issuance of such shares, or an exemption from registration under the Securities Act is available for the issuance of such shares, by payment in full in immediately available funds for the number of shares of common stock purchased upon such exercise. If a registration statement registering the issuance of the shares of common stock underlying the warrants under the Securities Act is not effective or available and an exemption from registration under the Securities Act is not available for the issuance of such shares, the holder may, in its sole discretion, elect to exercise the warrant through a cashless exercise, in which case the holder would receive upon such exercise the net number of shares of common stock determined according to the formula set forth in the warrant. No fractional shares of common stock will be issued in connection with the exercise of a warrant. In lieu of fractional shares, we will pay the holder an amount in cash equal to the fractional amount multiplied by the exercise price.


Exercise Limitation.  A holder will not have the right to exercise any portion of the warrant if the holder (together with its affiliates) would beneficially own in excess of 4.99% of the number of shares of our common stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to the exercise, as such percentage ownership is determined in accordance with the terms of the warrants. However, any holder may increase or decrease such percentage to any other percentage not in excess of 9.99% upon at least 61 days’ prior notice from the holder to us.


Exercise Price.  The exercise price per whole share of common stock purchasable upon exercise of the warrants is expected to be $_____ per share or 125% of public offering price of common stock. The exercise price is subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of certain stock dividends and distributions, stock splits, stock combinations, reclassifications or similar events affecting our common stock and also upon any distributions of assets, including cash, stock or other property to our stockholders.


Transferability.  Subject to applicable laws, the warrants may be offered for sale, sold, transferred or assigned without our consent.


Exchange Listing.  We intend to apply for the listing of the warrants offered in this offering on The NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “DUOTW”. No assurance can be given that such listing will be approved or that a trading market will develop.


Fundamental Transactions.  In the event of a fundamental transaction, as described in the warrants and generally including any reorganization, recapitalization or reclassification of our common stock, the sale, transfer or other disposition of all or substantially all of our properties or assets, our consolidation or merger with or into another person, the acquisition of more than 50% of our outstanding common stock, or any person or group becoming the beneficial owner of 50% of the voting power represented by our outstanding common stock, the holders of the warrants will be entitled to receive upon exercise of the warrants the kind and amount of securities, cash or other property that the holders would have received had they exercised the warrants immediately prior to such fundamental transaction.


Rights as a Stockholder.  Except as otherwise provided in the warrants or by virtue of such holder’s ownership of shares of our common stock, the holder of a warrant does not have the rights or privileges of a holder of our common stock, including any voting rights, until the holder exercises the warrant.


Representatives’ Warrants


The representative’s warrants will be exercisable at any time, and from time to time, in whole or in part, during the four-year period commencing one year from the effective date of the registration statement at a per share exercise price equal to 125% of the public offering price per share of common stock in the offering.




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The exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants may be adjusted in certain circumstances including in the event of a stock dividend, extraordinary cash dividend or our recapitalization, reorganization, merger or consolidation. However, the warrant exercise price or underlying shares will not be adjusted for issuances of shares of common stock at a price below the warrant exercise price.


Transfer Agent


The transfer agent and registrar for our Common Stock is Pacific Stock Transfer Company, Corporate Office, 173-3 Keith Street, Warrenton, VA 20186.


Florida Anti-Takeover Law and Certain Charter and Bylaw Provisions


Certain provisions of Florida law and our Charter and bylaws could make it more difficult to acquire us by means of a tender offer, a proxy contest or otherwise, or to remove incumbent officers and directors. These provisions, summarized below, may discourage certain types of takeover practices and takeover bids, and encourage persons seeking to acquire control of our company to first negotiate with us. We believe that the potential ability to negotiate with the proponent of an unfriendly or unsolicited proposal to acquire or restructure us outweigh the disadvantages of discouraging such proposals because, among other things, negotiation of such proposals could result in an improvement of their terms.


Florida Law


As a Florida corporation, we are subject to certain anti-takeover provisions that apply to public corporations under Florida law.


Pursuant to Section 607.0901 of the Florida Business Corporation Act, or the FBCA, a publicly held Florida corporation may not engage in a broad range of business combinations or other extraordinary corporate transactions with an interested shareholder without the approval of the holders of two-thirds of the voting shares of the corporation (excluding shares held by the interested shareholder), unless:


The transaction is approved by a majority of disinterested directors before the shareholder becomes an interested shareholder;


The interested shareholder has owned at least 80% of the corporation’s outstanding voting shares for at least five years preceding the announcement date of any such business combination;


The interested shareholder is the beneficial owner of at least 90% of the outstanding voting shares of the corporation, exclusive of shares acquired directly from the corporation in a transaction not approved by a majority of the disinterested directors; or


The consideration paid to the holders of the corporation’s voting stock is at least equal to certain fair price criteria.


An interested shareholder is defined as a person who, together with affiliates and associates, beneficially owns more than 10% of a corporation’s outstanding voting shares. We have not made an election in our amended Articles of Incorporation to opt out of Section 607.0901.


In addition, we are subject to Section 607.0902 of the FBCA which prohibits the voting of shares in a publicly held Florida corporation that are acquired in a control share acquisition unless (i) our Board of Directors approved such acquisition prior to its consummation or (ii) after such acquisition, in lieu of prior approval by our Board of Directors, the holders of a majority of the corporation’s voting shares, exclusive of shares owned by officers of the corporation, employee directors or the acquiring party, approve the granting of voting rights as to the shares  acquired in the control share acquisition. A control share acquisition is defined as an acquisition that immediately thereafter entitles the acquiring party to 20% or more of the total voting power in an election of directors.



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SHARES ELIGIBLE FOR FUTURE SALE


Future sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, including shares issued upon exercise of outstanding warrants, or the anticipation of these sales, could adversely affect prevailing market prices from time to time and could impair our ability to raise equity capital in the future.


Based on the number of shares of common stock outstanding as of June 9, 2017, after giving effect to the closing of this offering we will have 4,352,000 shares of common stock outstanding (which number includes the conversion of $1,307,387 of certain debt obligations and related accrued interest into 261,477 shares of our common stock upon completion of this offering), assuming (1) no exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares of common stock and (2) no exercise of outstanding warrants. Of those shares, all of the shares sold in this offering will be freely tradable, except that any shares held by our “affiliates,” as that term is defined in Rule 144 under the Securities Act, or Rule 144, may only be sold in compliance with the limitations described below.


Rule 144


In general, under Rule 144, any person who is not our affiliate and has held their shares for at least six months, including the holding period of any prior owner other than one of our affiliates, may sell shares without restriction, subject to the availability of current public information about us. In addition, under Rule 144, any person who is not an affiliate of ours and has held their shares for at least one year, including the holding period of any prior owner other than one of our affiliates, would be entitled to sell an unlimited number of shares without regard to whether current public information about us is available. A person who is our affiliate or who was our affiliate at any time during the preceding three months, and who has beneficially owned restricted securities for at least six months, including the holding period of any prior owner other than one of our affiliates, is entitled to sell a number of shares within any three-month period that does not exceed the greater of:


 

·

1% of the number of shares of our common stock then outstanding, which will equal approximately 47,780 shares immediately after this offering; or

 

·

the average weekly trading volume of our common stock on the NASDAQ Capital Market during the four calendar weeks preceding the filing of a notice on Form 144 with respect to the sale.


Sales under Rule 144 by our affiliates are also subject to manner of sale provisions and notice requirements, and to the availability of current public information about us.


Warrants


As of June 9, 2017, warrants to purchase a total of 451,181 shares of common stock were outstanding of which 357,299 warrants are subject to full ratchet price protection on the exercise price potentially increasing the total amount of common shares issuance upon exercise. Upon the exercise of outstanding warrants, shares will become eligible for sale subject to Rule 144.


Lock-Up Agreements


Our directors and executive officers and certain stockholders have agreed with the underwriters that for a period of 180 days after the date of this prospectus in the case of directors and executive officers and one principal stockholder, and 90 days after the date of this prospectus in the case of our other principal stockholders, except with the prior written consent of the representatives and subject to specified exceptions, we or they will not offer, pledge, sell, contract to sell, sell any option or contract to purchase, purchase any option or contract to sell, grant any option, right or warrant to purchase, lend or otherwise transfer or dispose of, directly or indirectly, any shares of common stock or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for shares of common stock, or enter into any swap or other arrangement that transfers to another, in whole or in part, any of the economic consequences of ownership of the common stock. Following the expiration of the lock-up agreements, shares will become eligible for sale subject to Rule 144.




