UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

 

þ ANNUAL REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017

 

o TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from: _____________ to _____________

 

Commission file number: 000-55497

———————

DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

———————


Florida

  

65-0493217

(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation)

  

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

6622 Southpoint Drive South, Suite 310

Jacksonville, Florida 32216

(Address of Principal Executive Office)

 

(904) 652-1616

 (Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities Registered Under Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act: None


Securities Registered Under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act:


Common Stock, $0.001 par value

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o   No þ

  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Act of 1933. Yes o   No þ

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ   No o

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 Regulation S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files. Yes þ   No o

  

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers in response to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained in this form, and no disclosure will be contained, to the best of the registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or smaller reporting company. See definition of "large accelerated filer, accelerated filer" and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer o

 

Accelerated filer o

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller Reporting Company þ

Emerging growth company o 

 

 


If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.) Yes o   No þ

  

The aggregate market value of the registrants voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the average bid and asked price of such common equity on June 30, 2017, was $10,137,838. As of April 2, 2018, the registrant has one class of common equity, and the number of shares issued and outstanding of such common equity is 20,657,850.


Documents Incorporated by Reference: None.

 

 




 


DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP INC.

2017 FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

                          

  

PAGE

 

PART I

                          

 

  

 

Item 1.

Business

1

 

  

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

13

 

  

 

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

20

 

  

 

Item 2.

Properties

20

 

  

 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

20

 

  

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

20

 

  

 

 

PART II

 

 

  

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

21

 

  

 

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

22

 

  

 

Item 7.

Management Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation

22

 

  

 

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risks

28

 

  

 

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

28

 

  

 

Item 9.

Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

28

 

  

 

Item 9A

Controls and Procedures

28

 

  

 

Item 9B.

Other Information

29

 

  

 

 

PART III

 

 

  

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

30

 

  

 

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

34

 

  

 

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

37

 

  

 

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

38

 

  

 

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

38

 

  

 

 

PART IV

 

 

  

 

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

39

 

  

 

SIGNATURES

41




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FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS


The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes contained elsewhere in this form 10-K. Certain statements made in this discussion are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “may”, “will”, “should”, “expects”, “intends”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “estimates”, “predicts”, or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology and include, without limitation, statements below regarding our ability to continue as a going concern, our business plans, the ability to raise working capital and expectations as to market acceptance of our products. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties and there are important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These factors include, but are not limited to, our ability to continue as a going concern, our ability to generate sufficient cash to continue and expand operations, the effect of a going concern statement by our auditors, the competitive environment generally and in our specific market areas, changes in technology, the availability of and the terms of financing, changes in costs and availability of goods and services, economic conditions in general and in our specific market areas, changes in federal, state and/or local government laws and regulations potentially affecting the use of our technology, changes in operating strategy or development plans and the ability to attract and retain qualified personnel. Although we believe that expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, performance or achievements. Indeed, it is likely that some of our assumptions may prove to be incorrect. Our actual results and financial position may vary from those projected or implied in the forward-looking statements and the variances may be material. Moreover, we do not assume responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of these forward-looking statements. The Company is under no duty to update any forward-looking statements after the date of this report to conform such statements to actual results.

 



 



ii



 


PART I

 

Item 1. Business.


Our Corporate History


We were incorporated on May 31, 1994 in the State of Florida as Information Systems Associates, Inc. (the “Company”, “we”, “us”, “our”). Initially, our business operations consisted of consulting services for asset management of large corporate data centers and development and licensing of Information Technology (IT) asset management software. On April 1, 2015, we completed a reverse triangular merger, pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) among Duos Technologies, Inc., a Florida corporation (“DTI”), the Company, and Duos Acquisition Corporation, a Florida corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“Merger Sub”). Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, the Merger Sub merged with and into DTI, whereby DTI remained as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Merger”). On the same date, TrueVue 360, Inc., a Delaware corporation, became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. In connection with the Merger, on July 10, 2015, the Company effected a name change to Duos Technologies Group, Inc.


Overview


The Company, through its wholly owned subsidiary DTI, focuses on the design, development and turnkey delivery of proprietary “intelligent technologies” that enable our customers to derive measurable increases in return on investment for their business. Our technologies integrate with our customer’s existing business process and create actionable information to streamline mission critical operations. Our target market is the largest transportation, industrial and retail corporations representing over $100 billion in total available market. Our technologies have been verified by multiple government and private organizations including Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Transportation Technology Center, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Association of American Railroads, and a transportation research and testing organization (TTCI). The Company has worked with these organizations over the past several years where we have supplied funded prototypes of our technologies to verify technology and operating parameters.


The Company provides a broad range of sophisticated intelligent technology solutions with an emphasis on security, inspection and operations for critical infrastructure within a variety of industries including transportation, healthcare, retail, law enforcement, oil, gas and utilities sectors. Our business operations are in two business units: intelligent technologies and IT asset management. Our proprietary applications, specific to critical infrastructure, include but are not limited to:


Intelligent Rail Inspection Portal


§

A suite of sub-systems for the automated inspection of freight or transit railcars while in motion. The objective is to automatically detect anomalies such as open or missing hatches, open cargo doors, illegal riders hiding in cargo wells, and an expanding number of mechanical defects, all while the train is traveling through various strategic areas (i.e. border crossings or inspection areas). The anomalies are detected through a combination of visual inspections, utilizing the Company’s proprietary remote user interface which displays ultra-high definition images of a 360-degree view of each rail car, and by a growing number of the Company’s proprietary artificial intelligence (AI) based algorithms. The inspection portal is typically installed between two rail yards and the inspection takes place while the trains are at speed of up to 140 MPH. Detections are reported to the respective rail yards well ahead of the train arrival at the yard.


Tunnel and Bridge Security


§

A suite of artificial intelligence-based homeland security applications for the security of critical tunnels and bridges.


Virtual Security Shield


§

A suite of artificial intelligence-based homeland security applications for the security of critical areas and buffer zones. This application includes intrusion detection zone, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tracking and discriminating “Friend or Foe” modules (Friend or Foe refers to a Radio Frequency - based tagging system that validates individuals authorized to be in a specific area).




1



 


Facility Safety and Security


§

A suite of artificial intelligence-based homeland security applications for the hardening or safety and resilience of facilities against natural or man originated threats for the protection of critical facilities (energy, water, chemical facilities). The Company and all its staff are CFATS (Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards) certified.


Remote Bridge Operation


§

Proprietary system for remote control of draw bridges.


Pantograph Inspection System


§

A system designed to inspect pantographs (structure connecting transit locomotives to high voltage power lines) for the detection of excessive depletion of carbon liners, which may cause power line ruptures.


Vehicle Undercarriage Examiner


§

A system that inspects the undercarriage of railcars (both freight and transit rail) traveling at speeds of up to 140 miles per hour. The original maximum speed of 70MPH has been superseded by further development work which was completed recently. The addition of algorithms for an increasing number of automated detection of anomalies is a continuing development, which once completed and successfully tested, may have a significant impact on our revenues. The next version upgrade is scheduled to be completed by the end of the third quarter of 2018.


Thermal Undercarriage Examiner


·

Under a development award from the TTCI (the technology evaluation arm of the American Association of Railroads (AAR)), the Company recently developed and deployed a prototype thermal undercarriage examiner which uses high-speed thermal imaging technology to inspect the thermal signature of undercarriage components. Thermal monitoring of component heat signatures while underway will provide indications of the overall operating health of the locomotive that are not possible to observe during static inspections. The system is undergoing calibration and sensitivity adjustments and is expected to be completed by the end of the second quarter of 2018. This system is considered a breakthrough in detection technologies as it is capable of detecting anomalies of trains at speed which are not detectable with currently available technologies.


Multi-Layered Enterprise Command and Control Interface (centraco®)


§

Aggregator and central point for information consolidation, systems management and communications of our proprietary systems and third-party applications.


Several significant new programs and technologies are currently under development and in various stages of maturity. Some of the more significant developments are:


Neural Network Modeling for detection algorithms


§

A neural network is a powerful computational data model, able to capture and represent complex input/output relationships. The neural network includes the development of an artificial system that could perform "intelligent" tasks like those performed by the human brain, including the acquisition of knowledge through deep learning, which is stored within inter-neuron connection strengths known as synaptic weights.


Automated Retail Facility Logistics


§

We are currently in the final stage of developing a comprehensive system to automate facility security gate operations, leveraging our proprietary Multi-Layered Enterprise Command and Control Interface (centraco®). The automation of gatehouse operations should provide significant improvements to efficiency of distribution center traffic flow, resulting in significant ROI to the customer.




2



 


Transit Rail Platform Analytics


§

We have been selected by the New York City Transit Authority (NYCT) to provide a pilot (proof of concept) of our Platform Analytics Technology concept. The technology is designed to automatically detect objects falling on tracks adjacent to transit passenger platforms and to alert incoming rail traffic to that effect. Field installation of the prototype has been completed and field testing by the NYCT technology team is expected to be completed during the 2018 fiscal year.


Our Customers


DTI, our wholly owned subsidiary, operates our Intelligent Technologies Division which develops and implements an array of sophisticated, proprietary technology applications and turnkey engineered systems. Initially developed and deployed for homeland and border security, these applications are used by major freight rail operators (also known as Class-1, such as Union Pacific, CSX, BNFS and KCS). After achieving initial success in the transportation industry, the Company broadened its market reach, adapting its proprietary technologies to a suite of applications. This suite of applications now services the commercial, industrial, utilities and government sectors. Our current major customers include Amtrak, Burlington Northern (BNSF), Concho Oil, Conrail, CSX, Chicago Metra, Metrolink, Kansas City Southern de Mexico (KCSM), Ferromex, Kohl’s, Olin Chemical, TTCI and Union Pacific.


Additionally, DTI operates our IT Asset Management (“ITAM”) division which provides infrastructure and device audit services for large data centers. The Company markets its ITAM services through strategic partners.


Our goal is to provide our end users with improved situational awareness and overall efficiencies in operations by leveraging “smart” technology as a force multiplier. Our current core technology solutions are industry agnostic and suitable for adaptation to a wide range of applications and industries.


Market


At this time, we primarily target the $60B North American Rail market, the $2B video analytics market and the $53B enterprise information systems market. We implement our products in railcar security inspection with a focus on providing our customers with the capability of performing mission critical security inspections of inbound trains crossing US borders from a centralized, remote location. The U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) agency uses our systems at U.S./Mexican border rail crossings. Additionally, opportunities exist within the entire operating environment with initial emphasis on freight carriers by providing mechanical inspection portals for the remote inspection of railcars while traveling at high speeds. Unlike trucks, barges and airlines; freight railroads operate almost exclusively on infrastructure that they own, build and maintain. According to the AAR article on Freight Railroad Capacity and Investment dated April 2016, from 1980 to 2015 freight railroads alone reinvested approximately $600 billion of their own funds in capital expenditures and maintenance projects related to locomotives, freight cars, tracks, bridges, tunnels and other infrastructure related equipment. The AAR further reports that more than 40 cents out of every revenue dollar is reinvested into a rail network.


According to AAR’s statistical railroad report, there are approximately 1.56 million freight cars and 26,574 locomotives in service operated on approximately 250,000 miles of active rail tracks throughout North America. Rail tracks are predominantly owned by the Class-I railroad industry which include:

 

Class-I Railroads

Tracks Owned in:

Canada

USA

Mexico

BNSF Railway

ü

ü

x

Canadian National Railway (CN)

ü

ü

x

Canadian Pacific

ü

ü

x

CSX Transportation

ü

ü

x

Ferrocarril Mexicano (Ferromex)

x

x

ü

Kansas City Southern Railway

x

ü

ü

Norfolk Southern

ü

ü

x

Union Pacific Railroad

x

ü

x




3



 


The report further elaborates that profitability of rail operators is measured by their operating ratio, which is the rail operator’s operating expenses as a percentage of revenue. According to AAR’s Annual Spending Data report, the labor cost to run and maintain trains represent a significant portion of their total operating expenses. Revenue is mostly affected by the average “velocity” of its rolling stock, which determines how much freight or how many passengers a rail operator can transport between destinations and the average speeds. Railroads implement their own speed limits within Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) guidelines. Average speed is impacted by many factors including, but not limited to:


·

Track curvatures and condition, signaling, and stoppages for inspections (security and mechanical);

·

Grade crossings; and

·

Physical condition of locomotives and railcars.


Freight trains are considered massive in size and weight. Thus, worn or broken parts can have a significantly negative impact on operations. Quicker detection can prevent costly car and track repairs, and derailments. Early detection has the potential to dramatically increase velocity and direct profitability.


Examples include inspections at rail border crossings by CBP agents, which can often lead to significant delays and mandated mechanical inspections. Under FRA regulations, each time a railcar departs a yard, terminal or industrial facility, it is required to be inspected by either a qualified mechanical inspector or a train crew member for specific defects that would adversely affect the safe operation of the train. There are currently over 70 mechanical and safety inspection criteria, therefore the inspection process typically takes between two and three hours (dwell time) during which each train is “grounded” in a maintenance yard. In addition, the current railcar inspection process is tedious, labor intensive, dangerous and in general, lacks the level of efficiency and objectivity that may be achievable using technology.


In order to effectively detect structural or mechanical defects, railcar inspectors today need to walk around the car and under current practice, they are unable to inspect undercarriage components. Because this process is so lengthy and hazardous, it is only utilized for pre-departure mechanical inspections. Otherwise, cars are only inspected with this level of scrutiny in shops before undergoing major repairs. In addition to the inherent safety and efficiency challenges of manual inspections, records of these inspections are generally not retained unless a billed repair is performed. Thus, the maintenance of railcar structural components is almost entirely reactive rather than predictive, making repairs and maintenance less efficient.


For many years, the rail industry, through the AAR and its subsidiary TTCI, has been evaluating the feasibility of using technology, and has most recently focused on the objective of performing remote mechanical inspections prior to a train arriving at a rail yard. In the first phase, car inspectors would remotely perform visual inspections of multiple train “consists”, a group of rail vehicles which are permanently or semi-permanently coupled together to form a unified set of equipment, from a regional inspection station and generate work orders for detected anomalies. These anomalies will be distributed to the respective yards prior to a train arriving at the yard facility. The time-consuming process of physical inspection would be significantly reduced, leading to a significant increase in average velocity and decreased labor cost. We believe this lends itself to the natural progression of automating the inspection process, taking inspectors from the physical inspection to the required actions for diagnosing and resolving issues.


We are currently in the process of converting the inspection process to a complete automated system that will inspect the entire car via an “intelligent system”. This would implement a wayside inspection portal employing a combination of sensors capturing live images and sensor data, of each side, top and undercarriage. Software algorithms interpret the data to identify defects or anomalies. This inspection technology increases average speed and consequently overall return on investment of our customers due to the following:


1.

The safety risks associated with manual car inspection will be minimized through reduced exposure to potential yard hazards; and

2.

Reducing inspection time will increase yard efficiency and improve overall network capacity by also reducing the time needed to process inbound and outbound trains.


We believe that the evolution of automating the inspection processes is broadly advocated throughout the industry. In our experience, the freight rail companies are constantly seeking out innovative ways to increase capacity and improve efficiencies while increasing safety and security standards. A recently launched aggressive plan to automate the mechanical inspection process is at the core of our market opportunity.




4



 


Our Products and Systems - Technology Platforms


The Company’s solution is comprised of two core technology platforms: praesidium® and centraco®.


These in-house developed software suites are distributed as licensed software suites and form the centerpiece of our engineered turnkey systems. Each integrated system encompasses three major components:


1.

The data collectors, including specialized cameras integrated by the Company and other sensors that are specific to the customers’ requirements (third party supplied or pre-existing);

2.

 praesidium®, the analytics software suite which performs real-time analysis of the data generated by the Company; and

3.

centraco®, the multi-layered presentation interface which graphically depicts the data analyzed and identifies anomalies and provides actionable intelligence.


Since 2002, we have developed and patented key software components that provide a significant competitive advantage in specialized solutions for our target markets. We believe an important factor in this development is that the Company’s intellectual property is “industry agnostic” and can be deployed to many different industries. The following technical descriptions of praesidium® and centraco® provide further insight.


praesidium® Intelligent Analytics Suite


praesidium® is an integrated suite of analytics applications which processes and analyzes data streams from a virtually unlimited number of conventional or specialized sensors and/or data points. Our algorithms compare analyzed data against user-defined criteria and rules in real time and automatically reports any exceptions, deviations and/or anomalies. This application suite also includes a broad range of conventional operational system components and sub-systems, including an embedded feature-rich video management engine and a proprietary Alarm Management Service (“AMS”). The AMS provides continuous monitoring of all connected devices, processes, equipment and sub-systems, and automatically communicates to centraco®, the Company’s enterprise information management suite if and when an issue, event or performance anomaly is detected. The processed information is instantly distributed simultaneously to an unlimited number of users in a visualized and correlated user interface using the centraco® command and control platform.


Our core modules are tailored to specific industry applications and the analytics engine(s) process any type of conventional sensor outputs, also adding “intelligence” to any third-party sensor technology. A key benefit is that the customer may often retain existing systems and we would integrate these into an overall solution.


Key praesidium® Modules (1):


Module Name

Description

Adm

Tracks objects and filters images.

BoatTrackandDetect

Detects the movement of a boat using a fixed camera then uses a Pan-Tilt-Zoom (“PTZ”) camera to follow it.

C3 / C2 (CII.dll)

Human tracking module.

FodDraw -Legacy

Draws ellipses around points identified by the Foreign Object Detection (“FOD”) engine.

GFAG

The Automated Pantograph Inspection System (APiS™) incorporating praesidium® intelligent video analytics automatically captures, inspects and processes real time images from trains passing one of three inspection points. Cameras mounted above the track capture high-resolution digital images of all pantographs. At the same time, an RFID reader captures the unique car number from the passing railcar by reading an RFID tag mounted on the top of each car. Each pantograph image and corresponding car number are bundled, transmitted to the RVSPRO™ digital server, and stored in the provided SQL database as a single record. The captured images are sorted automatically to show the most recent pantographs for each car and potential defects for each pantograph.

Gudm – Legacy

Encompasses the various detection modules.

IpPTZ

Current PTZ control module – controls both serial and IP PTZ cameras.

LaserCapture

Sub component of the Rail Inspection Portal (rip) module – captures video frame for open door and hatch as directed by lasertech.

LaserTech

rip module – orchestrates open door, open hatch detections, car separations. Interface for the lasers, AEI reader and the VIEW/Gatekeeper system.

LiveStitch

rip module – creates panorama tiles for side and top view.

PTZ

Legacy PTZ control.



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Stitcher

rip module – legacy – similar to LiveStitch.

Stitcher2

rip module – legacy – similar to LiveStitch.

TrainDetection

The role of the train detection module is to detect the presence/absence of a train within a predefined zone.

TRIDS

rip module – train rider detection.

VideoCheck

Checks the integrity of a video feed. It checks for FPS.

WrongWay

Detects the direction of a train/human and alarms if the direction is opposite of the allowed direction.

WWII

Legacy – WrongWay detection.

ZoneOccup

Detects the presence/absence of an object within a predefined zone.

AMS.exe

This module receives input from multiple sensors and detection modules. The sensors range from emergency communication (“EMCOM”) buttons, fire alarm panels, Ethertrak devices, power distribution units (“PDU”s), web relays and video analytics modules attached to praesidium®. AMS is also used as a distributed alarm manager, aggregating detection signals from multiple servers and reporting them to v centraco®. Alarms and detections can be suppressed or enabled by a scheduling system that is controlled via AMS. A portion of centraco®’s auto check functionality is provided by AMS in that it has a built-in data server that gathers statistics on the operation / status of itself and praesidium®.

TrainInspect.exe

This module is integral to the rip back end processing. This module orchestrates the conversion of images from the vue/Gatekeeper systems, imports train information into the MySQL database and locates the appropriate reference image for the current railcar for the FOD engine (Foreign Object Detection).

FODEngine.exe

This module works in concert with the TrainInspect.exe to calculate the difference between the current and reference images for railcars.

GIGEApp.exe

High speed machine vision camera control module. This module is a device driver level module that captures high shutter speed / high frame rate camera images. The frame rates range from 112fps to 380fps for some camera models.

VueLiveStitch.exe

High speed stitching module. Works with the output of the GIGEApp.exe to produce panorama images for the Vehicle Undercarriage Examiner (vue) system.

P2 Engine

New generation of praesidium® core engine designed to increase stability and efficiency by sandboxing each module in its own process. P2 comes in 32 and 64-bit versions and it is completely backwards compatible with legacy praesidium® modules.

P2 SDK

Development toolkit for P2 engine enabling effortless creation of new modules within the framework.


(1)

Not a complete representation of the praesidium® modules.


As listed on the Safetyact.gov website, the praesidium® video analytics technology has received “Safety Act” designation from the US Department of Homeland Security. We are one of only ten companies to have received this designation for video related solutions and praesidium® is the only video analytics application with this designation.


Over the years, our proprietary analytics suite has been expanded to meet a significant number of security objectives and environments, adaptable to a broad range of critical infrastructure target verticals, including but not limited to, commercial transportation (rail, air and seaports), retail, healthcare, utilities, oil, gas, chemical and government.


centraco® Enterprise Command and Control Suite


centraco® is an Enterprise Information Management (EIM) system. It was designed as a multi-layered command and control interface and to function as the central point and aggregator for information consolidation, connectivity and communications. The platform is browser based and completely agnostic to the interconnected sub-systems. It provides full LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, also known as Active Directory) integration for seamless user credentialing and performs the following major functions:


 

·

Collection: Device management independently collects data from any number of disparate devices or sub-systems.

 

·

Analysis: Correlates and analyzes data, events and alarms to identify real-time situations and their priorities for response measures and end-user’s Concept of Operations (“CONOPS”).

 

·

Verification: The contextual layer represents relevant information in a quick and easily interpreted format which provides operators optimal situational awareness.



6



 





 

·

Resolution: Event-specific presentation of user-defined Standard Operating Procedures (“SOPs”), that includes step-by-step instructions on how to resolve situations.

 

·

Reporting: Tracking of data and events for statistical, pattern and/or forensic analysis.

 

·

Auditing: Device-level drill down that records each operator’s login interaction with the system and tracks manual changes including calculations of operator alertness and reaction time for each event.


Engineered Solutions


The Company has always delivered engineered solutions which translate into the ability to implement a practical solution to specific customer requirements. Often, software is developed where implementation is the responsibility of the customer. We believe that delivering and supporting turnkey working systems that provide measurable end solutions are the preferred business model for our customers. We also believe that any implementation must co-exist in an already functioning operation and that any solution must work within existing business practices. Due to this philosophy, over time, our code base has been expanded to integrate a myriad of third-party sensor technologies thereby creating complete engineered solutions that dovetail into existing environments and thus not forcing our customers to replace working legacy systems. These engineered solutions usually address more complex end-user requirements and are typically designed, developed, deployed and maintained by the Company in a direct relationship with the end-user on a turnkey basis.


The combination of our two platforms (praesidium® and centraco®), with its many variants, has and continues to deliver comprehensive “end-to-end” solutions, some of which already play a significant role in pro-active homeland security including cross border commercial rail transport.


More recently, we created several proprietary, turnkey systems and applications for commercial railways, the most significant being the following:


Intelligent Rail Inspection Portal (rip™). This turnkey system was originally designed for rail security and inspection at rail border crossings. Under a Union Pacific (UP) funded pilot program the Company designed, developed and deployed an intelligent inspection portal to provide the CBP a tool that aids customs officers in the inspection of inbound and outbound railcars. The rip system uses multiple proprietary technologies and sub-systems to remotely scan all railcars passing through the inspection portal, then displays stitched 360-degree views of the entire rail “consist”.


Users conduct a quick review of the pre-screened imagery and decide whether to refer specific areas of interest to field personnel for further (physical) inspection.


[duot_10k002.gif]

Panoramic View of Stitched Train Consists – Security Application


Using sensors and analytical algorithms, we pre-screen railcars and automatically detect and report anomalies and deviations from established norms. After successfully passing rigorous testing this system has now been adopted into the CBP standard concept of operation for southwestern rail border crossings and has been deployed at southwestern border locations, with a few remaining locations currently under negotiation. Similar systems have been deployed to two (undisclosed) locations in Mexico and are currently monitored by the Mexican subsidiary of Kansas City Southern (KCS).




7



 





Subsequent to the completion of this security-centric application, we recently completed our next generation system expansion which addresses automation of the mechanical inspection for rolling stock, capable of adjusting to variable speeds of up to 70 MPH. Our comprehensive Intelligent Rail Inspection Portal incorporates our proprietary Vehicle Undercarriage Examiner (vue), in addition to other technologies, and is considered to be a “game changer” for the rail industry. Utilizing centraco® as the system interface, the user accesses a variety of features enabling remote inspection, analysis and detection from the safety of remote command centers. Images containing detailed views of areas of concern, determined to be “potentially suspicious”, are automatically presented to a human operator for further inspection.

[duot_10k004.gif]

Rail Inspection Portal


[duot_10k005.jpg]

Ultra-High Definition Undercarriage

Image at 46 MPH

 

[duot_10k007.gif]

Illegal Riders Hiding in a Rail Hopper

Car. Detected Automatically at

Speed of 46 MPH

[duot_10k008.jpg]

Rail Car Truck-Live Image Taken at High Speed




8



 


[duot_10k010.gif]

Modified Application for Remote Mechanical Inspection at High Speed


[duot_10k012.gif]

Truck Springs Geometry – Simultaneously Measured on Opposing Sides of Car at High Speed


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Automatic Detection of Missing Bolt at High Speed


The development and field-testing of the core application was completed successfully during the third quarter of the 2016 fiscal year. After an extensive Request for Proposal (“RFP”) process, we received a contract award in early 2016 to deploy our technology at a live site from CSX Transportation, one of North America’s Class I railroads. The award is considered to be a “real-time test run” in anticipation of adapting our technology as a process standard. We received a similar award from Ferromex, Mexico’s largest rail operator mid-year 2016. Both systems have recently been completed, delivered, and are currently undergoing live testing.