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UNDERWRITING


Joseph Gunnar & Co., LLC is acting as representative of the underwriters (the “Representative”). Subject to the terms and conditions of an underwriting agreement between us and the Representative, we have agreed to sell to each underwriter named below, and each underwriter named below has severally agreed to purchase, at the public offering price less the underwriting discounts set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, the number of shares of common stock and warrants listed next to its name in the following table:


Name of Underwriter

 

Number of

Shares

 

 

Number of

Warrants

 

Joseph Gunnar & Co., LLC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The underwriters are committed to purchase all the shares of common stock and warrants offered by us if they purchase any shares of common stock and warrants. The underwriting agreement also provides that if an underwriter defaults, the purchase commitments of non-defaulting underwriters may be increased or the offering may be terminated. The underwriters are not obligated to purchase the shares of common stock and/or warrants covered by the underwriters’ over-allotment option described below. The underwriters are offering the shares of common stock and warrants, subject to prior sale, when, as and if issued to and accepted by them, subject to approval of legal matters by their counsel, and other conditions contained in the underwriting agreement, such as the receipt by the underwriters of officer’s certificates and legal opinions. The underwriters reserve the right to withdraw, cancel or modify offers to the public and to reject orders in whole or in part.


Discounts and Commissions


The underwriters propose initially to offer the shares of common stock and warrants to the public at the public offering price set forth on the cover page of this prospectus and to dealers at those prices less a concession not in excess of $0.80 per share of common stock and warrant. If all of the shares of common stock and warrants offered by us are not sold at the public offering price, the underwriters may change the offering price and other selling terms by means of a supplement to this prospectus.


The following table shows the public offering price, underwriting discounts and commissions and proceeds before expenses to us. The information assumes either no exercise or full exercise of the over-allotment option we granted to the representatives of the underwriters.


 

 

Per Combined

Share and Warrant

 

 

Total

Without

Over-Allotment

Option

 

 

Total

With Full

Over-Allotment

Option

 

Public offering price

 

$

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

$

 

 

Underwriting discount

 

$

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

$

 

 

Proceeds, before expenses, to us

 

$

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

$

 

 


We have agreed to pay a non-accountable expense allowance to the representative of the underwriters equal to 1% of the gross proceeds received at the closing of the offering. We have paid an expense deposit of $50,000 to the representative, which will be applied against the out-of-pocket accountable expenses that will be paid by us to the underwriters in connection with this offering, and will be reimbursed to us to the extent not actually incurred in compliance with FINRA Rule 5110(f)(2)(C).


We have also agreed to pay the representative’s expenses relating to the offering, including (a) all actual filing fees incurred in connection with the review of this offering by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, or FINRA; (b) all fees, expenses and disbursements relating to background checks of our officers and directors in an amount not to exceed $15,000 in the aggregate; (c) the costs associated with bound volumes of the public offering materials as well as commemorative mementos and lucite tombstones, each of which the Company or its designee will provide within a reasonable time after the closing in such quantities that do not exceed a maximum monetary amount to be determined by the Company and representative; (d) the fees and expenses of the Underwriter’s legal counsel not to exceed $75,000; (e) the $29,500 cost associated with the use of Ipreo’s book building, prospectus tracking and compliance software for the Offering; and (f) up to $20,000 of Joseph Gunnar & Co.’s actual accountable “road show” expenses for the Public Offering.




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The total estimated expenses of the offering, including registration, filing and listing fees, printing fees and legal and accounting expenses, but excluding underwriting discounts, commissions and expenses, are approximately $413,186 and are payable by us.


Over-Allotment Option


We have granted a 45-day option to the representative of the underwriters to purchase up to 329,340 additional shares of our common stock at a public offering price of $___ per share and/or warrants to purchase 329,340 shares of our common stock at a public offering price of $___ per warrant, solely to cover over-allotments, if any.


The underwriters may exercise this option for 45 days from the date of this prospectus solely to cover sales of shares of common stock and/or warrants by the underwriters in excess of the total number of shares of common stock and/or warrants set forth in the table above. If any of these additional shares and/or warrants are purchased, the underwriters will offer the additional shares and/or warrants on the same terms as those on which the shares and warrants are being offered. We will pay the expenses associated with the exercise of the over-allotment option.


Representatives’ Warrants


We have agreed to issue to the representative the representative’s warrants to purchase up to 126,247 shares of common stock (5% of the shares of common stock and shares of common stock underlying warrants sold in this offering, plus 5% of any shares of common stock and/or warrants sold upon exercise of the over-allotment option, if any). We are registering hereby the issuance of the representative’s warrants and the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants. The representative’s warrants will be exercisable at any time, and from time to time, in whole or in part, during the four-year period commencing one year from the effective date of the registration statement at a per share exercise price equal to 125% of the public offering price per share of common stock in the offering. The representative’s warrants and the shares of common stock underlying the warrants have been deemed compensation by FINRA and are, therefore, subject to a 180-day lock-up pursuant to Rule 5110(g)(1) of FINRA. The representatives (or permitted assignees under the Rule) will not sell, transfer, assign, pledge or hypothecate these warrants or the securities underlying these warrants, nor will it engage in any hedging, short sale, derivative, put or call transaction that would result in the effective economic disposition of these warrants or the underlying securities for a period of 180 days after the effective date. The exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants may be adjusted in certain circumstances including in the event of a stock dividend, extraordinary cash dividend or our recapitalization, reorganization, merger or consolidation. However, the warrant exercise price or underlying shares will not be adjusted for issuances of shares of common stock at a price below the warrant exercise price.


The representative is also entitled to receive a warrant (the “Placement Agent Warrant”) in connection with its role as the placement agent in the JMJ Financing. The Placement Agent Warrant has not yet been issued. The Placement Agent Warrant will entitle the representative to purchase up to a maximum of 24,776 shares of common stock. The amount will be equal to 8% of the number of shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the Note issued in the JMJ Financing, which amount has not yet been determined. The exercise price per share for the Placement Agent Warrant will be equal to the lesser of (i) 80% of the per share price of the common stock issued in this offering, (ii) $5.25 per share, (iii) the lowest daily closing price of the common stock during the ten days prior to this offering; (iv) the lowest daily closing price of the common stock during the ten days prior to the maturity date of the Note issued in the JMJ Financing or (v) 80% of the exercise price of any warrants issued in this offering.


Warrant Solicitation Fee


We have agreed to pay the representative a warrant solicitation fee of five percent (5%) of the gross proceeds received by the Company for each exercise of a warrant that is sold in this offering. The warrant solicitation fee will be payable in cash. There is no limitation on the maximum warrant solicitation fee payable to the representative except to the extent it is limited by the number of warrants sold in this offering.




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Lock-Up Agreements


Pursuant to “lock-up” agreements, we, our executive officers and directors, and certain of our stockholders, have agreed, without the prior written consent of the Representative not to directly or indirectly, offer to sell, sell, pledge or otherwise transfer or dispose of any of shares of (or enter into any transaction or device that is designed to, or could be expected to, result in the transfer or disposition by any person at any time in the future of) our common stock, enter into any swap or other derivatives transaction that transfers to another, in whole or in part, any of the economic benefits or risks of ownership of shares of our common stock, make any demand for or exercise any right or cause to be filed a registration statement, including any amendments thereto, with respect to the registration of any shares of common stock or securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for common stock or any other securities of the Company or publicly disclose the intention to do any of the foregoing, subject to customary exceptions, for a period of 180 days from the date of this prospectus, in the case of our directors, officers and largest principal shareholder, and 90 days from the date of this prospectus, in the case of our other principal stockholders.


Right of First Refusal


We have granted the representatives a right of first refusal, for a period of twenty four months from the commencement of sales of the offering, to act as sole and exclusive investment banker, book-runner, financial advisor, underwriter and/or placement agent, at the Representative’s sole and exclusive discretion, for each and every future public and private equity and debt offering, including all equity linked financings (each, a “Subject Transaction”), during such twenty-four (24) month period, of the Company, or any successor to or subsidiary of the Company, on terms and conditions customary to the Representative for such Subject Transactions.