At the present time, our rip™ application provides the following modules for automated analysis, detection and inspection:


·

Linear Panorama Generator;

·

Automated Detection of Open Doors;

·

Automated Detection of Open/Missing Hatches;

·

Train Rider Detection System (trids);

·

Under Vehicle Inspection with Foreign Object Detection (vue);

·

Gondola Car Inspection System;

·

Pantograph Inspection System (apis); and

·

3D modeling using LIDAR technology for Transit platform intrusion detection (under development).



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Utilizing the centraco® command and control platform as the system interface, the user accesses a variety of features enabling remote inspection, analysis and detection from the safety of remote command centers. Images containing detailed views of areas of concern, determined to be “potentially suspicious”, are automatically presented to a human operator for further inspection. Users conduct a quick review of the pre-screened imagery and decide whether to refer specific areas of interest to field personnel for further (physical) inspection and/or repair.

 

The system also resolves the particularly difficult process of inspecting railcar undercarriages by providing high resolution images of the entire undercarriage. The system is designed to help streamline the physical inspection process by narrowing the number of inspection targets down to cars with “potential” anomalies. Consequently, the detection sensitivity is intentionally set to err on the safe side to avoid false negatives. Our customers are in the process of awarding the development of a significant number of detection algorithms, which combined with our Inspection Portal technology, will eventually facilitate full automation of the mechanical inspection process. We believe to be well positioned to capture a significant portion of this phase of the automation process.


We are currently in the process of adapting our inspection portal technology to the retail industry and have recently deployed a prototype for Kohl’s to automate in and outbound traffic controls at their distribution centers. A respective pilot project was completed in early 2018.


We recently received an award from the NYCT to develop a pilot system using our intelligent technology to automatically detect intrusions to their passenger platform tracks. NYCT plans to deploy technology to their 470+ transit stations to minimize derailments caused by objects falling onto their tracks. We are in the process of developing a multi-layered detection system and expect to complete this new system during the second quarter of 2018.


IT Asset Management


Our IT Asset Management (ITAM) division is dedicated to the mission of developing, marketing and delivering software and professional services to the world’s largest data centers. The focus of its technology and knowledgebase evolved out of our core strength in collecting and analyzing data on assets resident within these large data centers. Over the next three years, the Company plans to further develop its software and service offerings, and market these solutions for the growing ITAM market place either as a standalone asset management solution or in conjunction with a comprehensive Datacenter Infrastructure Management (DCIM) solution from other vendors. We believe DCIM is the ability to bridge the gap between critical IT assets and facilities infrastructure.


Using proprietary patented methodology, the Company surveys and audits large data centers by physically identifying each piece of equipment and its location. By scanning all devices into our proprietary system and providing the client with a report detailing type, quantity and location of its IT assets, (racks, servers, network cards, power supplies, etc.), this system/service provides our clients with the ability to verify their own internal records.


In line with the Company’s philosophy of integration with existing systems, the design of our process methodology and related software mean that we are able to work with almost any other DCIM provider. Specifically, the Company will focus on the asset management requirements of our clients and partners within specific geographic locations that will allow the Company to balance its investment requirements with income potential to develop a sustainable business in this division. The Company has selected this specific application of its technology to seek revenue opportunities that are readily available in an identified market. We generate profits from this division by maintaining a low level of “bench” staff and hire independent consultants as we are awarded business opportunities. The Company is currently developing a new ITAM system which is expected to be released in the second quarter of 2018. We expect that this will generate revenues from software sales and maintenance starting in late 2018.


Specific Areas Of Competition


Since inception, we have implemented a strategy of diversification to mitigate the potential vulnerabilities experienced by companies with a narrow business scope. We believe many public companies in the micro- and nano-cap ecosystem suffer major challenges due to their lack of diversification, and their single product strategy has made many of these companies irrelevant in the market place.

 

During the past several years, we have made considerable investments in, and have successfully developed, our two core technology platforms, praesidium® and centraco®.



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praesidium® is an open architecture, modular engine that manages an unlimited number of “back end” process and analytics frameworks. In addition to driving our own proprietary sensor and data analytics, this core technology also allows for the integration of an unlimited number of third-party technologies, systems and sub-systems. Third-party industry or task-specific processes are modularized and embedded into the praesidium® engine, thereby substantially expanding the functionality of such third-party system. While we believe most companies tailor their products and services to a specific industry, this core platform is “industry agnostic” which we believe will allow us to penetrate multiple industries. Our past and current concentration on specific target markets such as rail, retail, healthcare, utilities, chemical, gas, oil and government has enabled us to test the markets with our innovative technology solutions. Our praesidium® platform competes currently with the following sector specific companies:


Intelligent Video Analytics

 

Rail Inspection Portal

 

 

 

Security

 

Mechanical

Security

Agent Video Intelligence Ltd. Agent VI (Israel)

 

Trimble Inc. (Acquired Beena Vision Systems Inc.)

No direct competition at this time (1)

Robert Bosch GmbH, Germany

 

Lynx Engineering Consultants Pty Ltd (LYNXRAIL) - Australia

(Tracks, wheels and wayside only)

Beena Vision (development stage, just entering the market place)

SightLogix, Inc.

IntelliVision Technologies Corp (USA)

Avigilon Corporation (Video IQ)

 

KLD Labs Inc.

(Tracks, wheels and wayside only)

 

 

 

MERMEC S.p.A - Italy

Tracks, wheels and wayside only)

 


(1)

We believe we are the first to develop the concept of an intelligent rail inspection portal used for comprehensive inspection of security threads and at this time we are unaware of any competitor in this sector. Recently, the AAR, through its technology research subsidiary TTCI, has engaged us to adapt our security portal technology to an automated mechanical inspection system. We are currently in stage 2 of 3 of this development. We believe our potential competitors in this area are currently focusing chiefly on the inspection of wheels, bearings, breaks and track alignment. We expect that any competitor interested in expanding their inspection technologies to the ones we have developed over the past four years would require at least 2-3 years of research and development before being able to produce similar systems for real time testing. We believe the testing cycle will take at least an additional 1-2 years for potential competition. The AAR/TTCI is currently conducting beta testing only with our systems. Similarly, the CBP (US Customs and Border Protection) and Union Pacific Railroad are using our systems as their only security inspection infrastructure at the US border.


centraco® is an open architecture aggregator and “fusion” engine which functions as a comprehensive “front end” user interface. This framework combines our proprietary modules with an unlimited number of 3d-party technologies. In addition to a wide range of proprietary embedded features, such as video management (VMS), alarm management (AMS), LDAP network access credentialing and many more, centraco® intelligently manages unlimited types of data sources and allows control and monitoring of this wide array of sensors and data from a single unified interface. This platform includes both the traditional Physical Security Information Management (PSIM) systems, as well as, a full-scale Enterprise Information Management System (EIMS). We believe we are at an advantage because none of our competitors’ product offerings include both PSIM and EIMS, nor do any of the competing products allow for the integration of embedded engineered solutions. Our competitors in this area include:


PSIM

·

Qognify (Formerly NICE)

·

CNL

·

VidSys

·

Proximex

·

IDV/Everbridge

·

Axxon


We believe the PSIM market is rapidly expanding and we expect that capability requirements will substantially increase. Companies increasingly require expanded capabilities to justify the investment in their digital infrastructure for use by multiple corporate disciplines (security, building management, IT and network access control management).


Our Growth Strategy


Our strategy is to grow our business through a combination of organic growth of our applications and technology solutions, both within our existing geographic reach and through geographic expansion, as well as expansion through strategic acquisitions.




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Organic Growth


Our organic growth strategy is to increase our market share through the expansion of our business development team and our research and development talent pool, which will enable us to significantly expand our current solution offerings with feature rich applications, and the development of new and enhanced technology solutions. We plan to augment such growth with strategic relationships both in the business development and research development arenas, reducing time to market with additional industry applications, expansion of existing offerings to meet customer requirements, as well as, potential geographical expansion into international territories.


Strategic Acquisitions


Planned acquisition targets include sector specific technology companies with the objective of augmenting our current capabilities with feature-rich (third-party) solutions. The decision-making process includes, but is not limited to, weighing time, effort and approximate cost to develop certain technologies in-house, versus acquiring or merging with one or more entities that we believe have a proven record of successfully developing a technology sub-component. Additional criteria include evaluating the potential acquisition target’s customer base, stage of technology and merger or acquisition cost as compared to market conditions.


Manufacturing and Assembly


The Company streamlines its manufacturing by outsourcing component manufacturing to qualified fabricators. On-site installations are performed using a combination of in-house project managers/engineers and specialist sub-contractors as necessary. We maintain responsibility for the system implementation, servicing and tech support for our solutions. Our internal manufacturing operations consist primarily of materials procurement, assembly, testing and quality control of our engineers. If not manufactured internally, we generally rely on third party manufacturing partners to produce our hardware related components and hardware products and we may involve our internal manufacturing operations in the final assembly, testing and quality control processes for these components and products. We distribute most of our hardware products either from our facilities or partner facilities. Our manufacturing processes are based on standardization of components across product types, centralization of assembly and distribution centers, and a “build-to-order” methodology in which products generally are built only after customers have placed firm orders. For most of our hardware products, we have existing alternate sources of supply or such sources are readily available.


Research and Development


The Company’s research and development team designs and develops all its systems and software applications. We develop the majority of our products internally. Internal development allows us to maintain technical control over the design and development of our products. We have several United States and foreign patents and patent-pending applications that relate to various aspects of our products and technology. Rapid technological advances in hardware and software development, evolving standards in computer hardware and software technology, and changing customer requirements characterize the markets in which we compete. We plan to continue to dedicate significant resources to research and development efforts, including software development, to maintain and improve our current product and services offerings.


Government Regulations


The Company has been working with various agencies of the federal government for more than 10-years including the Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”). Our video analytics are DHS Safety Act certified, and our staff is Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) certified. The Company’s Homeland Security solutions include sophisticated remote systems that combine and synchronize a myriad of sensing technologies, wireless communications, and innovative intelligent sensor applications.


Intellectual Property


Our business is significantly based on the creation, acquisition, use and protection of intellectual property. Some of this intellectual property is in the form of software code, patented technology and trade secrets that we use to develop our technologies, solutions and products. We have developed a broad portfolio of intellectual property that covers our application software as well as the sensor and data acquisition process of our security and inspection analytics platforms. As of December 31, 2017, we have 9 patents and 21 trademarks issued or granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and we have 2 pending patent applications with the USPTO.



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We protect our intellectual property rights by relying on federal, state and common law rights, as well as contractual restrictions. We control access to our proprietary technology by entering into confidentiality and invention assignment agreements with our employees and contractors, and confidentiality agreements with third parties. We also actively engage in monitoring activities with respect to infringing uses of our intellectual property by third parties.


In addition to these contractual arrangements, we also rely on a combination of trade secret, copyright, trademark, trade dress, domain name and patents to protect our products and other intellectual property. We typically own the copyright to our software code, as well as the brand or title name trademark under which our products are marketed. We pursue the registration of our domain names, trademarks, and service marks in the United States and in locations outside the United States.


As discussed in the risk factors section herein, we may face allegations by third parties, including our competitors and non-practicing entities, that we have infringed their trademarks, copyrights, patents and other intellectual property rights.


Employees


We have a current staff of 36 employees, none of which are subject to a collective bargaining agreement.

 

Available Information


Our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports are made available free of charge through our Internet website (http://www.duostech.com) as soon as practicable after such material is electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission. Except as otherwise stated in these documents, the information contained on our website or available by hyperlink from our website is not incorporated by reference into this report or any other documents we file, with or furnish to, the Securities and Exchange Commission. 

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.


Risks Related to Our Company and Business


Our auditor has expressed substantial doubt regarding our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

We had a net loss of $5,152,477 for the year ended December 31, 2017. During the same period, cash used in operations was $3,562,306. The accumulated deficit as of December 31, 2017 was $28,688,946. Although our financial condition has improved substantially, our auditor has expressed substantial doubt regarding our ability to continue as a going concern. Management is unable to predict if and when we will be able to consistently generate positive cash flow. Our plan regarding these matters is to focus our efforts on substantial revenue growth through investments in sales and marketing and project execution staff. Although these investments are expected to allow us the ability to cover our current cash flow requirements and meet our obligations as they become due, there can be no assurances that these investments will generate the additional revenues needed to cover our obligations.


The nature of the technology management platforms utilized by us are complex and highly integrated, and if we fail to successfully manage releases or integrate new solutions, it could harm our revenues, operating income, and reputation.


The technology platforms developed and designed by us accommodate integrated applications that include our own developed technology and third-party technology, thereby substantially increasing their functionality. By enabling such system interoperability, our communications platform both reduces implementation and ongoing costs, and improves overall management efficiencies.


Due to this complexity and the condensed development cycles under which we operate, we may experience errors in our software, corruption or loss of our data, or unexpected performance issues from time to time. For example, our solutions may face interoperability difficulties with software operating systems or programs being used by our customers, or new releases, upgrades, fixes or the integration of acquired technologies may have unanticipated consequences on the operation and performance of our other solutions. If we encounter integration challenges or discover errors in our solutions late in our development cycle, it may cause us to delay our launch dates. Any major integration or interoperability issues or launch delays could have a material adverse effect on our revenues, operating income and reputation.




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Our products and services may fail to keep pace with rapidly changing technology and evolving industry standards.


The market in which we operate is characterized by rapid, and sometimes disruptive, technological developments, evolving industry standards, frequent new product introductions and enhancements and changes in customer requirements. In addition, both traditional and new competitors are investing heavily in our market areas and competing for customers. As next-generation video analytics technology continues to evolve, we must keep pace in order to maintain or expand our market position. We recently introduced a significant number of new product offerings and are increasingly focused on new, high value safety and security-based surveillance products, as a revenue driver. If we are not able to successfully add staff resources with sufficient technical skills to develop and bring these new products to market in a timely manner, achieve market acceptance of our products and services or identify new market opportunities for our products and services, our business and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.


The market opportunity for our products and services may not develop in the ways that we anticipate.


The demand for our products and services can change quickly and in ways that we may not anticipate because the market in which we operate is characterized by rapid, and sometimes disruptive, technological developments, evolving industry standards, frequent new product introductions and enhancements, changes in customer requirements and a limited ability to accurately forecast future customer orders. Our operating results may be adversely affected if the market opportunity for our products and services does not develop in the ways that we anticipate or if other technologies become more accepted or standard in our industry or disrupt our technology platforms.


Our revenues are dependent on general economic conditions and the willingness of enterprises to invest in technology.


We believe that enterprises continue to be cautious about sustained economic growth and have tried to maintain or improve profitability through cost control and constrained spending. While our core technologies are designed to address cost reduction, other factors may cause delaying or rejecting capital projects, including the implementation of our products and services. In addition, certain industries in which we operate are under financial pressure to reduce capital investment which may make it more difficult for us to close large contracts in the immediate future. We believe there is a growing market trend toward more customers exploring operating expense models as opposed to capital expense models for procuring technology. We believe the market trend toward operating expense models will continue as customers seek ways of reducing their overhead and other costs. All of the foregoing may result in continued pressure on our ability to increase our revenue and may potentially create competitive pricing pressures and price erosion. If these or other conditions limit our ability to grow revenue or cause our revenue to decline our operating results may be materially and adversely affected.


We could be vulnerable to security breaches if certain third-parties attempt to gain access through our systems because of unknown weaknesses in our clients’ infrastructures.


Our systems operate inside client network infrastructure, which typically reside behind an ASA or other form of firewall. Communication between us and our clients are highly encrypted and generally take place through virtual private network (VPN) connections. We also use ASA equipment to protect our own network infrastructure. In addition, although our systems are LDAP/Active Directory compatible and include additional security layers we cannot be assured that any of our or our client’s systems are 100% secure. Any breach of these systems could be damaging to our reputation and lead to a loss of confidence in our offerings. Such loss of confidence could impact future sales or revenues from existing systems.


Some of our competitors are larger and have greater financial and other resources than we do.


Some of our product offerings compete and will compete with other similar products from our competitors. These competitive products could be marketed by well-established, successful companies that possess greater financial, marketing, distributional, personnel and other resources than we possess. In certain instances, competitors with greater financial resources also may be able to enter a market in direct competition with us offering attractive marketing tools to encourage the sale of products that compete with our products or present cost features that our target end users may find attractive.




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We have a history of losses and our growth plans expect to incur losses and negative operating cash flows in the future.


Our accumulated deficit was approximately $28 million as of December 31, 2017. Our operating losses may continue as we continue to expend resources to further develop and enhance our technology offering, to complete prototyping for proof-of-concept, obtain regulatory clearances or approvals as required, expand our business development activities and finance capabilities and conduct further research and development. We also expect to experience negative cash flow in the short-term until our revenues and margins increase at a rate greater than our expenses which will continue to grow as we invest in additional resources for development and sales.

 

Our inability to protect our intellectual property could impair our competitive advantage, reduce our revenue, and increase our costs.


Our success and ability to compete depend in part on our ability to maintain the proprietary aspects of our technologies and products. We rely on a combination of trade secrets, patents, copyrights, trademarks, confidentiality agreements, and other contractual provisions to protect our intellectual property, but these measures may provide only limited protection. We customarily enter into written confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements with our employees, consultants, customers, manufacturers, and other recipients of information about our technologies and products and assignment of invention agreements with our employees and consultants. We may not always be able to enforce these agreements and may fail to enter into any such agreement in every instance when appropriate. We license from third party’s certain technology used in and for our products. These third-party licenses are granted with restrictions; therefore, such third-party technology may not remain available to us on terms beneficial to us. Our failure to enforce and protect our intellectual property rights or obtain from third parties the right to use necessary technology could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition. In addition, the laws of some foreign countries do not protect proprietary rights as fully as do the laws of the United States.


Patents may not issue from the patent applications that we have filed or may file in the future. Our issued patents may be challenged, invalidated, or circumvented, and claims of our patents may not be of sufficient scope or strength, or issued in the proper geographic regions, to provide meaningful protection or any commercial advantage. We have registered certain of our trademarks in the United States and other countries. We cannot assure you that we will obtain registrations of principal or other trademarks in key markets in the future. Failure to obtain registrations could compromise our ability to protect fully our trademarks and brands, and could increase the risk of challenge from third parties to our use of our trademarks and brands.


We may be required to incur expenses and divert management attention and resources in defending intellectual property litigation against us.


We cannot be certain that our technologies and products do not and will not infringe on issued patents or other proprietary rights of others. While we are not currently subject to any infringement claim, any future claim, with or without merit, could result in significant litigation costs and diversion of resources, including the attention of management, and could require us to enter into royalty and licensing agreements, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business. We may not be able to obtain such licenses on commercially reasonable terms, if at all, or the terms of any offered licenses may be unacceptable to us. If forced to cease using such technology, we may be unable to develop or obtain alternate technology. Accordingly, an adverse determination in a judicial or administrative proceeding, or failure to obtain necessary licenses, could prevent us from manufacturing, using, or selling certain of our products, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition.


Furthermore, parties making such claims could secure a judgment awarding substantial damages, as well as injunctive or other equitable relief, which could effectively block our ability to make, use, or sell our products in the United States or abroad. Such a judgment could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition. In addition, we are obligated under certain agreements to indemnify the other party in connection with infringement by us of the proprietary rights of third parties. In the event that we are required to indemnify parties under these agreements, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 



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We may incur expenses and divert management resources in prosecuting others for their unauthorized use of our intellectual property rights.


Other companies, including our competitors, may develop technologies that are similar or superior to our technologies, duplicate our technologies, or design around our patents, and may have or obtain patents or other proprietary rights that would prevent, limit, or interfere with our ability to make, use, or sell our products. Although we do not have foreign operations at this time, we may compete for contracts in non-US countries from time to time. Effective intellectual property protection may be unavailable, or limited, in some foreign countries in which we may do business, such as China. Unauthorized parties may attempt to copy or otherwise use aspects of our technologies and products that we regard as proprietary. Our means of protecting our proprietary rights in the United States or abroad may not be adequate or competitors may independently develop similar technologies. If our intellectual property protection is insufficient to protect our intellectual property rights, we could face increased competition in the market for our technologies and products.


Should any of our competitors file patent applications or obtain patents that claim inventions also claimed by us, we may choose to participate in an interference proceeding to determine the right to a patent for these inventions, because our business would be harmed if we fail to enforce and protect our intellectual property rights. Even if the outcome is favorable, this proceeding could result in substantial cost to us and disrupt our business.


In the future, we also may need to file lawsuits to enforce our intellectual property rights, to protect our trade secrets, or to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others. This litigation, whether successful or unsuccessful, could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.


We depend on key personnel who would be difficult to replace, and our business plan will likely be harmed if we lose their services or cannot hire additional qualified personnel.


Our success depends substantially on the efforts and abilities of our senior management and certain key personnel. The competition for qualified management and key personnel, especially engineers, is intense. Although we maintain non-competition and non-disclosure covenants with all our key personnel, we do not have employment agreements with most of them. The loss of services of one or more of our key employees, or the inability to hire, train, and retain key personnel, especially engineers and technical support personnel, could delay the development and sale of our products, disrupt our business, and interfere with our ability to execute our business plan.


Due to our dependence on a limited number of customers, we are subject to a concentration of credit risk.


As of December 31, 2017, four customers accounted for 83% of our accounts receivables. In the case of insolvency by one of our significant customers, accounts receivable with respect to that customer might not be collectible, might not be fully collectible, or might be collectible over longer than normal terms, each of which could adversely affect our financial position. Additionally, our three largest customers accounted for approximately 60% of our total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2017. This concentration of credit risk makes us more vulnerable economically. The loss of any of these customers could materially reduce our revenues and net income, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.


Potential strategic alliances may not achieve their objectives, and the failure to do so could impede our growth.


We may enter into strategic alliances. Among other matters, we continually explore strategic alliances designed to enhance or complement our technology or to work in conjunction with our technology; to provide necessary know-how, components, or supplies; to attract additional customers; and to develop, introduce, and distribute products utilizing our technology. Any strategic alliances may not achieve their intended objectives, and parties to our strategic alliances may not perform as contemplated. The failure of these alliances may impede our ability to introduce new products.




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The Company has appealed for a reduction in penalty payments in connection with the delinquent payment of payroll taxes.


As reported previously, the Company had a delinquent payroll tax payable at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 in the amount of $1,149,189 and $400,076, respectively.  As of the date hereof, the Company has paid its payroll taxes in full and the Company has appealed the IRS penalty payments for a reduction which is currently under review. In the event the Company loses its appeal for a reduction in the penalties in connection with the delinquent payroll taxes the Company would be required to pay such penalties in full. At December 31, 2017, the payroll taxes payable balance of $149,448 includes accrued late fees in the amount of $108,262.


Risks Related to Our Common Stock


There is currently not an active liquid trading market for the Company’s common stock.


Our common stock is quoted on the OTC Markets QB tier under the symbol “DUOT”. However, there is currently no regular active trading market in our common stock. Although there are periodic volume spikes from time to time, we cannot give an assurance that a consistent, active trading market will develop in the short term. If an active market for our common stock develops, there is a significant risk that our stock price may fluctuate in the future in response to any of the following factors, some of which are beyond our control:


 

·

Variations in our quarterly operating results

 

·

Announcements that our revenue or income are below analysts expectations

 

·

General economic downturns

 

·

Sales of large blocks of our common stock

 

·

Announcements by us or our competitors of significant contracts, acquisitions, strategic partnerships, joint ventures or capital commitments.

 

Our common stock is subject to the “penny stock” rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission, which may make it more difficult for stockholders to sell our common stock.


The Securities and Exchange Commission has adopted Rule 15g-9 which establishes the definition of a “penny stock,” for the purposes relevant to us, as any equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions. For any transaction involving a penny stock, unless exempt, the rules require that a broker or dealer approve a person’s account for transactions in penny stocks, and the broker or dealer receive from the investor a written agreement to the transaction, setting forth the identity and quantity of the penny stock to be purchased.


In order to approve a person’s account for transactions in penny stocks, the broker or dealer must obtain financial information and investment experience objectives of the person and make a reasonable determination that the transactions in penny stocks are suitable for that person and the person has sufficient knowledge and experience in financial matters to be capable of evaluating the risks of transactions in penny stocks.


The broker or dealer must also deliver, prior to any transaction in a penny stock, a disclosure schedule prescribed by the SEC relating to the penny stock market, which, in highlight form sets forth the basis on which the broker or dealer made the suitability determination, and that the broker or dealer received a signed, written agreement from the investor prior to the transaction.


Generally, brokers may be less willing to execute transactions in securities subject to the “penny stock” rules. This may make it more difficult for investors to dispose of the Company’s common stock if and when such shares are eligible for sale and may cause a decline in the market value of its stock.


Disclosure also has to be made about the risks of investing in penny stocks in both public offerings and in secondary trading and about the commissions payable to both the broker-dealer and the registered representative, current quotations for the securities and the rights and remedies available to an investor in cases of fraud in penny stock transactions. Finally, monthly statements have to be sent disclosing recent price information for the penny stock held in the account and information on the limited market in penny stock.




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You may experience dilution of your ownership interest due to future issuance of our securities.