Indemnification


We have agreed to indemnify the underwriters against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act, and to contribute to payments that the underwriters may be required to make for these liabilities.


Price Stabilization, Short Positions and Penalty Bids


In order to facilitate the offering of our securities, the underwriters may engage in transactions that stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the price of our securities. In connection with the offering, the underwriters may purchase and sell our securities in the open market. These transactions may include short sales, purchases on the open market to cover positions created by short sales and stabilizing transactions. Short sales involve the sale by the underwriters of a greater number of shares of securities than they are required to purchase in the offering. “Covered” short sales are sales made in an amount not greater than the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares of securities in the offering. The underwriters may close out any covered short position by either exercising the over-allotment option or purchasing shares of securities in the open market. In determining the source of shares of securities to close out the covered short position, the underwriters will consider, among other things, the price of shares available for purchase in the open market as compared to the price at which they may purchase shares through the over-allotment option. “Naked” short sales are sales in excess of the over-allotment option. The underwriters must close out any naked short position by purchasing securities in the open market. A naked short position is more likely to be created if the underwriters are concerned that there may be downward pressure on the price of our securities in the open market after pricing that could adversely affect investors who purchase in the offering. Stabilizing transactions consist of various bids for or purchases of shares of securities made by the underwriters in the open market before the completion of the offering.


Similar to other purchase transactions, the underwriters’ purchases to cover the syndicate short sales may have the effect of raising or maintaining the market price of our securities or preventing or retarding a decline in the market price of our securities. As result, the price of our securities may be higher than the price that might otherwise exist in the open market.


The underwriters have advised us that, pursuant to Regulation M under the Exchange Act, they may also engage in other activities that stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the price of our securities, including the imposition of penalty bids. This means that if the representative of the underwriters purchases securities in the open market in stabilizing transactions or to cover short sales, the representative can require the underwriters that sold those shares as part of this offering to repay the underwriting discount received by them.




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The underwriters make no representation or prediction as to the direction or magnitude of any effect that the transactions described above may have on the price of our securities. In addition, neither we nor the underwriters make any representation that the underwriters will engage in these transactions or that these transactions, once commenced, will not be discontinued without notice.


Electronic Offer, Sale and Distribution of Shares


A prospectus in electronic format may be made available on the websites maintained by one or more underwriters or selling group members, if any, participating in the offering. The underwriters may agree to allocate a number of shares of securities to underwriters and selling group members for sale to their online brokerage account holders. Internet distributions will be allocated by the representative to underwriters and selling group members that may make internet distributions on the same basis as other allocations. Other than the prospectus in electronic format, the information on the underwriters’ websites and any information contained in any other website maintained by the underwriters is not part of this prospectus or the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part.


Other Relationships


From time to time, certain of the underwriters and their affiliates have provided, and may provide in the future, various advisory, investment and commercial banking and other services to us in the ordinary course of business, for which they have received and may continue to receive customary fees and commissions. However, except as disclosed in this prospectus, we have no present arrangements with any of the underwriters for any further services.


Offer Restrictions Outside the United States


Other than in the United States, no action has been taken by us or the underwriters that would permit a public offering of the securities offered by this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required. The securities offered by this prospectus may not be offered or sold, directly or indirectly, nor may this prospectus or any other offering material or advertisements in connection with the offer and sale of any such securities be distributed or published in any jurisdiction, except under circumstances that will result in compliance with the applicable rules and regulations of that jurisdiction. Persons into whose possession this prospectus comes are advised to inform themselves about and to observe any restrictions relating to the offering and the distribution of this prospectus. This prospectus does not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any securities offered by this prospectus in any jurisdiction in which such an offer or a solicitation is unlawful.


Australia


This prospectus is not a disclosure document under Chapter 6D of the Australian Corporations Act, has not been lodged with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission and does not purport to include the information required of a disclosure document under Chapter 6D of the Australian Corporations Act. Accordingly, (i) the offer of the securities under this prospectus is only made to persons to whom it is lawful to offer the securities without disclosure under Chapter 6D of the Australian Corporations Act under one or more exemptions set out in section 708 of the Australian Corporations Act, (ii) this prospectus is made available in Australia only to those persons as set forth in clause (i) above, and (iii) the offeree must be sent a notice stating in substance that by accepting this offer, the offeree represents that the offeree is such a person as set forth in clause (i) above, and, unless permitted under the Australian Corporations Act, agrees not to sell or offer for sale within Australia any of the securities sold to the offeree within 12 months after its transfer to the offeree under this prospectus.




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Canada


The securities may be sold in Canada only to purchasers purchasing, or deemed to be purchasing, as principal that are accredited investors, as defined in National Instrument 45-106 Prospectus Exemptions or subsection 73.3(1) of the Securities Act (Ontario), and are permitted clients, as defined in National Instrument 31-103 Registration Requirements, Exemptions and Ongoing Registrant Obligations. Any resale of the securities must be made in accordance with an exemption from, or in a transaction not subject to, the prospectus requirements of applicable securities laws. Securities legislation in certain provinces or territories of Canada may provide a purchaser with remedies for rescission or damages if this prospectus (including any amendment thereto) contains a misrepresentation, provided that the remedies for rescission or damages are exercised by the purchaser within the time limit prescribed by the securities legislation of the purchaser’s province or territory. The purchaser should refer to any applicable provisions of the securities legislation of the purchaser’s province or territory for particulars of these rights or consult with a legal advisor. Pursuant to section 3A.3 of National Instrument 33-105 Underwriting Conflicts (NI 33-105), the underwriters are not required to comply with the disclosure requirements of NI 33-105 regarding underwriter conflicts of interest in connection with this offering.


China


The information in this document does not constitute a public offer of the securities, whether by way of sale or subscription, in the People’s Republic of China (excluding, for purposes of this paragraph, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macau Special Administrative Region and Taiwan). The securities may not be offered or sold directly or indirectly in the PRC to legal or natural persons other than directly to “qualified domestic institutional investors.”


European Economic Area — Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg and Netherlands


The information in this document has been prepared on the basis that all offers of securities will be made pursuant to an exemption under the Directive 2003/71/EC (“Prospectus Directive”), as implemented in Member States of the European Economic Area (each, a “Relevant Member State”), from the requirement to produce a prospectus for offers of securities.


An offer to the public of securities has not been made, and may not be made, in a Relevant Member State except pursuant to one of the following exemptions under the Prospectus Directive as implemented in that Relevant Member State:


 

(a)

to legal entities that are authorized or regulated to operate in the financial markets or, if not so authorized or regulated, whose corporate purpose is solely to invest in securities;

 

(b)

to any legal entity that has two or more of (i) an average of at least 250 employees during its last fiscal year; (ii) a total balance sheet of more than 43,000,000 (as shown on its last annual unconsolidated or consolidated financial statements) and (iii) an annual net turnover of more than 50,000,000 (as shown on its last annual unconsolidated or consolidated financial statements);

 

(c)

to fewer than 100 natural or legal persons (other than qualified investors within the meaning of Article 2(1)(e) of the Prospectus Directive) subject to obtaining the prior consent of the Company or any underwriter for any such offer; or

 

(d)

in any other circumstances falling within Article 3(2) of the Prospectus Directive, provided that no such offer of securities shall result in a requirement for the publication by the Company of a prospectus pursuant to Article 3 of the Prospectus Directive.


France


This document is not being distributed in the context of a public offering of financial securities (offre au public de titres financiers) in France within the meaning of Article L.411-1 of the French Monetary and Financial Code (Code monétaire et financier) and Articles 211-1 et seq. of the General Regulation of the French Autorité des marchés financiers (“AMF”). The securities have not been offered or sold and will not be offered or sold, directly or indirectly, to the public in France.


This document and any other offering material relating to the securities have not been, and will not be, submitted to the AMF for approval in France and, accordingly, may not be distributed or caused to distributed, directly or indirectly, to the public in France.




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Such offers, sales and distributions have been and shall only be made in France to (i) qualified investors (investisseurs qualifiés) acting for their own account, as defined in and in accordance with Articles L.411-2-II-2° and D.411-1 to D.411-3, D. 744-1, D.754-1 and D.764-1 of the French Monetary and Financial Code and any implementing regulation and/or (ii) a restricted number of non-qualified investors (cercle restreint d’investisseurs) acting for their own account, as defined in and in accordance with Articles L.411-2-II-2° and D.411-4, D.744-1, D.754-1 and D.764-1 of the French Monetary and Financial Code and any implementing regulation.