We are in a capital-intensive business and we may not have sufficient funds to finance the growth of our business or to support our projected capital expenditures. As a result, we may require additional funds from future equity or debt financings, including potential sales of preferred shares or convertible debt, to complete the development of new projects and pay the general and administrative costs of our business. We may in the future issue our previously authorized and unissued securities, resulting in the dilution of the ownership interests of holders of our common stock. We are currently authorized to issue 500,000,000 shares of common stock and 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock. We may also issue additional shares of common stock or other securities that are convertible into or exercisable for common stock in future public offerings or private placements for capital raising purposes or for other business purposes. The future issuance of a substantial number of common stock into the public market, or the perception that such issuance could occur, could adversely affect the prevailing market price of our common shares. A decline in the price of our common stock could make it more difficult to raise funds through future offerings of our common stock or securities convertible into common stock.


Our Board of Directors may issue and fix the terms of shares of our Preferred Stock without stockholder approval, which could adversely affect the voting power of holders of our Common Stock or any change in control of our Company.


Our Articles of Incorporation authorize the issuance of up to 10,000,000 shares of "blank check" preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share, with such designation rights and preferences as may be determined from time to time by the Board of Directors. Our Board of Directors is empowered, without shareholder approval, to issue shares of preferred stock with dividend, liquidation, conversion, voting or other rights which could adversely affect the voting power or other rights of the holders of our Common Stock. In the event of such issuances, the preferred stock could be used, under certain circumstances, as a method of discouraging, delaying or preventing a change in control of our company. 

 

We do not expect to pay dividends and investors should not buy our Common Stock expecting to receive dividends.


We do not anticipate that we will declare or pay any dividends in the foreseeable future. Consequently, you will only realize an economic gain on your investment in our common stock if the price appreciates. You should not purchase our common stock expecting to receive cash dividends. Since we do not pay dividends, and if we are not successful in establishing an orderly trading market for our shares, then you may not have any manner to liquidate or receive any payment on your investment. Therefore, our failure to pay dividends may cause you to not see any return on your investment even if we are successful in our business operations. In addition, because we do not pay dividends we may have trouble raising additional funds which could affect our ability to expand our business operations.

 

Our operating results are likely to fluctuate from period to period.


We anticipate that there may be fluctuations in our future operating results. Potential causes of future fluctuations in our operating results may include:


 

·

Period-to-period fluctuations in financial results

 

·

Issues in manufacturing products

 

·

Unanticipated potential product liability claims

 

·

The introduction of technological innovations or new commercial products by competitors

 

·

The entry into, or termination of, key agreements, including key strategic alliance agreements

 

·

The initiation of litigation to enforce or defend any of our intellectual property rights

 

·

Regulatory changes

 

·

Failure of any of our products to achieve commercial success


Our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected by various risks, including, but not limited to the principal risks noted below. 




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The requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and other U.S. securities laws impose substantial costs and may drain our resources and distract our management.


We are subject to certain of the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 in the U.S., as well as the reporting requirements under the Exchange Act. The Exchange Act requires, among other things, filing of annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and periodic reports on Form 8-K following the happening of certain material events, with respect to our business and financial condition. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires, among other things, that we maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures and internal controls over financial reporting. Our existing controls have some weaknesses, as described below. Meeting the requirements of the Exchange Act and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act may strain our resources and may divert management's attention from other business concerns, both of which may have a material adverse effect on our business.


If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal control, we may not be able to report our financial results accurately or to prevent fraud. Any inability to report and file our financial results accurately and timely could harm our reputation and adversely impact the trading price of our common stock.

 

Effective internal control is necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and prevent fraud. If we cannot provide reliable financial reports or prevent fraud, we may not be able to manage our business as effectively as we would if an effective control environment existed, and our business and reputation with investors may be harmed. As a result, our small size and any current internal control deficiencies may adversely affect our financial condition, results of operation and access to capital. 

 

We currently have written policies and procedures for accounting and financial reporting with respect to the requirements and application of US GAAP and SEC disclosure requirements. Due to the small size of our accounting staff, we may need to add additional staff to provide additional segregation of duties to support our internal control over financial reporting and technical expertise with regard to financial reporting for publicly held companies.


We are subject to the Florida anti-takeover provisions, which may prevent you from exercising a vote on business combinations, mergers or otherwise.

 

As a Florida corporation, we are subject to certain anti-takeover provisions that apply to public corporations under Florida law. Pursuant to Section 607.0901 of the Florida Business Corporation Act, or the Florida Act, a publicly held Florida corporation may not engage in a broad range of business combinations or other extraordinary corporate transactions with an interested shareholder without the approval of the holders of two-thirds of the voting shares of the corporation (excluding shares held by the interested shareholder), unless the:

 

 

·

transaction is approved by a majority of disinterested directors before the shareholder becomes an interested shareholder;

 

·

interested shareholder has owned at least 80% of the corporation’s outstanding voting shares for at least five years preceding the announcement date of any such business combination;

 

·

interested shareholder is the beneficial owner of at least 90% of the outstanding voting shares of the corporation, exclusive of shares acquired directly from the corporation in a transaction not approved by a majority of the disinterested directors; or

 

·

consideration paid to the holders of the corporation’s voting stock is at least equal to certain fair price criteria.

 

An interested shareholder is defined as a person who together with affiliates and associates beneficially owns more than 10% of a corporation’s outstanding voting shares. We have not made an election in our amended Articles of Incorporation to opt out of Section 607.0901.

 

In addition, we are subject to Section 607.0902 of the Florida Act which prohibits the voting of shares in a publicly held Florida corporation that are acquired in a control share acquisition unless (i) our board of directors approved such acquisition prior to its consummation or (ii) after such acquisition, in lieu of prior approval by our board of directors, the holders of a majority of the corporation’s voting shares, exclusive of shares owned by officers of the corporation, employee directors or the acquiring party, approve the granting of voting rights as to the shares acquired in the control share acquisition. A control share acquisition is defined as an acquisition that immediately thereafter entitles the acquiring party to 20% or more of the total voting power in an election of directors.




19



 


Item 1b. Unresolved Staff Comments.


None.

 

Item 2. Properties.


At this time, we do not own any real property. The Company has an operating lease agreement for office space of approximately 8,308 square feet located in Jacksonville, Florida. On March 8, 2016, the current lease was amended commencing on May 1, 2016 and ending on October 31, 2021. Rental expense for the months of March 2016 through May 2016 were $0, followed by monthly rent of $14,816 (including operating cost and taxes) effective the month of June 2016. The rent is subject to an annual escalation of 3%, beginning May 1, 2017.


Rental expense for the office lease during 2017 and 2016 was $174,878 and $171,513, respectively.


Our leased space is utilized for office purposes and it us our belief that the space is adequate for our immediate needs. Additional space may be required as we expand our business activities. We do not foresee any significant difficulties in obtaining additional facilities if deemed necessary.


Item 3. Legal Proceedings.


Greentree Financial Group, Inc. Lawsuit


On May 12, 2016, a complaint was filed against the Company in the Circuit Court for the Seventeenth Judicial Circuit in and for Broward Country, Florida (the “Circuit Court”) by Greentree Financial Group, Inc. as plaintiff (“Greentree”). Greentree, the holder of two convertible promissory notes in the principal amount of $50,000 and $46,975 (the “Notes”), alleged that the Company was in default for failure to make scheduled principal and interest payments and failing to convert a portion of the Notes into the Company’s common stock. On May 23, 2016, we filed a counterclaim in the Circuit Court against Greentree alleging, amongst other claims, that the officers and directors of Greentree failed to disclose certain facts with respect to their past conduct, which, had the Company known, would have made it unlikely that the Company would have entered into the debt financing transaction issuing the Notes. On January 23, 2017, the Company executed a settlement agreement with Greentree resolving the pending lawsuit with respect to the Notes (the “Settlement Agreement”). The terms of the Settlement Agreement include payment by the Company to Greentree in the amount of $150,000 due within 45 days of execution thereof and resolves all outstanding obligations related to the Notes (the “Payment”). The Payment was made by the Company to Greentree on March 7, 2017. On March 24, 2017, the Company received an Agreed Final Order of Dismissal from the Court dismissing the Greentree Matter with prejudice.


FacilityTeam Lawsuit


On December 12, 2016, the Company was notified that it was in breach of settlement with a previous vendor, FacilityTeam based in in Ontario, Canada alleging failure to make certain payments in accordance with such settlement. On December 28, 2016, the Company agreed to a modified payment schedule as part of a post judgement settlement for the amounts due and owing. On March 7, 2017, the final settlement payment was made by the Company to FacilityTeam.


Dispute with Former Employee


On or about February 15, 2017, the Company received a Notice of Filing of Complaint of Discrimination filed by a former employee of the Company that had been terminated for insubordination. The Company received notice in late April 2017 from the Florida Commission on Human Relations with a determination of no reasonable cause exists to believe that an unlawful practice occurred.


Except as disclosed above, we are currently not involved in any litigation that we believe could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations. There is no action, suit, proceeding, inquiry or investigation before or by any court, public board, government agency, self-regulatory organization or body pending or, to the knowledge of the executive officers of our company or any of our subsidiaries, threatened against or affecting our company, our common stock, any of our subsidiaries or of our companies or our subsidiaries’ officers or directors in their capacities as such, in which an adverse decision could have a material adverse effect.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.


Not Applicable.



20



 


PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.


(a)

Market Information


Our common stock is quoted on the OTC Markets Group Inc. OTCQB quotation platform (the “OTCQB”) under the trading symbol “DUOT”. We intend to apply to the NASDAQ Capital Market to list our common stock under the symbol “DUOT” and our warrants under the symbol “DUOTW.”


Our common stock was initially quoted on the OTCQB in 2008 under the symbol “IOSA” and the following table sets forth the high and low bid price of our common stock on the OTCQB for the last two fiscal years and for the current fiscal year through the most recent fiscal quarter. These prices are based on inter-dealer bid and asked prices, without markup, markdown, commissions, or adjustments and may not represent actual transactions.


PERIOD

 

High

 

 

Low

 

Fiscal Year Ending December 31, 2018:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarter Ended March 31, 2018 (through March 30, 2018)

 

$

0.56

 

 

$

0.17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fiscal Year Ending December 31, 2017:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarter Ended December 31, 2017

 

$

3.00

 

 

$

0.54

 

Quarter Ended September 30, 2017

 

$

5.40

 

 

$

2.55

 

Quarter Ended June 30, 2017

 

$

8.75

 

 

$

3.50

 

Quarter Ended March 31, 2017

 

$

8.75

 

 

$

1.05

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fiscal Year Ending December 31, 2016:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarter Ended December 31, 2016

 

$

3.50

 

 

$

.70

 

Quarter Ended September 30, 2016

 

$

6.30

 

 

$

3.15

 

Quarter Ended June 30, 2016

 

$

10.50

 

 

$

3.50

 

Quarter Ended March 31, 2016

 

$

10.50

 

 

$

7.00

 


(b)

Holders


As of March 31, 2018, there were approximately 284 holders of record of our common stock, and the last reported sale price of our common stock on the OTCQB on March 30, 2018 was $0.39 per share.


The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company located at 1 State Street, 30th Floor, New York, NY 10004.


(c)

Dividends


To date, we have not paid any dividends on our common stock and do not anticipate paying any such dividends in the foreseeable future. The declaration and payment of dividends on the common stock is at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on, among other things, our operating results, financial condition, capital requirements, contractual restrictions or such other factors as our board of directors may deem relevant. We currently expect to use all available funds to finance the future development and expansion of our business and do not anticipate paying dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.




21



 


(d)

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans


There are 2,443,333 outstanding options to purchase our securities.


2016 Equity Incentive Plan


On March 11, 2016, the Board adopted, subject to the receipt of stockholder approval which was received on April 21, 2016, the 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”) providing for the issuance of up to 228.572 shares of our common stock. The plan was subsequently modified with shareholder approval on January 18, 2018 to increase the total maximum amount issuable under the plan to 2,500,000. The purpose of the Plan is to assist the Company in attracting and retaining key employees, directors and consultants and to provide incentives to such individuals to align their interests with those of our stockholders. As of March 8, 2018, 2,443,333 have been approved for issuance under the 2016 Plan.

 

Transfer Agent


The transfer agent and registrar for our Common Stock is Continental Stock Transfer and Trust located 1 State Street, 30th Floor, New York, NY 10004-1561.


Recent Sales of Unregistered Equity Securities


There were no unregistered sales of the Company’s equity securities during 2017 that were not previously disclosed in a Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or in a Current Report on Form 8-K.


Rule 10B-18 Transactions


As previously disclosed, as part of a limited offering to existing shareholders who had purchased stock through previous private placements, the Company repurchased a limited number of shares issued to four shareholders who participated in the Company’s Series A Convertible Preferred offering. The shares were repurchased for their original sale amount in exchange for an equivalent value in the new Preferred Stock when an equivalent additional investment was made by the shareholder. The offer ended on December 31, 2016.


At this time, we do not have a stock repurchase program for our common stock and have not otherwise purchased any shares of our common stock.


Item 6. Selected Financial Data.


Not applicable.


Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.


This Form 10-K and other reports filed by the Company from time to time with the SEC (collectively, the “Filings”) contain or may contain forward-looking statements and information that are based upon beliefs of, and information currently available to, the Company’s management as well as estimates and assumptions made by Company’s management. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which are only predictions and speak only as of the date hereof. When used in the Filings, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “future,” “intend,” “plan,” or the negative of these terms and similar expressions as they relate to the Company or the Company’s management identify forward-looking statements. Such statements reflect the current view of the Company with respect to future events and are subject to risks, uncertainties, assumptions, and other factors, including the risks relating to the Company’s business, industry, and the Company’s operations and results of operations. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should the underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may differ significantly from those anticipated, believed, estimated, expected, intended, or planned.

 

Although the Company believes that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, the Company cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, the Company does not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results.

 



22



 


Our financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). These accounting principles require us to make certain estimates, judgments and assumptions. We believe that the estimates, judgments and assumptions upon which we rely are reasonable based upon information available to us at the time that these estimates, judgments and assumptions are made. These estimates, judgments and assumptions can affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the periods presented. Our financial statements would be affected to the extent there are material differences between these estimates and actual results. In many cases, the accounting treatment of a particular transaction is specifically dictated by GAAP and does not require management’s judgment in its application. There are also areas in which management’s judgment in selecting any available alternative would not produce a materially different result. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this report.


Overview

 

We intend for this discussion to provide information that will assist in understanding our financial statements, the changes in certain key items in those financial statements, and the primary factors that accounted for those changes, as well as how certain accounting principles affect our financial statements.


Our Company


Duos Technologies Group was incorporated in Florida on May 31, 1994 (the “Company”) under the original name of Information Systems Associates (“ISA”). Initially, our business operations consisted of consulting services for asset management of large corporate data centers and development and licensing of Information Technology (IT) asset management software. In late 2014, ISA entered negotiations with Duos Technologies, Inc. (“DTI”), for the purposes of executing a reverse triangular merger. This transaction was completed on April 1, 2015. DTI was incorporated under the laws of Florida on November 30, 1990 for design, development and deployment of proprietary technology applications and turn-key engineered systems. The Company, based in Jacksonville, Florida, employs approximately 36 people and is a technology company with a strong portfolio of intellectual property, with core competencies that include advanced intelligent technologies that are delivered through its proprietary integrated enterprise command and control platform.


Plan of Operation


The Company through its operating subsidiary DTI is primarily engaged in the design and deployment of state-of-the-art, artificial intelligence driven intelligent technologies systems. The Company converges traditional security measures with information technologies to create “actionable intelligence.”


The Company’s strategy includes continued expansion of its technology base through organic development efforts, strategic partnerships, and growth through strategic acquisitions. The Company’s primary target industry sectors include transportation, with emphasis on freight and transit railroad owners/operators, petro-chemical, utilities and healthcare. The plan of operation of the next 12 months is to continue to pursue key target markets described and expand the offerings within those markets as available capital allows.


Specifically, based upon the most recent capital raise, the Company is investing in sales and marketing resources to broaden its reach into the target markets, evaluate key requirements within those markets and add development resources to allow us to compete for additional projects in order to drive revenue growth. In addition, the original business of IT Asset Management (ITAM) services for large data centers is now operated as a division of the Company that continues its sales efforts through large strategic partners.


Results of Operations


The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements included in this report.


For the years ended December 31, 2017 compared to December 31, 2016




23



 


Revenues


Revenues were $3,884,588 and $6,104,893 for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The comparative 36% decrease in revenue during 2017 was due to a significant delay in the closure of an $11 million capital raise that was anticipated to close by the end of 2nd Quarter and did not actually close until 6 months later. The Company’s operations were severely disrupted due to the inability to secure key personnel for business development and project execution within the Company’s main business focus leading to delays in recognizing revenue. Additionally, a forecasted decrease of $1.1 million in maintenance and technical support services due to a transition of market focus also had a negative effect on revenue and the decrease in maintenance and technical support of more than 49% was due to the expiration of several service contracts. This was partially offset with an increase in the Company’s IT asset management services of $198K representing an increase of more than 29% growth in that business.


Cost of Revenues


Costs of revenues were $2,294,552 and $2,732,451 for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The decrease in 2017 cost of revenues is due to the decrease in project revenue as well as in maintenance and technical support. Although, the decline in cost of revenues was lower than the associated decline in revenues, this is considered to be a temporary shift in the project costs due to the nature of the business transition, where more of the revenue in 2017 was from prototype systems. There was a budgeted decrease in gross margins on several projects which are classified as pilot projects with expectations of recurring business in 2018. The increase in cost of the IT asset management services is in line with the increase in revenue in this category.


Gross Profit


Gross Profits were $1,590,036 and $3,372,442 for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The decrease in 2017 resulted from the decrease in revenue by approximately the same percentage. Lower margins in the project business and lower costs overall in the maintenance and technical support areas resulted in a reduction of 16% in overall gross margin versus a reduction of 36% in overall revenues. More aggressive pricing in the award of a large contract that makes up much of the revenue in that business line, reduced the overall gross margins compared to the previous year.


Operating Expenses


Operating expenses for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 were $5,033,529 and $5,116,548 respectively, a decrease of $83,019. There was an overall decrease in selling and marketing, salaries, wages and contract labor. The increase in research and development expenses was a conscious decision by management to pre-invest in certain resources and skill-sets that would be necessary to continue the Company’s growth strategy. Our expenses also increased in professional services and general and administration expenses because of cost related to operating as a public company and were higher overall due to a capital raise that was in progress for most 2017. There is no expectation to raise funds in 2018 and therefore we believe these costs will be reduced accordingly. We may however, be increasing expenditures for sales and marketing to support higher revenue growth going forward.


Loss From Operations


The loss from operations for the years ended, December 31, 2017 and 2016 were $3,443,494 and $1,744,106, respectively. The increase in loss from operations was due to the overall decrease in revenue and lower than normal gross margins.


Interest Expense


Interest expense for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 were $4,519,035 and $561,174 respectively. The significant increase in interest expense was primarily due to the Company’s non-cash debt expenses related to certain financing actions prior to completing the capital raise at the end of November 2017. In addition to being non-cash, the expenses were driven by interest expense related to certain warrants which required accounting as derivatives. Some of these extraordinary costs were offset by an overall non-cash gain recorded due to the valuations recorded in those derivative instruments. The affected warrants were cancelled and retired at the end of 2017 and will have no impact on the Company’s financial results going forward.


Other Income


Other income for the years ending December 31, 2017 and 2016 was $1,719 and $7,766 respectively.



24



 


Net Loss


The net loss for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 was $5,152,477 and $2,561,613 respectively. The $2,590,864 increase in net loss is primarily attributable to the decrease in revenue and less than proportionate decrease cost of revenue in 2017. Net loss applicable to Common Stock was $5,170,237 in 2017 versus $2,567,533 in 2016, an increase of $2,602,704. Most of the difference between Operating Losses and Net Losses were non-cash in nature. Additionally, the loss in 2017 included a charge for Series A Preferred Stock Dividends of $17,760. Net loss per common share was $1.43 and $1.36 for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.


Liquidity and Capital Resources


Cash flows used in operating activities for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 were $3,562,306 and $1,840,290, respectively. Cash flows used in operations for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 were due primarily to the net operating losses for the years. In addition, cash flow was positively impacted by approximately $10 million in new equity of which approximately $5 million was used to retire long and short-term debt.


Cash flows used in investing activities for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 were $41,709 and $35,415, respectively representing an increase in investments in certain assets during 2017.


Cash flows provided by financing activities for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 were $5,371,457 and $1,909,952, respectively. Cash flows from financing activities during 2017 were primarily attributable to proceeds from the issuances of new equity and offset by repayments of existing notes and short-term credit facilities and the redemption of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and accrued dividends. Cash flows from financing activities during 2016 were primarily attributable to proceeds from the issuances of new notes payable and related party notes, partially offset by repayments of existing notes and short-term credit facilities.


Since inception, we have funded our operations primarily through the sale of our equity (or equity linked) and debt securities. As of March 27, 2018, we had cash on hand of approximately $441,000. We have approximately $131,000 in monthly lease and other mandatory payments, not including payroll and ordinary expenses which are due monthly.


As previously disclosed, on March 31, 2016, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with an accredited investor for non-convertible debt financing in the gross amount of $1.8 million less a 5% original issue discount. We closed the debt financing on April 1, 2016. This was recorded on the balance sheet as long-term debt and as of December 31, 2017, the total amount of $2 million including accrued interest and pre-payment penalties was repaid with $1.5 million in cash and issuing stock and warrants in accordance with the November 24, 2017 financing for $500,000.


On December 20, 2016, we entered a bridge financing Securities Purchase Agreement with an accredited investor for non-convertible debt financing in the amount up to $2,500,000. Our first draw was in the amount of $575,000 net of an OID of $30,263. The loan agreement contemplates a series of corporate actions leading to the Company raising $10 million in a registered offering. The loan was payable on the earlier of May 15, 2017 or the third business day after the closing of the Public Offering pursuant to the Note. The lender provided the Company an additional $925,000 advance under the Note in tranches, as certain milestones, contained within the Note, were achieved. The lender made further advances of $500,000. In connection with the Company’s November 24, 2017 financing, the lender agreed to convert the entire amount of $2,105,263, which included OID and interest into stock and warrants. The lender advanced a further $75,000 to assist the Company in sustaining operations which was repaid in December 2017 in the amount of $103,125 including OID and interest.


Demand for the products and services will be dependent on, among other things, market acceptance of our products and services, the technology market in general, and general economic conditions, which are cyclical in nature. In as much as a major portion of our activities is the receipt of revenues from the sales of our products and services, our business operations may be adversely affected by delays in project acceptance, increased activity from our competitors and any prolonged recession periods.


Our auditor has expressed substantial doubt regarding our ability to continue as a going concern. Our plan regarding these matters is to use the recent funds generated from the capital raise to invest in business development and project execution resources to allow us the ability to cover our current cash flow requirements and meet our obligations as they become due. If we are unable to generate adequate revenues to cover expenses we may be required to seek additional capital investment, which cannot be assured.




25



 


Off Balance Sheet Arrangements


We have no-off balance sheet contractual arrangements, as that term is defined in Item 303(a)(4) of Regulation S-K.


Critical Accounting Policies


The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates. The most significant estimates in the accompanying consolidated financial statements include the allowance on accounts receivable, valuation of deferred tax assets, valuation of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations, valuation of intangible and other long-lived assets, estimates of percentage completion on projects and related revenues, valuation of stock-based compensation, valuation of derivatives, valuation of warrants issued with debt, valuation of beneficial conversion features in convertible debt, valuation of stock-based awards and valuation of loss contingencies. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

We have identified the accounting policies below as critical to our business operations and the understanding of our results of operations.


Revenue Recognition and Contract Accounting


The Company generates revenue from three sources: (1) Project Revenue; (2) Maintenance and Technical Support and (3) IT Asset Management (consulting and auditing).


Project Revenue


The Company constructs intelligent technology systems consisting of materials and labor under customer contracts. Revenues and related costs on project revenue are recognized using the “percentage of completion method” of accounting in accordance with ASC 605-35, “Construction-Type and Production-Type Contracts”. Under this method, contract revenues are recognized over the performance period of the contract in direct proportion to the costs incurred as a percentage of total estimated costs for the entirety of the contract. Costs include direct material, direct labor, subcontract labor and other allocable indirect costs. All un-allocable indirect costs and corporate general and administrative costs are also charged to the periods as incurred. Any recognized revenues that have not been billed to a customer are recorded as an asset in “costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts”. Any billings of customers in excess of recognized revenues are recorded as a liability in “billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts”. However, in the event a loss on a contract is foreseen, the Company will recognize the loss when such loss is determined.

 

A contract is considered complete when all costs except insignificant items have been incurred and the installation is operating according to specifications or has been accepted by the customer.

 

The Company has contracts in various stages of completion. Such contracts require estimates to determine the appropriate cost and revenue recognition. Costs estimates are reviewed periodically on a contract-by-contract basis throughout the life of the contract such that adjustments to the profit resulting from revisions are made cumulative to the date of the revision. Significant management judgments and estimates, including the estimated costs to complete projects, must be made and used in connection with the revenue recognized in the accounting period. Current estimates may be revised as additional information becomes available.

 

Maintenance and Technical Support


Maintenance and technical support services are provided on both an as-needed and extended-term basis and may include providing both parts and labor. Maintenance and technical support provided outside of a maintenance contract are on an as-requested basis, and revenue is recognized as the services are provided. Revenue for maintenance and technical support provided on an extended-term basis is recognized ratably over the term of the contract.


For sales arrangements that do not involve multiple elements such as professional services, which are of short-term duration, revenues are recognized when services are completed.