Pursuant to Article 211-3 of the General Regulation of the AMF, investors in France are informed that the securities cannot be distributed (directly or indirectly) to the public by the investors otherwise than in accordance with Articles L.411-1, L.411-2, L.412-1 and L.621-8 to L.621-8-3 of the French Monetary and Financial Code.


Ireland


The information in this document does not constitute a prospectus under any Irish laws or regulations and this document has not been filed with or approved by any Irish regulatory authority as the information has not been prepared in the context of a public offering of securities in Ireland within the meaning of the Irish Prospectus (Directive 2003/71/EC) Regulations 2005 (the “Prospectus Regulations”). The securities have not been offered or sold, and will not be offered, sold or delivered directly or indirectly in Ireland by way of a public offering, except to (i) qualified investors as defined in Regulation 2(l) of the Prospectus Regulations and (ii) fewer than 100 natural or legal persons who are not qualified investors.


Israel


The securities offered by this prospectus have not been approved or disapproved by the Israeli Securities Authority (the ISA), nor have such securities been registered for sale in Israel. The shares may not be offered or sold, directly or indirectly, to the public in Israel, absent the publication of a prospectus. The ISA has not issued permits, approvals or licenses in connection with the offering or publishing the prospectus; nor has it authenticated the details included herein, confirmed their reliability or completeness, or rendered an opinion as to the quality of the securities being offered. Any resale in Israel, directly or indirectly, to the public of the securities offered by this prospectus is subject to restrictions on transferability and must be effected only in compliance with the Israeli securities laws and regulations.


Italy


The offering of the securities in the Republic of Italy has not been authorized by the Italian Securities and Exchange Commission (Commissione Nazionale per le Societ—$$—Aga e la Borsa, “CONSOB” pursuant to the Italian securities legislation and, accordingly, no offering material relating to the securities may be distributed in Italy and such securities may not be offered or sold in Italy in a public offer within the meaning of Article 1.1(t) of Legislative Decree No. 58 of 24 February 1998 (“Decree No. 58”), other than:


 

·

to Italian qualified investors, as defined in Article 100 of Decree no.58 by reference to Article 34-ter of CONSOB Regulation no. 11971 of 14 May 1999 (“Regulation no. 1197l”) as amended (“Qualified Investors”); and

 

·

in other circumstances that are exempt from the rules on public offer pursuant to Article 100 of Decree No. 58 and Article 34-ter of Regulation No. 11971 as amended.


Any offer, sale or delivery of the securities or distribution of any offer document relating to the securities in Italy (excluding placements where a Qualified Investor solicits an offer from the issuer) under the paragraphs above must be:


 

·

made by investment firms, banks or financial intermediaries permitted to conduct such activities in Italy in accordance with Legislative Decree No. 385 of 1 September 1993 (as amended), Decree No. 58, CONSOB Regulation No. 16190 of 29 October 2007 and any other applicable laws; and

 

·

in compliance with all relevant Italian securities, tax and exchange controls and any other applicable laws.


Any subsequent distribution of the securities in Italy must be made in compliance with the public offer and prospectus requirement rules provided under Decree No. 58 and the Regulation No. 11971 as amended, unless an exception from those rules applies. Failure to comply with such rules may result in the sale of such securities being declared null and void and in the liability of the entity transferring the securities for any damages suffered by the investors.




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Japan


The securities have not been and will not be registered under Article 4, paragraph 1 of the Financial Instruments and Exchange Law of Japan (Law No. 25 of 1948), as amended (the “FIEL”) pursuant to an exemption from the registration requirements applicable to a private placement of securities to Qualified Institutional Investors (as defined in and in accordance with Article 2, paragraph 3 of the FIEL and the regulations promulgated thereunder). Accordingly, the securities may not be offered or sold, directly or indirectly, in Japan or to, or for the benefit of, any resident of Japan other than Qualified Institutional Investors. Any Qualified Institutional Investor who acquires securities may not resell them to any person in Japan that is not a Qualified Institutional Investor, and acquisition by any such person of securities is conditional upon the execution of an agreement to that effect.


Portugal


This document is not being distributed in the context of a public offer of financial securities (oferta pública de valores mobiliários) in Portugal, within the meaning of Article 109 of the Portuguese Securities Code (Código dos Valores Mobiliários). The securities have not been offered or sold and will not be offered or sold, directly or indirectly, to the public in Portugal. This document and any other offering material relating to the securities have not been, and will not be, submitted to the Portuguese Securities Market Commission (Comissão do Mercado de Valores Mobiliários) for approval in Portugal and, accordingly, may not be distributed or caused to distributed, directly or indirectly, to the public in Portugal, other than under circumstances that are deemed not to qualify as a public offer under the Portuguese Securities Code. Such offers, sales and distributions of securities in Portugal are limited to persons who are “qualified investors” (as defined in the Portuguese Securities Code). Only such investors may receive this document and they may not distribute it or the information contained in it to any other person.


Sweden


This document has not been, and will not be, registered with or approved by Finansinspektionen (the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority). Accordingly, this document may not be made available, nor may the securities be offered for sale in Sweden, other than under circumstances that are deemed not to require a prospectus under the Swedish Financial Instruments Trading Act (1991:980) (Sw. lag (1991:980) om handel med finansiella instrument). Any offering of securities in Sweden is limited to persons who are “qualified investors” (as defined in the Financial Instruments Trading Act). Only such investors may receive this document and they may not distribute it or the information contained in it to any other person.


Switzerland


The securities may not be publicly offered in Switzerland and will not be listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange (“SIX”) or on any other stock exchange or regulated trading facility in Switzerland. This document has been prepared without regard to the disclosure standards for issuance prospectuses under art. 652a or art. 1156 of the Swiss Code of Obligations or the disclosure standards for listing prospectuses under art. 27 ff. of the SIX Listing Rules or the listing rules of any other stock exchange or regulated trading facility in Switzerland. Neither this document nor any other offering material relating to the securities may be publicly distributed or otherwise made publicly available in Switzerland.


Neither this document nor any other offering material relating to the securities have been or will be filed with or approved by any Swiss regulatory authority. In particular, this document will not be filed with, and the offer of securities will not be supervised by, the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority (FINMA).


This document is personal to the recipient only and not for general circulation in Switzerland.


United Arab Emirates


Neither this document nor the securities have been approved, disapproved or passed on in any way by the Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates or any other governmental authority in the United Arab Emirates, nor has the Company received authorization or licensing from the Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates or any other governmental authority in the United Arab Emirates to market or sell the securities within the United Arab Emirates. This document does not constitute and may not be used for the purpose of an offer or invitation. No services relating to the securities, including the receipt of applications and/or the allotment or redemption of such shares, may be rendered within the United Arab Emirates by the Company.


No offer or invitation to subscribe for securities is valid or permitted in the Dubai International Financial Centre.



73



 


United Kingdom


Neither the information in this document nor any other document relating to the offer has been delivered for approval to the Financial Services Authority in the United Kingdom and no prospectus (within the meaning of section 85 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000, as amended (“FSMA”)) has been published or is intended to be published in respect of the securities. This document is issued on a confidential basis to “qualified investors” (within the meaning of section 86(7) of FSMA) in the United Kingdom, and the securities may not be offered or sold in the United Kingdom by means of this document, any accompanying letter or any other document, except in circumstances which do not require the publication of a prospectus pursuant to section 86(1) FSMA. This document should not be distributed, published or reproduced, in whole or in part, nor may its contents be disclosed by recipients to any other person in the United Kingdom.


Any invitation or inducement to engage in investment activity (within the meaning of section 21 of FSMA) received in connection with the issue or sale of the securities has only been communicated or caused to be communicated and will only be communicated or caused to be communicated in the United Kingdom in circumstances in which section 21(1) of FSMA does not apply to the Company.


In the United Kingdom, this document is being distributed only to, and is directed at, persons (i) who have professional experience in matters relating to investments falling within Article 19(5) (investment professionals) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Financial Promotions) Order 2005 (“FPO”), (ii) who fall within the categories of persons referred to in Article 49(2)(a) to (d) (high net worth companies, unincorporated associations, etc.) of the FPO or (iii) to whom it may otherwise be lawfully communicated (together “relevant persons”). The investments to which this document relates are available only to, and any invitation, offer or agreement to purchase will be engaged in only with, relevant persons. Any person who is not a relevant person should not act or rely on this document or any of its contents.




74



 


LEGAL MATTERS


The validity of the securities offered hereby has been passed upon for us by Lucosky Brookman LLP. Certain legal matters in connection with this offering have been passed upon for the underwriters by Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP, New York, New York.


EXPERTS


Our consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ deficit, and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2016 have been audited by Salberg & Company, P.A., an independent registered public accounting firm, as set forth in its report appearing herein and are included in reliance upon such report given on the authority of such firm as experts in accounting and auditing.


WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION


We are a reporting company and file annual, quarterly and special reports, and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Copies of the reports and other information may be read and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street NE, Washington, D.C. 20549. You can request copies of such documents by writing to the SEC and paying a fee for the copying cost. You may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains a web site at http://www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding registrants that file electronically with the SEC.


This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form S-1 that we filed with the SEC. Certain information in the registration statement has been omitted from this prospectus in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC. We have also filed exhibits and schedules with the registration statement that are excluded from this prospectus. For further information you may:


 

·

read a copy of the registration statement, including the exhibits and schedules, without charge at the SEC’s Public Reference Room; or

 

·

obtain a copy from the SEC upon payment of the fees prescribed by the SEC.






75



 


DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC.

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

F-2

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2016 and 2015

F-3

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2016 and 2015

F-5

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit for the Years Ended December 31, 2016 and 2015

F-6

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2016 and 2015

F-7

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

F-9


Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2017 and 2016

F-38

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016

F-39

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Period Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016

F-40

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

F-41





F-1



 



[duot_s1019.jpg] 



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm



To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of:

Duos Technologies Group, Inc.


We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Duos Technologies Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholders’ deficit, and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2016.  These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.


We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement.  An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements.  An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall consolidated financial statement presentation.  We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.


In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Duos Technologies Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2016 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.


The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company reported a net loss of $2,561,613 and cash used in operating activities of $1,840,290 in 2016. At December 31, 2016, the Company had a working capital deficit, stockholders’ deficit and accumulated deficit of $4,132,660, $5,523,188 and $23,518,709, respectively.  These matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.  Management’s plans as to these matters are also described in Note 2.  The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.


/s/ Salberg & Company, P.A.


SALBERG & COMPANY, P.A.

Boca Raton, Florida

March 30, 2017, except for Note 18, “Reverse Stock Split” and “Amendment to $2,500,000 Promissory Note”, as to which the date is June 15, 2017






2295 NW Corporate Blvd., Suite 240 • Boca Raton, FL 33431-7328

Phone: (561) 995-8270 • Toll Free: (866) CPA-8500 • Fax: (561) 995-1920

www.salbergco.com • info@salbergco.com

Member National Association of Certified Valuation Analysts • Registered with the PCAOB

Member CPAConnect with Affiliated Offices Worldwide • Member AICPA Center for Audit Quality





F-2



 


DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS


 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT ASSETS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

174,376

 

 

$

140,129

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

256,989

 

 

 

452,235

 

Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts

 

 

476,673

 

 

 

421,116

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

135,964

 

 

 

165,095

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Current Assets

 

 

1,044,002

 

 

 

1,178,575

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

66,491

 

 

 

72,544

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OTHER ASSETS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patents and trademarks, net

 

 

51,423

 

 

 

57,006

 

Total Other Assets

 

 

51,423

 

 

 

57,006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

 

$

1,161,916

 

 

$

1,308,125

 


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.




F-3



 


DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Continued)


 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT LIABILITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

842,787

 

 

$

1,014,711

 

Accounts payable - related parties

 

 

40,136

 

 

 

30,070

 

Commercial insurance/office equipment financing

 

 

46,368

 

 

 

44,024

 

Notes payable - related parties

 

 

577,716

 

 

 

486,964

 

Notes payable

 

 

87,210

 

 

 

196,608

 

Convertible notes payable, including premiums

 

 

193,950

 

 

 

193,950

 

Warrant derivative liability

 

 

793,099

 

 

 

 

Line of credit

 

 

38,019

 

 

 

40,216

 

Payroll taxes payable

 

 

444,476

 

 

 

296,215

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

1,218,105

 

 

 

1,002,820

 

Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts

 

 

219,625

 

 

 

303,064

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

675,171

 

 

 

908,206

 

Contingent lawsuit payable

 

 

 

 

 

550,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Current Liabilities

 

 

5,176,662

 

 

 

5,066,848

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes payable, net of discounts

 

 

1,206,522

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

 

 

6,383,184

 

 

 

5,066,848

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series A redeemable convertible cumulative preferred stock, $10 stated value per share,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

500,000 shares designated,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

29,600 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

($301,920 liquidation value)

 

 

301,920

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 10)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,000,000 authorized, 9,500,000 available to be designated

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock: $0.001 par value; 500,000,000 shares authorized

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,892,020 and 1,850,789 shares issued and outstanding at

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

 

 

1,892

 

 

 

1,851

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

18,141,629

 

 

 

17,190,602

 

Total paid-in-capital

 

 

18,143,521

 

 

 

17,192,453

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(23,518,709

)

 

 

(20,951,176

)

Sub-total

 

 

(5,375,188

)

 

 

(3,758,723

)

Less: Treasury stock (3,280 shares of common stock)

 

 

(148,000

)

 

 

 

Total Stockholders' Deficit

 

 

(5,523,188

)

 

 

(3,758,723

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Deficit

 

$

1,161,916

 

 

$

1,308,125

 


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.




F-4



 


DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS


 

 

For the Years Ended

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

REVENUES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Project

 

$

3,200,182

 

 

$

3,758,653

 

Maintenance and technical support

 

 

2,230,633

 

 

 

2,481,183

 

IT asset management services

 

 

674,078

 

 

 

527,927

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Revenues

 

 

6,104,893

 

 

 

6,767,763

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COST OF REVENUES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Project

 

 

1,580,665

 

 

 

2,051,969

 

Maintenance and technical support

 

 

785,872

 

 

 

958,995

 

IT asset management services

 

 

365,914

 

 

 

185,212

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Cost of Revenues

 

 

2,732,451

 

 

 

3,196,176

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GROSS PROFIT

 

 

3,372,442

 

 

 

3,571,587

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OPERATING EXPENSES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling and marketing expenses

 

 

278,264

 

 

 

254,083

 

Salaries, wages and contract labor

 

 

3,370,191

 

 

 

2,586,735

 

Research and development

 

 

271,950

 

 

 

216,806

 

Professional fees

 

 

306,458

 

 

 

256,111

 

General and administrative expenses

 

 

889,685

 

 

 

906,344

 

Impairment loss on intangible assets and goodwill acquired

 

 

 

 

 

1,578,816

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Operating Expenses

 

 

5,116,548

 

 

 

5,798,895

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOSS FROM OPERATIONS

 

 

(1,744,106

)

 

 

(2,227,308

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSES):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest Expense

 

 

(561,174

)

 

 

(744,343

)

Loss on settlement of debt

 

 

 

 

 

(216,271

)

Warrant derivative gain (loss)

 

 

(264,099

)

 

 

 

Other income, net

 

 

7,766

 

 

 

861,973

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Other Income (Expense)

 

 

(817,507

)

 

 

(98,641

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NET LOSS

 

 

(2,561,613

)

 

 

(2,325,950

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series A preferred stock dividends

 

 

(5,920

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss applicable to common stock

 

$

(2,567,533

)

 

$

(2,325,950

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NET LOSS APPLICABLE TO COMMON STOCK PER COMMON SHARE:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic & Diluted

 

$

(1.36

)

 

$

(1.33

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic & Diluted

 

 

1,883,598

 

 

 

1,750,028

 


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.