26



 


IT Asset Management Services


The Company recognizes revenue from its IT asset management business in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104, "Revenue Recognition" and Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 985-605-25 which addresses Revenue Recognition for the software industry. The general criteria for revenue recognition under ASC 985-605 for our Company, which sells software licenses, which do not require any significant modification or customization, is that revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable and collectability is probable.


The Company’s IT asset management business generates revenues from three sources: (1) Professional Services (consulting and auditing); (2) Software licensing with optional hardware sales and (3) Customer Service (training and maintenance support).


For sales arrangements that do not involve multiple elements: 


(1)

Revenues for professional services, which are of short-term duration, are recognized when services are completed;

 

(2)

For all periods reflected in this report, software license sales have been one-time sales of a perpetual license to use our software product and the customer also has the option to purchase third party manufactured handheld devices from us if they purchase our software license. Accordingly, the revenue is recognized upon delivery of the software and delivery of the hardware, as applicable, to the customer;


(3)

Training sales are one-time upfront short-term training sessions and are recognized after the service has been performed; and

 

(4)

Maintenance/support is an optional product sold to our software license customers under one-year contracts. Accordingly, maintenance payments received upfront are deferred and recognized over the contract term.


Multiple Elements


Arrangements with customers may involve multiple elements including project revenue and maintenance services in our Intelligent Technology Systems business. Maintenance will occur after the project is completed and may be provided on an extended-term basis or on an as-needed basis. In our IT Asset Management business, multiple elements may include any of the above four sources. Training and maintenance on software products may occur after the software product sale while other services may occur before or after the software product sale and may not relate to the software product. Revenue recognition for multiple element arrangement is as follows:


Each element is accounted for separately when each element has value to the customer on a standalone basis and there is Company specific objective evidence of selling price of each deliverable. For revenue arrangements with multiple deliverables, the Company allocates the total customer arrangement to the separate units of accounting based on their relative selling prices as determined by the price of the items when sold separately. Once the selling price is allocated, the revenue for each element is recognized using the applicable criteria under GAAP as discussed above for elements sold in non-multiple element arrangements. A delivered item or items that do not qualify as a separate unit of accounting within the arrangement are combined with the other applicable undelivered items within the arrangement. The allocation of arrangement consideration and the recognition of revenue is then determined for those combined deliverables as a single unit of accounting. The Company sells its various services and software and hardware products at established prices on a standalone basis which provides Company specific objective evidence of selling price for purposes of multiple element relative selling price allocation. The Company only sells maintenance services or spare parts based on its established rates after it has completed a system integration project for a customer. The customer is not required to purchase maintenance services. All elements in multiple element arrangements with Company customers qualify as separate units of account for revenue recognition purposes.


Accounts Receivable


Accounts receivable are stated at estimated net realizable value. Accounts receivable are comprised of balances due from customers net of estimated allowances for uncollectible accounts. In determining the collections on the account, historical trends are evaluated and specific customer issues are reviewed to arrive at appropriate allowances. The Company reviews its accounts to estimate losses resulting from the inability of its customers to make required payments. Any required allowance is based on specific analysis of past due accounts and also considers historical trends of write-offs. Past due status is based on how recently payments have been received from customers.



27



 


Long-Lived Assets


The Company evaluates the recoverability of its property, equipment, and other long-lived assets in accordance with FASB ASC 360-10-35-15 “Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets”, which requires recognition of impairment of long-lived assets in the event the net book value of such assets exceed the estimated future undiscounted cash flows attributable to such assets or the business to which such intangible assets relate. This guidance requires that long-lived assets and certain identifiable intangibles be reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.


Derivative Instruments


ASC Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging (“ASC Topic 815”), establishes accounting and reporting standards for derivative instruments and for hedging activities by requiring that all derivatives be recognized in the balance sheet and measured at fair value. Gains or losses resulting from changes in the fair value of derivatives are recognized in earnings or recorded in other comprehensive income (loss) depending on the purpose of the derivatives and whether they qualify and have been designated for hedge accounting treatment.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risks.


We do not hold any derivative instruments and do not engage in any hedging activities.

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.


Our consolidated financial statements are contained in pages F-1 through F-38 which appear at the end of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosures.


There are no reportable events under this item for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.


Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures


With the participation of our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer, we have evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)), as of the end of the period covered by this Report. Based upon such evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer have concluded that, as of the end of such period, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting


Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act). Our management, under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of the end of the period covered by this report. In making this assessment, our management used the criteria set forth in the framework contained in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Based on that evaluation, our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of the end of the period covered by this report based on those criteria.

 



28



 


Our internal control over financial reporting is a process designed under the supervision of our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of our consolidated financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP. Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of our management and directors; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting


There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act) during the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2017 that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Item 9b. Other Information.


None



29



 


PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.


The following is a list of our executive officers and directors. All directors serve one-year terms or until each of their successors are duly qualified and elected or his earlier resignation, removal or disqualification. The officers of the Company are elected by the Board.


Name

 

Age

 

Position

Gianni B. Arcaini

 

69

 

Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, President

Adrian G. Goldfarb

 

60

 

Chief Financial Officer, Executive Vice President, Director

Connie L. Weeks

 

60

 

Chief Accounting Officer, Executive Vice President

Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder(1)

 

74

 

Director

Blair M. Fonda(2)

 

52

 

Director

John E. Giles (3)

 

67

 

Former Director


(1)

Chairman of the Compensation Committee and member of the Audit Committee.

(2)

Chairman of the Audit Committee and member of the Compensation Committee

(3)

On November 28, 2017, Mr. Giles resigned as a member of the Board, Chairman of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, Chairman of the Compensation Committee, and a member of the Audit Committee


Gianni B. Arcaini, Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President


Mr. Arcaini, has been the Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and President since April 1, 2015, and held the same positions with our subsidiary, Duos Technologies, Inc. since 2002. Prior to his involvement with Environmental Capital Holdings, Inc., a predecessor of the Company, Mr. Arcaini spent over 10 years in various executive capacities with Robex International, a joint venture of Royal Volker Stevin, Royal Bijenkorf and the Westland Utrecht Bank, ultimately acquiring the Robex International in a management buyout after having expanded its operations into the United States.


Mr. Arcaini completed his early education at a Jesuit Boarding school in Austria and Germany, and graduated from a state business school in Frankfurt, Germany. He is fluent in German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish and English.


The Board believes Mr. Arcaini has significant experience in the Company’s industry, a deep knowledge of our business and customers and contributes a perspective based on his many years of involvement with our company which will be of great value to the Company as it grows. Mr. Arcaini is also the visionary leader of the Company and is personally involved in creating the initial design of our technologies prior to implementation by our research and development teams.


Adrian G. Goldfarb, Chief Financial Officer, Executive Vice President and Director


Mr. Goldfarb has served as a Director since April 2010. Effective July 1, 2012, he was appointed as President and Chief Financial Officer of Information Systems Associates, Inc., which merged with Duos Technologies, Inc in April 2015 upon which he agreed to continue serving the merged company, Duos Technologies Group, Inc., as Chief Financial Officer and Director. Mr. Goldfarb also currently serves as a non-Executive Chairman of Gelstat Corporation, a public company engaged in the development, manufacturing and marketing of homeopathic and natural supplements. Mr. Goldfarb is a 35-year technology industry veteran including more than 25 years in information technology. Mr. Goldfarb graduated “cum laude” with a business degree specializing in Finance from Rutgers University, Newark, NJ.


The Board believes Mr. Goldfarb’s significant experience in financial stewardship of small public companies will be of great value to the Company as it grows.


Connie L. Weeks, Chief Accounting Officer, Executive Vice President


Ms. Weeks has over 35 years of accounting experience and is responsible for all aspects of financial reporting, internal controls, and cash management. She has been a key member of the Company for over 30 years and now serves as Chief Accounting Officer, Executive Vice President.




30



 


Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder, Director


Mr. Mulder was appointed as a Director on April 1, 2015 and serves as both the Chairman of the Compensation Committee and member of the Audit Committee. From June 2006 to April 2015, he served as a Director with our subsidiary Duos Inc. He is an independent consultant (M&A / Corporate Finance) and investor in various companies in the USA and Europe, including duostech. Between 2001 and 2013, Mr. Mulder served as Executive Chairman of the Board of LBI International N.V. and from 2009 until 2014 as non-executive member of the board of W.P. Stewart in New York. He also serves as Chairman of the Investment Committee of Nethave N.V. (ICT Technology), Berghave N.V. (Turnaround/reshaping funding) and the Pension Fund of Radio Holland N.V. In 1993, Mr. Mulder was co-founder and became Chairman and Managing Director of Greenfield Capital Partners N.V., an independent private equity and corporate finance group headquartered in The Netherlands. From 1981 to 1993, he held positions of Managing Director, Chief Executive Officer of Transmark Holding B.V. and Managing Director of Pon Holdings B.V. and subsequently was a non-executive board member of companies such as HAL Investments N.V. (the holding company of Holland America Line), Pon Holdings B.V., and Transmark Holding B.V., Meulenhoff en Co N.V., SAIT Radio Holland SA, Lacis Communication N.V., Meijn Processing Industrie B.V., and CapCorp Investments N.V.


Mr. Mulder obtained his PMD in 1973 from the Harvard Business School, with special emphasis on Marketing and Corporate Strategy.


The Board believes Mr. Mulder’s extensive background in international business will allow him to assist the Company as it grows. Mr. Mulder serves as a liaison with the Company’s European based shareholders.


Blair M. Fonda, Director


Mr. Fonda was appointed as a Director on May 3, 2017 and serves as Chairman of the Audit Committee and a member of the Compensation Committee. Since 2013, Mr. Blair Fonda has served as the Chief Financial Officer of Emergent Financial Partners (“EFP”). EFP is an accounting and consulting services firm which offers financial consulting services to businesses and organizations throughout the United States and the Caribbean Islands. From 2013 to 2016, Mr. Fonda was contracted through EFP to serve as the outside Chief Financial Officer of Mountainstar Capital Engagement, a private equity and commercial real estate company. From 2007 to 2013, Mr. Fonda served as the Vice President and Controller of the Hospitality Division of Gate Petroleum, an owner and operator of convenience stores, resorts, construction and real estate operations throughout the United States. Mr. Fonda has previously served as Controller for Enterprise Rent-a-Car. Mr. Fonda is a Certified Public Accountant (CPA).


The Board believes that Mr. Fonda’s education and background qualify him as a financial expert. He has extensive and directly applicable accounting experience qualifying him to serve as Chairman of the Audit Committee.


Family Relationships


There are no family relationships among any of our directors or executive officers.


Board Composition and Director Independence


Our board of directors currently consists of four members: Mr. Gianni B. Arcaini, Mr. Adrian G. Goldfarb, Mr. Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder and Mr. Blair M. Fonda. The directors will serve until our next annual meeting and until their successors are duly elected and qualified. The Company defines “independent” as that term is defined in Rule 5605(a)(2) of the NASDAQ listing standards.


In making the determination of whether a member of the board is independent, our board considers, among other things, transactions and relationships between each director and his immediate family and the Company, including those reported under the caption “Related Party Transactions”. The purpose of this review is to determine whether any such relationships or transactions are material and, therefore, inconsistent with a determination that the directors are independent. Based on such review and its understanding of such relationships and transactions, our board affirmatively determined that Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder and Blair M. Fonda are both qualified as independent and neither have any material relationship with us that might interfere with his exercise of independent judgment.




31



 


Board Committees


We have established an audit committee and a compensation committee. Each committee has its own charter. Each of the board committees has the composition and responsibilities described below.


Audit Committee


Our Audit Committee was established in accordance with Section 3(a)(58)(A) of the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Blair M. Fonda is a member of the Audit Committee and serves as its Chairman. Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder is a member of the Audit Committee. Both Mr. Fonda and Mr. Mulder are “independent” within the meaning of Rule 10A-3 under the Exchange Act and the NASDAQ Stock Market Rules. Our board has determined Mr. Fonda is an “audit committee financial expert”, as such term is defined in Item 407(d)(5) of Regulation S-K.


The Audit Committee oversees our accounting and financial reporting processes and oversee the audit of our financial statements and the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. The specific functions of this Committee include, but are not limited to:


 

·

appointing, approving the compensation of, and assessing the independence of our independent registered public accounting firm;

 

·

overseeing the work of our independent registered public accounting firm, including through the receipt and consideration of reports from such firm;

 

·

reviewing and discussing with management and the independent registered public accounting firm our annual and quarterly financial statements and related disclosures;

 

·

monitoring our internal control over financial reporting, disclosure controls and procedures and code of business conduct and ethics;

 

·

discussing our risk management policies;

 

·

establishing policies regarding hiring employees from the independent registered public accounting firm and procedures for the receipt and retention of accounting related complaints and concerns;

 

·

meeting independently with our independent registered public accounting firm and management;

 

·

reviewing and approving or ratifying any related person transactions; and

 

·

preparing the audit committee report required by SEC rules.


Compensation Committee


Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder is a member of the Compensation Committee and serves as Chairman. Mr. Mulder is “independent” within the meaning of the NASDAQ Stock Market Rules. Mr. Mulder qualifies as a “non-employee director” under Rule 16b-3 of the Exchange Act. Our Compensation Committee assists the board of directors in the discharge of its responsibilities relating to the compensation of the board of directors and our executive officers. Mr. Fonda also serves as a member of the Compensation Committee.


The Committee’s compensation-related responsibilities include, but are not limited to:


 

·

reviewing and approving on an annual basis the corporate goals and objectives with respect to compensation for our Chief Executive Officer;

 

·

reviewing, approving and recommending to our board of directors on an annual basis the evaluation process and compensation structure for our other executive officers;

 

·

determining the need for and the appropriateness of employment agreements and change in control agreements for each of our executive officers and any other officers recommended by the Chief Executive Officer or board of directors;

 

·

providing oversight of management’s decisions concerning the performance and compensation of other company officers, employees, consultants and advisors;

 

·

reviewing our incentive compensation and other equity-based plans and recommending changes in such plans to our board of directors as needed, and exercising all the authority of our board of directors with respect to the administration of such plans;

 

·

reviewing and recommending to our board of directors the compensation of independent directors, including incentive and equity-based compensation; and

 

·

selecting, retaining and terminating such compensation consultants, outside counsel or other advisors as it deems necessary or appropriate.




32



 


Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee


We do not currently have a standing Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. The Board intends to form a Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee in the near future. Each such member of the committee will be “independent” within the meaning of the NASDAQ Stock Market Rules. The purpose of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will be to recommend to the board nominees for election as directors and persons to be elected to fill any vacancies on the board, develop and recommend a set of corporate governance principles and oversee the performance of the Board.


It is anticipated that the Committee’s responsibilities include:


 

·

recommending to the board of director’s nominees for election as directors at any meeting of stockholders and nominees to fill vacancies on the board;

 

·

considering candidates proposed by stockholders in accordance with the requirements in the Committee charter;

 

·

overseeing the administration of the Company’s Code of Ethics;

 

·

reviewing with the entire board of directors, on an annual basis, the requisite skills and criteria for board candidates and the composition of the board as a whole;

 

·

the authority to retain search firms to assist in identifying board candidates, approve the terms of the search firm’s engagement, and cause the Company to pay the engaged search firm’s engagement fee;

 

·

recommending to the board of directors on an annual basis the directors to be appointed to each committee of the board of directors;

 

·

overseeing an annual self-evaluation of the board of directors and its committees to determine whether it and its committees are functioning effectively;

 

·

developing and recommending to the board a set of corporate governance guidelines applicable to the Company.


Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act

 

Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires the Company’s directors, executive officers and persons who beneficially own 10% or more of a class of securities registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act to file reports of beneficial ownership and changes in beneficial ownership with the SEC. Directors, executive officers and greater than 10% stockholders are required by the rules and regulations of the SEC to furnish the Company with copies of all reports filed by them in compliance with Section 16(a).

 

Based solely on our review of certain reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the reports required to be filed with respect to transactions in our common stock during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, were timely. 

 

Code of Ethics

 

The Company has adopted a Code of Ethics for adherence by its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, to ensure honest and ethical conduct; full, fair and proper disclosure of financial information in the Company’s periodic reports filed pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and compliance with applicable laws, rules, and regulations. Any person may obtain a copy of our Code of Ethics by mailing a request to the Company at the address appearing on the front page of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

There are no material proceedings to which any director or officer, or any associate of any such director or officer, is a party that is adverse to our Company, our subsidiary or has a material interest adverse to our Company or our subsidiary. No director or executive officer has been a director or executive officer of any business which has filed a bankruptcy petition or had a bankruptcy petition filed against it during the past ten years. No director or executive officer has been convicted of a criminal offense or is the subject of a pending criminal proceeding during the past ten years. No director or executive officer has been the subject of any order, judgment or decree of any court permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting his involvement in any type of business, securities or banking activities during the past ten years. No director or officer has been found by a court to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law during the past ten years.




33



 


Item 11. Executive Compensation.


The following table sets forth the total compensation received for services rendered in all capacities to our Company for the last two fiscal years, which was awarded to, earned by, or paid to our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer (the “Named Executive Officers”).


Name and Principal Position

 

Year

 

Salary ($)

 

 

Bonus ($)

 

 

Stock ($)

 

 

Other

Comp. ($)

 

 

Total ($)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gianni B. Arcaini,

Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer, President, Director

 

2017

 

 

226,600

 

 

 

38,846

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

26,895

(2)

 

 

292,341

 

2016

 

 

226,600

 

 

 

61,000

(1) 

 

 

 

 

 

26,895

(2) 

 

 

314,495

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adrian G. Goldfarb,

Chief Financial Officer, EVP, Director

 

2017

 

 

152,083

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

152,083

 

2016

 

 

142,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

142,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Connie L. Weeks,

Chief Accounting Officer, EVP

 

2017

 

 

120,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

120,000

 

2016

 

 

115,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

115,000

 

———————

(1)

Represents an amount equal to 1% of annual revenues to which Mr. Arcaini is entitled under the terms of his employment, which was deferred until the company had sufficient working capital to pay this amount. Since 2008, in an effort to conserve cash flow, all amounts payable to Mr. Arcaini in respect of this entry were deferred and as of July 17, 2017, the aggregate deferred amount owed was $700,543 including accrued interest. In connection with the Company’s financing on November 24, 2017, the lead investor required that Mr. Arcaini forego this amount and receive restricted stock under the deal valued at $350,272. The equity is subject to a one-year restriction on re-sale pursuant to a lock-up agreement.

(2)

Comprised of $18,000 per annum car allowance, $2,741 and $6,154 in Company paid membership dues and subscriptions, respectively.

 

 

Outstanding Equity Awards at December 31, 2017


There were no outstanding equity awards to any of our Named Executive Officers during the year ended December 31, 2017.


2016 Equity Plan


On March 11, 2016, the Board adopted, subject to the receipt of stockholder approval which was received on April 21, 2016, the 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”) providing for the issuance of up to 228.572 shares of our common stock. The plan was subsequently modified with shareholder approval on January 18, 2018 to increase the total maximum amount issuable under the plan to 2,500,000. The purpose of the Plan is to assist the Company in attracting and retaining key employees, directors and consultants and to provide incentives to such individuals to align their interests with those of our stockholders. As of March 8, 2018, 2,443,333 have been approved for issuance under the 2016 Plan.


Administration


The 2016 Plan is administered by the Compensation Committee of the Board, which currently consists of two members of the Board, each of whom is a “non-employee director” within the meaning of Rule 16b-3 promulgated under the Exchange Act and an “outside director” within the meaning of Code Section 162(m). Among other things, the compensation committee has complete discretion, subject to the express limits of the 2016 Plan, to determine the directors, employees and nonemployee consultants to be granted an award, the type of award to be granted the terms and conditions of the award, the form of payment to be made and/or the number of shares of common stock subject to each award, the exercise price of each option and base price of each stock appreciation right (“SAR”), the term of each award, the vesting schedule for an award, whether to accelerate vesting, the value of the common stock underlying the award, and the required withholding, if any. The Compensation Committee may amend, modify or terminate any outstanding award, provided that the participant’s consent to such action is required if the action would impair the participant’s rights or entitlements with respect to that award. The Compensation Committee is also authorized to construe the award agreements and may prescribe rules relating to the 2016 Plan. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the compensation committee does not have any authority to grant or modify an award under the 2016 Plan with terms or conditions that would cause the grant, vesting or exercise thereof to be considered nonqualified “deferred compensation” subject to Code Section 409A.




34



 


Grant of Awards; Shares Available for Awards


The 2016 Plan provides for the grant of stock options, SARs, performance share awards, performance unit awards, distribution equivalent right awards, restricted stock awards, restricted stock unit awards and unrestricted stock awards to non-employee directors, officers, employees and nonemployee consultants of the Company or its affiliates. We have reserved a total of 228,572 shares of common stock for issuance as or under awards to be made under the 2016 Plan. If any award expires, is cancelled, or terminates unexercised or is forfeited, the number of shares subject thereto is again available for grant under the 2016 Plan.


Currently, there are sixteen identified employees (including three executive officers and directors), three non-employee directors, and up to twenty other current or future staff members who would be entitled to receive stock options and/or shares of restricted stock under the 2016 Plan. Future new hires and additional non-employee directors and/or consultants would be eligible to participate in the 2016 Plan as well. On March 8, 2018, 2,443,333 options were granted. (see Note 18)


Stock Options


The 2016 Plan provides for either “incentive stock options” (“ISOs”), which are intended to meet the requirements for special federal income tax treatment under the Code, or “nonqualified stock options” (“NQSOs”); the stockholders approved the 2016 Plan at the annual meeting as previously described. Stock options may be granted on such terms and conditions as the compensation committee may determine; provided, however, that the per share exercise price under a stock option may not be less than the fair market value of a share of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant and the term of the stock option may not exceed 10 years (110% of such value and five years in the case of an ISO granted to an employee who owns (or is deemed to own) more than 10% of the total combined voting power of all classes of capital stock of our company or a parent or subsidiary of our company). ISOs may only be granted to employees. In addition, the aggregate fair market value of our common stock covered by one or more ISOs (determined at the time of grant) which are exercisable for the first time by an employee during any calendar year may not exceed $100,000. Any excess is treated as a NQSO.


Stock Appreciation Rights


A SAR entitles the participant, upon exercise, to receive an amount, in cash or stock or a combination thereof, equal to the increase in the fair market value of the underlying common stock between the date of grant and the date of exercise. SARs may be granted in tandem with, or independently of, stock options granted under the 2016 Plan. A SAR granted in tandem with a stock option (i) is exercisable only at such times, and to the extent, that the related stock option is exercisable in accordance with the procedure for exercise of the related stock option; (ii) terminates upon termination or exercise of the related stock option (likewise, the common stock option granted in tandem with a SAR terminates upon exercise of the SAR); (iii) is transferable only with the related stock option; and (iv) if the related stock option is an ISO, may be exercised only when the value of the stock subject to the stock option exceeds the exercise price of the stock option. A SAR that is not granted in tandem with a stock option is exercisable at such times as the compensation committee may specify.


Performance Shares and Performance Unit Awards


Performance share and performance unit awards entitle the participant to receive cash or shares of our common stock upon the attainment of specified performance goals. In the case of performance units, the right to acquire the units is denominated in cash values.


Restricted Stock Awards and Restricted Stock Unit Awards


A restricted stock award is a grant or sale of common stock to the participant, subject to our right to repurchase all or part of the shares at their purchase price (or to require forfeiture of such shares if issued to the participant at no cost) in the event that conditions specified by the compensation committee in the award are not satisfied prior to the end of the time period during which the shares subject to the award may be repurchased by or forfeited to us. Our restricted stock unit entitles the participant to receive a cash payment equal to the fair market value of a share of common stock for each restricted stock unit subject to such restricted stock unit award, if the participant satisfies the applicable vesting requirement.


Unrestricted Stock Awards


An unrestricted stock award is a grant or sale of shares of our common stock to the participant that is not subject to transfer, forfeiture or other restrictions, in consideration for past services rendered to the Company or an affiliate or for other valid consideration.




35



 


Amendment and Termination


The compensation committee may adopt, amend and rescind rules relating to the administration of the 2016 Plan, and amend, suspend or terminate the 2016 Plan, but no such amendment or termination will be made that materially and adversely impairs the rights of any participant with respect to any award received thereby under the 2016 Plan without the participant’s consent, other than amendments that are necessary to permit the granting of awards in compliance with applicable laws. We have attempted to structure the 2016 Plan so that remuneration attributable to stock options and other awards will not be subject to the deduction limitation contained in Code Section 162(m).


Director Compensation


Each independent director is entitled to receive $15,000 per annum for service on our Board in 2017. In addition, Chairmen of committees are awarded an additional $5,000 per annum in compensation in connection with their service in such capacity.


The following table summarizes data concerning the compensation of our non-employee directors for the year ended December 31, 2017.


Name

 

Fees Earned

or Paid in Cash

($)

 

 

Stock

Awards

($)

 

 

Option

Awards

($)

 

 

Non-Equity

Incentive Plan

Compensation

($)

 

 

Non-Qualified

Deferred

Compensation

Earnings

($)

 

 

All Other

Compensation

($)

 

 

Total

($)

 

Blair Fonda (1)

 

 

12,917

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,917

 

John Giles (2)

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

Joseph Glodek (3)

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder (4)

 

 

17,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17,500

 

———————

(1)

Blair Fonda was appointed to the board on May 3, 2017 and currently serves as Chairman of the Audit Committee.

(2)

John E. Giles was appointed to the board on May 3, 2017. He resigned from his positions on November 28, 2017 and was not awarded any compensation due to serving less than one full year.  

(3)

Joseph Glodek resigned as a director on January 19, 2017.

(4)

Fred Mulder serves as a director and was appointed as Chairman of the Compensation Committee upon the resignation of John Giles.


Employment Agreement with Gianni B. Arcaini


Prior to the effectiveness of the Merger, DTI and Gianni B. Arcaini entered into an employment agreement (the “Arcaini Employment Agreement”) dated May 1, 2003, as subsequently amended on February 10, 2004 and February 12, 2007, pursuant to which Mr. Arcaini served as Chief Executive Officer, President and Chairman of DTI. The Arcaini Employment Agreement has continued in effect following the Merger. Under the agreement, Mr. Arcaini is paid an annual salary of $226,600 and a car allowance of $18,000 per annum. In addition, as incentive-based compensation, Mr. Arcaini is entitled to 1% of annual gross revenues of DTI. However, in order to conserve cash flow, since January 2008, Mr. Arcaini has been deferring a part of his compensation and, as of December 31, 2017, such deferred amount including accrued interest totaled an aggregate of $28,669 after foregoing $700,543 in deferred compensation. The Arcaini Employment Agreement had an initial term that extended through April 30, 2006, subject to renewal for successive one-year terms unless either party gives notice of that party’s election to not renew to the other at least 60 days prior to the expiration of the then-current term. The Arcaini Employment Agreement remains in effect through December 31, 2017. The Arcaini Employment Agreement contains certain provisions for early termination, which may result in a severance payment equal to one year of base salary then in effect. It is anticipated that Mr. Arcaini’s compensation terms will be revisited in the future by the Compensation Committee of the Company’s Board. (see Note 18)

 

Potential Payments upon Change of Control or Termination following a Change of Control


Our employment agreement with Mr. Arcaini, our Chief Executive Officer, provides incremental compensation in the event of termination, as described herein. Generally, we currently do not provide any severance specifically upon a change in control nor do we provide for accelerated vesting upon change in control.




36



 


Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.


As of March 30, 2018, our authorized capitalization was 500,000,000 shares of common stock $0.001 par value per share. As of the same date, there are 20,657,850 shares of our common stock issued and outstanding. Our common stock entitles its holder to one vote on each matter submitted to the stockholders.

 

The following table sets forth, as of March 30, 2018, the number of shares of our common stock owned by (i) each person who is known by us to own of record or beneficially five percent (5%) or more of our outstanding shares, (ii) each of our directors, (iii) each of our executive officers and (iv) all of our directors and executive officers as a group. Unless otherwise indicated, each of the persons listed below has sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares of our common stock beneficially owned. The address of our directors and officers is c/o Duos Technology Group, Inc., at 6622 Southpoint Drive S., Suite 310, Jacksonville, Florida 32216.


Name and Address of Beneficial Owner(4)

 

Outstanding Common
Stock
(5)

 

 

Percentage of

Ownership of

Common
Stock
(6)

 

5% Beneficial Shareholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Eagle Investment Management (1)

 

 

2,930,930

 

 

 

14.2

%

Alpha Capital Anstalt

 

 

2,063,071

 

 

 

9.99

%

Justin W. Keener(7)

 

 

2,050,526

 

 

 

9.93

%

Orin Hirschman(8)

 

 

1,693,779

 

 

 

8.2

%

5% Beneficial Shareholders as a Group

 

 

28,675,367

 

 

 

43.4

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Officers and Directors

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gianni B. Arcaini(2)

 

 

834,794

 

 

 

4.0

%

Adrian G. Goldfarb

 

 

38,751

 

 

 

*

%

Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder

 

 

38,142

 

 

 

*

%

Blair M. Fonda(3)

 

 

6,459

 

 

 

*

%

Officers and Directors as a Group (4 persons)

 

 

918,146

 

 

 

4.5

%

———————

*Denoted less than 1%


(1)

To the best of our knowledge, the organization who hold voting and dispositive control over the shares beneficially owned by First Eagle Investment Management is 21 April Fund, LLC.

(2)

These shares are held by Mr. Arcaini both in his personal name and in Robex International, Inc., a Florida corporation (“Robex”). Mr. Arcaini owns 95% of Robex and has sole dispositive voting power over such shares.

(3)

Blair Fonda is a Director and serves as Audit Committee Chairman.

(4)

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with Rule 13D-3(a) of the Exchange Act and generally includes voting or investment power with respect to securities.

(5)

The shares in the table have been listed in accordance with 13-G filings made by the individual investors.

(6)

The percentages in the table have been calculated based on treating as outstanding for a particular person, all shares of our common stock outstanding on that date and all shares of our common stock issuable to that holder in the event of exercise of outstanding options, warrants, rights or conversion privileges owned by that person at that date which are exercisable within 60 days of that date. Except as otherwise indicated, the persons listed below have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of our common stock owned by them, except to the extent that power may be shared with a spouse.

(7)

Mr. Justin Keener beneficially holds 9.93% of the Company’s issued and outstanding Common Stock In addition, Mr. Keener also holds (i) warrants to purchase 6,210,526 shares of Common Stock and (ii) 2,830 shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share, convertible into 5,660,000 shares of Common Stock, however, the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock into which the warrants are exercisable and which Mr. Keener has the right to acquire beneficial ownership, and the number of shares of Common Stock into which the Preferred Stock is convertible and which Mr. Keener has the right to acquire beneficial ownership, is limited to the number of shares of Common Stock that, together with all other shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by Mr. Keener, does not exceed 9.99% of the total outstanding shares of Common Stock.

(8)

Mr. Orin Hirschman is the managing member of AIGH LP’s General Partner and president of AIGH LLC. These 1,693,779 shares beneficially owned by Mr. Hirschman excludes warrants to purchase 2,000,000 shares of common stock not exercisable because the reporting person’s beneficial ownership is above 4.99%.




37



 


Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Directors Independence.


On August 1, 2012 the Company entered into independent contractor master services agreement (the “Services Agreement”) with Luceon, LLC, a Florida company, owned by our Chief Technology Officer, David Ponevac. The Services Agreement provides that Luceon will provide support services including management, coordination or software development services and related services to Duos from time to time.


On January 24, 2016, the wife of the CEO loaned the Company an additional $20,000 at an annual percentage rate of 8% and repayable by the Company when sufficient funds are available. he Company made payment in full on November 27, 2017. The total principal due at December 31, 2017 and 2016 was zero and $56,500, respectively.


On January 28, 2016, the CFO loaned the Company $30,000, accruing interest at 8% per annum which is repayable by the Company when sufficient funds are available. On November 24, the Company and CFO agreed to convert $30,000 plus the accrued interest balance of $4,020 for 34,020 shares of common stock. At December 31, 2017 and 2016, the outstanding loan balance was zero and $31,973, respectively.


On July 19, 2016, the Company received a $60,000 loan less fees of $75 for a related party loan with proceeds of $59,925 from the Company’s CEO. The promissory note carries an annual interest rate of 7.99% with a monthly installment payment of $1,052 through July 19, 2022. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the outstanding balance was $48,215 and $56,613, respectively.


Policy on Future Related Party Transactions


The Company requires that any related party transactions must be approved by a majority of the Company’s independent directors.


Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services.


Fees Billed for Audit and Non-Audit Services


The following table presents for each of the last two fiscal years the aggregate fees billed in connection with the audits of our financial statements and other professional services rendered by our independent registered public accounting firm Salberg & Company, P.A.


 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Audit Fees (1)

 

$

95,200

 

 

$

88,600

 

Audit-Related Fees (2)

 

 

53,000

 

 

 

9,100

 

Tax Fees (3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

All Other Fees (4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Accounting fees and Services

 

$

148,200

 

 

$

97,700

 

———————

(1)

Audit Fees. These are fees for professional services for the audit of our annual financial statements, and for the review of the financial statements included in our filings on Form 10-K and Form 10-Q, and for services that are normally provided in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements.

(2)

Audit-Related Fees. These are fees for assurance and related services by the principal accountant that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of the registrant’s financial statements.

(3)

Tax Fees. These are fees for professional services rendered by the principal accountant with respect to tax compliance, tax advice, and tax planning.

(4)

All Other Fees. These are fees for products and services provided by the principal accountant, other than the services reported above.

 



38



 


PART IV


Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

 

Exhibit No.

 

Exhibit Description

2.1

 

First Amendment to Merger and Plan of Merger, dated March 15, 2015 (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 2.1 on March 19, 2015)

2.2

 

Merger Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated February 6, 2015 (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 2.1 on February 9, 2015)

3.1

 

Amendment to Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 3.1 on July 13, 2015)

3.2

 

Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 3.1 on April 7, 2015)

3.3

 

Amended and Restated Bylaws (incorporated herein by reference to the Registration of Securities on Form 8-A/12G/A filed on August 14, 2015)

3.4

 

Articles of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 3.1 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on April 28, 2017)

3.5

 

Articles of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation Designation Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 3.1 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on November 29, 2017)

4.1

 

Senior Secured Note, dated April 1, 2016, issued by Duos Technologies Group, Inc. (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 4.1 on April 6, 2016)

4.2

 

Common Stock Purchase Warrant (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 4.1 on December 23, 2016)

4.3

 

Form of Purchaser Warrant (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 4.1 on November 29, 2017)

4.4

 

Form of Placement Agent Warrant (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 4.2 on November 29, 2017)

10.1

 

Employment Agreement, dated May 1, 2003, with Chief Executive Officer (incorporated herein by reference to the Annual Report on Form 10-K filed as Exhibit 10.1 on April 17, 2015)

10.2

 

Securities Purchase Agreement, dated March 31, 2016, by and between Duos Technologies Group, Inc. and the Schedule of Buyers attached thereto (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 10.1 on April 6, 2016)

10.3

 

Security and Pledge Agreement, dated April 1, 2016, by and among Duos Technologies Group, Inc., each of the Company’s Subsidiaries named therein and GPB Debt Holdings II, LLC (in its capacity as collateral agent) (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 10.2 on April 6, 2016)

10.4

 

Guaranty, dated April 1, 2016, by and among each of Duos Technologies Group, Inc.’s Subsidiaries named therein and GPB Debt Holdings II, LLC (in its capacity as collateral agent) (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 10.3 on April 6, 2016)

10.5

 

Warrant, dated April 1, 2016, issued by Duos Technologies Group, Inc. (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 10.4 on April 6, 2016)

10.6

 

2016 Equity Incentive Plan (incorporated herein by reference to the Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed on April 1, 2016)

10.7

 

Securities Purchase Agreement, dated December 20, 2016, by and between Duos Technologies Group, Inc. and JMJ Financial (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 10.1 on December 23, 2016)

10.8

 

Promissory Note, dated December 20, 2016, by and between Duos Technologies Group, Inc. and JMJ Financial (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 10.2 on December 23, 2016)

10.9

 

Form of Securities Purchase Agreement (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 10.1 on November 29, 2017)

10.10

 

Form of Registration Rights Agreement (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 10.2 on November 29, 2017)

10.12

 

Amendment #1 to the Securities Purchase Agreement and to the Note, dated May 22, 2017 (incorporated herein by reference to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed as Exhibit 10.5 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on August 15, 2017)

10.13

 

Amendment #2 to the Securities Purchase Agreement and to the Note, dated July 12, 2017 (incorporated herein by reference to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed as Exhibit 10.6 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on August 15, 2017)



39



 





10.14

 

Amendment #3 to the Securities Purchase Agreement and to the Note, dated August 14, 2017 (incorporated herein by reference to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed as Exhibit 10.7 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on August 15, 2017)

10.15

 

Amendment #4 to the Securities Purchase Agreement and Note, dated November 14, 2017, by and between Duos Technologies Group, Inc. and JMJ Financial (incorporated herein by reference to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed as Exhibit 10.8 on November 20, 2017)

10.16

 

Amendment #5 to the Securities Purchase Agreement and Note, dated November 16, 2017, by and between Duos Technologies Group, Inc. and JMJ Financial (incorporated herein by reference to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed as Exhibit 10.9 on November 20, 2017)

10.17

 

Amendment #6 to the Securities Purchase Agreement and Note, dated November 20, 2017, by and between Duos Technologies Group, Inc. and JMJ Financial (incorporated herein by reference to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed as Exhibit 10.10 on November 20, 2017)

10.18

 

Forbearance Agreement, dated May 12, 2017, by and among Duos Technology Group, Inc. and GPB Debt Holdings II, LLC incorporated herein by reference to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed as Exhibit 10.13 on November 20, 2017)

10.19

 

Form of Note Holder Letter Agreement, dated June 9, 2017 (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 10.1 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on June 15, 2017)

10.20

 

Form of Arcaini Letter Agreement, dated June 9, 2017 (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 10.2 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on June 15, 2017)

10.21

 

Form of Goldfarb Letter Agreement, dated June 9, 2017 (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 10.3 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on June 15, 2017)

10.22

 

GPB Debt Holdings II, LLC Letter Agreement, dated August 1, 2017 (incorporated herein by reference to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed as Exhibit 10.4 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on August 15, 2017)

10.23

 

Form of Conversion Letter (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 10.5 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on November 29, 2017)

10.24

 

Form of Redemption Letter (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 10.4 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on November 29, 2017)

10.25

 

Form of Pay-off Letter (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 10.3 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on November 29, 2017)

17.1

 

Letter of Resignation from John E. Giles to the Company dated November 28, 2017 (incorporated herein by reference to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed as Exhibit 17.1 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on December 21, 2017)

17.2

 

Letter of Resignation from Joseph Glodek to the Company dated January 19, 2017 (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 17.1 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on January 24, 2017)

17.3

 

Letter of Resignation from Gijs van Thiel to the Company dated December 30, 2016 (incorporated herein by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed as Exhibit 17.1 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on January 5, 2017)

21

 

List of Subsidiaries (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form 10-K filed on April 1, 2016)

23.1 *

 

Consent of Salberg & Company, P.A.

31.1 *

 

Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 filed herein.

31.2 *

 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 filed herein.

32.1 *

 

Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 filed herein.

32.2 *

 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 filed herein.

101.INS *

 

XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH *

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema

101.CAL *

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase

101.DEF *

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase

101.LAB *

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase

101.PRE *

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase

———————

* Filed herewith



40



 




SIGNATURES


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, there unto duly authorized.


 

DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC.

 

 

Date: April 2, 2018

By:

/s/ Gianni B. Arcaini

 

 

Gianni B. Arcaini

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

Date: April 2, 2018

By:

/s/ Adrian G. Goldfarb

 

 

Adrian G. Goldfarb

Chief Financial Officer


 

Pursuant to requirements with the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.


Signature

 

Title

 

Date

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Gianni B. Arcaini

 

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

 

April 2, 2018

Gianni B. Arcaini 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Adrian G. Goldfarb

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

April 2, 2018

Adrian G. Goldfarb

 

(Principal Financial Officer) and Director

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder

 

Director

 

April 2, 2018

Alfred J. (Fred) Mulder

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Blair Fonda

 

Director

 

April 2, 2018

Blair M. Fonda

 

 

 

 






41



 


INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

 

F-2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

 

F-3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

 

F-5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the Years Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

 

F-6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

 

F-7

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

F-9

 

 







F-1



 


[duot_10k015.jpg] 


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm


To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of:

Duos Technologies Group, Inc.


Opinion on the Financial Statements


We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Duos Technologies Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholders’ equity (deficit) and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2017 and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2017, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.


Going Concern


The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has a net loss and cash used in operations of $5,152,477 and $3,562,306 respectively in 2017 and has an accumulated deficit of $28,688,946 at December 31, 2017. These matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s Plan in regards to these matters is also described in Note 2. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.


Basis for Opinion


These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.


We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.


Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.


/s/ Salberg & Company, P.A.


SALBERG & COMPANY, P.A.


We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2013

Boca Raton, Florida

April 2, 2018


2295 NW Corporate Blvd., Suite 240 • Boca Raton, FL 33431

Phone: (561) 995-8270 • Toll Free: (866) CPA-8500 • Fax: (561) 995-1920

www.salbergco.com • info@salbergco.com

Member National Association of Certified Valuation Analysts • Registered with the PCAOB

Member CPAConnect with Affiliated Offices Worldwide Member Center for Public Company Audit Firms




F-2



 


DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS


 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT ASSETS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

1,941,818

 

 

$

174,376

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

298,304

 

 

 

256,989

 

Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts

 

 

423,793

 

 

 

476,673

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

90,923

 

 

 

135,964

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Current Assets

 

 

2,754,838

 

 

 

1,044,002

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

65,362

 

 

 

66,491

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OTHER ASSETS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patents and trademarks, net

 

 

45,978

 

 

 

51,423

 

Total Other Assets

 

 

45,978

 

 

 

51,423

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

 

$

2,866,178

 

 

$

1,161,916

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.






F-3



 


DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (CONTINUED)


 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT LIABILITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

812,618

 

 

$

842,787

 

Accounts payable - related parties

 

 

12,598

 

 

 

40,136

 

Notes payable – financing agreements

 

 

49,657

 

 

 

46,368

 

Notes payable - related parties

 

 

9,078

 

 

 

529,485

 

Notes payable, net of discounts

 

 

 

 

 

87,210

 

Convertible notes payable, including premiums

 

 

 

 

 

193,950

 

Warrant derivative liability

 

 

 

 

 

793,099

 

Line of credit

 

 

34,513

 

 

 

38,019

 

Payroll taxes payable

 

 

149,448

 

 

 

444,476

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

497,277

 

 

 

1,218,105

 

Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts

 

 

200,410

 

 

 

219,625

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

438,907

 

 

 

675,171

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Current Liabilities

 

 

2,204,506

 

 

 

5,128,431

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes payable - related party

 

 

39,137

 

 

 

48,231

 

Notes payable, net of discounts

 

 

 

 

 

1,206,522

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

 

 

2,243,643

 

 

 

6,383,184

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series A redeemable convertible cumulative preferred stock, $10 stated value per share, 500,000 shares authorized;0 and 29,600 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 ($0.00 and $301,920 liquidation value at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively)

 

 

 

 

 

301,920

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 10)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series B convertible cumulative preferred stock, $1,000 stated value per share, 15,000 shares authorized: 2,830 and 0 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, convertible into Duos Common stock at stated value divided by $0.50 per share

 

 

2,830,000

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 10,000,000 authorized, 9,485,000 available to be issued

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock: $0.001 par value; 500,000,000 shares authorized 20,657,850 and 1,892,020 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively

 

 

20,658

 

 

 

1,892

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

26,608,823

 

 

 

18,141,629

 

Total stock & paid-in-capital

 

 

26,629,481

 

 

 

18,143,521

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(28,688,946

)

 

 

(23,518,709

)

Sub-total

 

 

(2,059,465

)

 

 

(5,375,188

)

Less:  Treasury stock (3,280 shares of common stock)

 

 

(148,000

)

 

 

(148,000

)

Total Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)

 

 

622,535

 

 

 

(5,523,188

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)

 

$

2,866,178

 

 

$

1,161,916

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.




F-4



 


DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS


 

 

For the Years Ended

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

REVENUES:

  

                      

  

 

 

 

Project

 

$

1,884,079

 

 

$

3,200,182

 

Maintenance and technical support

 

 

1,127,932

 

 

 

2,230,633

 

IT asset management services

 

 

872,577

 

 

 

674,078

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Revenues

 

 

3,884,588

 

 

 

6,104,893

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COST OF REVENUES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Project

 

 

1,487,516

 

 

 

1,580,665

 

Maintenance and technical support

 

 

458,960

 

 

 

785,872

 

IT asset management services

 

 

348,076

 

 

 

365,914

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Cost of Revenues

 

 

2,294,552

 

 

 

2,732,451

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GROSS PROFIT

 

 

1,590,036

 

 

 

3,372,442

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OPERATING EXPENSES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling and marketing expenses

 

 

179,318

 

 

 

278,264

 

Salaries, wages and contract labor

 

 

3,098,782

 

 

 

3,370,191

 

Research and development

 

 

310,099

 

 

 

271,950

 

Professional fees

 

 

393,531

 

 

 

306,458

 

General and administrative expenses

 

 

1,051,799

 

 

 

889,685

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Operating Expenses

 

 

5,033,529

 

 

 

5,116,548

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOSS FROM OPERATIONS

 

 

(3,443,494

)

 

 

(1,744,106

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSES):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest Expense

 

 

(4,519,035

)

 

 

(561,174

)

Gain on settlement of debt

 

 

64,647

 

 

 

 

Warrant derivative gain (loss)

 

 

2,743,686

 

 

 

(264,099

)

Other income, net

 

 

1,719

 

 

 

7,766

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Other Income (Expense)

 

 

(1,708,983

)

 

 

(817,507

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NET LOSS

 

 

(5,152,477

)

 

 

(2,561,613

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series A preferred stock dividends

 

 

(17,760

)

 

 

(5,920

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss applicable to common stock

 

$

(5,170,237

)

 

$

(2,567,533

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NET LOSS APPLICABLE TO COMMON STOCK PER COMMON SHARE:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic & Diluted

 

$

(1.43

)

 

$

(1.36

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic & Diluted

 

 

3,606,401

 

 

 

1,883,598

 


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.




F-5



 


DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC.

 STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred Stock

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Paid-in-

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Treasury

 

 

 

 

 

 

# of Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

# of Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Stock

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance December 31, 2015

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

1,850,789

 

 

$

1,851

 

 

$

17,127,675

 

 

$

(20,951,176

)

 

$

 

 

$

(3,758,723

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued for services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

41,171

 

 

 

41

 

 

 

349,659

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

351,100

 

Exchange of warrants for common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

60

 

 

 

 

 

 

628

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

630

 

Warrants issued for services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

90,036

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

90,036

 

Warrants issued with debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

509,303

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

509,303

 

Common stock repurchased

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(148,000

)

 

 

(148,000

)

Series A preferred stock dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,920

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,920

)

Net Loss for the year ended December 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,561,613

)

 

 

 

 

 

(2,561,613

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance December 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,892,020

 

 

 

1,892

 

 

 

18,141,629

 

 

 

(23,518,709

)

 

 

(148,000

)

 

 

(5,523,188

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued for settlement of accounts payable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

359,650

 

 

 

360

 

 

 

214,640

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

215,000

 

Promissory notes settled by issuance of common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,741,637

 

 

 

1,742

 

 

 

945,524

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

947,266

 

Issuance of origination shares (JMJ)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,500,000

 

 

 

1,500

 

 

 

748,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

750,000

 

Officer salary settled for common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

700,543

 

 

 

701

 

 

 

699,842

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

700,543

 

Series A preferred stock dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(17,760

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(17,760

)

Issuance of common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,464,000

 

 

 

14,464

 

 

 

7,217,536

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,232,000

 

Warrant liability extinguished

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

95,760

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

95,760

 

Stock issuance costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,454,610

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,454,610

)

Series B convertible preferred stock issued for cash

 

 

1,000

 

 

 

1,000,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,000,000

 

Series B convertible preferred stock issued for debt conversion

 

 

1,830

 

 

 

1,830,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,830,000

 

Net Loss for the year ended December 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,152,477

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,152,477

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance December 31, 2017

 

 

2,830

 

 

$

2,830,000

 

 

 

20,657,850

 

 

$

20,658

 

 

$

26,608,823

 

 

$

(28,688,946

)

 

$

(148,000

)

 

$

622,535

 


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.







F-6



 


DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS


 

 

For the Years Ended

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Cash from operating activities:

  

                      

  

  

                      

  

Net loss

 

$

(5,152,477

)

 

$

(2,561,613

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

48,283

 

 

 

47,051

 

Gain on settlement of debt

 

 

(64,647

)

 

 

 

Stock and warrants issued for services

 

 

 

 

 

90,036

 

Stock issued per origination

 

 

750,000

 

 

 

 

Amortization of debt discounts

 

 

2,724,389

 

 

 

243,427

 

Amortization of stock based prepaid consulting fees

 

 

 

 

 

351,100

 

Loss related to warrants exchanged for stock

 

 

 

 

 

630

 

Initial fair value of warrant liability

 

 

735,347

 

 

 

 

Warrant derivative gain/loss

 

 

(2,743,686

)

 

 

264,099

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(41,315

)

 

 

195,246

 

Costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts

 

 

52,880

 

 

 

(55,557

)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

263,827

 

 

 

252,282

 

Accounts payable

 

 

184,829

 

 

 

(221,379

)

Accounts payable-related party

 

 

(27,538

)

 

 

10,066

 

Payroll taxes payable

 

 

(295,028

)

 

 

148,261

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

258,307

 

 

 

262,535

 

Contingent lawsuit liability

 

 

 

 

 

(550,000

)

Billings in excess of costs and earnings on uncompleted contracts

 

 

(19,215

)

 

 

(83,439

)

Deferred revenue

 

 

(236,262

)

 

 

(233,035

)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(3,562,306

)

 

 

(1,840,290

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of patents/trademarks

 

 

 

 

 

(70

)

Purchase of fixed assets

 

 

(41,709

)

 

 

(35,345

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(41,709

)

 

 

(35,415

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of series A preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

296,000

 

Proceeds of advance payments-stock repurchase

 

 

 

 

 

(148,000

)

Proceeds from related party notes

 

 

 

 

 

221,570

 

Proceeds from note payable

 

 

1,333,500

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from series B convertible preferred stock

 

 

1,000,000

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from common stock, net

 

 

5,777,390

 

 

 

 

Repayments of financing agreements

 

 

(217,470

)

 

 

 

Repayments of line of credit

 

 

(3,506

)

 

 

 

Repayments of related party notes

 

 

(432,527

)

 

 

(130,818

)

Repayments of insurance and equipment financing

 

 

 

 

 

(220,800

)

Repayments of notes payable

 

 

(1,766,250

)

 

 

(155,000

)

Redemption of series A convertible stock and payment of accrued dividends

 

 

(319,680

)

 

 

 

Proceeds of notes payable, net of $358,263 cash fees

 

 

 

 

 

2,047,000

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

5,371,457

 

 

 

1,909,952

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase in cash

 

 

1,767,442

 

 

 

34,247

 

Cash, beginning of period

 

 

174,376

 

 

 

140,129

 

Cash, end of period

 

 

1,941,818

 

 

 

174,376

 


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.