F-5



 


DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT

For the Years Ended December 31, 2016 and 2015


 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Additional

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# of Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Paid-in-Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Treasury Stock

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance December 31, 2014

 

 

1,649,663

 

 

$

1,650

 

 

$

13,573,247

 

 

$

(18,625,226

)

 

$

 

 

$

(5,050,329

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued upon conversion of convertible debt

 

 

109,102

 

 

 

109

 

 

 

2,257,962

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,258,071

 

Common stock issued for settlement of accounts payable

 

 

1,429

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

16,799

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,800

 

Common stock deemed issuance to ISA shareholders related to reverse merger (see Note 14)

 

 

35,625

 

 

 

36

 

 

 

393,892

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

393,928

 

Common stock issued for services

 

 

6,779

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

136,603

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

136,610

 

Officer salary settled for common stock

 

 

4,034

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

56,478

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

56,482

 

Exchange of warrants for common stock

 

 

981

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

3,081

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,082

 

Warrants issued with convertible debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30,722

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30,722

 

Promissory notes settled by issuance of common stock

 

 

43,176

 

 

 

43

 

 

 

610,759

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

610,802

 

Reclassification of  convertible note premiums upon conversion of debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

111,058

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

111,058

 

Net Loss for the year ended December 31, 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,325,950

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,325,950

)

Balance December 31, 2015

 

 

1,850,789

 

 

$

1,851

 

 

$

17,190,602

 

 

$

(20,951,176

)

 

$

 

 

$

(3,758,723

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued for services

 

 

41,171

 

 

 

41

 

 

 

351,059

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

351,100

 

Exchange of warrants for common stock

 

 

60

 

 

 

 

 

 

630

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

630

 

Warrants issued for services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

90,036

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

90,036

 

Warrants issued with debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

509,303

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

509,303

 

Common stock repurchased

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(148,000

)

 

 

(148,000

)

Series A preferred stock dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,920

)

 

 

 

 

 

(5,920

)

Net Loss for the year ended December 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,561,613

)

 

 

 

 

 

(2,561,613

)

Balance December 31, 2016

 

 

1,892,020

 

 

$

1,892

 

 

$

18,141,629

 

 

$

(23,518,709

)

 

$

(148,000

)

 

$

(5,523,188

)


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.





F-6



 


DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS


 

 

For the Years Ended

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

Cash from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(2,561,613

)

 

$

(2,325,950

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

47,051

 

 

 

44,411

 

Gain on settlement of accounts payable/note conversion

 

 

 

 

 

(27,194

)

Stock and warrants issued for services

 

 

90,036

 

 

 

58,775

 

Amortization of debt discounts

 

 

243,427

 

 

 

 

Loss on settlement of debt

 

 

 

 

 

243,465

 

Amortization of stock based prepaid consulting fees

 

 

351,100

 

 

 

41,126

 

Loss related to warrants exchanged for stock

 

 

630

 

 

 

3,082

 

Impairment loss

 

 

 

 

 

1,578,816

 

Warrant derivative loss

 

 

264,099

 

 

 

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

195,246

 

 

 

(134,301

)

Costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts

 

 

(55,557

)

 

 

(202,807

)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

252,282

 

 

 

(35,526

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(221,379

)

 

 

(657,920

)

Accounts payable-related party

 

 

10,066

 

 

 

(23,052

)

Payroll taxes payable

 

 

148,261

 

 

 

(303,966

)

Accrued expenses

 

 

262,535

 

 

 

294,117

 

Contingent lawsuit liability

 

 

(550,000

)

 

 

(861,650

)

Billings in excess of costs and earnings on uncompleted contracts

 

 

(83,439

)

 

 

149,281

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

(233,035

)

 

 

42,812

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(1,840,290

)

 

 

(2,116,481

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash acquired in acquisition

 

 

 

 

 

1,346

 

Purchase of patents/trademarks

 

 

(70

)

 

 

(10,420

)

Purchase of fixed assets

 

 

(35,345

)

 

 

(66,162

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(35,415

)

 

 

(75,236

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of series A preferred stock

 

 

296,000

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from borrowings under convertible notes and other debt

 

 

 

 

 

1,730,772

 

Proceeds from bank line of credit

 

 

 

 

 

40,216

 

Repurchase common stock

 

 

(148,000

)

 

 

 

Proceeds from related party notes

 

 

221,570

 

 

 

464,464

 

Repayments of related party notes

 

 

(130,818

)

 

 

 

Proceeds (repayments) of insurance and equipment financing

 

 

(220,800

)

 

 

10,959

 

Repayments of notes payable

 

 

(155,000

)

 

 

 

Proceeds of notes payable, net of $358,263 cash fees

 

 

2,047,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

1,909,952

 

 

 

2,246,411

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash

 

 

34,247

 

 

 

54,694

 

Cash, beginning of period

 

 

140,129

 

 

 

85,435

 

Cash, end of period

 

 

174,376

 

 

 

140,129

 


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.




F-7



 



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Continued)


 

 

For the Years Ended

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid

 

$

245,134

 

 

$

59,398

 

Taxes paid

 

$

10,149

 

 

$

3,136

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued upon conversion of convertible debt

 

$

 

 

$

2,258,071

 

Common stock issued for prepaid consulting services

 

$

351,100

 

 

$

 

Common stock issued to settle notes payable and accrued interest

 

$

 

 

$

610,802

 

Common stock issued to settle accounts payable

 

$

 

 

$

16,800

 

Common stock issued for accrued salary

 

$

 

 

$

56,482

 

Reclassification of put premium liability on convertible notes to paid-in capital

 

$

 

 

$

111,058

 

Increase in debt discount and paid-in capital for warrants issued with debt

 

$

791,303

 

 

$

30,722

 

Note issued for financing of insurance premiums

 

$

223,154

 

 

$

 

Accrued dividends

 

$

5,920

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities assumed in share exchange

 

$

 

 

$

1,186,234

 

Less:  assets acquired in share exchange

 

 

 

 

 

(1,347

)

Net liabilities assumed

 

 

 

 

 

1,184,887

 

Fair value of shares exchanged

 

 

 

 

 

393,929

 

Increase intangible assets

 

$

 

 

$

1,578,816

 


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.





F-8



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015

 


NOTE 1 – NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES


Nature of Operations


Duos Technologies Group, Inc. (“Company”), through its operating subsidiary “Duos Technologies, Inc. (“duostech”) is primarily engaged in the design and deployment of state-of-the-art, artificial intelligence driven intelligent technologies systems. duostech converges traditional security measures with information technologies to create “actionable intelligence.” duostech’s IP is built upon two of its core technology platforms (praesidium® and centraco®),both distributed as licensed software suites, and natively embedded within engineered turnkey systems. praesidium® is a modular suite of analytics applications which process and simultaneously analyze data streams from a virtually unlimited number of conventional sensors and/or data points. Native algorithms compare analyzed data against user-defined criteria and rules in real time and automatically report any exceptions, deviations and/or anomalies. This application suite also includes a broad range of conventional operational system components and sub-systems, including an embedded feature-rich video management engine and a proprietary Alarm Management Service (AMS). This unique service provides continuous monitoring of all connected devices, processes, equipment and sub-systems, and automatically communicates to the front end-user interface, if and when an issue, event or performance anomalies are detected. centraco® is a comprehensive user interface that includes the functionalities of a Physical Security Information Management (PSIM) system as well as those of an Enterprise Information System (EIS). This multi-layered interface can be securely installed as a stand-alone application suite inside a local area network or pushed outside a wide area network using the same browser-based interface. It leverages industry standards for data security, access, and encryption as appropriate. The platform also operates as a cloud-hosted solution.


The Company’s strategy includes expansion of its technology base through organic development efforts, strategic partnerships, and growth through strategic acquisitions. duostech’s primary target industry sectors include transportation, with emphasis on freight and transit railroad owners/operators, petro-chemical, utilities and healthcare.


As reported previously, Duos Technologies Group, Inc. is the result of the reverse merger between duostech and a wholly owned subsidiary of Information Systems Associates, Inc., a Florida corporation (“ISA”), which became effective as of April 1, 2015 and as a result of which duostech became a wholly owned subsidiary of the merged entity. The merger was followed by a corporate name change to Duos Technologies Group, Inc., a symbol change from IOSA to DUOT and up-listing from OTC Pink to OTCQB.


ISA’s original business of IT Asset Management (ITAM) services for large data centers is now operated as a division of the Company that continues its sales efforts through large strategic partners. ISA developed a methodology for the efficient data collection of assets contained within large data centers and was awarded a patent in 2010 for specific methods to collect and audit data.