F-7



 


DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)


 

 

For the Years Ended

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid

 

$

126,975

 

 

$

245,134

 

Taxes paid

 

$

 

 

$

10,149

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued for prepaid consulting services

 

$

 

 

$

351,100

 

Common stock issued for accounts payable

 

$

215,000

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued for related party notes payable

 

$

95,000

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued for loans and convertible notes

 

$

2,424,371

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued for accrued interest and penalties

 

$

257,895

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued for accrued officer salary

 

$

700,543

 

 

 

 

Increase in debt discount and paid-in capital for warrants issued with debt

 

$

 

 

$

791,303

 

Accrued interest forgiven related to note payable settlement

 

$

20,697

 

 

$

 

Debt discount related to notes payable

 

$

1,571,250

 

 

$

 

Note issued for financing of insurance premiums

 

$

220,760

 

 

$

223,154

 

Accrued dividends

 

$

17,760

 

 

$

5,920

 


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.








F-8



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



NOTE 1 – NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES


Nature of Operations


Duos Technologies Group, Inc. (“Company”), through its operating subsidiary “Duos Technologies, Inc. (“duostech”) is primarily engaged in the design and deployment of state-of-the-art, artificial intelligence driven intelligent technologies systems. duostech converges traditional security measures with information technologies to create “actionable intelligence.” duostech’s IP is built upon two of its core technology platforms (praesidium® and centraco®), both distributed as licensed software suites, and natively embedded within engineered turnkey systems. praesidium® is a modular suite of analytics applications which process and simultaneously analyze data streams from a virtually unlimited number of conventional sensors and/or data points. Native algorithms compare analyzed data against user-defined criteria and rules in real time and automatically report any exceptions, deviations and/or anomalies. This application suite also includes a broad range of conventional operational system components and sub-systems, including an embedded feature-rich video management engine and a proprietary Alarm Management Service (AMS). This unique service provides continuous monitoring of all connected devices, processes, equipment and sub-systems, and automatically communicates to the front end-user interface, if and when an issue, event or performance anomalies are detected. centraco® is a comprehensive user interface that includes the functionalities of a Physical Security Information Management (PSIM) system as well as those of an Enterprise Information System (EIS). This multi-layered interface can be securely installed as a stand-alone application suite inside a local area network or pushed outside a wide area network using the same browser-based interface. It leverages industry standards for data security, access, and encryption as appropriate. The platform also operates as a cloud-hosted solution.


The Company’s strategy includes expansion of its technology base through organic development efforts, strategic partnerships, and growth through strategic acquisitions. duostech’s primary target industry sectors include transportation, with emphasis on freight and transit railroad owners/operators, petro-chemical, utilities and healthcare.


As reported previously, Duos Technologies Group, Inc. is the result of the reverse merger between duostech and a wholly owned subsidiary of Information Systems Associates, Inc., a Florida corporation (“ISA”), which became effective as of April 1, 2015 and as a result of which duostech became a wholly owned subsidiary of the merged entity. The merger was followed by a corporate name change to Duos Technologies Group, Inc., a symbol change from IOSA to DUOT and up-listing from OTC Pink to OTCQB.


ISA’s original business of IT Asset Management (ITAM) services for large data centers is now operated as a division of the Company that continues its sales efforts through large strategic partners. ISA developed a methodology for the efficient data collection of assets contained within large data centers and was awarded a patent in 2010 for specific methods to collect and audit data.


Reclassification


Certain amounts in the 2016 balance sheet have been reclassified from notes payable related parties - current to notes payable related parties - long-term to conform to the 2017 presentation. This reclassification caused notes payable related parties – long-term in 2016 to be increased by $48,231 and notes payable related parties – current to be decreased by the same amount.


Basis of Presentation


The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”).


All share and per share amounts have been presented to give retroactive effect to a 1 for 35 reverse stock split that occurred in May 2017.


Principles of Consolidation


The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, duostech and TrueVue 360, Inc. All inter-company transactions and balances are eliminated in consolidation.




F-9



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



Use of Estimates


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results may differ from these estimates. The most significant estimates in the accompanying consolidated financial statements include the allowance on accounts receivable, valuation of deferred tax assets, valuation of intangible and other long-lived assets, estimates of percentage completion on projects and related revenues, valuation of stock-based compensation, valuation of derivatives, valuation of warrants issued with debt, valuation of beneficial conversion features in convertible debt, and valuation of stock-based awards. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates.


Cash and Cash Equivalents


For the purposes of the Statement of Cash Flows, the Company considers liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less to be a cash equivalent. There were no cash equivalents at December 31, 2017 or 2016.


Concentrations


Cash Concentrations


Cash is maintained at financial institutions and at times, balances may exceed federally insured limits. We have not experienced any losses related to these balances. As of December 31, 2017, balance in one financial institution exceeded federally insured limits by $1,724,594. There were no amounts on deposit in excess of federally insured limits at December 31, 2016.


Significant Customers and Concentration of Credit Risk


Major Customers and Accounts Receivable


The Company had certain customers whose revenue individually represented 10% or more of the Company’s total revenue, or whose accounts receivable balances individually represented 10% or more of the Company’s total accounts receivable, as follows:


For the year ended December 31, 2017, three customers accounted for 22%, 20% and 18% of revenues. For the year ended December 31, 2016, four customers accounted for 21%, 19%, 16% and 11% of revenues.


At December 31, 2017, four customers accounted for 42%, 17%, 13% and 11% of accounts receivable. At December 31, 2016, three customers accounted for 50%, 26% and 14% of accounts receivable.


Geographic Concentration


Approximately 4.35% and 20.89% of revenue in 2017 and 2016, respectively, is generated from customers outside of the United States.




F-10



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



Accounting for Derivatives


The Company evaluates its convertible instruments, options, warrants or other contracts to determine if those contracts or embedded components of those contracts qualify as derivatives to be separately accounted for under ASC Topic 815, “Derivatives and Hedging.” The result of this accounting treatment is that the fair value of the derivative is marked-to-market each balance sheet date and recorded as a liability. In the event that the fair value is recorded as a liability, the change in fair value is recorded in the statement of operations as other income (expense). Upon conversion or exercise of a derivative instrument, the instrument is marked to fair value at the conversion date and then that fair value is reclassified to equity. Equity instruments that are initially classified as equity that become subject to reclassification under ASC Topic 815 are reclassified to liabilities at the fair value of the instrument on the reclassification date.


Fair Value of Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements


We measure our financial assets and liabilities in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. For certain of our financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, the carrying amounts approximate fair value due to their short maturities. Amounts recorded for notes payable, net of discount, and loans payable also approximate fair value because current interest rates available to us for debt with similar terms and maturities are substantially the same.


We follow accounting guidance for financial assets and liabilities. This standard defines fair value, provides guidance for measuring fair value and requires certain disclosures. This standard does not require any new fair value measurements, but rather applies to all other accounting pronouncements that require or permit fair value measurements. This guidance does not apply to measurements related to share-based payments. This guidance discusses valuation techniques, such as the market approach (comparable market prices), the income approach (present value of future income or cash flow), and the cost approach (cost to replace the service capacity of an asset or replacement cost).


The guidance utilizes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels. The following is a brief description of those three levels:


Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.


Level 2: Inputs, other than quoted prices that are observable, either directly or indirectly. These include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets and quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.


Level 3: Unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore developed using estimates and assumptions developed by us, which reflect those that a market participant would use.


Accounts Receivable


Accounts receivable are stated at estimated net realizable value. Accounts receivable are comprised of balances due from customers net of estimated allowances for uncollectible accounts. In determining the collections on the account, historical trends are evaluated and specific customer issues are reviewed to arrive at appropriate allowances. The Company reviews its accounts to estimate losses resulting from the inability of its customers to make required payments. Any required allowance is based on specific analysis of past due accounts and also considers historical trends of write-offs. Past due status is based on how recently payments have been received from customers.


Property and Equipment


Property and equipment is stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided by the straight-line method over the estimated economic life of the property and equipment (three to five years). When assets are sold or retired, their costs and accumulated depreciation are eliminated from the accounts and any gain or loss resulting from their disposal is included in the statement of operations. Leasehold improvements are expensed over the shorter of the term of our lease or their useful lives.




F-11



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



Software Development Costs


The Company accounts for costs incurred to develop or purchase computer software for internal use in accordance with FASB ASC 350-40 “Internal-Use Software” or ASC 350-50 "Website Costs". Costs incurred during the preliminary project stage along with post-implementation stages of internal use computer software are expensed as incurred. Costs incurred to maintain existing product offerings are expensed as incurred.


Patents and Trademarks


Patents and trademarks which are stated at amortized cost, relate to the development of video surveillance security system technology and are being amortized over 17 years.


Long-Lived Assets


The Company evaluates the recoverability of its property, equipment, and other long-lived assets in accordance with FASB ASC 360-10-35-15 “Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets”, which requires recognition of impairment of long-lived assets in the event the net book value of such assets exceed the estimated future undiscounted cash flows attributable to such assets or the business to which such intangible assets relate. This guidance requires that long-lived assets and certain identifiable intangibles be reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.


Accrual of Legal Costs Associated with Loss Contingencies


The Company expenses legal costs associated with loss contingencies, as incurred.


Product Warranties


The Company has a 90 day warranty period for materials and labor after final acceptance of all projects. If any parts are defective they are replaced under our vendor warranty which is usually 12-36 months. Final acceptance terms vary by customer. Some customers have a cure period for any material deviation and if the Company fails or is unable to correct any deviations, a full refund of all payments made by the customer will be arranged by the Company. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, management considers all final acceptance terms have been met; therefore no accrual of warranty reserves has been made.


Loan Costs


Loan costs paid to lenders or third-parties are recorded as debt discounts to the related loans and amortized to interest expense over the loan term.


Sales Returns Liabilities


Our systems are sold as integrated systems and there are no sales returns allowed.




F-12



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



Revenue Recognition


Project Revenue


The Company constructs intelligent technology systems consisting of materials and labor under customer contracts. Revenues and related costs on project revenue are recognized using the “percentage of completion method” of accounting in accordance with ASC 606-10-55-20, “Construction-Type and Production-Type Contracts”. Under this method, contract revenues are recognized over the performance period of the contract in direct proportion to the costs incurred as a percentage of total estimated costs for the entirety of the contract. Costs include direct material, direct labor, subcontract labor and other allocable indirect costs. All un-allocable indirect costs and corporate general and administrative costs are also charged to the periods as incurred. Any recognized revenues that have not been billed to a customer are recorded as an asset in “costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts”. Any billings of customers in excess of recognized revenues are recorded as a liability in “billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts”. However, in the event a loss on a contract is foreseen, the Company will recognize the loss when such loss is determined.

 

A contract is considered complete when all costs except insignificant items have been incurred and the installation is operating according to specifications or has been accepted by the customer.

 

The Company has contracts in various stages of completion. Such contracts require estimates to determine the appropriate cost and revenue recognition. Costs estimates are reviewed periodically on a contract-by-contract basis throughout the life of the contract such that adjustments to the profit resulting from revisions are made cumulative to the date of the revision. Significant management judgments and estimates, including the estimated costs to complete projects, must be made and used in connection with the revenue recognized in the accounting period. Current estimates may be revised as additional information becomes available.

 

Maintenance and Technical Support


Maintenance and technical support services are provided on both an as-needed and extended-term basis and may include providing both parts and labor. Maintenance and technical support provided outside of a maintenance contract are on an as-requested basis, and revenue is recognized as the services are provided. Revenue for maintenance and technical support provided on an extended-term basis is recognized ratably over the term of the contract.


For sales arrangements that do not involve multiple elements such as professional services, which are of short-term duration, revenues are recognized when services are completed.


IT Asset Management Services


The Company recognizes revenue from its IT asset management business in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104, "Revenue Recognition" and Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 985-605-25 which addresses Revenue Recognition for the software industry. The general criteria for revenue recognition under ASC 985-605 for our Company, which sells software licenses, which do not require any significant modification or customization, is that revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable and collectability is probable.


The Company’s IT asset management business generates revenues from three sources: (1) Professional Services (consulting and auditing); (2) Software licensing with optional hardware sales and (3) Customer Service (training and maintenance support).


For sales arrangements that do not involve multiple elements: 


(1)

Revenues for professional services, which are of short-term duration, are recognized when services are completed;

 



F-13



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



(2)

For all periods reflected in this report, software license sales have been one-time sales of a perpetual license to use our software product and the customer also has the option to purchase third party manufactured handheld devices from us if they purchase our software license. Accordingly, the revenue is recognized upon delivery of the software and delivery of the hardware, as applicable, to the customer;


(3)

Training sales are one-time upfront short-term training sessions and are recognized after the service has been performed; and

 

(4)

Maintenance/support is an optional product sold to our software license customers under one-year contracts. Accordingly, maintenance payments received upfront are deferred and recognized over the contract term.


Multiple Elements


Arrangements with customers may involve multiple elements including project revenue and maintenance services in our Intelligent Technology Systems business. Maintenance will occur after the project is completed and may be provided on an extended-term basis or on an as-needed basis. In our IT Asset Management business, multiple elements may include any of the above four sources. Training and maintenance on software products may occur after the software product sale while other services may occur before or after the software product sale and may not relate to the software product. Revenue recognition for multiple element arrangement is as follows:

 

Each element is accounted for separately when each element has value to the customer on a standalone basis and there is Company specific objective evidence of selling price of each deliverable. For revenue arrangements with multiple deliverables, the Company allocates the total customer arrangement to the separate units of accounting based on their relative selling prices as determined by the price of the items when sold separately. Once the selling price is allocated, the revenue for each element is recognized using the applicable criteria under GAAP as discussed above for elements sold in non-multiple element arrangements. A delivered item or items that do not qualify as a separate unit of accounting within the arrangement are combined with the other applicable undelivered items within the arrangement. The allocation of arrangement consideration and the recognition of revenue is then determined for those combined deliverables as a single unit of accounting. The Company sells its various services and software and hardware products at established prices on a standalone basis which provides Company specific objective evidence of selling price for purposes of multiple element relative selling price allocation. The Company only sells maintenance services or spare parts based on its established rates after it has completed a system integration project for a customer. The customer is not required to purchase maintenance services. All elements in multiple element arrangements with Company customers qualify as separate units of account for revenue recognition purposes. 


Deferred Revenue


Deferred revenues represent billings or cash received in excess of revenue recognizable on service agreements that are not accounted for under the percentage of completion method.


Advertising


The Company expenses the cost of advertising. During the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, there were no advertising costs.


Share-Based Compensation


Stock-based compensation is accounted for in accordance with the Share-Based Payment Topic of ASC 718 which requires recognition in the financial statements of the cost of employee and director services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments over the shorter of the period the employee or director is required to perform the services in exchange for the award or the vesting period. The ASC also requires measurement of the cost of employee and director services received in exchange for an award based on the grant-date fair value of the award.

 



F-14



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



Pursuant to ASC Topic 505-50, for share-based payments to consultants and other third-parties, compensation expense is determined at the “measurement date”. The expense is recognized over the service period of the award. Until the measurement date is reached, the total amount of compensation expense remains uncertain. The Company initially records compensation expense based on the fair value of the award at the reporting date. 


Income Taxes


The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 740, Income Taxes, which requires the recognition of deferred income taxes for differences between the basis of assets and liabilities for financial statement and income tax purposes. The deferred tax assets and liabilities represent the future tax return consequences of those differences, which will either be taxable or deductible when the assets and liabilities are recovered or settled. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.


The Company evaluates all significant tax positions as required by ASC 740. As of December 31, 2017, the Company does not believe that it has taken any positions that would require the recording of any additional tax liability nor does it believe that there are any unrealized tax benefits that would either increase or decrease within the next year.


Any penalties and interest assessed by income taxing authorities are included in operating expenses.


The federal and state income tax returns of the Company are subject to examination by the IRS and state taxing authorities, generally for three years after they were filed. Tax years 2015, 2016 and 2017 remain open for potential audit.


Earnings (Loss) Per Share


Basic earnings per share (EPS) are computed by dividing net loss applicable to common stock by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted net loss per common share is computed by dividing the net loss applicable to common stock by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period and, if dilutive, potential common shares outstanding during the period. Potential common shares consist of the incremental common shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options, stock warrants, convertible debt instruments, convertible preferred stock or other common stock equivalents. Potentially dilutive securities are excluded from the computation if their effect is anti-dilutive. At December 31, 2017 and 2016, there were an aggregate of 25,216,332 and 710,238 outstanding warrants to purchase shares of common stock respectively; 0 and 122,707 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of convertible debt respectively; and at December 31, 2017, 5,660,000 common shares were issuable upon conversion of Series B convertible preferred stock, all of which were excluded from the computation of dilutive earnings per share because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.


Segment Information


The Company operates in one reportable segment.


Recent Issued Accounting Standards


In August 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2015-14 Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The ASU defers the effective date of previously issued ASU 2014-09 (the new revenue recognition standard) by one year for both public and private companies. The ASU requires public entities to apply the new revenue recognition guidance for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim reporting periods within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Both public and nonpublic entities will be permitted to apply the new revenue recognition standard as of the original effective date for public entities (annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016). The Company has adopted to this standard for their fiscal year beginning January 1, 2018 and it will not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.




F-15



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02: “Leases (Topic 842)” whereby lessees will need to recognize almost all leases on their balance sheet as a right of use asset and a lease liability. This guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company does not expect this ASU to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.


In March 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-09: "Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718)-Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting" which includes multiple provisions intended to simplify various aspects of the accounting for share-based payments. This guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. There was no material impact to the consolidated financial statements as a result of implementing this ASU.


NOTE 2 – GOING CONCERN


As reflected in the accompanying consolidated financial statements, the Company had a net loss of $5,152,477 in 2017. During the same period, cash used in operating activities was $3,562,306. The accumulated deficit as of December 31, 2017 was $28,688,946. Some of these matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for a period of twelve months from the issuance date of this report.


The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on the Company’s ability to further implement its business plan, drive significant additional revenue and become profitable.


On November 24, 2017, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement and Registration Rights Agreement in the aggregate principal amount of $11,031,371. This amount was in the form of both cash and debt conversions. Part of the cash amount was used to retire long-term debt and payables including full payment to the Internal Revenue Service, excluding accrued late fees in the amount of $108,262, in which the Company has requested a waiver of the late fees. These actions leave the Company both debt free and current with all previous outstanding obligations. There remaining approximately $2 million will be used primarily as working capital to fund additional resources to support the anticipated growth in revenues for 2018.


While no assurance can be provided, management believes that these actions provide the opportunity for the Company to continue as a going concern and to grow its business and achieve profitability without the requirement to raise additional capital for existing operations. Ultimately the continuation of the Company as a going concern is dependent upon the ability of the Company to execute the plan described above, generate sufficient revenue and to attain profitable operations. These consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments related to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern. 


NOTE 3 – ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE


Accounts receivable were as follows at December 31, 2017 and 2016:


 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Accounts receivable

 

$

298,304

 

 

$

256,989

 

Allowance for doubtful accounts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

298,304

 

 

$

256,989

 


There was bad debt expense related to accounts receivable of $0 and $70,248 in 2017 and 2016, respectively.




F-16



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



NOTE 4 PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT


The major classes of property and equipment are as follow at December 31, 2017 and 2016:

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

 

$

862,582

 

 

$

1,136,003

 

Less: Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(797,220

)

 

 

(1,069,512

)

 

 

$

65,362

 

 

$

66,491

 


During 2017, the Company recorded the disposal of $315,129 of fixed assets with no salvage value and no longer in service, to furniture, fixtures and equipment and to accumulated depreciation. Total depreciation in 2017 and 2016 was $42,838 and $41,398, respectively.


NOTE 5 PATENTS AND TRADEMARKS


 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Patents and trademarks

 

$

267,205

 

 

$

267,205

 

Less: Accumulated amortization

 

 

(221,227

)

 

 

(215,782

)

 

 

$

45,978

 

 

$

51,423

 


Total amortization of patents in 2017 and 2016 was $5,445 and $5,653 respectively.


NOTE 6 DEBT


Notes Payable - Financing Agreements


The Company’s notes payable relating to financing agreements classified as current liabilities consist of the following as of December 31, 2017 and 2016: 


 

 

December 31, 2017

 

December 31, 2016

 

Notes Payable

 

Principal

 

 

 

Interest

 

Principal

 

 

 

Interest

 

Third Party - Insurance Note 1

 

$

25,075

 

 

 

10.30

%

 

$

25,075

 

 

 

9.75

%

 

Third Party - Insurance Note 2

 

 

11,679

 

 

 

10.00

%

 

 

9,861

 

 

 

10.00

%

 

Third Party - Insurance Note 3

 

 

 

 

 

8.05

%

 

 

 

 

 

8.05

%

 

Third Party - Insurance Note 4

 

 

12,903

 

 

 

9.24

%

 

 

11,432

 

 

 

9.24

%

 

Total

 

$

49,657

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

46,368

 

 

 

 

 

 


The Company entered into an agreement on December 23, 2016 with its insurance provider by executing an $25,075 note payable (Insurance Note 1) issued to purchase an insurance policy, secured by that policy with an annual interest rate of 9.75% payable in monthly installments of principal and interest totaling $2,234 through October 23, 2017. The policy was renewed December 23, 2017 with a $25,075 note payable with an annual interest rate of 10.30%.


The Company entered into an agreement on September 15, 2016 with its insurance provider by executing a $19,065 note payable (Insurance Note 2) issued to purchase an insurance policy, secured by that policy with an annual interest rate of 10% payable in monthly installments of principal and interest totaling $1,702 through June 30, 2017. The policy was renewed September 15, 2017 with an $19,065 note payable and annual interest rate of 10% payable in monthly installments of principal and interest totaling $1,581 through June 30, 2018. At December 31, 2017 and 2016, the note payable balance was $11,679 and $9,861, respectively.


The Company entered into an agreement on February 3, 2016 with its insurance provider by executing an $123,571 note payable (Insurance Note 3) issued to purchase an insurance policy, secured by that policy with an annual interest rate of 8.05% payable in monthly installments of principal and interest totaling $12,818 through December 3, 2017. The note was renewed on February 3, 2017 in the amount of $127,620 with an annual interest rate of 8.05% payable in monthly installments of principal and interest totaling $13,252. At December 31, 2017 and 2016, the note payable balance was zero.




F-17



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



The Company entered into an agreement on April 1, 2016 with its insurance provider by executing a $65,000 note payable (Insurance Note 4) issued to purchase an insurance policy, secured by that policy with an annual interest rate of 9.24% payable in monthly installments of principal and interest totaling $5,782 through February 1, 2017. The note was renewed on April 15, 2017 in the amount of $49,000 payable in monthly installments of principal and interest totaling $4,373 through February 15, 2018. At December 31, 2017 and 2016, the note payable balance was $12,903 and $11,432, respectively.


Notes Payable - Related Parties


The Company’s notes payable to related parties classified as current liabilities consist of the following as of December 31, 2017 and 2016:


 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

December 31, 2016

 

Notes Payable

 

Principal

 

 

Interest

 

 

Principal

 

 

Interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholder

 

$

 

 

9

%

 

$

65,000

 

 

9

%

Related party

 

 

 

 

8

%

 

 

13,369

 

 

8

%

Related party

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,504

 

 

 

Related party

 

 

 

 

8

%

 

 

56,500

 

 

8

%

Related Party

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,170

 

 

 

Related Party

 

 

 

 

8

%

 

 

8,431

 

 

8

%

CFO

 

 

 

 

8

%

 

 

31,973

 

 

 

Shareholder

 

 

 

 

6

%

 

 

226,936

 

 

6

%

CEO

 

 

9,078

 

 

8

%

 

 

8,383

 

 

 

Shareholder

 

 

 

 

8

%

 

 

105,219

 

 

 

Sub-total current portion

 

 

9,078

 

 

 

 

 

 

529,485

 

 

 

 

Add long-term portion-CEO

 

 

39,137

 

 

 

 

 

 

48,231

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

48,215

 

 

 

 

 

$

577,716

 

 

 

 


On May 28, 2008, a shareholder who is indirectly invested in the Company with the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) through another entity, loaned the Company the sum of $65,000 accruing interest at 9% per annum. There was an accrued interest balance of $49,231 and $43,381 as of December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. The note was repayable on or before September 15, 2008 although no demand for repayment has been received from the holder. There is no formal written agreement and the terms are documented on a letter from a former Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of the Company. On November 24, 2017, as part of the Private Offering Closing, the principal amount of $65,000 and accrued interest balance of $53,875 for a total of $118,875 was converted for 118,875 shares of common stock. (see Note 14)

 

Upon the consummation of the merger on April 1, 2015, the Company assumed an Original Issue Discount (OID) promissory note with a remaining principal balance of $15,000 accruing interest at 18% per annum. On November 30, 2015 there was an outstanding principal balance of $15,000 and an accrued interest balance of $2,651 in which the promissory note was restructured into a note due on or before December 15, 2016 for a total of $17,651 principal balance, accruing interest at 8% per annum and monthly payments of $1,535 commencing January 15, 2016. The Company made payments during the first quarter of 2016 in the amount of $4,282. As of December 31, 2016, the loan had an outstanding amount of $13,369 and there was an accrued interest balance of $802. On November 24, 2017, as part of the Private Offering Closing, the principal balance of $13,369 and accrued interest balance of $1,817 for a total of $15,186 was paid in full.

 

Upon the consummation of the merger on April 1, 2015, the Company assumed two promissory notes due to an entity which had previously extended credit on a revolving basis for working capital. The total principal balance was $212,693 at the time of the merger and carried total interest and extension fees of 30% per annum. On September 30, 2015, the note and accrued interest for a total of $275,660 was exchanged for 1,002,401 common shares. The Company recorded a loss on settlement in the amount of $115,139. The same lender had extended further credit to the Company’s TrueVue360 subsidiary which on September 30, 2015 had a principal balance of $28,040 and accrued interest balance of $9,777 totaling $37,817. The note can be extended each time for a further 30 days on payment of a 1% extension fee in addition to the 1.5% interest cost which can be accrued. The Company agreed to convert this note to an 18-month term loan with 0% interest and monthly payments of $2,100 starting November 1, 2015. The Company also issued 501,201 five-year warrants with a strike price of $0.28 as consideration for the conversion of the larger note and the zero-interest feature of the extended payment plan. The note was paid in full during 2017 and as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the balance was zero and $10,504, respectively.



F-18



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



On December 12, 2013, the wife of the CEO loaned the Company the sum of $10,000 at an annual percentage rate of 8%. On January 29, 2015, March 3, 2015 and September 30, 2015 the wife of the CEO loaned the Company an additional $12,000, $5,000 and $9,500 respectively. On January 24, 2016, an additional $20,000 was loaned to the Company. The principal balance of $56,500 and accrued interest balance of $11,575 for a total of $68,075 was paid in full on November 27, 2017. The total principal due at December 31, 2017 and 2016 was zero and $56,500, respectively. There was accrued interest balance of zero and $7,474 as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

Upon the consummation of the merger on April 1, 2015, the Company assumed a promissory note with a remaining principal balance of $30,378 due to the former CEO of ISA. These amounts are non-interest bearing and are due on demand. The Company made final payment during the first quarter of 2017. At December 31, 2017 and 2016, the loan had an outstanding balance of zero and $3,170, respectively.

 

Upon the consummation of the merger on April 1, 2015, the Company assumed an OID promissory note with a remaining principal and accrued interest balance of $10,593. During the third quarter of 2015, interest payments of $1,500 were paid. At November 30, 2015 the principal balance of the note was $10,000, and an accrued interest balance of $1,131 at a rate of 30% per annum was restructured into a note due on or before December 15, 2016 for a total of $11,131 principal balance, accruing interest at 8% per annum and monthly payments of $968 commencing January 15, 2016. The Company made payments during the first quarter of 2016 in the amount of $2,700. As of December 31, 2016, the loan had an outstanding amount of $8,431 and there was an accrued interest balance of $506. On November 24, 2017, as part of the Private Offering Closing, the principal balance of $8,431 and accrued interest balance of $1,145 for a total of $9,576 was paid in full.


Upon the consummation of the merger on April 1, 2015, the Company assumed two promissory notes with a total principal balance of $8,783 due to the Company’s CFO. During the second quarter of 2015, the CFO loaned the Company an additional $365 and the Company made payments to the CFO during the same period in the amount of $1,307. These advances do not incur any interest and will be paid by the Company when sufficient funds are available. On January 28, 2016, the CFO loaned the Company $30,000, accruing interest at 8% per annum which is repayable by the Company when sufficient funds are available. The Company and CFO agreed to convert the loan balance of $30,000 in addition to the accrued interest balance of $4,020 for a total of $34,040 for 34,040 shares of common stock. The balance amount of $1,973 was applied to a travel advance with an outstanding balance due of zero and $31,973 at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

On April 8, 2015, the Company received a $310,000 loan from a related party principal shareholder. The note accrues interest at the rate of 6% per annum and was repayable on or before October 31, 2015. There was accrued interest balance of $8,616 as of September 30, 2015. The Company and shareholder have agreed to replace the note with a new note in the amount of $320,166, which includes principal and accrued interest through October 31, 2015. Repayment shall occur with eleven monthly payments of $27,750 plus one final payment of $27,007 (including interest of 6%) beginning on or before December 31, 2015. On November 27, 2017, the Company paid the principal balance of $226,936 and the accrued interest balance of $12,684 for a total of $239,620. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the outstanding balance was zero and $226,936, respectively.


On July 19, 2016, the Company received a $60,000 loan less fees of $75 for a related party loan with proceeds of $59,925 from the Company’s CEO. The promissory note carries an annual interest rate of 7.99% with a monthly installment payment of $1,052 through July 19, 2022. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the outstanding balance was $48,215 and $56,614, respectively. (see Note 18)


On August 11, 2016, the Company received an $111,645 loan from a related party principal shareholder. The note accrues interest at the rate of 8% per annum and is repayable on or before February 11, 2017. On November 27, 2017, the principal amount of $105,219 and the accrued interest balance of $11,608 for a total of $116,827 was paid in full. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the outstanding balance was zero and $105,219, respectively.


Notes Payable


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

December 31, 2016

 

Payable To

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Principal

 

 

Interest

 

 

Principal

 

 

Interest

 

Shareholder

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

$

19,108

 

 

 

 

Vendor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22,500

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

41,608

 

 

 

 

 




F-19



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



Upon the consummation of the merger on April 1, 2015, the Company assumed a promissory note with a remaining principal balance of $19,108 due to an unrelated party investor and shareholder of the Company. The $19,108 is non-interest bearing. The Company and shareholder agreed to convert the note amount of $19,108 to common stock effective November 24, 2017 for 38,216 shares of common stock at $0.50 per share.


On August 10, 2015, the Company entered into an agreement with FacilityTeam of Ontario, Canada to settle a dispute that had arisen concerning payments for software development services. The Company agreed to pay to FacilityTeam $2,500 per month starting October 1, 2015 for 24 months and, pursuant thereto, took a charge in the third quarter of 2015 for the settlement amount of $60,000. At December 31, 2017 and 2016, the outstanding balance was zero and $22,500, respectively.

(see Note 10)


Convertible Notes, Including Premiums

 

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

December 31, 2016

 

Payable To

 

Principal

 

 

Premium

 

 

Principal, Including Premium

 

 

Principal

 

 

Premium

 

 

Principal, Including Premium

 

Vendor

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

50,000

 

 

$

50,000

 

 

$

100,000

 

Vendor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

46,975

 

 

 

46,975

 

 

 

93,950

 

Total

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

96,975

 

 

$

96,975

 

 

$

193,950

 


Upon the consummation of the merger on April 1, 2015, the Company assumed a convertible promissory note of $50,000 due to a vendor of the Company which included a premium of $50,000 relating to its treatment as stock settled debt under ASC 480. The $50,000 convertible note accrues interest at 1% per month and is convertible into the Company’s common stock at a 50% discount to the average closing bid prices for the company’s common stock for the five days immediately preceding the conversion date. An interest payment was made on January 11, 2016 in the amount of $3,230. The outstanding note balance at December 31, 2016 and 2015 was $50,000 and $50,000, respectively and accrued interest on December 31, 2016 and 2015 was $7,511 and $4,723, respectively. As previously disclosed, on May 23, 2016, the Company filed a lawsuit against, the holder of this note and another convertible note described below. The Company owes the principal and interest due under the notes and has sought to pay principal and interest of the note which first came due, however, its offer was rejected. On January 19, 2017, the Company executed a settlement agreement with this vendor resolving the pending lawsuit concerning the two convertible notes. The settlement called for payment of $150,000 due within 45 days of execution thereof and resolves all outstanding obligations. Payment was made on March 7, 2017 and a gain on settlement of $64,647 was recorded by the Company.


Upon the consummation of the merger on April 1, 2015, the Company assumed a promissory note with a remaining principal balance of $44,325 bearing interest at 1.5% per month. The note holder gave 30-day notice to the Company on May 1, 2015 for the note to be repaid in full plus any interest due. On June 30, 2015, an Addendum to Promissory Note was executed providing that the payment of $46,975, $44,325 plus accrued interest of $2,650, in connection with the Debt Purchase Agreement represents the total settlement of the Note. Also, on June 30, 2015 a current shareholder and services provider agreed to assume the new $46,975 note with the existing terms and conditions and an addendum was signed for the assumption and making the note convertible into the Company’s common stock at a 50% discount to the average price of the Company’s common stock for the five trading days preceding conversion and the new Note is non-interest bearing. The addendum was treated as a debt extinguishment. The Company recorded a premium of $46,975 since the note was convertible at a fixed rate to a fixed monetary amount equal to $93,950 pursuant to ASC 480. On each of December 31, 2016 and 2015, the outstanding balance on the note was $93,950 which includes the $46,975 premium and there was accrued interest on December 31, 2016 and 2015 of $12,682 and $4,228, respectively. During the previous quarter, the new holder attempted a conversion into stock of a portion of the note. The Company determined that the conversion notice was invalid in several respects and rejected the conversion. As previously disclosed, on May 23, 2016, the Company filed a lawsuit against, the holder of this note and another convertible note described above. The Company owes the principal and interest due under the notes and has sought to pay principal and interest of the note which first came due but its offer was rejected. On January 19, 2017, the Company executed a settlement agreement with this vendor resolving the pending lawsuit concerning the two convertible notes. The settlement called for payment of $150,000 due within 45 days of execution thereof and resolves all outstanding obligations. Payment was made on March 7, 2017.




F-20



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



Notes Payable – Third Parties


 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

December 31, 2016

 

Payable To

 

Principal

 

 

Less Unamortized Discounts

 

 

Principal, Less Unamortized Discounts

 

 

Principal

 

 

Less Unamortized Discounts

 

 

Principal, Less Unamortized Discounts

 

Note 1-non-current

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

1,800,000

 

 

$

593,478

 

 

$

1,206,522

 

Note 2-current

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

605,263

 

 

 

559,661

 

 

 

45,602

 

Total

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

2,405,263

 

 

$

1,153,139

 

 

$

1,252,124

 


Note 1


On March 31, 2016, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with an institutional investor, which, together with the transaction documents referenced therein, provides for the terms in the following paragraph. The Company closed the transaction on April 1, 2016.


The transaction amount was $1,800,000 less a 5% original issue discount. The note is a senior debt obligation secured by substantially all assets of the Company and shares of all current and future subsidiaries as well as being guaranteed by each subsidiary but is not convertible into the Company’s stock. The senior secured note also contains certain default provisions and is subject to standard covenants such as restrictions on issuing new debt. In conjunction with the note, the Company issued a warrant exercisable for 71,249 shares of common stock exercisable for five years at an exercise price of $12.25 per share. The warrants also contain certain anti-dilution provisions that apply in connection with any stock split, stock dividend, stock combination, recapitalization or similar transactions as well as a potential adjustment to the exercise price based on certain events. The relative fair value of the warrants of $466,031 was recorded as a debt discount and is being amortized to interest expense over the term of the debt. The note will mature three years from the closing date and will accrue interest at the rate of 14% per annum, payable monthly. The note will accrue additional interest at the rate of 2% per annum, compounding monthly, payable annually in arrears. The Company may choose to begin amortizing the principal at any time subject to prepayment premiums. Also, the Company agreed to an amended placement agent’s fee with respect to the placement of such loan which differed from the original terms agreed with the Placement Agent as that agreement had expired. The amendment included (a) postponement of payment of the cash fee of $5,000 to 15 days after execution of the term sheet, (b) the closing fee was fixed to $137,000 (based on a $1.8 million debt funding) and three-year warrants for 5,715 shares at an exercise price of $14 per share and valued at their fair value of $43,272. Other closing expenses totaled $40,000 plus another $10,000 of legal fees previously paid. Total cash issue costs of $192,000, the original issue discount of $90,000, the warrant relative fair value of $466,031 and warrant fair value of $43,272 were recorded as debt discounts to be amortized over the three-year term of the debt. Net proceeds were $1,518,000 after all issue costs. Additionally, at closing, certain previously recorded obligations of the Company totaling $690,110, as discussed below, were paid directly from the lender reducing the actual proceeds to the Company.


On April 1, 2016, in conjunction with the closing of the aforementioned Securities Purchase Agreement, the sum of $558,032 was remitted out of the proceeds in final settlement of the litigation with CW Electric. This amount consisted of $550,000 of the agreed settlement, which was previously accrued as of December 31, 2015, plus $8,032 of accrued interest. This represents full and final settlement of this matter, which is now closed.


On April 1, 2016, the Company directed the sum of $132,078 to be paid out of proceeds of the Securities Purchase agreement to a shareholder who held a note secured against part of the Company’s assets. The payment of $125,000 in principal and $7,078 of accrued interest represents full payment of the note and the noteholder no longer holds any security against the assets.


On April 1, 2016, the Company made a payment of $142,000 (part of the $192,000 discussed above) to a placement agent as compensation for arrangement of financing through the aforementioned Securities Purchase Agreement. The payment was deducted from proceeds of that agreement. As discussed above, the Company also issued 5,715 three-year warrants with an exercise price of $14 to the agent as additional compensation. These amounts are broadly in line with the anticipated compensation agreed within the original placement agency agreement which was terminated in December 2015.




F-21



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



GPB Debt Holdings II, LLC Letter Agreement


On August 1, 2017, the Company entered into a letter agreement with GPB Debt Holdings II LLC (“GPB”), whereby GPB agreed to convert $212,077 due and owing to it under that certain senior secured note issued by the Company on April 1, 2016 (“GPB Debt Obligation”) into common stock of the Company, contingent upon the completion of the Initial Offering (the “GPB Letter Agreement”). Pursuant to the GPB Letter Agreement, the GPB Debt Obligation will automatically convert upon consummation of the Initial Offering into such number of restricted shares of the Company’s common stock calculated by dividing the GPB Debt Obligation by the price per share of common stock paid by the investors in the Initial Offering. GPB has agreed to enter into a lock-up agreement prohibiting the sale or other transfer of all securities of the Company owned by him for a period of 6 months.


Pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Note, the Company was to continue to make its monthly interest payments beginning on September 1, 2017 with a payment of $63,633 representing July 2017, August 2017 and September 2017 interest payments and payments thereafter until the Maturity Date. On the Maturity Date (as defined in the Note), GPB shall have the right, but not the obligation, to “put” to the Company any Conversion Shares issued to GPB pursuant to the Automatic Conversion that have not been sold for redemption in cash, in the amount equal to the number of such put Conversion Shares multiplied by the Conversion Price, payable within five days of the Company’s receipt of written notice indicating such election by GPB. Additionally, GPB will also be issued warrants, on the same terms and in substantially the same form offered to investors in the Initial Offering (the “Warrants”), except that such Warrants will be restricted securities, and will not trade on the OTC Markets OTCQB. On August 16, 2017, the company withdrew its registration statement and this letter agreement is no longer in effect. The Company has made no further interest payments on the note and has entered into a forbearance agreement with the lender.


In connection with the conversion and redemption portion of the Private Offering, on the Effective Date, the Company entered into that certain Agreement to Convert Promissory Note (the “GPB Letter Agreement”) with GPB, whereby they agreed to convert $500,000 of liabilities 1,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a conversion price equal to $0.50 per share. Additionally, GPB was issued warrants to purchase 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to $0.65 per share, expiring five years from the Initial Exercise Date. Commencing on the Effective Date, GPB entered into a Lock-Up Agreement for a period of 365 days prohibiting the sale or other transfer of all securities of the Company owned by GPB.


Note 2


On December 20, 2016, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the "Purchase Agreement") with JMJ Financial, ("JMJ," and together with the Company, the "Parties") and borrowed an initial principal amount of $605,263 from the total available as discussed below. Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, JMJ purchased from the Company (i) a Promissory Note in the aggregate principal amount of up to $2,500,000 (the "Note") for consideration of up to $2,350,000 net of an original issue discount of 5%, due and payable on the earlier of May 15, 2017 or the third business day after the closing of the Initial Offering (as defined therein), and (ii) a Common Stock Purchase Warrant (the "Warrant") to purchase 115,289 shares of the Company's common stock ("Common Stock") at an exercise price per share equal to the lesser of (i) 80% of the per share price of the Common Stock in the Company's contemplated Initial Offering of securities (the "Initial Offering"), (ii) $5.25 per share, (iii) the lowest daily closing price of the Common Stock during the ten days prior to the Initial Offering (subject to adjustment), (iv) the lowest daily closing price of the Common Stock during the ten days prior to the Maturity Date (subject to adjustment), (v) 80% of the unit price in the Initial Offering (if applicable), or (vi) 80% of the exercise price of any warrants issued in the Initial Offering. Additionally, pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, the Company will issue JMJ shares of Common Stock equal to 30% of the principal sum of the Note ("Origination Shares") on the 5th trading day after the pricing of the Initial Offering, but in no event later than May 30, 2017. The number of Origination Shares will equal the principal sum of the Note divided by the lowest of (i) the lowest daily closing price of the Common Stock during the ten days prior to delivery of the Origination Shares or during the ten days prior to the date of the Initial Offering (in each case subject to adjustment for stock splits), (ii) 80% of the common stock offering price of the Initial Offering, (iii) 80% of the unit price offering price of the Initial Offering (if applicable), or (iv) 80% of the exercise price of any warrants issued in the Initial Offering. Cash closing expenses totaled $46,000 to the private placement agent. The Company also issued warrants for 9,224 common stock to the placement agent with the same terms as the lender warrants. Total cash issue costs of $46,000, the original issue discount of $30,263 and a discount relating to the warrants of $529,000 were recorded as debt discounts to be amortized over the 146-day term of the debt. Net proceeds were $529,000 after all issue costs. The Company previously paid and expensed legal fees of $28,750 and paid an advance retainer of $50,000 to a law firm for future work relating to the planned Initial Offering which is recorded as a prepaid asset at December 31, 2016. The Company recorded expenses in the amount of $30,000 during the first quarter of 2017 and $20,000 during the third quarter of 2017. At December 31, 2017, the prepaid balance was fully expensed.



F-22



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



On January 25, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $157,895 and received a net amount of $130,500 representing the second draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial. The total cash issue costs of $12,000, the original issue discount of $7,895, legal fees of $7,500 and a discount relating to the warrants of $138,000 were recorded as debt discounts and have been fully amortized as of December 31, 2017. Warrants in the amount of 30,075 were issued as per the agreement.


On February 8, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $105,263 and received a net amount of $87,000 representing the third draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial. The total cash issue costs of $8,000, the original issue discount of $5,263, legal fees of $5,000 and a discount relating to the warrants of $92,000 were recorded as debt discounts and have been fully amortized as of December 31, 2017. Warrants in the amount of 20,050 were issued as per the agreement.


On February 27, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $263,158 and received a net amount of $217,500 representing the fourth draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial. The total cash issue costs of $20,000, the original issue discount of $13,158, legal fees of $12,500 and a discount relating to the warrants of $230,000 were recorded as debt discounts and have been fully amortized as of December 31, 2017. Warrants in the amount of 50,138 were issued as per the agreement.


On March 6, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $157,895 and received a net amount of $130,500 representing the fifth draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial. The total cash issue costs of $12,000, the original issue discount of $7,895, legal fees of $7,500 and a discount relating to the warrants of $138,000 were recorded as debt discounts and have been fully amortized as of December 31, 2017. Warrants in the amount of 30,075 were issued as per the agreement.


On March 14, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $263,158 and received a net amount of $217,500 representing the sixth draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial. The total cash issue costs of $20,000, the original issue discount of $13,158, legal fees of $12,500 and a discount relating to the warrants of $230,000 were recorded as debt discounts and have been fully amortized as of December 31, 2017. Warrants in the amount of 50,138 were issued as per the agreement.


On April 25, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $78,947 and received a net amount of $65,250 representing the seventh draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial. The total cash issue costs of $6,000, the original issue discount of $3,947, legal fees of $3,750 and a discount relating to the warrants of $69,000 were recorded as debt discounts and have been fully amortized as of December 31, 2017. Warrants in the amount of 15,038 were issued as per the agreement.


On June 1, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $105,263 and received a net amount of $87,000 representing the eighth draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial. The total cash issue costs of $8,000, the original issue discount of $5,263, legal fees of $5,000 and a discount relating to the warrants of $92,000 were recorded as debt discounts and have been fully amortized as of December 31, 2017. Warrants in the amount of 20,050 were issued as per the agreement.


On June 27, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $105,263 and received a net amount of $87,000 representing the ninth draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial. The total cash issue costs of $8,000, the original issue discount of $5,263, legal fees of $5,000 and a discount relating to the warrants of $92,000 were recorded as debt discounts and have been fully amortized as of December 31, 2017. Warrants in the amount of 20,050 were issued as per the agreement.


On August 22, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $263,158 and received a net amount of $217,500 representing the tenth draw against the Securities Purchase agreement with JMJ Financial. The total cash issue costs of $20,000, the original issue discount of $13,158, legal fees of $12,500 and a discount relating to the warrants of $230,000 were recorded as debt discounts and have been fully amortized as of December 31, 2017. Warrants in the amount of 50,125 were issued as per the agreement.




F-23



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



Amendment to $2,500,000 Promissory Note


On May 15, 2017, the Company was obligated to repay the principal due to a lender on a bridge loan totaling $1,627,632. On May 22, 2017, the Company obtained an amendment #1 to the Securities Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) and the $2,500,000 Promissory Note (“Note”). This amendment extended the original Maturity Date for the Promissory Note from May 15, 2017 to June 15, 2017 (“Extended Maturity Date”) and extended the Origination Shares issuance date in the Stock Purchase Agreement from May 30, 2017 to June 15, 2017.


On July 12, 2017, the Company was obligated to repay the principal due to a lender on a bridge loan totaling $1,842,105. The Company obtained a second amendment (#2) to the Securities Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) and the $2,500,000 Promissory Note (“Note”). This amendment extended the original Maturity Date for the Promissory Note from June 15, 2017 to July 31, 2017 (“Extended Maturity Date”) and extended the Origination Shares issuance date in the Stock Purchase Agreement from May 30, 2017 to July 31, 2017.


On August 14, 2017, the Company obtained a further amendment #3 to the Securities Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) and the $2,500,000 Promissory Note (“Note”). This amendment extended the original Maturity Date for the Promissory Note from July 31, 2017 to August 31, 2017 (“Extended Maturity Date”) and extended the Origination Shares issuance date in the Stock Purchase Agreement from May 30, 2017 to August 31, 2017.


On August 16, 2017, the Company withdrew its registration statement for the Initial Offering that was a condition of this bridge loan and the amounts advanced under the loan agreement. The lender continued to work with the Company by granting extensions to the note.


On November 14, 2017, the Company obtained a further amendment #4 to the Securities Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) and the $2,500,000 Promissory Note (“Note”). This amendment extended the original Maturity Date for the Promissory Note from August 31, 2017 to November 16, 2017 (“Extended Maturity Date”) and extended the Origination Shares issuance date in the Stock Purchase Agreement from August 31, 2017 to November 16, 2017.


On November 16, 2017, the Company obtained a further amendment #5 to the Securities Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) and the $2,500,000 Promissory Note (“Note”). This amendment extended the original Maturity Date for the Promissory Note from November 16, 2017 to November 18, 2017 (“Extended Maturity Date”) and extended the Origination Shares issuance date in the Stock Purchase Agreement from November 16, 2017 to November 18, 2017.


On November 20, 2017, the Company obtained a further amendment #6 to the Securities Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) and the $2,500,000 Promissory Note (“Note”). This amendment extended the original Maturity Date for the Promissory Note from November 18, 2017 to November 22, 2017 (“Extended Maturity Date”) and extended the Origination Shares issuance date in the Stock Purchase Agreement from November 18, 2017 to November 22, 2017.


The Investor conditionally waived the defaults for the Company's failure to meet the original Maturity Date of the Note and delivery date for the Origination Shares. The Investor waived any damages, fees, penalties, liquidated damages, or other amounts or remedies otherwise resulting from such defaults through the Extended Maturity Date, and such conditional waiver is conditioned on the Issuer's not being in default of and not breaching any term of the Note or the SPA or any other Transaction Document at any time subsequent to the date of the Amendment. The investor subsequently agreed to convert all of the note without penalties or fees and also agreed to cancel all of the warrants issued in connection with the note in exchange for 1.5 million restricted shares which were issued concurrently with the participation in the private offering.


In connection with the conversion and redemption portion of the Private Offering, on the Effective Date, the Company entered into that certain Agreement to Convert Promissory Note (the “JMJ Letter Agreement”) with JMJ Financial, a sole proprietorship (“JMJ”), whereby JMJ agreed to convert $2,105,263 of liabilities and their additional investment of $1,000,000, into 550,526 shares of common stock of the Company at a conversion price equal to $0.50 per share and 2,830 shares of Series B convertible preferred stock at a stated price to $1,000 per share. Additionally, JMJ was issued warrants to purchase 6,210,526 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to $0.65 per share, expiring five years from the Initial Exercise Date. Commencing on the Effective Date, JMJ entered into a Lock-Up Agreement for a period of 365 days prohibiting the sale or other transfer of all securities of the Company owned by JMJ.




F-24



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



NOTE 7 LINE OF CREDIT


The Company assumed a line of credit with Wells Fargo Bank upon merger with ISA on April 1, 2015. The line of credit provided for borrowings up to $40,000, but is now closed to future borrowing. The balance as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, was $34,513 and $38,019, respectively, including accrued interest. This line of credit has no maturity date. The annual interest rate is the Prime Rate plus 8% (11% at December 31, 2017). The former CEO of ISA is the personal guarantor.


NOTE 8 – CONTRACT ACCOUNTING


Costs and Estimated Earnings in Excess of Billings on Uncompleted Contracts


Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts represents costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings and/or cash received on uncompleted contracts accounted for under the percentage of completion contract method.