Principles of Consolidation


The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, duostech and TrueVue 360, Inc. All inter-company transactions and balances are eliminated in consolidation.


Use of Estimates


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results may differ from these estimates. The most significant estimates in the accompanying consolidated financial statements include the allowance on accounts receivable, valuation of deferred tax assets, valuation of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations, valuation of intangible and other long-lived assets, estimates of percentage completion on projects and related revenues, valuation of stock-based compensation, valuation of derivatives, valuation of warrants issued with debt, valuation of beneficial conversion features in convertible debt, valuation of stock-based awards and valuation of loss contingencies. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates.




F-9



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015

 


Cash and Cash Equivalents


For the purposes of the Statement of Cash Flows, the Company considers liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less to be a cash equivalent. There were no cash equivalents at December 31, 2016 or 2015.


Concentrations


Cash Concentrations


Cash is maintained at financial institutions and at times, balances may exceed federally insured limits. We have not experienced any losses related to these balances. There were no amounts on deposit in excess of federally insured limits at December 31, 2016 and 2015.


Significant Customers and Concentration of Credit Risk


Major Customers and Accounts Receivable


The Company had certain customers whose revenue individually represented 10% or more of the Company’s total revenue, or whose accounts receivable balances individually represented 10% or more of the Company’s total accounts receivable, as follows:


For the year ended December 31, 2016, four customers accounted for 21%, 19%, 16% and 11% of revenues.  For the year ended December 31, 2015, four customers accounted for 22%, 21%, 20% and 14% of revenues.


At December 31, 2016, three customers accounted for 50%, 26% and 14% of accounts receivable.  At December 31, 2015, three customers accounted for 33%, 27% and 24% of accounts receivable.


Geographic Concentration


Approximately 20.89% and 1.73% of revenue in 2016 and 2015, respectively, is generated from customers outside of the United States.


Derivative Instruments


ASC Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging (“ASC Topic 815”), establishes accounting and reporting standards for derivative instruments and for hedging activities by requiring that all derivatives be recognized in the balance sheet and measured at fair value. Gains or losses resulting from changes in the fair value of derivatives are recognized in earnings or recorded in other comprehensive income (loss) depending on the purpose of the derivatives and whether they qualify and have been designated for hedge accounting treatment.  The Company uses a Monte Carlo based simulation model to compute the fair value of its embedded derivative instruments. Some of the more significant inputs to our fair value model that, if changed, might produce a significantly higher or lower fair value measurement of the Company’s derivative liabilities include the expected volatility, expected term and the stock price on the valuation date.  


Fair Value of Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements


We measure our financial assets and liabilities in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. For certain of our financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, the carrying amounts approximate fair value due to their short maturities. Amounts recorded for notes payable, net of discount, and loans payable also approximate fair value because current interest rates available to us for debt with similar terms and maturities are substantially the same.




F-10



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015

 


We follow accounting guidance for financial assets and liabilities. This standard defines fair value, provides guidance for measuring fair value and requires certain disclosures. This standard does not require any new fair value measurements, but rather applies to all other accounting pronouncements that require or permit fair value measurements. This guidance does not apply to measurements related to share-based payments. This guidance discusses valuation techniques, such as the market approach (comparable market prices), the income approach (present value of future income or cash flow), and the cost approach (cost to replace the service capacity of an asset or replacement cost).


The guidance utilizes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels. The following is a brief description of those three levels:


Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.


Level 2: Inputs, other than quoted prices that are observable, either directly or indirectly. These include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets and quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.


Level 3: Unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore developed using estimates and assumptions developed by us, which reflect those that a market participant would use.


Accounts Receivable


Accounts receivable are stated at estimated net realizable value. Accounts receivable are comprised of balances due from customers net of estimated allowances for uncollectible accounts. In determining the collections on the account, historical trends are evaluated and specific customer issues are reviewed to arrive at appropriate allowances. The Company reviews its accounts to estimate losses resulting from the inability of its customers to make required payments. Any required allowance is based on specific analysis of past due accounts and also considers historical trends of write-offs. Past due status is based on how recently payments have been received from customers.


Property and Equipment


Property and equipment is stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided by the straight-line method over the estimated economic life of the property and equipment (three to five years). When assets are sold or retired, their costs and accumulated depreciation are eliminated from the accounts and any gain or loss resulting from their disposal is included in the statement of operations. Leasehold improvements are expensed over the shorter of the term of our lease or their useful lives.


Software Development Costs


The Company accounts for costs incurred to develop or purchase computer software for internal use in accordance with FASB ASC 350-40 “Internal-Use Software” or ASC 350-50 "Website Costs". Costs incurred during the preliminary project stage along with post-implementation stages of internal use computer software are expensed as incurred. Costs incurred to maintain existing product offerings are expensed as incurred.


Patents and Trademarks


Patents and trademarks which are stated at amortized cost, relate to the development of video surveillance security system technology and are being amortized over 17 years.




F-11



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015

 


Long-Lived Assets


The Company evaluates the recoverability of its property, equipment, and other long-lived assets in accordance with FASB ASC 360-10-35-15 “Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets”, which requires recognition of impairment of long-lived assets in the event the net book value of such assets exceed the estimated future undiscounted cash flows attributable to such assets or the business to which such intangible assets relate. This guidance requires that long-lived assets and certain identifiable intangibles be reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.


Accrual of Legal Costs Associated with Loss Contingencies


The Company expenses legal costs associated with loss contingencies, as incurred.


Product Warranties


The Company has a 90-day warranty period for materials and labor after final acceptance of all projects. If any parts are defective they are replaced under our vendor warranty which is usually 12-36 months. Final acceptance terms vary by customer. Some customers have a cure period for any material deviation and if the Company fails or is unable to correct any deviations, a full refund of all payments made by the customer will be arranged by the Company. As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, management considers all final acceptance terms have been met; therefore no accrual of warranty reserves has been made.


Loan Costs


Loan costs paid to lenders or third-parties are recorded as debt discounts to the related loans and amortized to interest expense over the loan term.


Sales Returns Liabilities


Our systems are sold as integrated systems and there are no sales returns allowed.


Revenue Recognition


Project Revenue


The Company constructs intelligent technology systems consisting of materials and labor under customer contracts. Revenues and related costs on project revenue are recognized using the “percentage of completion method” of accounting in accordance with ASC 605-35, “Construction-Type and Production-Type Contracts”. Under this method, contract revenues are recognized over the performance period of the contract in direct proportion to the costs incurred as a percentage of total estimated costs for the entirety of the contract. Costs include direct material, direct labor, subcontract labor and other allocable indirect costs. All un-allocable indirect costs and corporate general and administrative costs are also charged to the periods as incurred. Any recognized revenues that have not been billed to a customer are recorded as an asset in “costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts”. Any billings of customers in excess of recognized revenues are recorded as a liability in “billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts”. However, in the event a loss on a contract is foreseen, the Company will recognize the loss when such loss is determined.

 

A contract is considered complete when all costs except insignificant items have been incurred and the installation is operating according to specifications or has been accepted by the customer.

 



F-12



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015

 


The Company has contracts in various stages of completion. Such contracts require estimates to determine the appropriate cost and revenue recognition. Costs estimates are reviewed periodically on a contract-by-contract basis throughout the life of the contract such that adjustments to the profit resulting from revisions are made cumulative to the date of the revision. Significant management judgments and estimates, including the estimated costs to complete projects, must be made and used in connection with the revenue recognized in the accounting period. Current estimates may be revised as additional information becomes available.

 

Maintenance and Technical Support


Maintenance and technical support services are provided on both an as-needed and extended-term basis and may include providing both parts and labor. Maintenance and technical support provided outside of a maintenance contract are on an as-requested basis, and revenue is recognized as the services are provided. Revenue for maintenance and technical support provided on an extended-term basis is recognized ratably over the term of the contract.


For sales arrangements that do not involve multiple elements such as professional services, which are of short-term duration, revenues are recognized when services are completed.


IT Asset Management Services


The Company recognizes revenue from its IT asset management business in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104, "Revenue Recognition" and Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 985-605-25 which addresses Revenue Recognition for the software industry. The general criteria for revenue recognition under ASC 985-605 for our Company, which sells software licenses, which do not require any significant modification or customization, is that revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable and collectability is probable.