 

At December 31, 2017 and 2016, costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts consisted of the following:

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Costs and estimated earnings recognized

 

$

1,613,731

 

 

$

2,631,315

 

Less: Billings or cash received

 

 

(1,189,938

)

 

 

(2,154,642

)

Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts

 

$

423,793

 

 

$

476,673

 

 

Billings in Excess of Costs and Estimated Earnings on Uncompleted Contracts


Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts represents billings and/or cash received that exceed accumulated revenues recognized on uncompleted contracts accounted for under the percentage of completion contract method.

 

At December 31, 2017 and 2016, billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts consisted of the following:

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Billings and/or cash receipts on uncompleted contracts

 

$

573,847

 

 

$

396,609

 

Less: Costs and estimated earnings recognized

 

 

(373,437

)

 

 

(176,984

)

Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts

 

$

200,410

 

 

$

219,625

 

 

NOTE 9 – DEFERRED COMPENSATION


As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company has accrued $304,203 and $894,217, respectively, of deferred compensation relating to the individual agreements, which are included in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet in accrued expenses. The above referenced deferred compensation agreements are un-funded.




F-25



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



NOTE 10 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES


Operating Leases


The Company has several non-cancelable operating leases, primarily for equipment, that expire over the next year. Minimum rent payments under operating leases are recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. Rental expense for operating leases during 2017 and 2016 was $12,320 and $12,457, respectively.


 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Purchase Power

 

$

369

 

 

$

588

 

Coffee Perks/A. Antique Coffee Services

 

 

382

 

 

 

300

 

Canon

 

 

11,569

 

 

 

11,569

 

Total Operating Leases rent expense

 

$

12,320

 

 

$

12,457

 

 

The Company has an operating lease agreement, through the former parent, for office space located in Jacksonville, Florida that expired on April 30, 2016. On March 8, 2016, the former parent executed an amendment to the current lease with a start date of May 1, 2016 and ending on October 31, 2021. Rental expense for the months of March 2016 through May 2016 will be $0, followed by a monthly rent of $14,816 (including operating cost and taxes) commencing with the month of June 2016. The rent is subject to an annual escalation of 3%, beginning May 1, 2017.


Minimum rent payments under this lease are recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. The current monthly lease payment is $15,260. Rental expense for the office lease during 2017 and 2016 was $174,878 and $171,513, respectively.

 

The following is a schedule of future minimum lease payments for non-cancelable operating leases are as follows:

 

2018

 

 

 

174,568

 

2019

 

 

 

179,805

 

2020

 

 

 

185,199

 

2021

 

 

 

155,846

 

Total

 

 

$

695,418

 


Placement Agency Agreement


On January 6, 2016, the Company entered into an agreement with an investment banker to provide general financial advisory and investment banking services. Services included, but not limited to in the agreement are to provide a valuation analysis of the Company, assist management and advise the Company with respect to its strategic planning process and business plans including an analysis of markets, positioning, financial models, organizational structure, potential strategic alliances, capital requirements, potential national listing and working closely with the Company’s management team to develop a set of long and short-term goals with special focus on enhancing corporate and shareholder value. The Agreement is for an initial term of six months. The Company shall pay a non-refundable fee accruing at the rate of $10,000 per month, for the term of the agreement. These advisory fee payments will be accrued and deferred for payment until the earlier of 1) closing of a financing described in the agreement, 2) a closing of interim funding at which point fifty percent (50%) of the outstanding monthly advisory fee will be payable on the last day of the month following closing of the interim financing or 3) the termination of the agreement. The Company issued to the investment banker 912,000 vested shares of the Company’s common stock as of the execution date of this agreement. In addition, the Company issued warrants for the purchase of 302,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The warrants shall have a five-year term and an exercise price of $0.30. (see Notes 14 and 15)




F-26



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



On January 27, 2016, the Company entered into an agreement with a consultant to provide advisory services for an initial period of six months. The consultant will assist the Company with its objective of evaluating financing and other strategic options in connection with operational expansion and respond to any opportunities that arise in regard to strategic partnerships/acquisition/joint ventures or other business relationships that may advance revenue growth and enterprise value. Upon a qualified financing of at least $1,500,000 through a party introduced by the consultant, the Company agreed to issue up to $90,000 in equity or cash at the same rate and terms as the basis of the financing. In consideration for development services thirty days from the execution of this agreement, 20,000 shares of restricted common stock of the Company will be granted to the consultant or assigns and be issued within fifteen days of the grant. Also, 30,000 additional shares shall be granted to the consultant or assigns on completion of any transactions with a potential participant. In consideration for advisory services, the non-refundable sum of $5,000 was payable upon execution of the agreement with a further $5,000 to be deferred and paid upon the completion of any transaction with a potential participant. On May 5, 2016, the Company cancelled the agreement due to lack of performance with the consultant who was to provide advisory services for an initial period of six months. The Company paid an initial amount of $2,500 and no further compensation will be paid. No shares of common stock were issued in connection with this agreement.


On May 13, 2016, the Company entered into an agreement with a consultant in the business of providing services for management consulting, business advisory, shareholder information and public relations for a period of three months. During the Term of this Agreement, the Company will pay to the Consultant the sum of $3,000 per month. The Company may accrue monthly fees without payment to the consultant until the company closes a qualified financing other than the first month’s retainer. Upon signing, the Company issued to the Consultant 125,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock for a total purchase price of $100 and recorded $27,400 as a prepaid asset to be amortized over the three-month term. The Company amortized $27,400 to expense as of December 31, 2016. As of August 14, 2016, the agreement had expired and was not renewed in writing by the parties as called for in the agreement. The Company continues to work with the Principal on certain potential funding arrangements that were started (but not consummated) during the period in which the contract was in effect.


On September 1, 2016, the Company entered into an agreement with a registered investment broker, for the purposes of securing interim and long-term funding for the Company. During the ninety-day term of this agreement, the Company was to pay the broker $50,000, certain travel expenses, plus 7% cash fee of the aggregate principle amount raised on a qualified financing. The Company has paid an initial amount of $6,500 to the broker and the broker sent materials to qualified investors. The Company has cancelled the agreement effective December 27, 2016 and the initial fee of $6,500 was refunded to the Company on February 1, 2017.


Litigation


FacilityTeam Lawsuit


On August 10, 2015, the Company entered into an agreement with FacilityTeam of Ontario, Canada to settle a dispute that had arisen concerning payments for software development services. The Company strongly believed that FacilityTeam did not deliver the products promised and felt that we would prevail in arbitration called for by the contract between the parties. Ultimately, the Company opted to settle the matter for the cost of the litigation which was estimated be at least $60,000; rather than spend further resources on defending the claim and pursuing the counterclaim against FacilityTeam. The Company agreed to pay to FacilityTeam $2,500 per month starting October 1, 2015 for 24 months and taking a charge in the third quarter of 2015 for the settlement amount of $60,000. On December 12, 2016, the Company was notified that it was in breach of settlement with a previous vendor, FacilityTeam based in Ontario, Canada alleging failure to make certain payments in accordance with such settlement. On December 28, 2016, the Company agreed to a modified payment schedule as part of a post judgement settlement for the amounts due and owing. On March 7, 2017, the final settlement payment was made by the Company to FacilityTeam.




F-27



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



Greentree Financial Group, Inc. Lawsuit


On May 12, 2016, a complaint was filed against the Company in the Circuit Court for the Seventeenth Judicial Circuit in and for Broward Country, Florida (the “Circuit Court”) by Greentree Financial Group, Inc. as plaintiff (“Greentree”). Greentree, the holder of two convertible promissory notes in the principal amount of $50,000 and $46,975 (the “Notes”), alleged that the Company was in default for failure to make scheduled principal and interest payments and failing to convert a portion of the Notes into the Company’s common stock. On May 23, 2016, we filed a counterclaim in the Circuit Court against Greentree alleging, amongst other claims, that the officers and directors of Greentree failed to disclose certain facts with respect to their past conduct, which, had the Company known, would have made it unlikely that the Company would have entered into the debt financing transaction issuing the Notes. On January 23, 2017, the Company executed a settlement agreement with Greentree resolving the pending lawsuit with respect to the Notes (the “Settlement Agreement”). The terms of the Settlement Agreement include payment by the Company to Greentree in the amount of $150,000 due within 45 days of execution thereof and resolves all outstanding obligations related to the Notes (the “Payment”). The Payment was made by the Company to Greentree on March 7, 2017. On March 24, 2017, the Company received an Agreed Final Order of Dismissal from the Court dismissing the Greentree Matter with prejudice.


Dispute with Former Employee


On or about February 15, 2017, the Company received a Notice of Filing of Complaint of Discrimination filed by a former employee of the Company that had been terminated for insubordination. The Company received notice in late April 2017 from the Florida Commission on Human Relations with a determination of no reasonable cause exists to believe that an unlawful practice occurred.


Except as disclosed above, we are currently not involved in any litigation that we believe could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations. There is no action, suit, proceeding, inquiry or investigation before or by any court, public board, government agency, self-regulatory organization or body pending or, to the knowledge of the executive officers of our company or any of our subsidiaries, threatened against or affecting our company, our common stock, any of our subsidiaries or of our companies or our subsidiaries’ officers or directors in their capacities as such, in which an adverse decision could have a material adverse effect.


Delinquent Payroll Taxes Payable


As reported previously, the Company had a delinquent payroll tax payable at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 in the amount of $1,149,189 and $400,076, respectively. As of the date hereof, the Company has paid its payroll taxes in full and the Company has appealed the IRS penalty payments for a reduction which is currently under review. In the event the Company loses its appeal for a reduction in the penalties in connection with the delinquent payroll taxes the Company would be required to pay such penalties in full. At December 31, 2017, the payroll taxes payable balance of $149,448 includes accrued late fees in the amount of $108,262.


NOTE 11 – INCOME TAXES


The Company maintains deferred tax assets and liabilities that reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes. The deferred tax assets at December 31, 2017 and 2016 consist of net operating loss carryforwards and differences in the book basis and tax basis of intangible assets.

 

On December 22, 2017, President Trump signed into law the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Act”), a tax reform bill which, among other items, reduces the current federal income tax rate to 21% from 34%. The rate reduction is effective January 1, 2018 and is permanent.

 



F-28



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



The Act has caused the Company’s deferred income taxes to be revalued. As changes in tax laws or rates are enacted, deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted through income tax expense. Pursuant to the guidance within SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”), as of December 31, 2017, the Company recognized the provisional effects of the enactment of the Act for which measurement could be reasonably estimated. Since the Company has provided a full valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets, the revaluation of the deferred tax assets did not have a material impact on any period presented. The ultimate impact of the Act may differ from these estimates due to the Company’s continued analysis or further regulatory guidance that may be issued as a result of the Act.

 

As a result of the reduction of the federal corporate income tax rate, the Company reduced the value of its net deferred tax asset by $2,354,257 which was recorded as a corresponding reduction to the valuation allowance during the fourth quarter of 2017.


The items accounting for the difference between income taxes at the effective statutory rate and the provision for income taxes for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 were as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Income tax benefit at U.S. statutory rate of 34%

 

$

(1,751,842

)

 

$

(870,948

)

State income taxes

 

 

(185,489

)

 

 

(92,218

)

Non-deductible expenses

  

 

551,235

 

 

 

356,674

 

Effect of change in federal statutory rate to 21%

 

 

490,618

  

  

 

  

Change in valuation allowance

 

 

895,478

 

 

 

606,492

 

Total provision for income tax

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

The Company’s approximate net deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 were as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Deferred Tax Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net operating loss carryforward

 

$

4,357,876

 

 

$

5,241,802

 

Intangible assets

 

 

97,103

 

 

 

181,338

 

 

 

 

4,454,979

 

 

 

5,423,140

 

Valuation allowance

 

 

(4,454,979

)

 

 

(5,423,140

)

Net deferred tax assets

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

The net operating loss carryforward was approximately $17,715,000 and $13,941,000 at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The Company provided a valuation allowance equal to the deferred income tax assets for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 because it was not known whether future taxable income will be sufficient to utilize the loss carryforward and other deferred tax assets. The increase in the valuation allowance was $895,478 in 2017.

 

The potential tax benefit arising from the loss carryforward will expire in years through 2037. Additionally, the future utilization of the net operating loss carryforward to offset future taxable income may be subject to an annual limitation as a result of ownership changes that could occur in the future in accordance with Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code. If necessary, the deferred tax assets will be reduced by any carryforward that expires prior to utilization as a result of such limitations, with a corresponding reduction of the valuation allowance. The Company believes its tax positions are all highly certain of being upheld upon examination. The Company’s 2017, 2016 and 2015 Corporate Income Tax Returns are subject to Internal Revenue Service examination.

 

The Company does not have any uncertain tax positions or events leading to uncertainty in a tax position.




F-29



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



NOTE 12 – RELATED PARTIES


Letter Agreements


On June 9, 2017, the Company entered into a letter agreement with Mr. Gianni Arcaini, the Chief Executive Officer and a Director of the Company (the “Arcaini Letter Agreement”), whereby Mr. Arcaini agreed to convert all deferred compensation owed to him under his Employment Agreement (“Arcaini Debt Obligation”) into common stock of the Company, contingent upon the completion of the Initial Offering. The aggregate amount of $700,543 (“Arcaini Obligation”) will be owed to Mr. Arcaini under the Arcaini Debt Obligation including interest through June 30, 2017. Pursuant to the Arcaini Letter Agreement, the Arcaini Debt Obligation will automatically convert upon consummation of the Initial Offering into such number of restricted shares of the Company’s common stock calculated by dividing the Arcaini Debt Obligation by $5.00 or 140,109 shares. The Company anticipates amending the Arcaini Letter Agreement to issue Mr. Arcaini 140,109 warrants upon the consummation of the Initial Offering. Mr. Arcaini has agreed to enter into a lock-up agreement prohibiting the sale or other transfer of all securities of the Company owned by him for a period of 6 months.


On August 16, 2017, the Company withdrew its registration statement on Form S-1 for the Initial Offering. Upon such withdrawal, the Arcaini Letter Agreement was terminated in accordance with the terms and conditions therein.


On June 9, 2017, the Company entered into a letter agreement with Mr. Adrian Goldfarb, the Chief Financial Officer of the Company (the “Goldfarb Letter Agreement”), whereby Mr. Goldfarb agreed to convert all amounts due and owing to him under that certain promissory note issued by the Company (“Goldfarb Debt Obligation”) into common stock of the Company, contingent upon the completion of the Initial Offering. The aggregate amount of $33,620 (“Goldfarb Obligation”) will be owed to Mr. Goldfarb under the Goldfarb Debt Obligation including interest through June 30, 2017. Pursuant to the Goldfarb Letter Agreement, the Goldfarb Debt Obligation would have automatically converted upon consummation of the Initial Offering into such number of restricted shares of the Company’s common stock calculated by dividing the Goldfarb Debt Obligation by $5.00 or 6,724 shares. Mr. Goldfarb had agreed to enter into a lock-up agreement prohibiting the sale or other transfer of all securities of the Company owned by him for a period of 6 months.


On August 16, 2017, the Company withdrew its registration statement on Form S-1 for the Initial Offering. Upon such withdrawal, the Goldfarb Letter Agreement was terminated in accordance with the terms and conditions therein.


With the closing of the Private Offering, (i) Gianni B. Arcaini, the Chief Executive Officer, converted $700,543 of accrued salary into 700,543 shares of the Company’s common stock at a $1.00 per share and 700,543 warrants to purchase shares of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $1.00 per share, expiring five years from the Initial Grant Date, (ii) Adrian G. Goldfarb, the Chief Financial Officer of the Company, converted $34,020 of liabilities into 34,020 shares of the Company’s common stock at a $1.00 per share and 34,020 warrants to purchase shares of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $1.00 per share, expiring five years from the Initial Grant Date.


Notes, Loans and Accounts Payable


As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, there were various notes and loans payable to related parties totaling $48,215 and $577,715, respectively. The Company also has accounts payable-related parties due to an officer for expense reimbursement and due to an affiliate for services in the total amount of $12,598 and $40,136 at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. (see Note 18)


NOTE 13 – SERIES A REDEEMABLE CONVERTIBLE CUMLATIVE PREFERRED STOCK

 

Our board of directors has designated 500,000 of the 10,000,000 authorized shares of preferred stock as Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. In September through October 2016, the Company sold 29,600 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock for cash proceeds equal to the stated value of $296,000. Accrued cumulative dividends during 2017 was $17,760 and $5,920 during 2016. The total redeemed on November 24, 2017 was for a total of $319,680.


Rank. The Series A Convertible Preferred Stock will rank senior to our common stock to the extent of its liquidation preference of $10 per share (the “Stated Value”).

 



F-30



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



Conversion. Each share of the Series A Preferred is convertible into shares of our common stock at any time at the option of the holder, into that number of shares of common stock determined by dividing the sum of (i) the Stated Value of such shares of Series A Preferred and (ii) the accrued and unpaid dividends per share by the conversion price of $0.18 (the “Conversion Price”). In the event the Company undertakes a registered offering; the holder may elect to convert at the terms of that offering for a period of 30 days after the offering is closed after which only the conversion terms described above will be available. In all cases, any conversion rights will always be tied to the price of the Company’s stock. (see “Certain Adjustments” below).

 

Liquidation Preference. In the event of our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, whether voluntary or involuntary (the “Liquidation Event”), holders of the Series A Preferred then outstanding shall be entitled to receive, out of assets of the Company available for distribution to its stockholders, an amount equal to the Stated Value plus any accrued and unpaid dividends as of the date of such Liquidation Event.

 

Voting Rights. Holders of Series A Preferred will vote on an as converted basis on all matters on which the holders of common stock are entitled to vote. In addition, as long as the Series A Preferred remains outstanding, the Company shall not, without the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the then outstanding shares of the Series A Preferred (i) alter or change adversely the powers, preferences or rights given to the Series A Preferred (ii) authorize or create any class of stock ranking as to dividends, redemption or distribution of assets upon a Liquidation Event senior to, or otherwise pari passu with, the Series A Preferred (iii) amend its Articles of Incorporation or other charter documents in any way that may adversely affect any rights of Series A Preferred, (iv) increase the authorized shares of Series A Preferred or (v) enter into any agreement with respect to the foregoing.

 

Dividends. Each share of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock shall be entitled to receive, an annual 8% dividend. Such dividend will be accrued and be paid either as part of conversion to common stock where such dividend will be converted at the same rate or on redemption at the end of three years. The holders of shares of the Series A shall be entitled to receive, when, as and if declared by the Board of Directors out of funds legally available therefore, cumulative cash dividends at an annual rate of eight percent (8%) of the Stated Value (the “Dividend Rate”). Such dividends on shares of Series A shall be cumulative from the date such shares are issued, whether or not in any period there shall be funds of the Company legally available for the payment of such dividends and whether or not such dividends are declared, and shall be payable quarterly, when as, and if declared by the Board of Directors, on April 10, July 10, October 10, and January 10 in each year (each a “Dividend Payment Date”_ to holders of record as of March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31 in each year (the “Record Date”). Cumulative dividends shall always accrue a compounded rate equal to the Dividend Rate and shall accrue from and including the date of issuance of such shares to and including a Dividend Payment Date. Such dividends shall accrue whether or not there shall be (at the time such dividend becomes payable or at any other time) profits, surplus or other funds of the Company legally available for the payment of dividends.

 

Certain Adjustments. The conversion price of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock is subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of specific events, including stock dividends, stock splits, combinations and reclassifications of our common stock. Additionally, if the Company sells or issues any shares of Common Stock or Common Stock Equivalents at a price per share less than the Conversion price (a “Lower-Price Issuance”) in connection with a financing where one of the purposes is to permit the Company’s Common Stock being accepted for listing on a National Securities Exchange, then for a period of 30 days after the Common Stock begins to trade on a National Securities Exchange the Conversion Price shall be reduced to the Lower Price Issuance. After the 30-day period has expired, the Conversion Price shall increase to the level immediately prior to commencement of the 30-day period.


Redemption. The holder has the right to request redemption of the Series A Preferred Stock after a period of three years in an amount equal to the Stated Value plus accrued and unpaid dividends.

 

The Series A convertible preferred stock has been reflected as temporary equity at its redemption value on the accompanying consolidated balance sheet because of its redemption feature.

 

Additionally, in connection with the conversion and redemption portion of the Private Offering, the Company entered into Letter Agreements (the “Preferred Stock Letter Agreements”) with holders of the Company’s Series A Preferred Stock (the “Preferred Holders”) for repayment of an aggregate amount of $319,680. All Series A holders were repaid in full and no stock or warrants were issued.



F-31



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



NOTE 14 – STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)


2016 Equity Plan


On March 11, 2016, the Board adopted the plan and the shareholders approved the plan during the annual shareholders meeting on April 21, 2016. On May 27, 2016, the Company filed a registration statement for the securities planned to be issued under the plan which became effective at that date.


The 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”) provides for the issuance of up to 228,571 shares of our common stock. The purpose of the Plan is to assist the Company in attracting and retaining key employees, directors and consultants and to provide incentives to such individuals to align their interests with those of our stockholders. (see Note 18)


Administration


The 2016 Plan is administered by the Compensation Committee of the Board, which currently consists of two members of the Board, each of whom is a “non-employee director” within the meaning of Rule 16b-3 promulgated under the Exchange Act and an “outside director” within the meaning of Code Section 162(m). Among other things, the compensation committee has complete discretion, subject to the express limits of the 2016 Plan, to determine the directors, employees and nonemployee consultants to be granted an award, the type of award to be granted the terms and conditions of the award, the form of payment to be made and/or the number of shares of common stock subject to each award, the exercise price of each option and base price of each stock appreciation right (“SAR”), the term of each award, the vesting schedule for an award, whether to accelerate vesting, the value of the common stock underlying the award, and the required withholding, if any. The Compensation Committee may amend, modify or terminate any outstanding award, provided that the participant’s consent to such action is required if the action would impair the participant’s rights or entitlements with respect to that award. The Compensation Committee is also authorized to construe the award agreements and may prescribe rules relating to the 2016 Plan. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the compensation committee does not have any authority to grant or modify an award under the 2016 Plan with terms or conditions that would cause the grant, vesting or exercise thereof to be considered nonqualified “deferred compensation” subject to Code Section 409A.


Grant of Awards; Shares Available for Awards


The 2016 Plan provides for the grant of stock options, SARs, performance share awards, performance unit awards, distribution equivalent right awards, restricted stock awards, restricted stock unit awards and unrestricted stock awards to non-employee directors, officers, employees and nonemployee consultants of the Company or its affiliates. We have reserved a total of 8 million shares of common stock for issuance as or under awards to be made under the 2016 Plan. If any award expires, is cancelled, or terminates unexercised or is forfeited, the number of shares subject thereto is again available for grant under the 2016 Plan.


Currently, there are eleven identified employees (including two executive officers and directors), three non-employee directors, and up to thirty other current or future staff members who would be entitled to receive stock options and/or shares of restricted stock under the 2016 Plan. Future new hires and additional non-employee directors and/or consultants would be eligible to participate in the 2016 Plan as well.


Stock Options


The 2016 Plan provides for either “incentive stock options” (“ISOs”), which are intended to meet the requirements for special federal income tax treatment under the Code, or “nonqualified stock options” (“NQSOs”); the stockholders approved the 2016 Plan at the annual meeting as previously described. Stock options may be granted on such terms and conditions as the compensation committee may determine; provided, however, that the per share exercise price under a stock option may not be less than the fair market value of a share of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant and the term of the stock option may not exceed 10 years (110% of such value and five years in the case of an ISO granted to an employee who owns (or is deemed to own) more than 10% of the total combined voting power of all classes of capital stock of our company or a parent or subsidiary of our company). ISOs may only be granted to employees. In addition, the aggregate fair market value of our common stock covered by one or more ISOs (determined at the time of grant) which are exercisable for the first time by an employee during any calendar year may not exceed $100,000. Any excess is treated as a NQSO.



F-32



DUOS TECHNOLOGIES GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016



Stock Appreciation Rights


A SAR entitles the participant, upon exercise, to receive an amount, in cash or stock or a combination thereof, equal to the increase in the fair market value of the underlying common stock between the date of grant and the date of exercise. SARs may be granted in tandem with, or independently of, stock options granted under the 2016 Plan. A SAR granted in tandem with a stock option (i) is exercisable only at such times, and to the extent, that the related stock option is exercisable in accordance with the procedure for exercise of the related stock option; (ii) terminates upon termination or exercise of the related stock option (likewise, the common stock option granted in tandem with a SAR terminates upon exercise of the SAR); (iii) is transferable only with the related stock option; and (iv) if the related stock option is an ISO, may be exercised only when the value of the stock subject to the stock option exceeds the exercise price of the stock option. A SAR that is not granted in tandem with a stock option is exercisable at such times as the compensation committee may specify.


Performance Shares and Performance Unit Awards


Performance share and performance unit awards entitle the participant to receive cash or shares of our common stock upon the attainment of specified performance goals. In the case of performance units, the right to acquire the units is denominated in cash values.


Restricted Stock Awards and Restricted Stock Unit Awards


A restricted stock award is a grant or sale of common stock to the participant, subject to our right to repurchase all or part of the shares at their purchase price (or to require forfeiture of such shares if issued to the participant at no cost) in the event that conditions specified by the compensation committee in the award are not satisfied prior to the end of the time period during which the shares subject to the award may be repurchased by or forfeited to us. Our restricted stock unit entitles the participant to receive a cash payment equal to the fair market value of a share of common stock for each restricted stock unit subject to such restricted stock unit award, if the participant satisfies the applicable vesting requirement.


Unrestricted Stock Awards