The Company’s IT asset management business generates revenues from three sources: (1) Professional Services (consulting and auditing); (2) Software licensing with optional hardware sales and (3) Customer Service (training and maintenance support).


For sales arrangements that do not involve multiple elements: 


(1)

Revenues for professional services, which are of short-term duration, are recognized when services are completed;

 

(2)

For all periods reflected in this report, software license sales have been one time sales of a perpetual license to use our software product and the customer also has the option to purchase third party manufactured handheld devices from us if they purchase our software license. Accordingly, the revenue is recognized upon delivery of the software and delivery of the hardware, as applicable, to the customer;


(3)

Training sales are one-time upfront short term training sessions and are recognized after the service has been performed; and

 

(4)

Maintenance/support is an optional product sold to our software license customers under one year contracts. Accordingly, maintenance payments received upfront are deferred and recognized over the contract term.


Multiple Elements


Arrangements with customers may involve multiple elements including project revenue and maintenance services in our Intelligent Technology Systems business. Maintenance will occur after the project is completed and may be provided on an extended-term basis or on an as-needed basis. In our IT Asset Management business, multiple elements may include any of the above four sources. Training and maintenance on software products may occur after the software product sale while other services may occur before or after the software product sale and may not relate to the software product. Revenue recognition for multiple element arrangement is as follows:

 



F-13



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015

 


Each element is accounted for separately when each element has value to the customer on a standalone basis and there is Company specific objective evidence of selling price of each deliverable. For revenue arrangements with multiple deliverables, the Company allocates the total customer arrangement to the separate units of accounting based on their relative selling prices as determined by the price of the items when sold separately. Once the selling price is allocated, the revenue for each element is recognized using the applicable criteria under GAAP as discussed above for elements sold in non-multiple element arrangements. A delivered item or items that do not qualify as a separate unit of accounting within the arrangement are combined with the other applicable undelivered items within the arrangement. The allocation of arrangement consideration and the recognition of revenue is then determined for those combined deliverables as a single unit of accounting. The Company sells its various services and software and hardware products at established prices on a standalone basis which provides Company specific objective evidence of selling price for purposes of multiple element relative selling price allocation. The Company only sells maintenance services or spare parts based on its established rates after it has completed a system integration project for a customer. The customer is not required to purchase maintenance services. All elements in multiple element arrangements with Company customers qualify as separate units of account for revenue recognition purposes. 


Deferred Revenue


Deferred revenues represent billings or cash received in excess of revenue recognizable on service agreements that are not accounted for under the percentage of completion method.


Advertising


The Company expenses the cost of advertising. During the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, there were no advertising costs.


Share-Based Compensation


Stock-based compensation is accounted for in accordance with the Share-Based Payment Topic of ASC 718 which requires recognition in the financial statements of the cost of employee and director services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments over the shorter of the period the employee or director is required to perform the services in exchange for the award or the vesting period. The ASC also requires measurement of the cost of employee and director services received in exchange for an award based on the grant-date fair value of the award.

 

Pursuant to ASC Topic 505-50, for share-based payments to consultants and other third-parties, compensation expense is determined at the “measurement date”. The expense is recognized over the service period of the award. Until the measurement date is reached, the total amount of compensation expense remains uncertain. The Company initially records compensation expense based on the fair value of the award at the reporting date. 


Income Taxes


The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 740, Income Taxes, which requires the recognition of deferred income taxes for differences between the basis of assets and liabilities for financial statement and income tax purposes. The deferred tax assets and liabilities represent the future tax return consequences of those differences, which will either be taxable or deductible when the assets and liabilities are recovered or settled. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.


The Company evaluates all significant tax positions as required by ASC 740. As of December 31, 2016, the Company does not believe that it has taken any positions that would require the recording of any additional tax liability nor does it believe that there are any unrealized tax benefits that would either increase or decrease within the next year.


Any penalties and interest assessed by income taxing authorities are included in operating expenses.


The federal and state income tax returns of the Company are subject to examination by the IRS and state taxing authorities, generally for three years after they were filed. Tax years 2013, 2014 and 2015 remain open for potential audit.



F-14



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015

 


Earnings (Loss) Per Share


Basic earnings per share (EPS) are computed by dividing net loss applicable to common stock by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted net loss per common share is computed by dividing the net loss applicable to common stock by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period and, if dilutive, potential common shares outstanding during the period. Potential common shares consist of the incremental common shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options, stock warrants, convertible debt instruments, convertible preferred stock or other common stock equivalents. Potentially dilutive securities are excluded from the computation if their effect is anti-dilutive. At December 31, 2016 and 2015, outstanding warrants to purchase an aggregate of 710,238 and 17,410, respectively, shares of common stock and 122,707 and 20,973, respectively, shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of convertible debt and at December 31, 2016, 47,924 shares issuable upon conversion of Series A preferred stock were excluded from the computation of dilutive earnings per share because the inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.


Segment Information


The Company operates in one reportable segment.


Reclassifications


Certain amounts in the 2015 balance sheet have been reclassified from accounts payable to accrued expenses to conform to the 2016 presentation.  This reclassification increased accrued expenses in 2015 by $47,250 and decreased accounts payable by the same amount.


Recent Issued Accounting Standards


In August 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2015-14 Revenue from Contracts with Customers.  The ASU defers the effective date of previously issued ASU 2014-09 (the new revenue recognition standard) by one year for both public and private companies. The ASU requires public entities to apply the new revenue recognition guidance for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim reporting periods within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Both public and nonpublic entities will be permitted to apply the new revenue recognition standard as of the original effective date for public entities (annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016).  The Company plans to adopt this standard for their fiscal year beginning January 1, 2018.  The Company is in the process of analyzing the impacts of this ASU, but does not believe it will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.


In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02: “Leases (Topic 842)” whereby lessees will need to recognize almost all leases on their balance sheet as a right of use asset and a lease liability.  This guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018.  The Company does not expect this ASU to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.


In March 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-09: "Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718)-Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting" which includes multiple provisions intended to simplify various aspects of the accounting for share-based payments. This guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016.  The Company is in the process of analyzing the impacts of this ASU, but does not believe it will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.


NOTE 2 – GOING CONCERN


As reflected in the accompanying consolidated financial statements, the Company had a net loss of $2,561,613 in 2016.  During the same period, cash used in operating activities was $1,840,290. The working capital deficit, stockholders’ deficit and accumulated deficit as of December 31, 2016 were $4,132,660, $5,523,188 and $23,518,709. These matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.




F-15



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015

 


The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on the Company’s ability to further implement its business plan, raise additional capital and become profitable. Management embarked on a business growth strategy in 2014 to engage with private companies in or related to its market space with the intention of a merger or acquisition. In April 2015, the Company completed a reverse triangular merger whereby duostech became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. The two companies are now integrated and the merged company continues to grow its business in all of the markets where they have previously operated.


On December 20, 2016, the Company signed a Securities Purchase Agreement and Promissory Note in the aggregate principal amount of up to $2,500,000 of which $575,000 was remitted by the investor upon signing.  The Company can draw further amounts upon achieving certain milestones related to a planned registered raise of at least $10M. Concurrently, the Company signed an investment banking engagement for the purposes of raising sufficient capital, expected to be $10M, to fund the Company’s working capital deficit and provide sufficient funding to further the Company’s growth objectives.  (See Note 18).


While no assurance can be provided, management believes that these actions provide the opportunity for the Company to continue as a going concern and to grow its business and achieve profitability. Ultimately however, the continuation of the Company as a going concern is dependent upon the ability of the Company to execute the plan described above, generate sufficient revenue and to attain profitable operations. These consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments related to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern. 


NOTE 3 – ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE


Accounts receivable were as follows at December 31, 2016 and 2015:


 

 

2016

 

 

2015

 

Accounts Receivable

 

$

256,989

 

 

$

452,235

 

Allowance for doubtful accounts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

256,989

 

 

$

452,235

 


There was bad debt expense related to accounts receivable of $70,248 and $0 in 2016 and 2015, respectively.


NOTE 4 PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT


The major classes of property and equipment are as follow at December 31, 2016 and 2015: